Hernandez v. Ballam, et al.
FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS Recommending Denial of Motion for an Order to Show Cause for a Preliminary Injunction, signed by Magistrate Judge Barbara A. McAuliffe on 4/15/18. Objections to F&R Due Within Fourteen Days. (Marrujo, C)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
ANTHONY CEASAR HERNANDEZ,
Case No.: 1:17-cv-00468-LJO-BAM (PC)
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
RECOMMENDING DENIAL OF MOTION
FOR AN ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR A
BALLAM, et al.,
[ECF No. 39]
Plaintiff Anthony Ceasar Hernandez is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma
17 pauperis in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
Currently before the Court is Plaintiff’s motion for an order to show cause for a
19 preliminary injunction, filed on February 7, 2018. (ECF No. 24.) Plaintiff states that he is not
20 receiving proper medical care for sleep deprivation and heart issues. Plaintiff also attaches a
21 form in which his request for copies was denied in part as exceeding the fifty (50) page limit, and
22 discussing that he must cite a court order or court rule for additional pages. Based on the
23 foregoing, Plaintiff seeks an injunction requiring that he receive certain health care treatments,
24 and an order preventing officials from denying him duplication services and from interfering
25 with his litigation.
“A preliminary injunction is an extraordinary remedy never awarded as of right.” Winter
27 v. Nat. Res. Def. Council, Inc., 555 U.S. 7, 24 (2008) (citation omitted). “A plaintiff seeking a
28 preliminary injunction must establish that he is likely to succeed on the merits, that he is likely to
1 suffer irreparable harm in the absence of preliminary relief, that the balance of equities tips in his
2 favor, and that an injunction is in the public interest.” Id. at 20 (citations omitted). An injunction
3 may only be awarded upon a clear showing that the plaintiff is entitled to relief. Id. at 22 (citation
“[A] court has no power to adjudicate a personal claim or obligation unless it has
6 jurisdiction over the person of the defendant.” Zenith Radio Corp. v. Hazeltine Research, Inc.,
7 395 U.S. 100, 110 (1969); SEC v. Ross, 504 F.3d 1130, 1138–39 (9th Cir. 2007). Similarly, the
8 pendency of this action does not give the Court jurisdiction over prison officials in general or
9 over Plaintiff’s litigation issues. Summers v. Earth Island Institute, 555 U.S. 488, 492-93 (2009);
10 Mayfield v. United States, 599 F.3d 964, 969 (9th Cir. 2010). The Court’s jurisdiction is limited
11 to the parties in this action and to the cognizable legal claims upon which this action is
12 proceeding. Summers, 555 U.S. at 492-93; Mayfield, 599 F.3d at 969.
In this case, although the Court has screened Plaintiff’s second amended complaint and
14 found cognizable claims, no defendant has yet made an appearance. The named defendants are
15 yard officers at Valley State Prison, and this case only concerns allegations of excessive force
16 and the failure to protect at that institution. This action does not concern Plaintiff’s health care or
17 conditions of confinement at California State Prison-Sacramento, where Plaintiff is currently
18 housed. Thus, the pendency of this action does not give the Court jurisdiction over prison
19 officials generally, over Plaintiff’s health care, or other matters, and the Court lacks jurisdiction
20 to issue the relief Plaintiff seeks here.
Finally, the record does not reflect any reason to grant Plaintiff any order directing prison
22 officials to permit him to obtain copies of more than fifty (50) pages. Plaintiff is not precluded
23 from seeking an order from the Court for excess copies, based upon good cause shown.
24 However, because this case is in its early stages, and no discovery and scheduling order has yet
25 been issued, the Court is not likely to grant such a request at this time. Although Plaintiff has
26 been granted leave to file an amended complaint, his case is simple, and the Court finds a page
27 limit of twenty (20) pages for his amended complaint is reasonable under the circumstances.
Accordingly, it is HEREBY RECOMMENDED that Plaintiff’s motion for an order to
2 show cause for a preliminary injunction (ECF No. 39) be DENIED.
These Findings and Recommendations will be submitted to the United States District
4 Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of Title 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within
5 fourteen (14) days after being served with these Findings and Recommendations, Plaintiff may
6 file written objections with the Court. The document should be captioned “Objections to
7 Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendation.” Plaintiff is advised that failure to file
8 objections within the specified time may result in the waiver of the “right to challenge the
9 magistrate’s factual findings” on appeal. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, 772 F.3d 834, 839 (9th Cir.
10 2014) (citing Baxter v. Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
April 15, 2018
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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