R.F. vs Delano Union School District
MEMORANDUM DECISION and ORDER DISMISSING 1 COMPLAINT WITH LEAVE TO AMEND signed by Chief Judge Lawrence J. O'Neill on 4/11/2017. Amended Complaint due by 6/1/2017. (Jessen, A)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
R.F., a minor, by his Guardian Ad Litem, SEAN 1:16-cv-01796-LJO-JLT
MEMORANDUM DECISION AND
ORDER DISMISSING COMPLAINT
(Doc. 1) WITH LEAVE TO AMEND
DELANO UNION SCHOOL DISTRICT,
Plaintiff R.F., a minor, brings this action against Defendant Delano Union School District under
14 the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (“IDEA”). On February 15, 2017, the Court entered an
15 order denying Plaintiff’s motion for preliminary injunction and directing Plaintiff to show cause why his
16 complaint should not be dismissed. Doc. 27. On March 7, 2017, Plaintiff filed a response. Doc. 29.
17 On March 17, 2017, Defendant filed a response. Doc. 30. For the reasons explained below, the Court
18 DISMISSES Plaintiff’s complaint with leave to amend.
The Court will reiterate briefly the facts of this case, which are drawn from prior filings.
21 Plaintiff, who is 12 years old, has autism, an intellectual disability, and a speech and language disorder,
22 and is non-verbal. Doc. 5-1 at 5; Doc. 18-2 at 2. While Plaintiff was attending school under an
23 individualized education program (“IEP”) in Torrance, California, his mother passed away. Id.
24 Plaintiff’s father decided to move Plaintiff to Delano, California, where Plaintiff’s grandmother and
25 uncle live and can provide additional childcare support. Doc. 5-7 at 2. In June 2016, Plaintiff began
living with his grandmother in Delano for several days each week. Doc. 5-7 at 2.
Plaintiff enrolled in Delano Union School District on June 17, 2016. Doc. 5-1 at 6. Defendant
proposed an IEP which would considerably reduce Plaintiff’s services from what he had been receiving
in Torrance. Id. After rejecting Defendant’s proposed IEP, Plaintiff re-enrolled at Torrance Unified
School District, where he is currently enrolled. Doc. 10 at 2; Doc 22 at 2. Plaintiff has never attended
classes at any Delano Union School District school. Doc. 19-2 at 2. Plaintiff’s father intends for
Plaintiff to reside and attend school in Delano full time. Doc. 30-1 at 4.
Plaintiff filed a due process hearing request with the California Office of Administrative
Hearings (“OAH”) on October 13, 2016. Doc. 5-1 at 6. Defendant also filed a due process hearing
10 request, and the hearings were consolidated. Doc. 1 at ¶ 17. The hearing was scheduled to begin on
11 April 6, 2017. Doc. 29 at 2. Plaintiff expects a decision to follow within 30 days after the hearing. Id.
On November 28, 2016, following the OAH’s denial of his “stay-put” motion, Plaintiff filed a
13 complaint with the Court seeking declaratory and injunctive relief. Doc. 1. On February 15, 2017, the
14 Court denied Plaintiff’s motion for preliminary injunction, finding that the dispute had been rendered
15 moot because Plaintiff was not residing within the area served by Delano Union School District. Doc.
16 27. The Court ordered Plaintiff to show cause why his complaint should not be dismissed. Id.
III. STANDARD OF DECISION
Dismissal without leave to amend is improper “unless it is clear . . . that the complaint could not
19 be saved by any amendment.” Steckman v. Hart Brewing, Inc., 143 F.3d 1293, 1296 (9th Cir. 1998).
20 Leave to amend “need not be granted where the amendment of the complaint would cause the opposing
21 party undue prejudice, is sought in bad faith, constitutes an exercise in futility, or creates undue delay.”
22 Ascon Props., Inc. v. Mobil Oil Co., 866 F.2d 1149, 1160 (9th Cir. 1989). When determining whether
23 amendment would be futile, the court examines whether the complaint could be amended to cure the
24 defect requiring dismissal “without contradicting any of the allegations of [the] original complaint.”
25 Reddy v. Litton Indus., Inc., 912 F.2d 291, 296 (9th Cir. 1990). “The court should freely give leave [to
amend] when justice so requires,” Fed. R. Civ. P. 15, and “must be guided by the underlying purpose of
Rule 15 to facilitate decision on the merits, rather than on the pleadings or technicalities.” United States
v. Webb, 655 F.2d 977, 979 (9th Cir. 1981).
For the reasons explained in the Court’s February 15, 2017, Memorandum Decision and Order,
Plaintiff’s claims for declaratory and injunctive relief are moot. See Doc. 27 at 14-15. Plaintiff has not
offered any reason why his complaint seeking injunctive and declaratory relief should not be dismissed.
Accordingly, the complaint is dismissed.
Plaintiff intends to amend his complaint to include claims for compensatory education,
10 transportation costs, and disability discrimination. Doc. 29 at 2-3. Plaintiff’s proposed claims for
11 compensatory education and transportation costs arise under the IDEA. Doc. 29 at 2. Before a party
12 may file a civil action seeking judicial review of an IDEA dispute, the party must exhaust the available
13 administrative remedies. Hoeft v. Tucson Unified Sch. Dist., 967 F.2d 1298, 1302 (9th Cir. 1992).
14 Plaintiff has not exhausted his administrative remedies or alleged that “resort to the administrative
15 process would either be futile or inadequate.” Hoeft, 967 F.2d at 1033. Therefore, it would be improper
16 to permit Plaintiff to amend his complaint to include claims arising under the IDEA at this time.
Plaintiff also proposes to amend his complaint to include disability discrimination claims under
18 the Americans with Disabilities Act, 42 U.S.C. § 12131 et seq., § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, 29
19 U.S.C. § 794, and California’s Unruh Civil Rights Act, California Civil Code § 51 et seq., stating that
20 Defendant discriminated against him by requiring him to dis-enroll from his previous school before
21 enrolling in Delano Union School District.1 Doc. 29 at 3. There is no indication, and Defendant does
The disability discrimination claims, as Plaintiff briefly describes them, do not appear to seek redress of the denial of a free
24 appropriate public education, and therefore do not require exhaustion of Plaintiff’s administrative remedies available under
25 the IDEA. Fry v. Napoleon Cmty. Schs., 137 S.Ct. 743, 754-55 (2017).
not argue, that amendment to include disability discrimination claims would be futile. Instead,
Defendant argues that the disability claims did not arise until after Plaintiff filed his complaint, and that
Plaintiff has not yet formally sought to amend his complaint. Doc. 30 at 3. The Ninth Circuit has
instructed that “a district court should grant leave to amend even if no request to amend the pleading was
made, unless it determines that the pleading could not possibly be cured by the allegation of other facts.”
Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1130 (9th Cir. 2000). There is no indication that Plaintiff’s request to
amend his complaint to include disability discrimination claims stems from a dilatory motive or bad
faith, or that allowing the request would result in prejudice to Defendant. See Bowles v. Reade, 198 F.3d
752, 757-58 (9th Cir. 1999) (listing factors that qualify the strong policy in favor of amendment).
10 Accordingly, the Court grants Plaintiff’s request for leave to amend his complaint.
V. CONCLUSION AND ORDER
For the foregoing reasons, Plaintiff’s complaint is DISMISSED with leave to amend. Plaintiff
13 shall file an amended complaint on or before June 1, 2017.
15 IT IS SO ORDERED.
/s/ Lawrence J. O’Neill _____
April 11, 2017
UNITED STATES CHIEF DISTRICT JUDGE
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