Corena v. Holland et al

Filing 7

ORDER for Plaintiff to Either: (1) Notify the Court that he is willing to Proceed Only on the Claim for Excessive Force in Violation of the Eighth Amendment and the Claim for Retaliation in Violation of the First Amendment (2) File a First Amended Complaint, signed by Magistrate Judge Erica P. Grosjean on 12/20/2016.(Case Management Deadline: 30-Day Deadline) (Attachments: # 1 Amended Complaint Form)(Martin-Gill, S)

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1 2 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 3 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 4 5 6 JORGE CORENA, Plaintiff, 7 8 9 v. ORDER FINDING COGNIZABLE CLAIMS ORDER FOR PLAINTIFF TO EITHER: KIM HOLLAND, et al., Defendants. 10 1:16-cv-01025-EPG (PC) 11 12 13 14 (1) NOTIFY THE COURT THAT HE IS WILLING TO PROCEED ONLY ON THE CLAIM FOR EXCESSIVE FORCE IN VIOLATION OF THE EIGHTH AMENDMENT AGAINST DEFENDANTS RODRIGUEZ, CERVEZA, AND DOE, AND THE CLAIM FOR RETALIATION IN VIOLATION OF THE FIRST AMENDMENT AGAINST DEFENDANTS RODRIGUEZ AND DOE; (2) FILE A FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT; 15 OR 16 (3) NOTIFY THE COURT THAT HE WISHES TO STAND ON HIS COMPLAINT, SUBJECT TO DISMISSAL OF CLAIMS AND DEFENDANTS CONSISTENT WITH THIS ORDER 17 18 19 (ECF NO. 1) 20 THIRTY DAY DEADLINE 21 22 I. 23 Jorge Corena (“Plaintiff”) is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in 24 this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff filed a complaint on July 15, 25 2016, which is before this Court for screening. (ECF No. 1). Plaintiff alleges that he was 26 assaulted by Defendants Rodriguez, Cerveza, and Doe. He also brings claims against their 27 supervisors as well as certain medical professionals. 28 BACKGROUND On August 26, 2016, Plaintiff consented to Magistrate Judge jurisdiction in this action 1 1 pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c) (ECF No. 6), and no other parties have made an appearance. 2 Therefore, pursuant to Appendix A(k)(4) of the Local Rules of the Eastern District of 3 California, the undersigned shall conduct any and all proceedings in the case until such time as 4 reassignment to a District Judge is required. Local Rule Appendix A(k)(3). 5 For the reasons described below, this Court finds that Plaintiff’s complaint states a 6 claim against Defendants Rodriguez, Cerveza, and Doe for excessive force in violation of the 7 Eighth Amendment, and a claim against Defendants Rodriguez and Doe for retaliation in 8 violation of the First Amendment. The Court finds that Plaintiff’s complaint fails to state any 9 other claims against these three defendants and fails to state a claim against the other 10 defendants. The Court provides the applicable law below. Plaintiff can now choose between 11 going forward immediately on his claims against Defendants Rodriguez, Cerveza, and Doe, 12 filing an amended complaint, which the Court will screen in due course, or standing on this 13 complaint, subject to dismissal of claims and defendants consistent with this order. 14 II. 15 The Court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a 16 governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. ' 1915A(a). 17 The Court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if the prisoner has raised claims that are 18 legally “frivolous or malicious,” that fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or 19 that seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. 20 ' 1915A(b)(1),(2). “Notwithstanding any filing fee, or any portion thereof, that may have been 21 paid, the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that the action or 22 appeal fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted.” 28 U.S.C. ' 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii). SCREENING REQUIREMENT 23 A complaint is required to contain “a short and plain statement of the claim showing 24 that the pleader is entitled to relief.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). Detailed factual allegations are 25 not required, but “[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere 26 conclusory statements, do not suffice.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (citing Bell 27 Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007)). While a plaintiff’s allegations are 28 taken as true, courts “are not required to indulge unwarranted inferences.” Doe I v. Wal-Mart 2 1 Stores, Inc., 572 F.3d 677, 681 (9th Cir. 2009) (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). 2 Plaintiff must set forth “sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to ‘state a claim to relief that 3 is plausible on its face.’” