Anderson v. County of Madera et al
FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS recommending that this Case be DISMISSED With Prejudice for Failing to Comply With the Court's Orders Entered August 2 and October 16, 2017 re 7 Amended Complaint signed by Magistrate Judge Sheila K. Oberto on 11/9/2017. Referred to Judge Drozd. Objections to F&R due within fourteen (14) days. (Jessen, A)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
Case No. 1:16-cv-01629-DAD-SKO
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
THAT THIS CASE BE DISMISSED
WITH PREJUDICE FOR FAILURE TO
COMPLY WITH A COURT ORDER
COUNTY OF MADERA, ET AL.,
(Docs. 11 & 12)
OBJECTIONS DUE: 14 DAYS
On July 24, 2017, Plaintiff, proceeding pro se, filed a request that the Court effectuate
20 service upon Defendants. (Doc. 10.) By its order entered on August 2, 2017, the Court advised
21 Plaintiff that he, not the Court, “is responsible for having the summons and complaint served
22 within the time allowed by Rule 4(m) and must furnish the necessary copies to the person who
23 makes service,” Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(c)(1), and ordered him to file proofs of service of the amended
24 complaint on Defendants by September 19, 2017. (Doc. 11.) Plaintiff failed to file proofs of
25 service on Defendants by September 19, 2017. (See Docket.)
On October 16, 2017, the Court entered an Order to Show Cause (“OSC”) ordering
27 Plaintiff to either file the proofs of service or a statement showing cause why the Court should not
28 recommend to the presiding district court judge that this action be dismissed for Plaintiff’s failure
1 to comply with the Court’s August 2, 2017, Order. (Doc. 12.) In its OSC, the Court cautioned
2 Plaintiff that, if he failed to file either proofs of service or his statement by November 6, 2017, the
3 Court would recommend to the presiding district court judge that this action be dismissed, in its
4 entirety. (Id.) Plaintiff failed to file either proofs of service or a response to the OSC by
5 November 6, 2017. (See Docket.)
Local Rule 110 provides that “[f]ailure of counsel or of a party to comply with these Rules
8 or with any order of the Court may be grounds for the imposition by the Court of any and all
9 sanctions . . . within the inherent power of the Court.” District courts have the inherent power to
10 control their dockets and “[i]n the exercise of that power they may impose sanctions, including,
11 where appropriate . . . dismissal.” Thompson v. Housing Auth., 782 F.2d 829, 831 (9th Cir. 1986).
12 A court may dismiss an action, with prejudice, based on a party’s failure to prosecute an action,
13 failure to obey a court order, or failure to comply with local rules. See, e.g., Ghazali v. Moran, 46
14 F.3d 52, 53–54 (9th Cir. 1995) (dismissal for noncompliance with local rule); Ferdik v. Bonzelet,
15 963 F.2d 1258, 1260–61 (9th Cir. 1992) (dismissal for failure to comply with an order requiring
16 amendment of complaint); Carey v. King, 856 F.2d 1439, 1440–41 (9th Cir. 1988) (dismissal for
17 failure to comply with local rule requiring pro se plaintiff to keep court apprised of address);
18 Malone v. U.S. Postal Service, 833 F.2d 128, 130–31 (9th Cir. 1987) (dismissal for failure to
19 comply with court order); Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1424 (9th Cir. 1986) (dismissal
20 for failure to prosecute and failure to comply with local rules).
In determining whether to dismiss an action for failure to obey a court order or failure to
22 comply with the Local Rules, the court must consider several factors, including: “(1) the public’s
23 interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court’s need to manage its docket; (3) the
24 risk of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their
25 merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic sanctions.” Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1423–24; see
26 also Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1260–61; Thompson, 782 F.2d at 831. “The public’s interest in
27 expeditious resolution of litigation always favors dismissal.” Pagtalunan v. Galaza, 291 F.3d 639,
28 642 (9th Cir. 2002) (quoting Yourish v. Cal. Amplifier, 191 F.3d 983, 990 (9th Cir. 1999)).
Here, the Court finds that the public’s interest in expeditiously resolving this litigation and
2 the Court’s interest in managing the docket weigh in favor of dismissal. The third factor, risk of
3 prejudice to Defendants, also weighs in favor of dismissal, since a presumption of injury arises
4 from the occurrence of unreasonable delay in prosecuting an action. Anderson v. Air West, 542
5 F.2d 522, 524 (9th Cir. 1976). The fourth factor—public policy favoring disposition of cases on
6 their merits—is greatly outweighed by the factors in favor of dismissal discussed herein. Finally,
7 a court’s warning to a party that his failure to obey the court’s order will result in dismissal
8 satisfies the “consideration of alternatives” requirement. Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1262; Malone, 833
9 F.2d at 132–33; Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1424. The OSC expressly ordered Plaintiff to file either
10 proofs of service of the amended complaint on Defendants or a statement showing cause why the
11 Court should not recommend to the presiding district court judge that this action be dismissed for
12 Plaintiff’s failure to comply with the Court’s August 2, 2017, Order. (Doc. 12.) Thus, Plaintiff
13 had adequate warning that sanctions, up to and including dismissal of the case, would result from
14 his noncompliance with the OSC.
Accordingly, pursuant to Local Rule 110 and the Court’s inherent power to sanction, the
16 undersigned RECOMMENDS that this case be DISMISSED with prejudice.
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
For the reasons set forth above, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that this case be
19 DISMISSED with prejudice for failing to comply with the Court’s Orders entered August 2 and
20 October 16, 2017.
The Court further DIRECTS the Clerk to send a copy of this order to Plaintiff at his
22 address listed on the docket for this matter.
These findings and recommendations are submitted to the district judge assigned to this
24 action, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and this Court’s Local Rule 304. Within fourteen
25 (14) days of service of this recommendation, any party may file written objections to these
26 findings and recommendations with the Court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document
27 should be captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendations.” The
28 district judge will review the magistrate judge’s findings and recommendations pursuant to 28
1 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C). The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified
2 time may waive the right to appeal the district judge’s order. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, 772 F.3d 834,
3 838-39 (9th Cir. 2014) (citing Baxter v. Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
November 9, 2017
Sheila K. Oberto
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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