Underwood v. Cox et al
ORDER DENYING Plaintiff's 32 Motion for Leave to File a Second Amended Complaint signed by Magistrate Judge Erica P. Grosjean on 9/14/17. (Marrujo, C)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
Case No. 1:16-cv-00597-AWI-EPG (PC)
ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF’S MOTION
FOR LEAVE TO FILE A SECOND
R. COX and C. STANLEY,
(ECF NO. 32)
Andre Underwood ("Plaintiff") is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma
pauperis with this civil rights action filed pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. On September 5,
2017, Plaintiff filed a motion for leave to file a Second Amended Complaint (ECF No. 32), and
lodged his Second Amended Complaint (ECF No. 33). Plaintiff requests leave to amend
because his First Amended Complaint did not clearly state what capacity he is suing defendants
in. Accordingly, he wants to amend his complaint to clarify that he is suing both defendant
Cox and defendant Stanley (“Defendants”) in their individual capacities.
Plaintiff’s motion will be denied as unnecessary. “Where state officials are named in a
complaint which seeks damages under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, it is presumed that the officials are
being sued in their individual capacities.” Shoshone-Bannock Tribes v. Fish & Game Comm'n,
Idaho, 42 F.3d 1278, 1284 (9th Cir. 1994) (citing Price v. Akaka, 928 F.2d 824, 828 (9th
Cir.1990)). “Any other construction would be illogical where the complaint is silent as to
capacity, since a claim for damages against state officials in their official capacities is plainly
Plaintiff’s First Amended Complaint seeks monetary damages (ECF No. 9, p. 23), and
does not explicitly state whether Defendants are being sued in their individual or official
capacities (Id. at pgs. 8-9).
individual capacities. Thus, there is no need for Plaintiff to file an amended complaint to
clarify that he is suing Defendants in their individual capacities.1
Therefore, it is presumed that Defendants are being sued in their
Accordingly, based on the foregoing, IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiff’s motion for leave
to file a Second Amended Complaint is DENIED.2
IT IS SO ORDERED.
September 14, 2017
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
The Court notes that Plaintiff may also be asking to amend his complaint so that he can clarify that he is
alleging that Defendants acted under color of law. However, the First Amended Complaint already alleges that
Defendants acted under color of law. (ECF No. 9, p. 8). Accordingly, there is no need for Plaintiff to amend his
complaint to allege that Defendants acted under color of law.
If Plaintiff wants to make any other changes to his First Amended Complaint he may file another
motion for leave to amend.
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