Hastings v. Gipson
ORDER DECLINING to Issue Certificate of Appealability for Denial of Petitioner's Motion for Reconsideration, signed by Chief Judge Lawrence J. O'Neill on 9/15/16. (Marrujo, C)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
KERRY DANA HASTINGS,
Case No. 1:14-cv-01271-LJO-EPG-HC
ORDER DECLINING TO ISSUE
CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY FOR
DENIAL OF PETITIONER’S MOTION FOR
(ECF No. 34)
Petitioner is a state prisoner proceeding pro se whose petition for writ of habeas corpus
17 pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 was dismissed on August 25, 2015. (ECF No. 26). On August 8,
18 2016, the Court denied Petitioner’s Rule 60(b) motion for relief from judgment. (ECF No. 30).
19 Petitioner filed a notice of appeal, and on September 9, 2016, the Ninth Circuit remanded the
20 case to this Court for the limited purpose of granting or denying a certificate of appealability for
21 the denial of Petitioner’s Rule 60(b) motion for relief from judgment. (ECF No. 34).
In his petition, Petitioner claimed: (1) the prosecution’s destruction of the photo lineup
23 violated his due process rights; (2) the prosecution’s improper use of recorded and transcribed
24 jail house informant audio violated his rights; and (3) DNA testing did not establish that
25 Petitioner was involved in the crimes. On January 16, 2015, Respondent filed a motion to
26 dismiss because Petitioner had not exhausted his second and third claims. (ECF No. 15).
27 Petitioner did not file a response to Respondent’s motion to dismiss. On March 3, 2015, the
28 Magistrate Judge issued findings and recommendation that recommended that Respondent’s
1 motion to dismiss be granted and the petition be dismissed without prejudice. (ECF No. 17). In
2 the findings and recommendation, Petitioner was given the option of moving to withdraw the
3 unexhausted claims within thirty days. On March 9, 2015, Petitioner filed a document entitled
4 “Proof of Exhaustion” that the Court construed as a motion to withdraw claim three. (ECF No.
5 18). On April 27, 2015, the Court vacated the March 3, 2015 findings and recommendation,
6 granted Petitioner’s motion to withdraw claim 3, and ordered Petitioner to show cause why the
7 petition should not be dismissed for failure to exhaust. (ECF No. 21).
On June 8, 2015, Petitioner filed a motion to stay and hold the petition in abeyance while
9 he exhausts the second and third claims. (ECF No. 22). On July 7, 2015, the Magistrate Judge
10 issued findings and recommendation that recommended that the petition be dismissed without
11 prejudice for being a mixed petition containing unexhausted claims, that Petitioner’s motion for a
12 stay pursuant to Kelly v. Small, 315 F.3d 1063 (9th Cir. 2002), be denied, and that Petitioner’s
13 motion for a stay pursuant to Rhines v. Weber, 544 U.S. 269 (2005), be denied. (ECF No. 24).
14 Petitioner was also given the option of moving to withdraw the unexhausted second claim of the
15 petition within thirty days. Petitioner did not file any objections to the July 7, 2015 findings and
16 recommendation and did not move to withdraw the second claim of the petition. Therefore, on
17 August 25, 2015, the Court adopted the findings and recommendation and dismissed the petition
18 without prejudice. (ECF No. 26).
On February 29, 2016, Petitioner filed a Rule 60(b) motion for reconsideration of the
20 Court’s order dismissing the case, stating that he lacks legal training and requesting the Court’s
21 guidance on exhaustion (ECF No. 28). On August 8, 2016, the Court denied the motion. (ECF
22 No. 30).
A state prisoner seeking a writ of habeas corpus has no absolute entitlement to appeal a
24 district court’s denial of relief, and an appeal is only allowed in certain circumstances. Miller-El
25 v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 335–36 (2003); 28 U.S.C. § 2253. In United States v. Winkles, the
26 Ninth Circuit held that a certificate of appealability “is required to appeal the denial of a Rule
27 60(b) motion for relief from judgment arising out of the denial of a section 2255 motion.” 795
28 F.3d 1134, 1142 (9th Cir. 2015). If a court denies a Rule 60(b) motion in a § 2255 proceeding, a
1 certificate of appealability should only issue if “(1) jurists of reason would find it debatable
2 whether the district court abused its discretion in denying the Rule 60(b) motion and (2) jurists of
3 reason would find it debatable whether the underlying section 2255 motion states a valid claim
4 of the denial of a constitutional right.” Winkles, 795 F.3d at 1143. “Given that section 2255 ‘was
5 intended to mirror § 2254 in operative effect,’ and that the language used in sections
6 2253(c)(1)(A) and (c)(1)(B) is functionally identical,” id. at 1141 (citations omitted), the Court
7 will apply the standard set forth in Winkles to determine whether a certificate of appealability
8 should issue regarding Petitioner’s appeal of the denial of his Rule 60(b) motion for relief from
9 judgment arising out of the dismissal of his § 2254 petition.
Here, Petitioner has not shown that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the
11 Court abused its discretion in denying his Rule 60(b) motion for reconsideration. In the motion,
12 Petitioner stated that he lacks legal training and requested the Court’s guidance on exhaustion.
13 The Court cannot provide legal advice to litigants, even when they are pro se litigants who lack
14 legal training. Additionally, for a party to be entitled to relief under Rule 60(b)(6), he must show
15 “‘extraordinary circumstances’ justifying the reopening of a final judgment,” and “[s]uch
16 circumstances will rarely occur in the habeas context.” Gonzalez v. Crosby, 545 U.S. 524, 535
17 (2005) (citations omitted). As both prongs of the standard must be satisfied and Petitioner has
18 failed to meet one of them, Petitioner is not entitled to a certificate of appealability under
Accordingly, the Court hereby DECLINES to issue a certificate of appealability. The
21 Clerk of the Court is DIRECTED to serve a copy of this order on the Ninth Circuit Court of
IT IS SO ORDERED.
/s/ Lawrence J. O’Neill _____
September 15, 2016
UNITED STATES CHIEF DISTRICT JUDGE
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