Truong v. Matevousian
ORDER granting 12 Motion to Dismiss, dismissing Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus and directing Clerk's Office to close case signed by Magistrate Judge Erica P. Grosjean on 10/13/2016. CASE CLOSED.(Lundstrom, T)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
Case No. 1:16-cv-00240-EPG-HC
ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO
DISMISS, DISMISSING PETITION FOR
WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS, AND
DIRECTING THE CLERK’S OFFICE TO
(ECF No. 12)
Petitioner is a federal prisoner proceeding pro se with a petition for writ of habeas corpus
17 pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Petitioner challenges his continued confinement at the United
18 States Prison at Atwater. As Petitioner has failed to exhaust administrative remedies with respect
19 to the claims he raises in the instant federal habeas petition, the Court finds that dismissal is
On December 6, 2006, an information charging Petitioner with Counterfeit of
24 Unauthorized Access Devices, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(3), was filed in the United
25 States District Court for the Eastern District of California. Information, United States v. Truong,
26 No. 2:06-cr-00487-KJM (E.D. Cal. Dec. 6, 2006), ECF No. 3. On December 13, 2006,
The Court may take judicial notice of its own records in other cases. United States v. Wilson, 631 F.2d 118, 119
28 (9th Cir. 1980).
1 California state authorities released Petitioner2 to the custody of the United States pursuant to a
2 writ of habeas corpus ad prosequendum. (ECF No. 12-1 at 1, 7).3 Petitioner pleaded guilty to the
3 information and was sentenced to an imprisonment term of 120 months on October 14, 2008.
4 (ECF No. 12-1 at 8–9). The Ninth Circuit affirmed Petitioner’s sentence. United States v.
5 Truong, 587 F.3d 1049 (9th Cir. 2009).
On October 27, 2008, Petitioner was returned to California state custody. (ECF No. 12-1
7 at 2, 7). On November 12, 2008, Petitioner was sentenced in the Sutter County Superior Court to
8 three years imprisonment for hit and run driving resulting in injury, in violation of California
9 Vehicle Code section 20001(a). The superior court ordered that the state sentence run
10 concurrently with Petitioner’s federal prison sentence. (ECF No. 12-1 at 14).
On December 18, 2008, the California state authorities relinquished custody of Petitioner
12 to the United States, and Petitioner began to serve his federal sentence. (ECF No. 12-1 at 2, 7).
13 On September 11, 2015, the Bureau of Prisons Designation and Sentence Computation Center
14 Chief wrote a letter to the sentencing judge in Petitioner’s federal case, requesting the judge’s
15 position on whether the federal sentence should run consecutively or concurrently to the state
16 sentence. (Id. at 2–3). At a hearing held on December 18, 2015, the sentencing judge indicated
17 that she had no recommendation regarding whether Petitioner’s sentence should run
18 consecutively or concurrently. (Id. at 3). Thereafter, the Bureau of Prisons (“BOP”) determined
19 that retroactive concurrent designation of Petitioner’s state and federal sentences would not be
20 appropriate. (Id.).
On February 22, 2016, Petitioner filed the instant petition for writ of habeas corpus,
22 challenging the BOP’s denial of a discretionary nunc pro tunc designation of a state prison for
23 service of his federal sentence. (ECF No. 1). On June 7, 2016, Respondent filed a motion to
24 dismiss. (ECF No. 12). On June 27, 2016, Petitioner filed an opposition. (ECF No. 13). The
25 parties have consented to the jurisdiction of a United States magistrate judge to conduct all
26 proceedings in this case pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c). (ECF Nos. 7, 9).
At the time, Petitioner was in the custody of the Sutter County jail.
Page numbers refer to ECF page numbers stamped at the top of the page.
A. Jurisdiction Under 28 U.S.C. § 2241
Respondent argues that Petitioner’s claims that his federal sentence exceeds the
5 maximum penalty authorized by statute and that his federal sentence violates § 5G1.3 of the
6 United States Sentencing Commission Guidelines challenge the legality of his initial sentence
7 imposed by the sentencing judge, and thus, are properly brought pursuant to a motion under 28
8 U.S.C. § 2255.
“The general rule is that a motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 is the exclusive means by
10 which a federal prisoner may test the legality of his detention . . .” Stephens v. Herrera, 464 F.3d
11 895, 897 (9th Cir. 2006) (citations omitted). However, a district court “does have jurisdiction
12 under [§ 2241] to decide whether the Bureau of Prisons acted contrary to established federal law,
13 violated the Constitution, or exceeded its statutory authority when it acted pursuant to 18 U.S.C.
14 § 3621.” Rodriguez v. Copenhaver, 823 F.3d 1238, 1242 (9th Cir. 2016).4 “[W]hen a person
15 subject to a federal sentence is serving a state sentence, the Bureau may designate [pursuant to
16 18 U.S.C. § 3621] the state prison as the place of imprisonment for the federal sentence—
17 effectively making the two sentences concurrent—or decline to do so—effectively making them
18 consecutive.” Setser v. United States, 132 S. Ct. 1463, 1467–68 (2012).
