Sheward v. Weber et al
FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS Regarding Dismissal of 1 Action Without Prejudice for Failure to Prosecute; Fourteen-Day Deadline signed by Magistrate Judge Barbara A. McAuliffe on 5/19/2015. Referred to Judge Anthony W. Ishii. Objections to F&R due by 6/8/2015. (Sant Agata, S)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
ANTHONY WAYNE SHEWARD,
Case No. 1:15-cv-00015-AWI-BAM (PC)
JANEANE WEBER, et al.,
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
REGARDING DISMISSAL OF ACTION
WITHOUT PREJUDICE FOR FAILURE TO
Plaintiff Anthony Wayne Sheward, a county jail inmate proceeding pro se, filed this civil
19 rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 on December 30, 2014.
Plaintiff also filed an
20 application to proceed in forma pauperis. (ECF Nos. 1, 2.)
On January 8, 2015, the Court issued an order directing Plaintiff to submit his consent or
22 decline to the jurisdiction of the Magistrate Judge within thirty days. (ECF No. 3.) The following
23 day, on January 9, 2015, the Court issued an order directing Plaintiff to file a completed
24 application to proceed in forma pauperis or pay the filing in fee in full within forty-five days.
25 (ECF No. 4.) Plaintiff did not respond to either order in a timely manner or otherwise contact the
On March 6, 2015, the Court issued a second order directing Plaintiff to submit his consent
28 or decline to the jurisdiction of the Magistrate Judge within thirty days. (ECF No. 5.) The Court’s
1 second order regarding consent or decline to Magistrate Judge jurisdiction, which was directed to
2 the Plaintiff by the Clerk, was returned by the United States Postal Service as undeliverable, not in
3 custody on March 6, 2015.
Plaintiff is required to keep the Court apprised of his current address at all times. Local
6 Rule 183(b) provides:
Address Changes. A party appearing in propria persona shall keep the Court and
opposing parties advised as to his or her current address. If mail directed to a
plaintiff in propria persona by the Clerk is returned by the U.S. Postal Service,
and if such plaintiff fails to notify the Court and opposing parties within sixtythree (63) days thereafter of a current address, the Court may dismiss the action
without prejudice for failure to prosecute.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b) also provides for dismissal of an action for failure to
According to the Court’s docket, Plaintiff’s address change was due no later than May 14,
2015. Plaintiff has failed to file a change of address and he has not otherwise been in contact with
the Court. “In determining whether to dismiss an action for lack of prosecution, the district court
is required to weigh several factors: (1) the public’s interest in expeditious resolution of litigation;
(2) the court’s need to manage its docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public
policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic
sanctions.” Carey v. King, 856 F.2d 1439, 1440 (9th Cir. 1988) (internal quotation marks and
citation omitted); accord Omstead v. Dell, Inc., 594 F.3d 1081, 1084 (9th Cir. 2010); In re
Phenylpropanolamine (PPA) Products Liability Litigation, 460 F.3d 1217, 1226 (9th Cir. 2006).
These factors guide a court in deciding what to do, and are not conditions that must be met in
order for a court to take action. In re PPA, 460 F.3d at 1226 (citation omitted).
Given Plaintiff’s repeated failure to respond to this Court’s orders, the expeditious
resolution of litigation and the Court’s need to manage its docket weigh in favor of dismissal. Id.
at 1227. More importantly, given the Court’s apparent inability to communicate with Plaintiff,
Courts may dismiss actions sua sponte under Rule 41(b) based on the plaintiff’s failure to prosecute. Hells Canyon
Preservation Council v. U. S. Forest Serv., 403 F.3d 683, 689 (9th Cir. 2005) (citation omitted).
1 there are no other reasonable alternatives available to address Plaintiff’s failure to prosecute this
2 action and his failure to apprise the Court of his current address. In re PPA, 460 F.3d at 1228-29;
3 Carey, 856 F.2d at 1441. The Court will therefore recommend that this action be dismissed based
4 on Plaintiff’s failure to prosecute this action.
For the reasons stated, it is HEREBY RECOMMENDED that this action be dismissed,
Conclusion and Recommendation
7 without prejudice, based on Plaintiff’s failure to prosecute. Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b); Local Rule
These Findings and Recommendations will be submitted to the United States District
10 Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of Title 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within
11 fourteen (14) days after being served with these Findings and Recommendations, Plaintiff may
12 file written objections with the Court.
The document should be captioned “Objections to
13 Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendations.”
Plaintiff is advised that failure to file
14 objections within the specified time may result in the waiver of the “right to challenge the
15 magistrate’s factual findings” on appeal. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, 772 F.3d 834, 839 (9th Cir. 2014)
16 (citing Baxter v. Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
May 19, 2015
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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