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678; Moss v. U.S. Secret Service, 572 F.3d 962, 4 969 (9th Cir. 2009). While factual allegations are accepted as true, legal conclusions are not. 5 Id. The mere possibility of misconduct falls short of meeting this plausibility standard. Id. SUMMARY OF PLAINTIFF’S COMPLAINT 6 III. 7 On July 9, 2014, Plaintiff was incarcerated at California Correctional Institute (“CCI”), 8 which is located in Tehachapi. That day, Defendant Rodriguez told Plaintiff to get ready for 9 church, where Plaintiff worked as chaplain’s assistant. Defendant Rodriguez then told 10 Plaintiff: “‘you think you’re slick motherfucker; I got you.’” Plaintiff then exited his cell, went 11 downstairs, and entered the sally port. In the sally port, Plaintiff saw that Defendant Cerveza 12 had taken off his green correctional officer shirt. When Plaintiff attempted to exit the sally 13 port, his exit was blocked by Defendant Rodriguez and Defendant Doe. 14 Defendant Cerveza told Plaintiff to turn around and cuff up. Plaintiff complied. Once 15 Plaintiff was in handcuffs, Defendant Cerveza assaulted Plaintiff by striking Plaintiff on his 16 face. Defendant Rodriguez joined in, hitting Plaintiff on his back. Defendant Rodriguez then 17 pulled out his baton and started jabbing Plaintiff in the back while Defendant Doe struck him 18 on his face and torso. Either Defendant Rodriguez or Defendant Doe then dragged Plaintiff to 19 the floor. Once Plaintiff was on the floor, Defendants Rodriguez, Cerveza, and Doe began 20 kicking him, punching him and stomping on him. 21 On July 9, 2014, Plaintiff reported the incident to Defendant Fiddler, the direct 22 supervisor of the correctional officers who beat Plaintiff. Defendant Fiddler told Plaintiff he 23 would take care of it and asked if Plaintiff had told medical about the beating. 24 On July 10, 2014, Plaintiff went to medical to report the severe back pain he suffered as 25 a result of the beating. The medical staff gave Plaintiff a shot to relieve the pain and prescribed 26 Tylenol with codeine. 27 On July 17, 2014, Defendant Rodriguez went into Plaintiff’s cell while Defendant Doe 28 held the door and acted as Defendant Rodriguez’s lookout. Defendant Rodriguez again beat 3 1 Plaintiff with his fists, kicked him, and told him “‘if you keep on snitching it will keep 2 happening to you.’” 3 4 When Plaintiff went to medical following this assault, the medical staff told Plaintiff to just take his pills. 5 Plaintiff then returned to his building. After Plaintiff entered the building and began 6 walking up the stairs to his cell, Plaintiff was pulled from behind. Plaintiff next remembers 7 waking up on the floor face down. Plaintiff could not move his legs. Defendant Rodriguez and 8 Defendant Doe debated who would hit the alarm, because the correctional officer who hits the 9 alarm is required to write the incident report. 10 Plaintiff was placed on a gurney and taken to medical. At medical, Defendant Smith 11 asked what happened, but Plaintiff could not respond because the officers who beat him and 12 threatened him were present. Although it was clear that Plaintiff had just suffered a beating, 13 Defendant Smith told Plaintiff “‘to take it like a man walk back to the block.’” Plaintiff could 14 not feel or move his legs. Plaintiff remained silent for fear of retaliation. 15 The medical staff then examined Plaintiff’s legs. Plaintiff informed the medical staff 16 that he could not feel his legs. Medical staff then waited 2 hours, debating whether to transport 17 Plaintiff to a hospital in Bakersfield by Air-Vac or simply call a local ambulance. After 2 18 hours, Plaintiff was taken by ambulance to Desert Valley Hospital in Tehachapi where the staff 19 did x-rays and physical tests. Plaintiff was then transported to Mercy Hospital. 20 At Mercy Hospital, medical staff inserted a catheter, but Plaintiff could not feel it. 21 Mercy Hospital medical staff did more x-rays and an MRI. Plaintiff was then taken to a 22 holding cell and admitted to the hospital. At the hospital, three doctors examined Plaintiff and 23 approved him for surgery the next day. Plaintiff suffered “‘essentially complete paralysis of his 24 bilateral lower extremities . . . with complete loss of both motor and sensory function.’” 25 After surgery, Plaintiff was returned to CCI. Within 24 hours, Plaintiff was sent to a 26 California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (“CDCR”) treatment facility at 27 Pleasant Valley State Prison, where he stayed for 90 days while recovering from surgery. 