Larson v. Harman-Management Corporation et al

Filing 60

STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER. Order signed by Magistrate Judge Sheila K. Oberto on 2/1/2017. (Thorp, J)

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1 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 2 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 3 Cory Larson, on behalf of himself and all others 4 Civil No.: 1:16-cv-00219-DAD-SKO similarly situated, STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER Plaintiff, 5 vs. 6 7 Harman-Management Corporation; and 3Seventy, 8 9 Inc., Defendants. 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Disclosure and discovery in this action are likely to involve production of confidential, proprietary, or private information. Special protection from public disclosure and use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation may be warranted. Plaintiff Cory Larson (“Plaintiff”), Defendant Harman Management Corporation (“Harman”) and Defendant 3Seventy, Inc. (“3Seventy”, with Harman “Defendants”, and, collectively with Plaintiff, the “Parties”), through their respective counsel, enter into this agreement to protect the confidentiality of materials containing trade secrets and technical, cost, price, sales, marketing or other commercial information, as contemplated by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c) and Local Rule 141.1(c)(2). Accordingly, the Parties hereby stipulate to and petition the Court to enter the following Protective Order. The Parties acknowledge that the Protective Order does not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to discovery and that the protection it affords from public disclosure and use extends only to the limited information or items entitled to confidential treatment under applicable legal principles. 24 As required by Local Rule 141.1(c)(3), the Parties submit that protection should be 25 addressed by a Court Order, as opposed to a private agreement between or among the parties. The 26 nature of the claims involved in this action may require discovery into competitively sensitive 27 information, likely involving third parties. A private agreement between the parties would be 28 insufficient to alleviate the Parties’ concerns that such information remain confidential. Good PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 cause exists for entry of a protective order to prevent unauthorized disclosure and use of trade 2 secrets and confidential commercial information of parties and non-parties during and after the 3 course of the litigation. A protective order will also facilitate timely production of material from 4 both parties and non-parties and provide mechanisms for the resolution of disputes and the 5 handling of designated evidence that involve the Court. Given these concerns, the Parties 6 respectfully request the entry of this Protective Order by the Court. 7 1. Scope. All materials produced or adduced in the course of discovery, including 8 initial disclosures, responses to discovery requests, deposition testimony and exhibits, and 9 information derived directly therefrom (hereinafter collectively “documents”), shall be subject to 10 this Order concerning Confidential Information as defined below. This Order is subject to the 11 Local Rules of this District and the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure on matters of procedure and 12 calculation of time periods. 13 2. Confidential Information. As used in this Order, “Confidential Information” 14 means information designated as “CONFIDENTIAL-SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE ORDER” by 15 the producing party that falls within one or more of the following categories: (a) information 16 prohibited from disclosure by statute (pursuant to Local Rule 141.1(c)(2), there is a need to protect 17 this information as established by statute); (b) information that reveals trade secrets (pursuant to 18 Local Rule 141.1(c)(2), there is a need to protect this information to ensure that third party 19 competitors or others do not abuse or exploit this information to their advantage); (c) research, 20 technical, commercial or financial information that the party has maintained as confidential, 21 including but not limited to, materials containing technical, cost, price, sales, marketing or other 22 commercial information (pursuant to Local Rule 141.1(c)(2), there is a need to protect this 23 information to ensure that third party competitors or others do not abuse or exploit this information 24 to their advantage); (d) personal identity information (pursuant to Local Rule 141.1(c)(2) there is a 25 need to protect this information to ensure the privacy, safety, and/or security of the relevant 26 individuals);; or (e) personnel or employment records of a person who is not a party to the case 27 (pursuant to Local Rule 141.1(c)(2) there is a need to protect this information to ensure the privacy, 28 2 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 safety, and/or security of the relevant individuals). Information or documents that are available to 2 the public may not be designated as Confidential Information. Nothing in this Order shall restrict 3 in any way the use or disclosure of produced information received by a receiving party: (i) that is or 4 has become publicly known through no fault of the receiving party; (ii) that is lawfully acquired by 5 or known to the receiving party by other means; (iii) that previously was produced, disclosed and/or 6 provided by the producing party to the receiving party or a non-party without an obligation of 7 confidentiality and not by inadvertence or mistake; (iv) with the consent of the producing party; or 8 (v) pursuant to an order of the Court. 