Phillips v. Gostelo

Filing 14

FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS recommending that 8 Respondent's Motion to Dismiss be GRANTED and the Petition (Doc. 1 ]) be DISMISSED as Successive signed by Magistrate Judge Jennifer L. Thurston on 1/4/2017. Referred to Judge Drozd. Objections to F&R due within twenty-one (21) days. (Jessen, A)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 NICHOLAS PHILLIPS, Petitioner, 12 13 Case No. 1:16-cv-01303-DAD-JLT (HC) FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION TO GRANT RESPONDENT’S MOTION TO DISMISS SUCCESSIVE PETITION [Doc. No. 8] v. 14 JOSIE GASTELO, Warden, 15 [TWENTY-ONE DAY OBJECTION PERIOD] Respondent. 16 17 On October 14, 1998, Petitioner was convicted in the Kern County Superior Court of 18 attempted murder, mayhem, and assault with a deadly weapon. Petitioner was sentenced to 19 twenty-five years to life plus seven years. Petitioner sought review in the state courts. 20 On September 6, 2016, Petitioner filed this federal petition challenging the 1998 21 sentence. Respondent moved to dismiss the petition on November 10, 2016, on the grounds that 22 the petition is successive and untimely. (Doc. No. 8.) Petitioner filed an opposition on 23 December 15, 2016, and Respondent filed a reply on December 22, 2016. (Doc. Nos. 12, 13.) 24 Respondent is correct that the petition is successive. In Philips v. Giurbino, Petitioner 25 filed a federal petition for writ of habeas corpus challenging the same conviction and sentence. 26 See Case No.: 1:02-cv-05251-REC-TAG. The Court denied the petition on the merits on July 27 15, 2005. Petitioner appealed to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals but that Court denied a 28 1 1 certificate of appealability on April 21, 2006. Because this petition is successive, the Court will 2 recommend that Respondent’s motion be granted and the petition be DISMISSED. Insofar as 3 the petition is successive, it is not necessary to determine whether it is untimely. DISCUSSION 4 5 A federal court must dismiss a second or successive petition that raises the same grounds 6 as a prior petition. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(1). The court must also dismiss a second or successive 7 petition raising a new ground unless the petitioner can show that 1) the claim rests on a new, 8 retroactive, constitutional right or 2) the factual basis of the claim was not previously 9 discoverable through due diligence, and these new facts establish by clear and convincing 10 evidence that but for the constitutional error, no reasonable factfinder would have found the 11 applicant guilty of the underlying offense. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(2)(A)-(B). However, it is not the 12 district court that decides whether a second or successive petition meets these requirements. 13 Section 2244 (b)(3)(A) provides: "Before a second or successive application permitted by 14 this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall move in the appropriate court of 15 appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the application." In other words, 16 Petitioner must obtain leave from the Ninth Circuit before he can file a second or successive 17 petition in district court. See Felker v. Turpin, 518 U.S. 651, 656-657 (1996). This Court must 18 dismiss any second or successive petition unless the Court of Appeals has given Petitioner leave 19 to file the petition because a district court lacks subject-matter jurisdiction over a second or 20 successive petition. Burton v. Stewart, 549 U.S. 147, 152 (2007); Cooper v. Calderon, 274 F.3d 21 1270, 1274 (9th Cir. 2001). 22 Because the current petition was filed after April 24, 1996, the provisions of the 23 Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (AEDPA) apply to Petitioner's current 24 petition. Lindh v. Murphy, 521 U.S. 320, 327 (1997). Petitioner makes no showing that he has 25 obtained prior leave from the Ninth Circuit to file his successive petition attacking the 26 conviction. That being so, this Court has no jurisdiction to consider Petitioner's renewed 27 application for relief from that conviction under Section 2254 and must dismiss the petition. See 28 Greenawalt, 105 F.3d at 1277; Nunez, 96 F.3d at 991. 2 1 Petitioner attempts to circumvent AEDPA’s bar to second or successive petitions by 2 arguing that he challenges the execution of his sentence rather than the imposition of his 3 sentence. Petitioner’s argument is not well-taken. With this petition, he challenges the same 4 judgment, and he challenges the award of pre-sentence custody credits. The law is clear that he 5 must first obtain authorization from the Ninth Circuit. RECOMMENDATION 6 7 Accordingly, the Court RECOMMENDS that Respondent’s motion be GRANTED and 8 the petition be DISMISSED as successive. 9 This Findings and Recommendation is submitted to the United States District Court 10 Judge assigned to this case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. section 636 (b)(1)(B) and 11 Rule 304 of the Local Rules of Practice for the United States District Court, Eastern District of 12 California. Within twenty-one days after being served with a copy, any party may file written 13 objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned 14 “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendation.” Any replies to objections 15 must be filed within seven days of the date of service of the objections. The Court will then 16 review the Magistrate Judge’s ruling pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636 (b)(1)(C). The parties are 17 advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the 18 District Court’s order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991). 19 20 21 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: January 4, 2017 /s/ Jennifer L. Thurston UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3

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