Dustin v. Pffeiffer et al

Filing 26

FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATION to Grant Respondent's Motion to Dismiss and to Dismiss Petition Without Prejudice 25 , signed by Magistrate Judge Stanley A. Boone on 6/27/17: 30-Day Deadline. (Hellings, J)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 DALE OWEN DUSTIN, 12 Case No. 1:16-cv-01708-DAD-SAB-HC Petitioner, FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION TO GRANT RESPONDENT’S MOTION TO DISMISS AND TO DISMISS PETITION WITHOUT PREJUDICE v. 13 PFFEIFFER, 14 (ECF No. 25) Respondent. 15 16 Petitioner is a state prisoner proceeding pro se with a petition for writ of habeas corpus 17 18 pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. 19 I. 20 BACKGROUND On September 13, 2016, Petitioner filed the instant federal petition for writ of habeas 21 22 corpus was in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. (ECF No. 23 1). On November 8, 2016, the petition was transferred to this Court. (ECF No. 6). In the petition, 24 Petitioner appears to challenge a prison disciplinary proceeding (Log No. ASU1-15-08-001) on 25 the grounds of due process, equal protection, and cruel and unusual punishment. (ECF No. 1 at 1, 1 26 5). On May 15, 2017, Respondent filed a motion to dismiss. (ECF No. 25). Petitioner has not 27 opposed the motion to dismiss. 28 1 Page numbers refer to the ECF page numbers stamped at the top of the page. 1 1 II. 2 DISCUSSION A petitioner in state custody who is proceeding with a petition for writ of habeas corpus 3 4 must exhaust state judicial remedies. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1). The exhaustion doctrine is based 5 on comity to the state court and gives the state court the initial opportunity to correct the state’s 6 alleged constitutional deprivations. Coleman v. Thompson, 501 U.S. 722, 731 (1991); Rose v. 7 Lundy, 455 U.S. 509, 518 (1982). A petitioner can satisfy the exhaustion requirement by 8 providing the highest state court with a full and fair opportunity to consider each claim before 9 presenting it to the federal court. O’Sullivan v. Boerckel, 526 U.S. 838, 845 (1999); Duncan v. 10 Henry, 513 U.S. 364, 365 (1995); Picard v. Connor, 404 U.S. 270, 276 (1971). In the petition, Petitioner states that he has not presented his claims to the California 11 12 Supreme Court. (ECF No. 1 at 3). It is possible that, contrary to what is stated in the petition, 13 Petitioner presented all of his claims to the California Supreme Court. However, as Petitioner has 14 not responded to motion to dismiss, it appears that Petitioner failed to exhaust his claims in the 15 instant petition. If Petitioner has not sought relief in the California Supreme Court, the Court 16 cannot proceed to the merits of Petitioner’s claim. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1). Accordingly, 17 dismissal is warranted for failure to exhaust state court remedies.2 18 III. 19 RECOMMENDATION 20 Accordingly, the undersigned HEREBY RECOMMENDS that: 21 1. Respondent’s motion to dismiss (ECF No. 25) be GRANTED; and 22 2. The petition for writ of habeas corpus is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE for failure to exhaust state court remedies. 23 24 25 2 Because the Court finds that the petition should be dismissed for failure to exhaust, the Court will not rule on 26 Respondent’s other ground for dismissal—that Petitioner’s claims fall outside the core of habeas. The Court notes that Respondent has not provided sufficient information for the Court to make such a determination. For example, 27 Respondent does not address whether Petitioner would receive the credits he ordinarily would have earned had he not been placed on C-status if Petitioner is successful on his claims and the challenged rules violation is expunged, 28 or whether Petitioner is serving a determinate or indeterminate sentence. 2 This Findings and Recommendation is submitted to the assigned United States District 1 2 Court Judge, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636 (b)(1)(B) and Rule 304 of the Local 3 Rules of Practice for the United States District Court, Eastern District of California. Within 4 THIRTY (30) days after service of the Findings and Recommendation, any party may file 5 written objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be 6 captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendation.” Replies to the 7 objections shall be served and filed within fourteen (14) days after service of the objections. The 8 assigned District Judge will then review the Magistrate Judge’s ruling pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 9 636(b)(1)(C). The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may 10 waive the right to appeal the District Court’s order. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, 772 F.3d 834, 839 11 (9th Cir. 2014) (citing Baxter v. Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)). 12 13 IT IS SO ORDERED. 14 Dated: June 27, 2017 UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3

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