9 3. 10 Designation. (a) A party, or third party producing Confidential Information in this matter, 11 may designate a document as Confidential Information for protection under this Order by placing 12 or affixing the words “CONFIDENTIAL - SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE ORDER” on the 13 document and on all copies in a manner that will not interfere with the legibility of the document. 14 As used in this Order, “copies” includes electronic images, duplicates, extracts, summaries or 15 descriptions that contain the Confidential Information. 16 SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE ORDER” shall be applied prior to or at the time the documents are 17 produced or disclosed. Applying the marking “CONFIDENTIAL - SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE 18 ORDER” to a document does not mean that the document has any status or protection by statute or 19 otherwise except to the extent and for the purposes of this Order. Any copies that are made of any 20 documents marked “CONFIDENTIAL - SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE ORDER” shall also be so 21 marked, except that indices, electronic databases or lists of documents that do not contain 22 substantial portions or images of the text of marked documents and do not otherwise disclose the 23 substance of the Confidential Information are not required to be marked. 24 (b) The marking “CONFIDENTIAL - The designation of a document as Confidential Information is a certification 25 by an attorney or a party appearing pro se that the document contains Confidential Information as 26 defined in this order. 27 4. Depositions. 28 3 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 Unless all parties agree on the record at the time the deposition testimony is taken, all 2 deposition testimony taken in this case shall be treated as Confidential Information until the 3 expiration of the following: No later than thirty (30) days after the transcript is delivered to any 4 party or the witness, and in no event later than 60 days after the testimony was given. Within this 5 time period, a party or witness may serve a Notice of Designation to all parties of record as to 6 specific portions of the testimony that are designated Confidential Information, and thereafter only 7 those portions identified in the Notice of Designation shall be protected by the terms of this Order. 8 The failure to serve a timely Notice of Designation shall waive any designation of testimony taken 9 in that deposition as Confidential Information, unless otherwise ordered by the Court. 10 5. Protection of Confidential Material. 11 (a) General Protections. Confidential Information shall not be used or 12 disclosed by the parties, counsel for the parties or any other persons identified in subparagraph (b) 13 for any purpose whatsoever other than in this litigation, including any appeal thereof. In a putative 14 class action, Confidential Information may be disclosed only to the named plaintiff(s) and not to 15 any other member of the putative class unless and until a class including the putative member has 16 been certified. 17 (b) Limited Third-Party Disclosures. The parties and counsel for the parties 18 shall not disclose or permit the disclosure of any Confidential Information to any third person or 19 entity except as set forth in subparagraphs (1)-(11). Subject to these requirements, the following 20 categories of persons may be allowed to review Confidential Information: 21 (1) 22 23 Counsel. Counsel for the parties and employees of counsel who have responsibility for the action; (2) Parties. Individual parties and employees of a party but only to the extent 24 counsel determines in good faith that the employee’s assistance is reasonably 25 necessary to the conduct of the litigation in which the information is 26 disclosed; 27 (3) The Court and its personnel; 28 4 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 (4) 2 3 Court Reporters and Recorders. Court reporters and recorders engaged for depositions; (5) Contractors. Those persons specifically engaged for the limited purpose of 4 making copies of documents or organizing or processing documents, 5 including outside vendors hired to process electronically stored documents; 6 (6) 7 the parties or counsel for the parties to assist in the preparation and trial of 8 this action but only after such persons have completed the certification 9 contained in Attachment A, Acknowledgment of Understanding and 10 11 Agreement to Be Bound; (7) 12 copy of documents containing Confidential Information, except witnesses 14 may receive a copy of all exhibits marked at their depositions in connection 15 with review of the transcripts. Pages of transcribed deposition testimony or 16 exhibits to depositions that are designated as Confidential Information 17 pursuant to the process set out in this Order