Avila v. Soto

Filing 2

FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION TO DISMISS SUCCESSIVE 1 PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b) AND DIRECTING CLERK OF COURT TO ASSIGN DISTRICT COURT JUDGE TO THE PRESENT MATTER signed by Magistrate Judge Michael J. Seng on 1/14/2015. District Judge Anthony W. Ishii assigned to case; new case number is 1:15-cv-00054-AWI-MJS-(HC). Referred to Judge Anthony W. Ishii; Objections to F&R due by 2/20/2015. (Lundstrom, T)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 8 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 9 10 11 Case No. 1:15-cv-00054 MJS (HC) JAIME J. AVILA, III, 12 v. 13 FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION TO Petitioner, DISMISS SUCCESSIVE PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b) ORDER DIRECTING CLERK OF COURT TO ASSIGN DISTRICT COURT JUDGE TO THE PRESENT MATTER 14 15 J. SOTO, Warden, Respondent. 16 17 18 Petitioner is a state prisoner proceeding pro se with a petition for writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2254. 19 In the petition filed on January 12, 2015, Petitioner challenges an October 25, 20 2007 conviction in the Superior Court of California, County of Kern for second degree 21 murder, attempted murder, assault with a firearm, possession of a firearm by a felon, 22 and attempting to dissuade a witness. Petitioner was sentenced to an indeterminate 23 state prison term of fifty-five years to life, plus a determinate term of fifty-two years, four 24 months. 25 A review of the Court’s dockets and files shows Petitioner has previously sought 26 habeas relief with respect to this conviction. In case number 1:12-cv-01475-AWI-BAM 27 (HC), Petitioner challenged the same underlying conviction. On July 3, 2013, the petition 28 1 1 was denied as untimely.1 See Avila v. Harris, E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:12-cv-01475-AWI- 2 BAM (HC), ECF Nos. 17, 19. 3 I. DISCUSSION 4 A court must dismiss a second or successive petition that raises the same 5 grounds as a prior petition. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(1). A court must also dismiss a second 6 or successive petition raising a new ground unless the petitioner can show that 1) the 7 claim rests on a new constitutional right, made retroactive by the United States Supreme 8 Court or 2) the factual basis of the claim was not previously discoverable through due 9 diligence, and these new facts establish by clear and convincing evidence that but for 10 the constitutional error, no reasonable factfinder would have found the applicant guilty of 11 the underlying offense. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(2)(A)-(B). However, it is not the district court 12 that decides whether a second or successive petition meets these requirements; the 13 Petitioner must first file a motion with the appropriate court of appeals to be authorized to 14 file a second or successive petition with the district court. 15 Section 2244 (b)(3)(A) provides: "Before a second or successive application 16 permitted by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall move in the 17 appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the 18 application." In other words, Petitioner must obtain leave from the Ninth Circuit before he 19 can file a second or successive petition in district court. See Felker v. Turpin, 518 U.S. 20 651, 656-657 (1996). This Court must dismiss any second or successive petition unless 21 the Court of Appeals has given Petitioner leave to file the petition because a district court 22 lacks subject-matter jurisdiction over a second or successive petition. Greenawalt v. 23 Stewart, 105 F.3d 1268, 1277 (9th Cir. 1997). 24 Because the current petition was filed after April 24, 1996, the provisions of the 25 Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 apply to Petitioner's current 26 27 28 1 In McNabb v. Yates, 576 F.3d 1028, 1030 (9th Cir. 2009), the Ninth Circuit held that dismissal of a habeas petition for failure to comply with the AEDPA statute of limitations renders subsequent petitions challenging the same conviction successive. 2 1 petition. Lindh v. Murphy, 521 U.S. 320, 327 (1997). Petitioner makes no showing that 2 he has obtained prior leave from the Ninth Circuit to file his successive petition attacking 3 the conviction. That being so, this Court has no jurisdiction to consider Petitioner's 4 renewed application for relief under Section 2254 and must dismiss the petition. See 5 Greenawalt, 105 F.3d at 1277. If Petitioner desires to proceed in bringing this petition for 6 writ of habeas corpus, he must file for leave to do so with the Ninth Circuit. See 28 7 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3). 8 II. ORDER AND RECOMMENDATION 9 The Court RECOMMENDS that the petition for writ of habeas corpus be 10 DISMISSED as successive. Further, the Court ORDERS the Clerk of Court to assign a 11 District Court judge to the instant matter. 12 These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District 13 Court Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636 14 (b)(1)(B) and Rule 304 of the Local Rules of Practice for the United States District Court, 15 Eastern District of California. Within thirty (30) days after being served with a copy, any 16 party may file written objections with the Court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a 17 document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and 18 Recommendations." Replies to the objections shall be served and filed within fourteen 19 (14) days (plus three days if served by mail) after service of the objections. The Court 20 will then review the Magistrate Judge's ruling pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636 (b)(1)(c). The 21 parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may result in 22 the waiver of rights on appeal. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, __ F.3d __, __, No. 11-17911, 23 2014 WL 6435497, at *3 (9th Cir. Nov. 18, 2014) (citing Baxter v. Sullivan, 923 F.2d 24 1391, 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)). 25 26 27 28 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: January 14, 2015 /s/ Michael J. Seng UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4

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