28 When Plaintiff arrived back at CCI, on September 19, 2014, he could barely move and 4 1 was confined to a wheel chair. When he arrived, the transportation officers yanked him from 2 the squad car, causing him to fall to the ground. The correctional officers then kicked him on 3 his back and head. 4 Plaintiff was again examined by medical staff at CCI, who sent him back to Mercy 5 Hospital in Bakersfield. Two days later, on September 21, 2014, Plaintiff was returned to CCI, 6 where he was housed in a medical cell. 7 8 On December 8, 2014, Plaintiff was transported to California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility (“SATF”). 9 When Plaintiff was discharged from Mercy Hospital after his surgery, the CDCR was 10 provided with discharge instructions for his after-surgery care. According to those discharge 11 instructions, Plaintiff was to be provided with Norco for pain management. The discharge 12 instructions specifically stated that Plaintiff was not to be given any NSAIDs. However, since 13 arriving at SATF, CDCR medical staff, including Defendants Kokor and Ugawuze, have 14 refused to provide Plaintiff with the medication specified by Mercy Hospital. Instead, they 15 have prescribed only NSAIDs. As a result, Plaintiff’s condition has worsened and he has 16 suffered pain, as well as extreme and persistent emotional distress caused by the lack of proper 17 pain management. Additionally Plaintiff’s internal organs have been damaged and he has 18 suffered sleep deprivation.1 19 Plaintiff’s complaint also includes a preface about CCI generally, alleging that it 20 tolerates, if not encourages, organized gang activity among its correctional officers. That gang 21 is called the Green Wall and routinely engages in the organized use of unreasonable, 22 unnecessary and excessive force against inmates in violation of inmates’ constitutional rights. 23 The active presence of the Green Wall is well known to CDCR staff, officers, wardens and 24 supervisors, including Defendant Holland, Warden at CCI. There have been multiple civil 25 rights lawsuits against CCI staff, as well as an active investigation by the United States 26 27 28 1 Plaintiff also describes his administrative appeals process, including that CCI staff repeatedly “misplaced” his appeals. This order does not examine the potential of an affirmative defense of failure to exhaust administrative remedies, and so does not summarize those facts in depth. 5 1 2 3 Department of Justice on this issue. IV. EVALUATION OF PLAINTIFF’S EIGHTH AMENDMENT CLAIM AGAINST SUPERVISORS OF THE ASSAULTING OFFICERS 4 Plaintiff’s first and second causes of action claim that various supervisors of the 5 correctional officers, including Defendants Holland, Fiddler, Smith and Jones, violated 6 Plaintiff’s Eight Amendment rights because they were responsible for supervising, disciplining 7 and providing training for all correctional officers and staff at CCI and were allegedly aware of 8 the so-called “Green Wall” gang of correctional officers. 9 Under § 1983, Plaintiff must demonstrate that each named defendant personally 10 participated in the deprivation of his rights. Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 676-77 (2009). In 11 other words, there must be an actual connection or link between the actions of the Defendants 12 and the deprivation alleged to have been suffered by Plaintiff. See Monell v. Dep't of Soc. 13 Servs., 436 U.S. 658, 691, 695 (1978). 14 Supervisors may only be held liable if they “participated in or directed the violations, or 15 knew of the violations and failed to act to prevent them.” Lemire v. Cal. Dept. of Corrections 16 & Rehabilitation, 726 F.3d 1062, 1074-75 (9th Cir. 2013) (“A prison official in a supervisory 17 position may be held liable under § 1983... ‘if he or she was personally involved in the 18 constitutional deprivation or a sufficient causal connection exists between the supervisor's 19 unlawful conduct and the constitutional violation.’”) (quoting Lolli v. Cty. of Orange, 351 F.3d 20 410, 418 (9th Cir. 2003)). Plaintiff may not attribute liability to a group of defendants, but 21 must “set forth specific facts as to each individual defendant's” deprivation of his rights. Leer 22 v. Murphy, 844 F.2d 628, 634 (9th Cir. 1988). 23 Supervisory personnel are generally not liable under section 1983 for the actions of 24 their employees under a theory of respondeat superior and, therefore, when a named defendant 25 holds a supervisory position, the causal link between him and the claimed constitutional 26 violation must be specifically alleged. See Fayle v. Stapley, 607 F.2d 858, 862 (9th Cir. 1979); 27 Mosher v. Saalfeld, 589 F.2d 438, 441 (9th Cir. 1978), cert. denied, 442 U.S. 941 (1979). To 28 state a claim for relief under section 1983 based on a theory of supervisory liability, Plaintiff 6 1 must allege some facts that would support a claim that the supervisory defendants either: 2 personally participated in the alleged deprivation of constitutional rights; knew of the violations 3 and failed to act to prevent them; or promulgated or “implemented a policy so deficient that the 4 policy ‘itself is a repudiation of constitutional rights' and is ‘the moving force of the 5 constitutional violation.’” 