must be separately bound by the 18 court reporter and may not be disclosed to anyone except as permitted under 19 this Order. (8) 21 22 (9) 27 Mediators. Mediators retained to mediate this matter (or any portion thereof); (10) 25 26 Author or recipient. The author or recipient of the document (not including a person who received the document in the course of litigation); 23 24 Witnesses at depositions. During their depositions, witnesses in this action to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary. Witnesses shall not retain a 13 20 Consultants and Experts. Consultants, investigators, or experts employed by Arbitrators. Arbitrators retained to arbitrate this matter (or any portion thereof); and (11) Others by Consent. Other persons only by written consent of the producing party or upon order of the Court and on such conditions as may be agreed or 28 5 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 ordered. 2 (c) Control of Documents. Counsel for the parties shall make reasonable 3 efforts to prevent unauthorized or inadvertent disclosure of Confidential Information. Counsel 4 shall maintain the originals of the forms signed by persons acknowledging their obligations under 5 this Order for a period of three years after the termination of the case. 6 6. Disclosure of Confidential Information. A party desiring to disclose Confidential 7 Information to any of the persons referred to in Paragraphs 5(b)(5)-(7) and (9)-(11) shall, prior to 8 disclosure of the Information, advise such person of the “Confidential” designation, provide him or 9 her with a Copy of this Order, and require such person(s) to sign an Acknowledgement of 10 Agreement to be Bound (“Acknowledgement and Agreement”), in the form set forth in Exhibit “A” 11 hereto. The party making the disclosure shall retain the originally executed Acknowledgement and 12 Agreement. Unless stipulated in writing between the Parties to this Order, or otherwise ordered by 13 the Court, no disclosure shall be made to a person identified in Paragraphs 5(b)(5)-(7) and (9)-(11) 14 who has not executed the Acknowledgement and Agreement. 15 7. Inadvertent Failure to Designate. An inadvertent failure to designate a document 16 as Confidential Information does not, standing alone, waive the right to so designate the document; 17 provided, however, that a failure to serve a timely Notice of Designation of deposition testimony as 18 required by this Order, even if inadvertent, waives any protection for deposition testimony. If a 19 party designates a document as Confidential Information after it was initially produced, the 20 receiving party, on notification of the designation, must make a reasonable effort to assure that the 21 document is treated in accordance with the provisions of this Order. No party shall be found to 22 have violated this Order for failing to maintain the confidentiality of material during a time when 23 that material has not been designated Confidential Information, even where the failure to so 24 designate was inadvertent and where the material is subsequently designated Confidential 25 Information. 26 27 8. Filing of Confidential Information. This Order does not, by itself, authorize the filing of any document under seal. Any party wishing to file a document designated as 28 6 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 Confidential Information in connection with a motion, brief or other submission to the Court must 2 comply with LR 141. 3 9. No Greater Protection of Specific Documents. Except on privilege grounds not 4 addressed by this Order, no party may withhold information from discovery on the ground that it 5 requires protection greater than that afforded by this Order unless the party moves for an order 6 providing such special protection. 7 10. Challenges by a Party to Designation as Confidential Information. The 8 designation of any material or document as Confidential Information is subject to challenge by any 9 party. The following procedure shall apply to any such challenge. 10 (a) Meet and Confer. A party challenging the designation of Confidential 11 Information must do so in good faith and must begin the process by conferring directly with 12 counsel for the designating party. In conferring, the challenging party must explain the basis for its 13 belief that the confidentiality designation was not proper and must give the designating party an 14 opportunity to review the designated material, to reconsider the designation, and, if no change in 15 designation is offered, to explain the basis for the designation. The designating party must respond 16 to the challenge within ten (10) business days. 17 (b) Judicial Intervention. A party that elects to challenge a confidentiality 18 designation may file and serve a motion that identifies the challenged material and sets forth in 19 detail the basis for the challenge. 20 declaration that affirms that the movant has complied with the meet and confer requirements of this 21 procedure. The burden of persuasion in any such challenge proceeding shall be on the designating 22 party. Until the Court rules on the challenge, all parties shall continue to treat the materials as 23 Confidential Information under the terms of this Order. 