Martinez Castro v. Unnamed Defendants
ORDER Denying Plaintiff's 48 Motion to Appoint Counsel; ORDER Denying Plaintiff's 49 Request for Deposition Subpoena; ORDER Denying 50 Plaintiff's Motion to Compel signed by Magistrate Judge Barbara A. McAuliffe on 05/12/2016. (Flores, E)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
GLENN S. MARTINEZ-CASTRO,
ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF’S MOTION
TO APPOINT COUNSEL
(ECF NO. 48)
Case No. 1:14-cv-01326-AWI-BAM-PC
ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF’S
REQUEST FOR DEPOSITION SUBPOENA
(ECF NO. 49)
ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF’S MOTION
(ECF NO. 50)
Plaintiff Glenn Martinez-Castro is appearing pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil
20 rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Pending before the Court are Plaintiff’s motion for
21 the appointment of counsel (ECF No. 48), motion for the issuance of a deposition subpoena
22 (ECF No. 49) and motion to compel responses to Plaintiff’s interrogatories. (ECF No. 50.)
23 Defendant has filed opposition to the motion for a deposition subpoena and motion to compel.
24 (ECF No. 52.)
Motion for the Appointment of Counsel
Plaintiff is advised that there is no constitutional right to appointed counsel in this action,
27 Rand v. Rowland, 113 F.3d 1520, 1525 (9th Cir. 1997), and the Court cannot require any
28 attorney to represent Plaintiff pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1). Mallard v. United States
1 District Court for the Southern District of Iowa, 490 U.S. 296, 298 (1989). However, in certain
2 exceptional circumstances the court may request the voluntary assistance of counsel pursuant to
3 section 1915(e)(1). Rand, 113 F.3d at 1525.
Without a reasonable method of securing and compensating counsel, the Court will seek
5 volunteer counsel only in the most serious and exceptional cases. In determining whether
6 “exceptional circumstances exist, the district court must evaluate both the likelihood of success
7 on the merits [and] the ability of the [plaintiff] to articulate his claims pro se in light of the
8 complexity of the legal issues involved.” Id. (internal quotation marks and citations omitted).
In the present case, the Court has considered Plaintiff’s moving papers, but does not find the
10 required exceptional circumstances. LaMere v. Risley, 827 F.2d 622, 626 (9th Cir. 1987);
11 Terrell v. Brewer, 935 F.2d 1015, 1017 (9th Cir. 1991). Plaintiff is proceeding on a claim of
12 excessive force. The legal issues present in this action are not complex, and Plaintiff has
13 thoroughly set forth his arguments in the complaint filed in this action. Plaintiff argues that he
14 cannot afford counsel and it is difficult for him to litigate this action. Plaintiff also argues that
15 should this case proceed to trial, there will be conflicting testimony, and counsel would enable
16 Plaintiff to present his evidence. In forma pauperis status alone does not alone entitle Plaintiff
17 to appointed counsel. That Plaintiff believes it will be difficult for Plaintiff to prosecute this
18 action does not constitute exceptional circumstances.
While a pro se litigant may be better served with the assistance of counsel, so long as a pro se
20 litigant, such as Plaintiff in this instance, is able to “articulate his claims against the relative
21 complexity of the matter,” the “exceptional circumstances” which might require the appointment
22 of counsel do not exist. Rand, 113 F.3d at 1525 (finding no abuse of discretion under 28 U.S.C.
23 §1915(e) when district court denied appointment of counsel despite fact that pro se prisoner
24 “may well have fared better – particularly in the realm of discovery and the securing of expert
Motion for the Issuance of a Deposition Subpoena
Plaintiff seeks a deposition subpoena pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 45. In
28 his opposition, Defendant Elias notes that he is prepared to proceed with any properly noticed
1 deposition notice from Plaintiff. Plaintiff’s notice does not provide a date or time for Plaintiff’s
2 proposed videoconference deposition of Defendant, as required by Federal Rule of Civil
3 Procedure 30(b)(1).
Defense counsel indicates that he will make Defendant available to
4 participate in a properly noticed deposition, so long as Plaintiff arranges for a deposition reporter
5 and suitable video recording equipment and pays all recording costs as required by Federal Rule
6 of Civil Procedure 30(b)(3)(A).
Plaintiff has failed to provide sufficient justification for the requested deposition, and has
8 not indicated how he will pay for the deposition costs and non-party witness fees pursuant to
9 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 45. Plaintiff may make such a showing by filing a trust account
10 statement, or other document showing that he has the financial ability to pay the applicable fees.
11 Further, Plaintiff is required to pay for the recording of the deposition pursuant to Rule 30, and
12 Plaintiff provides no indication that he can pay such expenses. Although Plaintiff is proceeding
13 in forma pauperis, such status does not entitle Plaintiff to waiver of witness fees, mileage,
14 deposition officer fees, or deposition recording fees. For these reasons, Plaintiff’s motion should
15 be denied.
Motion to Compel
Plaintiff seeks an order compelling Defendant to respond to Plaintiff’s First Set of
18 Interrogatories and First Request for Production of Documents. Defendant has opposed the
19 motion. Defendant’s opposition is supported by the declaration of Defense counsel Byron
20 Miller. Mr. Miller declares that on March 17, 2016, he received Plaintiff’s First Request for
21 Production of Documents and First Set of Interrogatories, dated March 11, 2016. Mr. Miller’s
22 office served Defendant’s responses to the discovery requests on April 15, 2016. (Miller Decl. ¶
The responses were served ten days before they were due. (Id.)
24 argues that Defendant’s responses were untimely.
25 responses were due in thirty days.
Plaintiff mistakenly believes that the
Defendant timely responded to Plaintiff’s s discovery
26 requests. Plaintiff’s motion to compel should therefore be denied.
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. Plaintiff’s motion for the appointment of counsel is denied;
2. Plaintiff’s motion for the issuance of a deposition subpoena is denied; and
3. Plaintiff’s motion to compel is denied.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
May 12, 2016
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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