6 citations omitted); Taylor v. List, 880 F.2d 1040, 1045 (9th Cir. 1989). AThreadbare recitals of 7 the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice.@ Id. 8 at 678 (citing Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555). A[A] plaintiff=s obligation to provide the grounds of 9 his entitlement to relief requires more than labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of 10 the elements of a cause of action will not do.@ Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555 (citations and 11 quotation marks omitted). Hansen v. Black, 885 F.2d 642, 646 (9th Cir. 1989) (internal 12 With this law in mind, Plaintiff’s complaint fails to state a claim against Defendants 13 Holland, Fiddler, Smith, and Jones. Although Plaintiff’s complaint alleges the words in the 14 legal standards regarding their personal knowledge of organized gang activity that directly 15 contributed to this assault, it lacks specific facts that would demonstrate such knowledge. 16 Although Plaintiff informed certain of these defendants of these attacks after the fact, there is 17 no evidence that these defendants knew of any of the attacks in advance and deliberately failed 18 to take action to prevent them. Additionally, based on the facts alleged, these defendants did 19 not personally participate in the constitutional violation. Finally, Plaintiff has not alleged any 20 facts that show that these defendants have promulgated or implemented a policy of allowing 21 correctional officers to use excessive force on inmates. The fact that other unnamed lawsuits 22 and investigations are taking place is insufficient without underlying facts that indicate that 23 these defendants knew of the violations and failed to act, or that these defendants promulgated 24 or implemented a policy of allowing correctional officers to use excessive force on inmates. 25 Moreover, merely being a supervisor to the correctional officers who allegedly used excessive 26 force on Plaintiff is insufficient to state such a claim. 27 \\\ 28 \\\ 7 1 V. 2 3 4 EVALUATION OF PLAINTIFF’S EIGHTH AMENDMENT CLAIM AGAINST DEFENDANTS RODRIGUEZ, CERVEZA AND DOE Plaintiff’s third cause of action asserts an Eighth Amendment claim against Defendants Rodriguez, Cerveza, and Doe. 5 The Eighth Amendment protects prisoners from inhumane methods of punishment and 6 from inhumane conditions of confinement. Morgan v. Morgensen, 465 F.3d 1041, 1045 (9th 7 Cir. 2006). The unnecessary and wanton infliction of pain violates the Cruel and Unusual 8 Punishments Clause of the Eighth Amendment. Hudson v McMillian, 503 U.S. 1, 5 (1992) 9 (citations omitted). Although prison conditions may be restrictive and harsh, prison officials 10 must provide prisoners with food, clothing, shelter, sanitation, medical care, and personal 11 safety. Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 832-33 (1994) (quotations omitted). For claims of 12 excessive physical force, the issue is “whether force was applied in a good-faith effort to 13 maintain or restore discipline, or maliciously and sadistically to cause harm.” Hudson, 503 14 U.S. at 7. Although de minimis uses of force do not violate the Constitution, the malicious and 15 sadistic use of force to cause harm always violates the Eighth Amendment, regardless of 16 whether or not significant injury is evident. Hudson, 503 U.S. at 9-10; Oliver v. Keller, 289 17 F.3d 623, 628 (9th Cir. 2002). 18 19 20 21 Plaintiff’s complaint alleges a cause of action for violation of the Eighth Amendment against Defendants Rodriguez, Cerveza and Doe for use of excessive force. VI. EVALUATION OF PLAINTIFF’S EIGHTH AMENDMENT CLAIM AGAINST DEFENDANTS KOKOR AND UGAMUEZE 22 Plaintiff’s fourth cause of action alleges a violation of the Eighth Amendment against 23 Defendants Kokor and Ugamueze based on their failure to provide the medication prescribed 24 by Mercy Medical Center. 25 “[T]o maintain an Eighth Amendment claim based on prison medical treatment, an 26 inmate must show ‘deliberate indifference to serious medical needs.’” Jett v. Penner, 439 F.3d 27 1091, 1096 (9th Cir. 2006), (quoting Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 104 (1976)). This 28 requires plaintiff to show (1) “a ‘serious medical need’ by demonstrating that ‘failure to treat a 8 1 prisoner’s condition could result in further significant injury or the unnecessary and wanton 2 infliction of pain,’ ” and (2) “the defendant's response to the need was deliberately indifferent.” 