24 25 26 27 11. Each such motion must be accompanied by a competent Action by the Court. Applications to the Court for an order relating to materials or documents designated Confidential Information shall be by motion. Nothing in this Order or any action or agreement of a party under this Order limits the Court’s power to make orders concerning the disclosure of documents produced in discovery or at trial. 28 7 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 12. Use of Confidential Documents or Information at Trial. Nothing in this Order 2 shall be construed to affect the use of any document, material, or information at any trial or 3 hearing. A party that intends to present or that anticipates that another party may present 4 Confidential information at a hearing or trial shall bring that issue to the Court’s and parties’ 5 attention by motion or in a pretrial memorandum without disclosing the Confidential Information. 6 The Court may thereafter make such orders as are necessary to govern the use of such documents 7 or information at trial. 8 13. 9 Confidential Information Subpoenaed or Ordered Produced in Other Litigation. (a) If a receiving party is served with a subpoena or an order issued in other 10 litigation that would compel disclosure of any material or document designated in this action as 11 Confidential Information, the receiving party must so notify the designating party, in writing, 12 immediately and in no event more than three court days after receiving the subpoena or order. 13 Such notification must include a copy of the subpoena or court order. 14 (b) The receiving party also must immediately inform in writing the party who 15 caused the subpoena or order to issue in the other litigation that some or all of the material covered 16 by the subpoena or order is the subject of this Order. In addition, the receiving party must deliver a 17 copy of this Order promptly to the party in the other action that caused the subpoena to issue. 18 (c) The purpose of imposing these duties is to alert the interested persons to the 19 existence of this Order and to afford the designating party in this case an opportunity to try to 20 protect its Confidential Information in the court from which the subpoena or order issued. The 21 designating party shall bear the burden and the expense of seeking protection in that court of its 22 Confidential Information, and nothing in these provisions should be construed as authorizing or 23 encouraging a receiving party in this action to disobey a lawful directive from another court. The 24 obligations set forth in this paragraph remain in effect while the party has in its possession, custody 25 or control Confidential Information by the other party to this case. 26 27 14. Challenges by Members of the Public to Sealing Orders. A party or interested member of the public has a right to challenge the sealing of particular documents that have been 28 8 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 filed under seal, and the party asserting confidentiality will have the burden of demonstrating the 2 propriety of filing under seal. 3 4 5 15. The following provisions apply to inadvertent disclosure of information protected from disclosure by the attorney-client privilege and/or work product doctrine: a. 6 discloses information subject to a claim of attorney-client privilege or 7 attorney work product protection (“Inadvertently Disclosed Information”), 8 the disclosure of the Inadvertently Disclosed Information shall not 9 constitute or be deemed a waiver or forfeiture of any claim of privilege or 10 work product protection that the Disclosing Party would otherwise be 11 entitled to assert with respect to the Inadvertently Disclosed Information 12 13 and its subject matter. b. 14 within five business days of receiving written notification of the 16 inadvertent disclosure, return or destroy all copies of the Inadvertently 17 Disclosed Information and provide a written notification that all such 18 Inadvertently Disclosed Information was returned or destroyed. c. 20 shall produce a privilege log with respect to the Inadvertently Disclosed 22 24 25 26 27 Within five business days of the notification that such Inadvertently Disclosed Information has been returned or destroyed, the producing party 21 23 If a claim of inadvertent disclosure is made by a producing party with respect to Inadvertently Disclosed Information, the receiving party shall, 15 19 If, in connection with the litigation, a producing party inadvertently Information. d. The receiving party may move the Court for an order compelling production of the Inadvertently Disclosed Information (a “Privilege Motion”). The Privilege Motion shall be filed under seal and shall not assert as a ground for entering such an order the fact or circumstances of the inadvertent production. 28 9 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 e. The producing party retains the burden of establishing the privileged or 2 protected nature of any Inadvertently Disclosed Information. Nothing in 3 this paragraph shall limit the right of any party to petition the Court for an 4 in camera review of the Inadvertently Disclosed Information. 