Robert Scanlan v. Officer Tran et al

Filing 31

FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS to Dismiss this Action for the Plaintiff's Failure to Keep the Court Apprised of His Address, signed by Magistrate Judge Jennifer L. Thurston on 2/2/2017. Referred to Chief Judge Lawrence J. O'Neill. Objections to F&R due within 14 days. (Hall, S)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 ROBERT SCANLAN, Plaintiff, 12 13 14 v. OFFICER TRAN, et al. Defendants. 15 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Case No.: 1:15-cv-00282-LJO - JLT FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION TO DISMISS THIS ACTION FOR THE PLAINTIFF’S FAILURE TO KEEP THE COURT APPRISED OF HIS ADDRESS 16 17 The Ninth Circuit determined Plaintiff may proceed with his claim for deliberate indifference 18 against Officers Tran and Schulthiess. (Doc. 26) On November 8, 2016, the Court ordered the Clerk to 19 issue summonses to the defendants and directed the plaintiff to submit service documents. (Doc. 27) 20 The Court’s order was returned as undeliverable. Since that time, the plaintiff has taken no steps to 21 contact the Court or to notify the Court of his new address. Thus, the Court recommends that the 22 matter be DISMISSED. 23 I. Discussion and Analysis 24 “District courts have inherent power to control their dockets,” and in exercising that power, a 25 court may impose sanctions including dismissal of an action. Thompson v. Housing Authority of Los 26 Angeles, 782 F.2d 829, 831 (9th Cir. 1986). A court may dismiss an action with prejudice, based on a 27 party’s failure to prosecute an action or failure to obey a court order, or failure to comply with local 28 rules. See, e.g., Ghazali v. Moran, 46 F.3d 52, 53-54 (9th Cir. 2995) (dismissal for failure to comply 1 1 with local rules); Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260-61 (9th Cir. 1992) (dismissal for failure to 2 comply with an order requiring amendment of complaint); Malone v. U.S. Postal Service, 833 F.2d 3 128, 130 (9th Cir. 1987) (dismissal for failure to comply with a court order); Henderson v. Duncan, 4 779 F.2d 1421, 1424 (9th Cir. 1986) (dismissal for failure to prosecute and to comply with local rules). 5 In determining whether to dismiss an action for failure to prosecute, failure to obey a court 6 order, or failure to comply with the Local Rules, the Court must consider several factors, including: 7 “(1) the public’s interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court’s need to manage its 8 docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases 9 on their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic sanctions.” Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1423-24; see 10 also Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1260-61; Thomspon, 782 F.2d at 831. 11 In the case at hand, the public’s interest in expeditiously resolving this litigation and the 12 Court’s interest in managing the docket weigh in favor of dismissal. The risk of prejudice to the 13 defendants also weighs in favor of dismissal, since a presumption of injury arises from the occurrence 14 of unreasonable delay in prosecution of an action. See Anderson v. Air West, 542 F.2d 522, 524 (9th 15 Cir. 1976). The Court will not, and cannot, hold the case in abeyance because Plaintiff’s fails to notify 16 the Court of his current address. 17 Pursuant to Local Rule 183(b), a party appearing in propria persona such as Plaintiff is 18 required to keep the Court advised of his current address at all times. Specifically, Local Rule 183(b) 19 provides: 22 A party appearing in propria persona shall keep the Court and opposing parties advised as to his or her current address. If mail directed to a plaintiff in propria persona by the Clerk is returned by the U.S. Postal Service, and if such plaintiff fails to notify the Court and opposing parties within sixty-three (63) days thereafter of a current address, the Court may dismiss the action without prejudice for failure to prosecute. 23 Plaintiff was to inform this Court of his new address by January 30, 2017, but has failed to do so. The 24 Court finds that this warrants dismissal of the action because no lesser sanction is feasible given the 25 Court’s inability to communicate with Plaintiff. Accordingly, the Court RECOMMENDS: 20 21 26 27 28 1. This action be DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE for Plaintiff’s failure to keep the Court advised of his current address; and 2. The Clerk of Court be directed to close this action because this order terminates the 2 1 action in its entirety. These Findings and Recommendations are submitted to the United States 2 District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Rule 3 304 of the Local Rules of Practice for the United States District Court, Eastern District of California. 4 Within fourteen days after being served with these Findings and Recommendations, Plaintiff may file 5 written objections with the court. Such a document should be captioned “Objections to Magistrate 6 Judge’s Findings and Recommendations.” Plaintiff is advised that failure to file objections within the 7 specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court’s order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 8 1153 (9th Cir. 1991). 9 10 11 12 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: February 2, 2017 /s/ Jennifer L. Thurston UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3

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