3 Id. (quoting McGuckin v. Smith, 974 F.2d 1050, 1059-60 (9th Cir. 1992) (citation and internal 4 quotations marks omitted), overruled on other grounds by WMX Technologies v. Miller, 104 5 F.3d 1133 (9th Cir. 1997) (en banc)). 6 Deliberate indifference is established only where the defendant subjectively “knows of 7 and disregards an excessive risk to inmate health and safety.” Toguchi v. Chung, 391 F.3d 8 1051, 1057 (9th Cir. 2004) (emphasis added) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted). 9 Deliberate indifference can be established “by showing (a) a purposeful act or failure to 10 respond to a prisoner's pain or possible medical need and (b) harm caused by the indifference.” 11 Jett, 439 F.3d at 1096 (citation omitted). Civil recklessness (failure “to act in the face of an 12 unjustifiably high risk of harm that is either known or so obvious that it should be known”) is 13 insufficient to establish an Eighth Amendment violation. Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 14 836-37 & n.5 (1994) (citations omitted). 15 A difference of opinion between an inmate and prison medical personnel—or between 16 medical professionals—regarding appropriate medical diagnosis and treatment is not enough to 17 establish a deliberate indifference claim. Sanchez v. Vild, 891 F.2d 240, 242 (9th Cir. 1989); 18 Toguchi v. Chung, 391 F.3d 1051, 1058 (9th Cir. 2004). Additionally, “a complaint that a 19 physician has been negligent in diagnosing or treating a medical condition does not state a valid 20 claim of medical mistreatment under the Eighth Amendment. Medical malpractice does not 21 become a constitutional violation merely because the victim is a prisoner.” Estelle, 429 U.S. at 22 106. To establish a difference of opinion rising to the level of deliberate indifference, “plaintiff 23 must show that the course of treatment the doctors chose was medically unacceptable under the 24 circumstances.” Jackson v. McIntosh, 90 F.3d 330, 332 (9th Cir. 1996). 25 This Court finds that Plaintiff’s complaint fails to state a claim against Defendants 26 Kokor and Ugamueze for deliberate indifference to serious medical needs. Plaintiff alleges that 27 Mercy Medical Center prescribed certain pain medication at some point in time, but that 28 Defendants Kokor and Ugamueze did not prescribe that same medication when they took over 9 1 Plaintiff’s medical care. This alone does not demonstrate deliberate indifference to serious 2 medical needs because Defendants Kokor and Ugamueze could very well have a difference of 3 opinion from Mercy Medical personnel regarding the proper pain medication. Moreover, 4 Plaintiff’s medical situation was changing and it is possible that the pain medication 5 appropriate upon release from Mercy Medical was not the same by the time Plaintiff came 6 under the care of Defendants Kokor and Ugamueze. 7 Plaintiff will be given leave to amend to add facts, if any, regarding Defendants Kokor 8 and Ugamueze’s deliberate indifference, such as something Defendants Kokor and Ugamueze 9 said or wrote that suggests that they withheld the specific pain medication prescribed by Mercy 10 Medical personnel because they were indifferent to Plaintiff’s pain, rather than because they 11 had a different medical opinion at the time they provided care to Plaintiff. 12 13 VII. ANALYSIS OF PLAINTIFF’S FIRST AMENDMENT CLAIM FOR RETALIATION AGAINST DEFENDANTS RODRIGUEZ AND DOE 14 Prisoners have a First Amendment right to be free from retaliation for filing grievances 15 against prison officials. Waitson v. Carter, 668 F.3d 1108, 1114-15 (9th Cir. 2012); Brodheim 16 v. Cry, 584 F.3d 1262, 1269 (9th Cir. 2009). A retaliation claim has five elements. Waitson, 17 668 F.3d at 1114. First, the plaintiff must show that the underlying conduct is protected. Id. 18 The filing of an inmate grievance is protected conduct, Rhodes v. Robinson, 408 F.3d 559, 568 19 (9th Cir. 2005), as are the rights to speech and to petition the government, Rizzo v. Dawson, 20 778 F.2d 527, 532 (9th Cir. 1985); see also Valandingham v. Bojorquez, 866 F.2d 1135 (9th 21 Cir. 1989); Pratt v. Rowland, 65 F.3d 802, 807 (9th Cir. 1995). Second, the plaintiff must show 22 the defendant took adverse action against the plaintiff. Rhodes, at 567. Third, the plaintiff 23 must show a causal connection between the adverse action and the protected conduct. Waitson, 24 668 F.3d at 1114. Fourth, the plaintiff must show that the “official's