Murillo v. Holland et al

Filing 73

FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS that Plaintiff's 63 67 Motions for Preliminary Injunctive Relief be Denied and ORDER REQUESTING Assistance of Litigation Coordinator; 21-Day Deadline signed by Magistrate Judge Jennifer L. Thurston on 11/16/2017. Referred to Judge Lawrence J. O'Neill. Objections to F&R due by 12/11/2017. (Sant Agata, S)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 8 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 9 10 11 JOAQUIN MURILLO, 12 Case No. 1:15-cv-00266-LJO-JLT (PC) Plaintiff, Defendants. 13 (Docs. 63, 67) v. 14 FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS THAT PLAINTIFF=S MOTIONS FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTIVE RELIEF BE DENIED and ORDER REQUESTING ASSISTANCE OF LITIGATION COORDINATOR HOLLAND, et al 15 16 21-DAY DEADLINE 17 Plaintiff has filed two motions requesting (1) to not be housed in KVSP’s Ad-Seg where 18 the Guard One checks are causing him to suffer from sleep deprivation and (2) access to his legal 19 property. (Docs. 63, 67.) Defendants were ordered to respond to Plaintiff’s motions, with which 20 they complied. (Docs. 70, 71.) The Court construes Plaintiff’s filings as motions for injunctive 21 relief. 22 Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction and in considering a request for 23 preliminary injunctive relief, the Court is bound by the requirement that as a preliminary matter, it 24 have before it an actual case or controversy. City of Los Angeles v. Lyons, 461 U.S. 95, 102, 103 25 S.Ct. 1660, 1665 (1983); Valley Forge Christian Coll. v. Ams. United for Separation of Church 26 and State, Inc., 454 U.S. 464, 471 (1982). If the Court does not have an actual case or 27 controversy before it, it has no power to hear the matter in question. Id. Requests for prospective 28 relief are further limited by 18 U.S.C. ' 3626(a)(1)(A) of the Prison Litigation Reform Act, which 1 1 requires that the Court find the “relief [sought] is narrowly drawn, extends no further than 2 necessary to correct the violation of the Federal right, and is the least intrusive means necessary to 3 correct the violation of the Federal right.” Further, the pendency of this action does not give the Court jurisdiction over prison 4 5 officials in general or over the conditions of Plaintiff’s confinement. Summers v. Earth Island 6 Institute, 555 U.S. 488, 492-93 (2009); Mayfield v. United States, 599 F.3d 964, 969 (9th Cir. 7 2010). The Court’s jurisdiction is limited to the parties in this action and to the cognizable legal 8 claims upon which this action is proceeding. Summers, 555 U.S. at 492-93; Mayfield, 599 F.3d at 9 969. Plaintiff does not seek the temporary restraining order and/or preliminary injunction 10 11 against any of the Defendants in this action. “A federal court may issue an injunction [only] if it 12 has personal jurisdiction over the parties and subject matter jurisdiction over the claim; it may not 13 attempt to determine the rights of persons not before the court.” Zepeda v. United States 14 Immigration Service, 753 F.2d 719, 727 (9th Cir. 1985) (emphasis added). Thus, Plaintiff’s 15 16 17 motion must be denied for lack of jurisdiction over the “Kern Valley staff” who Plaintiff seeks to compel to provide access to his property and to cease the Guard One checks until a better practice can be found. 1 Further, the claims which Plaintiff proceeds on in this action arise from events that 18 19 20 21 22 23 occurred at the KVSP. However, subsequent to filing the motions, Plaintiff was transferred to Pelican Bay State Prison, where he currently resides. Plaintiff thus lacks standing in this action to seek relief directed at remedying his current conditions of confinement at PBSP. Further, to the extent that his motions seek relief to remedy his conditions of confinement for the time he was at KVSP, it was rendered moot on his transfer to PBSP. See Dilley v. Gunn, 64 F.3d 1365, 1368 (9th Cir. 1995); Johnson v. Moore, 948 F.2d 517, 519 (9th Cir. 1991). 24 Plaintiff is not precluded from attempting to state cognizable claims in a new action if he 25 believes his civil rights are being violated beyond his pleadings in this action. The issue is not that 26 27 28 1 Plaintiff=s motion also fails to make the requisite showing, supported by admissible evidence, to obtain a preliminary injunction. Winter v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 555 U.S. 7, 20-4, 129 S.Ct. 365, 376 (2008). However, it is unnecessary to reach the merits of Plaintiff=s motions in light of the fact that the jurisdictional issue is fatal to his requests for relief. Summers, 555 U.S. at 493, 129 S.Ct. at 1149; Mayfield, 599 F.3d at 969. 2 1 Plaintiff’s allegations are not serious, or that Plaintiff is not entitled to relief if sought in the 2 proper forum. The seriousness of Plaintiff’s accusations concerning access to his legal property 3 cannot and do not overcome what is a jurisdictional bar. Steel Co., 523 U.S. at 103-04 (“[The] 4 triad of injury in fact, causation, and redressability constitutes the core of Article III’s case-or- 5 controversy requirement, and the party invoking federal jurisdiction bears the burden of 6 establishing its existence.”) This action is simply not the proper vehicle for conveyance of the 7 relief Plaintiff seeks. However, the Litigation Offices at KVSP and PBSP are requested to look 8 into the matter and facilitate Plaintiff’s access to his legal property and other legal resources as 9 necessary for the pendency of this action.2 Accordingly, the Court RECOMMENDS that Plaintiff=s motions for injunctive relief, 10 11 filed July 10, 2017 (Doc. 63) and August 17, 2017 (Doc. 67), be denied for lack of jurisdiction. 12 The Clerk’s Office is directed to forward a copy of this order and Plaintiff’s motions to the 13 Litigation Coordinator at KVSP and PBSP that they might facilitate Plaintiff’s access to his legal 14 property. These Findings and Recommendations will be submitted to the United States District 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of Title 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within 21 days after being served with these Findings and Recommendations, the parties may file written objections with the Court. Local Rule 304(b). The document should be captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendations.” The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may result in the waiver of rights on appeal. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, 772 F.3d 834, 839 (9th Cir. 2014) (citing Baxter v. Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)). IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: November 16, 2017 /s/ Jennifer L. Thurston UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 25 26 27 28 2 How access is best facilitated in light of Plaintiff=s housing status and other custody or classification factors is left to the sound discretion of prison officials. 3

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