Fisher v. People
FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS recommending that the Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus (Doc. 1 ) be DISMISSED as Successive and ORDER DENYING 8 Petitioner's Motion to be Heard signed by Magistrate Judge Stanley A. Boone on 7/11/2017. Referred to Judge Drozd. Objections to F&R due within thirty (30) days. (Jessen, A)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
GARY FRANCIS FISHER,
aka SONNY BARGER,
aka GARY DALE BARGER,
Case No. 1:17-cv-00801-DAD-SAB-HC
ORDER DENYING PETITIONER’S
MOTION TO BE HEARD (ECF No. 8)
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION
RECOMMENDING DISMISSAL OF
PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS
Petitioner is a state prisoner proceeding pro se with a petition for writ of habeas corpus
18 pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254.
On June 8, 2017, Petitioner filed the instant federal petition for writ of habeas corpus in
22 the United States District Court for the Central District of California. (ECF No. 1). On June 12,
23 2017, the petition was transferred to this Court. (ECF No. 4). The petition challenges Petitioner’s
24 2012 Kern County Superior Court conviction and sentence for assault. (ECF No. 1 at 1).
The Court notes that Petitioner has not named a proper Respondent, such as the warden of the facility in which he
26 is held or the chief officer in charge of state penal institutions. See Rule 2(a) of the Rules Governing Section 2254
Cases; Rumsfeld v. Padilla, 542 U.S. 426, 435 (2004); Ortiz-Sandoval v. Gomez, 81 F.3d 891, 894 (9th Cir. 1996).
27 While the Court would generally give Petitioner an opportunity to amend the name of Respondent, amendment is
futile because the Court recommends that the petition be dismissed as an unauthorized successive petition.
Page numbers refer to the ECF page numbers stamped at the top of the page.
A. Motion to be Heard
On June 30, 2017, the Court received a document entitled “Motion to be heard.” (ECF
3 No. 8). Therein, Petitioner complains of the Fresno Division of the United States District Court
4 for the Eastern District of California using Petitioner’s “old name.” Petitioner asserts his
5 intention to sue various persons for libel and slander after he gets out of prison. (Id. at 1).
6 Petitioner signs the motion as “Sir Arthur of Sonny Barger II.”(Id. at 2). It is unclear what action,
7 if any, Petitioner is requesting of the Court at this time. Accordingly, the motion is denied.
B. Unauthorized Successive Petition
Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases requires preliminary review of a
10 habeas petition and allows a district court to dismiss a petition before the respondent is ordered
11 to file a response, if it “plainly appears from the petition and any attached exhibits that the
12 petitioner is not entitled to relief in the district court.”
A federal court must dismiss a second or successive petition that raises the same grounds
14 as a prior petition. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(1). The court must also dismiss a second or successive
15 petition raising a new ground unless the petitioner can show that (1) the claim rests on a new,
16 retroactive, constitutional right or (2) the factual basis of the claim was not previously
17 discoverable through due diligence, and these new facts establish by clear and convincing
18 evidence that but for the constitutional error, no reasonable factfinder would have found the
19 applicant guilty of the underlying offense. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(2)(A)–(B).
However, it is not the district court that decides whether a second or successive petition
21 meets these requirements. Section 2244(b)(3)(A) provides: “Before a second or successive
22 application permitted by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall move in the
23 appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the
24 application.” In other words, Petitioner must obtain leave from the Ninth Circuit before he can
25 file a second or successive petition in the district court. See Felker v. Turpin, 518 U.S. 651, 656–
26 657 (1996). This Court must dismiss any second or successive petition unless the Court of
27 Appeals has given Petitioner leave to file the petition because a district court lacks subject-matter
28 jurisdiction over a second or successive petition. Burton v. Stewart, 549 U.S. 147, 157 (2007).
In the instant petition, Petitioner challenges his 2012 Kern County Superior Court
2 conviction and sentence for assault. (ECF No. 1 at 1). Petitioner previously filed a federal habeas
3 petition in this Court challenging the same conviction and sentence. See Barger v. Rackley, No.
4 1:14-cv-00946-LJO-MJS (dismissed as untimely); Barger v. Muellar, No. 1:16-cv-00412-LJO5 SAB (dismissed as unauthorized successive petition); Fisher v. United States, No. 1:16-cv6 01902-AWI-SKO (dismissed as unauthorized successive petition); Fisher v. Sacramento County
7 Superior Courts, No. 1:17-cv-00650-LJO-MJS (dismissed as unauthorized successive petition).3
The Court finds that the instant petition is “second or successive” under § 2244(b). See
9 McNabb v. Yates, 576 F.3d 1028, 1030 (9th Cir. 2009) (holding “dismissal of a first habeas
10 petition for untimeliness presents a ‘permanent and incurable’ bar to federal review of the
11 underlying claims,” and thus renders subsequent petitions “second or successive”). Petitioner
12 makes no showing that he has obtained prior leave from the Ninth Circuit to file this petition. As
13 Petitioner has not obtained prior leave from the Ninth Circuit to file this successive petition, this
14 Court has no jurisdiction to consider Petitioner’s renewed application for relief under 28 U.S.C.
15 § 2254 and must dismiss the petition. See Burton, 549 U.S. at 157.
RECOMMENDATION AND ORDER
Accordingly, the undersigned HEREBY RECOMMENDS that the petition for writ of
19 habeas corpus be DISMISSED as successive. Further, the Court ORDERS that the motion to be
20 heard (ECF No. 8) is DENIED.
This Findings and Recommendation is submitted to the United States District Court
22 Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636 (b)(1)(B) and Rule 304
23 of the Local Rules of Practice for the United States District Court, Eastern District of California.
24 Within THIRTY (30) days after service of the Findings and Recommendation, Petitioner may
25 file written objections with the Court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be
26 captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendation.” The assigned
The Court may take judicial notice of its own records in other cases. United States v. Wilson, 631 F.2d 118, 119
28 (9th Cir. 1980).
1 District Judge will then review the Magistrate Judge’s ruling pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
2 § 636(b)(1)(C). Petitioner is advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may
3 result in the waiver of rights on appeal. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, 772 F.3d 834, 839 (9th Cir. 2014)
4 (citing Baxter v. Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
July 11, 2017
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?