5 6 7 8 16. Obligations on Conclusion of Litigation. (a) Order Continues in Force. Unless otherwise agreed or ordered, this Order shall remain in force after dismissal or entry of final judgment not subject to further appeal. (b) Obligations at Conclusion of Litigation. Within sixty-three days after 9 dismissal or entry of final judgment not subject to further appeal, all Confidential Information and 10 documents marked “CONFIDENTIAL - SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE ORDER” under this Order, 11 including copies as defined in ¶ 3(a), shall be returned to the producing party unless: (1) the 12 document has been offered into evidence or filed without restriction as to disclosure; (2) the parties 13 agree to destruction to the extent practicable in lieu of return and agree that the receiving party 14 shall destroy documents containing Confidential Information and certify the fact of destruction, 15 and that the receiving party shall not be required to locate, isolate and return e-mails (including 16 attachments to e-mails) that may include Confidential Information, or Confidential Information 17 contained in deposition transcripts or drafts or final expert reports; or (3) as to documents bearing 18 the notations, summations, or other mental impressions of the receiving party, that party elects to 19 destroy the documents and certifies to the producing party that it has done so. 20 (c) Retention of Work Product and one set of Filed Documents. 21 Notwithstanding the above requirements to return or destroy documents, counsel may retain (1) 22 attorney work product, including an index that refers or relates to designated Confidential 23 Information so long as that work product does not duplicate verbatim substantial portions of 24 Confidential Information, and (2) one complete set of all documents filed with the Court including 25 those filed under seal. Any retained Confidential Information shall continue to be protected under 26 this Order. An attorney may use his or her work product in subsequent litigation, provided that its 27 use does not disclose or use Confidential Information. 28 10 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 (d) Deletion of Documents filed under Seal from Electronic Case Filing 2 (ECF) System. Filings under seal shall be deleted from the ECF system only upon order of the 3 Court. 4 17. No Effect Regarding Admissibility of Evidence. Notwithstanding anything to the 5 contrary contained herein, all objections as to admissibility in evidence of the material subject to 6 this Order are reserved and are not waived in any respect by any terms of this Order. The Parties 7 agree that the terms of this Order shall not be interpreted to constitute a waiver of: (a) any 8 objection (with the exception of “confidentiality” as addressed herein) to any discovery, including 9 written discovery and/or deposition(s); (b) any privilege; or (c) any right to compel any discovery, 10 including written discovery and/or deposition(s). 11 18. Order Subject to Modification. This Order shall be subject to modification by the 12 Court on its own initiative or on motion of a party or any other person with standing concerning the 13 subject matter. 14 19. No Prior Judicial Determination. This Order is entered based on the 15 representations and agreements of the parties and for the purpose of facilitating discovery. Nothing 16 herein shall be construed or presented as a judicial determination that any document or material 17 designated Confidential Information by counsel or the parties is entitled to protection under Rule 18 26(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure or otherwise until such time as the Court may rule on 19 a specific document or issue. 20 20. Persons Bound. This Order shall take effect when entered and shall be binding 21 upon all counsel of record and their law firms, the parties, and persons made subject to this Order 22 by its terms. 23 24 IT IS SO ORDERED. 25 26 Dated: February 1, 2017 /s/ Sheila K. Oberto . UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 27 28 11 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 2 3 4 5 ATTACHMENT A 6 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 7 8 Cory Larson, on behalf of himself and all others 9 similarly situated, 10 11 Civil No.: 1:16-cv-00219-DAD-SKO Plaintiff, ACKNOWLEDGMENT AND AGREEMENT TO BE BOUND vs. 12 Harman-Management Corporation; and 3Seventy, 13 Inc., 14 Defendants. 15 16 The undersigned hereby acknowledges that he/she has read the Confidentiality Order dated 17 in the above-captioned action and attached hereto, understands the terms thereof, and agrees 18 to be bound by its terms. The undersigned submits to the jurisdiction of the United States District 19 Eastern District of California in matters relating to the Confidentiality Order and understands that the 20 terms of the Confidentiality Order obligate him/her to use materials designated as Confidential 21 Information in accordance with the Order solely for the purposes of the above-captioned action, and 22 not to disclose any such Confidential Information to any other person, firm or concern. 23 The undersigned acknowledges that violation of the Confidentiality Order may result in 24 penalties for contempt of court. 25 Name: 26 27 28 Job Title: Business Address: Employer: 12 PROTECTIVE ORDER 1 2 3 Date: 4 Signature: ___________________________________________ 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 13 PROTECTIVE ORDER

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