acts would chill or silence 25 a person of ordinary firmness from future First Amendment activities.” Rhodes, 408 F.3d at 26 568. Fifth, the plaintiff must show “that the prison authorities' retaliatory action did not 27 advance legitimate goals of the correctional institution….” Rizzo, 778 F.2d at 532 28 10 1 While Plaintiff’s complaint does not specifically mention a cause of action for 2 retaliation, the facts alleged are enough to state a cognizable retaliation claim against Defendant 3 Rodriguez and Defendant Doe. According to Plaintiff, after he reported to Defendant Fiddler 4 that Defendants Rodriguez, Cerveza, and Doe assaulted him, Defendants Rodriguez and Doe 5 came to his cell. Defendant Doe kept watch, while Defendant Rodriguez beat Plaintiff and told 6 him “‘if you keep on snitching it will keep happening to you.’” Accordingly, Plaintiff has 7 stated a claim for retaliation in violation of the first amendment against Defendants Rodriguez 8 and Doe. 9 VIII. CONCLUSION AND ORDER 10 The Court has screened Plaintiff’s complaint and finds that it states cognizable claims 11 for excessive force in violation of the Eighth Amendment as to Defendants Rodriguez, Cerveza 12 and Doe, and for retaliation in violation of the First Amendment against Defendants Rodriguez 13 and Doe. However, the complaint states no other cognizable claims against any of the other 14 defendants. 15 Under Rule 15(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, “leave to amend shall be 16 freely given when justice so requires.” Accordingly, the Court will provide Plaintiff with time 17 to file an amended complaint curing the deficiencies identified above. Lopez v. Smith, 203 18 F.3d 1122, 1126-30 (9th Cir. 2000). Plaintiff is granted leave to file an amended complaint 19 within thirty days if he chooses to do so. 20 The amended complaint must allege constitutional violations under the law as discussed 21 above. 22 deprivation of Plaintiff’s constitutional or other federal rights. Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a); Iqbal, 556 23 U.S. at 678; Jones v. Williams, 297 F.3d 930, 934 (9th Cir. 2002). Specifically, Plaintiff must state what each named defendant did that led to the 24 Plaintiff should note that although he has been given the opportunity to amend, it is not 25 for the purpose of changing the nature of this suit or adding unrelated claims. George v. Smith, 26 507 F.3d 605, 607 (7th Cir. 2007) (no “buckshot” complaints). 27 Plaintiff is advised that an amended complaint supersedes the original complaint, Lacey 28 v. Maricopa County, 693 F 3d. 896, 907 n.1 (9th Cir. 2012) (en banc), and it must be complete 11 1 in itself without reference to the prior or superseded pleading, Local Rule 220. Therefore, in an 2 amended complaint, as in an original complaint, each claim and the involvement of each 3 defendant must be sufficiently alleged. The amended complaint should be clearly and boldly 4 titled “First Amended Complaint,” refer to the appropriate case number, and be an original 5 signed under penalty of perjury. 6 Based on the foregoing, it is HEREBY ORDERED that: 7 1. The Clerk’s Office shall send Plaintiff a civil rights complaint form; 8 2. Within thirty (30) days from the date of service of this order, Plaintiff shall 9 either: 10 a. File a First Amended Complaint curing the deficiencies identified by the 11 Court in this order if he believes additional true factual allegations would 12 state any additional claims or claims against any additional defendants; 13 b. Notify the Court in writing that he does not wish to file an amended 14 complaint and is instead willing to proceed only on the claims allowed in 15 this order, a claim for excessive force in violation of the Eighth Amendment 16 as to Defendants Rodriguez, Cerveza, and Doe, and a claim for retaliation in 17 violation of the First Amendment against Defendants Rodriguez and Doe; or 18 c. Notify the Court in writing that he does not agree to go forward on only the 19 claims found cognizable by this order or file an amended complaint, in 20 which case the Court will dismiss the claims and defendants as stated in this 21 order. 22 3. If Plaintiff chooses to file an amended complaint, Plaintiff shall caption the 23 amended complaint “First Amended Complaint” and refer to the case number 24 1:16-cv-01025-EPG; and 25 \\\ 26 \\\ 27 \\\ 28 \\\ 12 1 4. 2 Failure to comply with this order may result in the dismissal of this action for failure to comply with a court order. 3 4 5 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: December 20, 2016 /s/ UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 13

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