Here, Petitioner contends, inter alia, that the BOP is “refusing to designate . . . the state
20 facility as federal and award full jail credit . . . to attach to the federal sentence.” (ECF No. 1 at
21 4). The Court “must construe pro se habeas filings liberally.” Allen v. Calderon, 408 F.3d 1150,
22 1153 (9th Cir. 2005) (citing Maleng v. Cook, 490 U.S. 488 (1989)). Therefore, to the extent
The Court notes that after Rodriguez was decided, the Ninth Circuit issued its decision in Nettles v. Grounds, 830
F.3d 922 (9th Cir. 2016) (en banc). Relying on Skinner v. Switzer, 562 U.S. 521 (2012), the Ninth Circuit held that
if success on a habeas petitioner’s claim would not necessarily lead to his immediate or earlier release from
confinement, the claim does not fall within “the core of habeas corpus” and thus, is not cognizable under 28 U.S.C.
§ 2254. Nettles, 830 F.3d at 935. The Ninth Circuit explicitly declined to address how the standard suggested in
Skinner would apply to habeas petitions under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 brought by federal prisoners. Nettles, 830 F.3d at
931. Although the en banc Nettles decision constitutes “intervening higher authority,” it is not “clearly
irreconcilable” with Rodriguez, and thus, Rodriguez is still binding on this Court. See Miller v. Gammie, 335 F.3d
889, 900 (9th Cir. 2003) (en banc) (holding that only when intervening higher authority “is clearly irreconcilable
with . . . prior circuit authority,” should district courts “consider themselves bound by the intervening higher
authority and reject the prior opinion of [the Ninth Circuit] as having been effectively overruled”).
1 Petitioner asserts that the BOP “acted contrary to established federal law, violated the
2 Constitution, or exceeded its statutory authority [under] 18 U.S.C. § 3621” when the BOP
3 declined to nunc pro tunc designate a state prison as the place of imprisonment for Petitioner’s
4 federal sentence, the Court finds that it has jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Rodriguez, 823
5 F.3d at 1242. Accordingly, dismissal of the petition is not warranted on this ground.
Respondent also argues that the petition is moot and should be dismissed because this
8 Court does not have the power to grant Petitioner the relief requested, i.e., a nunc pro tunc
9 concurrent designation. (ECF No. 12 at 6–7). Here, Petitioner “prays for immediate release and
10 all other relief the court deems just and proper under similar circumstances.” (ECF No. 1 at 4–5)
11 (emphasis added). “Although a district court has no jurisdiction over discretionary designation
12 decisions, it does have jurisdiction to decide whether the Bureau of Prisons acted contrary to
13 established federal law, violated the Constitution, or exceeded its statutory authority when it
14 acted pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3621.” Rodriguez, 823 F.3d at 1242. If the Court so finds, it has
15 the authority to grant the writ of habeas corpus and direct the BOP to reconsider a petitioner’s
16 application for nunc pro tunc designation. See id. at 1243. Accordingly, dismissal of the petition
17 is not warranted on this ground.
In the motion to dismiss, Respondent also argues that the petition should be dismissed
20 because Petitioner has failed to exhaust administrative remedies. (ECF No. 12 at 7). “As a
21 prudential matter, courts require that habeas petitioners exhaust all available judicial and
22 administrative remedies before seeking relief under § 2241.” Ward v. Chavez, 678 F.3d 1042,
23 1045 (9th Cir. 2012) (citations omitted). The exhaustion requirement is subject to waiver in
24 § 2241 proceedings if pursuing available remedies would be futile. Id. The BOP grievance
25 process is set forth at 28 C.F.R. § 542.10 et seq. An inmate normally must first present his
26 complaint informally to prison staff. 28 C.F.R. § 542.13. If an informal resolution cannot be
27 reached, the inmate may file a formal administrative grievance with the Warden. 28 C.F.R.
28 § 542.14. If the Warden renders an adverse decision, the inmate may appeal to the Regional
1 Director. If the Regional Director renders an adverse decision, the inmate may appeal to the
2 BOP’s Office of General Counsel. A final decision from the Office of General Counsel
3 completes the BOP’s administrative remedy process. 28 C.F.R. § 542.15(a).
Here, Petitioner has failed to exhaust administrative remedies. Petitioner properly filed a
5 formal administrative grievance with the Warden that was denied on February 11, 2016. (ECF
6 No. 12-1 at 4). Thereafter, Petitioner bypassed the second level of appeal and attempted to
7 submit directly to the final level. (Id.). Petitioner’s bypass attempt was rejected on February 23,
8 2016, with instructions for resubmission. (ECF No. 12 at 8). As there is no final decision from
9 the Office of General Counsel, Petitioner has not completed the BOP’s administrative remedy
10 process. Accordingly, dismissal of the petition for nonexhaustion is warranted.
Based on the foregoing, the Court HEREBY ORDERS that:
1. Respondent’s motion to dismiss (ECF No. 12) is GRANTED;
2. The petition for writ of habeas corpus is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE for
3. The Clerk of Court is DIRECTED to CLOSE the case.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
October 13, 2016
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?