Long v. USA et al

Filing 14

ORDER FINDING This Action Frivolous and DISMISSING WITHOUT PREJUDICE 1 , 4 , 7 , 11 , signed by Magistrate Judge Jennifer L. Thurston on 1/16/14: The Clerk of the Court is to CLOSE this action. (CASE CLOSED)(Hellings, J)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 KEVIN MICHAEL LONG, 12 Plaintiff, 13 v. 14 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, et al., 15 Defendant. 16 17 18 I. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Case No.: 1:13-cv-01228-JLT (PC) ORDER FINDING THIS ACTION FRIVOLOUS AND DISMISSING WITHOUT PREJUDICE (Docs. 1, 4, 7, 11) BACKGROUND Plaintiff Kevin Michael Long is a state prisoner proceeding pro se in a prisoner civil rights 19 complaint pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. (Doc. 1.) Plaintiff initiated this matter and consented to the 20 Magistrate Judge’s jurisdiction on August 7, 2013. (Id. at 5; Doc. 6.) As required by 28 U.S.C. § 21 1915A, the Court previously screened the Complaint and dismissed the action without leave to amend 22 as frivolous and closed the case -- which Plaintiff appealed. (Docs. 4, 7.) The Ninth Circuit ordered 23 that decision vacated and, noting a substantial question regarding Plaintiff's competency to proceed 24 pro se, remanded for further proceedings consistent with Krain v. Smallwood, 880 F.2d 1119, 1121 25 (9th Cir. 1989). (Doc. 11.) This action was reopened on December 16, 2013. 26 Since the prior screening order has been vacated, the Complaint is once again subject to 27 screening under 28 U.S.C. § 1915A. The previous screening of Plaintiff's factual allegations was 28 correct and accurate under current pleading standards and those analysis are restated herein for the 1 1 sake of clarity and completeness. However, it is the form of dismissal previously entered, that 2 operated on the merits and violated Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 17(c), which needs correction. As 3 held in Krain, under circumstances such as these, it is within this Court's discretion to dismiss the 4 matter without prejudice, to appoint a lawyer, or to proceed with a competency determination. Id. 880 5 F.2d at 1121. The Court exercises its discretion to dismiss this action without prejudice. 6 II. FACTUAL ALLEGATIONS 7 Plaintiff names the United States of America, the State of California, Stanislaus County 8 Superior Court, and Stanislaus County (collectively “Defendants”), as defendants to this matter. (Doc. 9 1.) Plaintiff’s Complaint is summarized as follows: 10 According to the Plaintiff, his religion commands him to separate himself from “unbelievers[,] 11 non-Christians.” (Id., at 3.) Plaintiff is a “Jew and not under rightful jurisdiction of this nation.” (Id., 12 at 4). He alleges that he is “rightfully to rule as a descendant of Judah/Jews according to the scripture 13 of [his] religion.” (Id., at 4.) 14 Since his arrest on September 18, 2012, Stanislaus County has forced him to “be a part of non- 15 Christian authorities…such as the Stanislaus County Superior Court.” (Id., at 3.) The authorities have 16 forced Plaintiff to take medication because of his Christian beliefs. (Id., at 4.) Similarly, the 17 authorities have denied his right to an impartial, Christian jury. (Id., at 4.) 18 III. 19 DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS Because Plaintiff seeks redress from governmental employees in a civil action, the Court is 20 required to screen the Complaint in order to identify any cognizable claims. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a)- 21 (b). The Court shall “dismiss the complaint, or any portion of the complaint, if the complaint (1) is 22 frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted; or (2) seeks monetary 23 relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief.” 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b); 28 U.S.C. § 24 1915I(2)(B)(i)-(iii). Courts deem a complaint “frivolous” when lacking “basis either in law or in 25 fact.” Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989). In other words, a complaint is frivolous where 26 the litigant asserts “not only the inarguable legal conclusion, but also the fanciful factual allegation.” 27 Neitzke, 490 U.S. at 325. 28 In determining whether Plaintiff’s Complaint is frivolous, the Court must hold Plaintiff’s claim 2 1 to "less stringent standards than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers." Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 2 106 (1976) (quoting Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972)). “[They] can only be dismissed 3 for failure to state a claim if it appears ‘beyond doubt that the plaintiff can prove no set of facts in 4 support of his claim which would entitle him to relief.’” Id. While a complaint “does not need 5 detailed factual allegations, a plaintiff’s obligation to provide the ‘grounds’ of his entitlement to relief 6 requires more than labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of 7 action will not do.” Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555-56 (2007) (internal quotation 8 marks and citations omitted). Thus, in analyzing a pleading, the Court sets conclusory factual 9 allegations aside, accepts all non-conclusory factual allegations as true, and determines whether those 10 non-conclusory factual allegations accepted as true state a claim for relief that is plausible on its face. 11 Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 676-684 (2009). In determining plausibility, the Court is permitted 12 “to draw on its judicial experience and common sense.” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 679. 13 Clearly, Plaintiff presents a frivolous complaint. Plaintiff apparently believes himself to be a 14 decedent of a deity and beyond the authority of the American government which is inherently fanciful. 15 Further, Plaintiff requests the Court “allow him to judge all things and not be judged by no one 16 according to [his] religion.” (Doc. 1, at 3.) Finally, he requests that the Court release him to “Israel 17 [or] Zion to organize true spiritual Jews.” Id.1 18 Plaintiff's previous, identical claim was dismissed as frivolous. Long v. Stanislaus Superior 19 Court, Case No. 2:13-cv-1071-EFB, Doc. 8, (E.D. Cal. July 9, 2013) (Plaintiff’s First Amendment 20 claim that defendants denied his religious “right to rule over all” as “God” was held frivolous). Here, 21 Plaintiff again presents “fanciful” and “delusional” legal and factual arguments. As Plaintiff present 22 no further factual allegations beyond his request to be released to Israel, the Court finds that Plaintiff 23 presents no facts which would entitle him to relief.2 Estelle, 429 U.S. at 106. This action is frivolous. 24 25 26 27 28 1 Plaintiff complains that Superior Court of Stanislaus County is a “non-Christian” authority and the Superior Court acting in judgment over him has caused prejudice against him. (Doc. 1 at 3). However, Plaintiff brings the present claim before the U.S. District Court, which was established by Article III of the United States Constitution. The Court finds it ironic that Plaintiff complains of the secular authority of California judiciary, yet now seeks redress from the secular authority of the federal judiciary. 2 While Plaintiff filed a motion to amend the Complaint, his motion is denied in a concurrently issued order as it is every bit as fanciful, nonsensical, and frivolous as the Complaint. 3 Given Plaintiff's writing and pleading style, there exists a question whether he is competent to 1 2 proceed pro se in this action. Therefore, it is within the discretion of this Court to order that the action 3 be dismissed without prejudice. See Krain, 880 F.2d at 1121. 4 IV. ORDER 5 Accordingly, it is HEREBY ORDERED that: 6 1. the Complaint in this action, filed on August 7, 2013, is DISMISSED without prejudice; and 7 8 2. the Clerk of the Court is to close this action. 9 10 11 12 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: January 16, 2014 /s/ Jennifer L. Thurston UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4

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