Leprino Foods Company v. JND Thomas Company, Inc., et al.
ORDER RE SUPPLEMENTAL BRIEFING: It is hereby ordered that Plaintiff shall file supplemental briefing on or before January 6, 2017, addressing Colorado law as it applies to the claims in this action; why Colorado law would not apply to the claims against Defendant Thomas; and Plaintiffs theory of individual liability for Defendant Thomas citing relevant authority. Signed by Magistrate Judge Stanley A. Boone on 12/29/2016. (Valdez, E)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
LEPRINO FOODS COMPANY,
Case No. 1:16-cv-01181-LJO-SAB
ORDER RE SUPPLEMENTAL BRIEFING
DEADLINE: January 6, 2017
JND THOMAS COMPANY, INC., et al.,
On December 28, 2016, the Court heard oral argument on Plaintiff’s motion for default
18 judgment. During the hearing, Plaintiff was provided with the opportunity to file supplemental
19 briefing on the issue of Colorado law.
Additionally, Plaintiff argues that California law applies to the claims against Defendant
21 Thomas because he was not a party to the contract. While not a party to the contract, Defendant
22 Thomas signed the contract and all duties and obligations arise under the contract.
23 California Supreme Court has held that a valid choice-of-law clause, which provides that a
24 specified body of law governs the agreement between the parties, encompasses all causes of
25 action arising from or related to that agreement, regardless of how they are characterized,
26 including tortious breaches of duties emanating from the agreement or the legal relationships it
27 creates.” Hatfield v. Halifax PLC, 564 F.3d 1177, 1183 (9th Cir. 2009) (quoting Nedlloyd Lines
28 B.V. v. Superior Court, 3 Cal.4th 459 (1992)) (internal punctuation omitted).
In light of the facts of this action, Plaintiff shall address why the choice of law would not
2 apply to the claims against Defendant Thomas. Further, Plaintiff alleges that Defendant Thomas
3 is liable in his individual capacity for the tort of negligence. The Court shall require Plaintiff to
4 address, and cite relevant authority, on why any alleged duty of care does not arise from the
5 contract; how Defendant Thomas, as a signatory of the contract, can be liable in his individual
6 capacity for the tort of negligence; and how the allegations in the complaint are sufficient to state
7 a plausible claim against Defendant Thomas.
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff shall file supplemental briefing
9 on or before January 6, 2017, addressing Colorado law as it applies to the claims in this action;
10 why Colorado law would not apply to the claims against Defendant Thomas; and Plaintiff’s
11 theory of individual liability for Defendant Thomas citing relevant authority.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
December 29, 2016
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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