Williams v. Alfaro

Filing 7

ORDER Granting 6 Motion to Proceed IFP signed by Magistrate Judge Michael J. Seng on 10/18/2017. (Attachments: # 1 IFP Application) (Flores, E)

Download PDF
1 2 3 4 5 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 6 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 7 8 JOHN WESLEY WILLIAMS, 9 10 11 12 Plaintiff, v. CASE NO. 1:17-cv-01310-MJS (PC) ORDER GRANTING APPLICATION TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS (ECF No. 6) S. ALFARO, Defendant. ORDER DIRECTING PAYMENT OF INMATE FILING FEE BY CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS 13 14 15 Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding pro se in a civil rights action brought 16 pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Before the Court is Plaintiff’s October 16, 2017 motion to 17 proceed in forma pauperis. (ECF No. 6.) 18 I. In Forma Pauperis 19 28 U.S.C. § 1915 permits a federal court to authorize the commencement and 20 prosecution of an action without prepayment of fees by an individual who submits an 21 affidavit demonstrating that he is unable to pay the fees. However, 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 [i]n no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action . . . under this section if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). The imminent danger exception applies if “the complaint makes a plausible 1 allegation that the prisoner faced ‘imminent danger of serious physical injury’ at the time 2 of filing.” Andrews v. Cervantes, 493 F.3d 1047, 1055 (9th Cir. 2007). 3 Here, Plaintiff has incurred at least three strikes within the meaning of 28 U.S.C. § 4 1915(g). See, e.g., (1) Williams v. Narramore, 2:03-cv-01972-UA-AJW (C.D. Cal. July 5 17, 2003 dismissing action for failing to state a claim); (2) Williams v. Malfi, 2:08-cv- 6 01737-WBS-CMK (E.D. Cal. July 29, 2010) (dismissing action for failing to state a claim); 7 (3) Williams v. Tilton, 2:08-cv-06616-PSG-FFM (C. D. Cal. July 11, 2011) (dismissing 8 action for failing to state a claim); (4) Williams v. Haws, 2:09-cv-00460-PSG-FFM (C. D. 9 Cal. September 22, 2010). 10 Accordingly, he may only proceed in forma pauperis if he was in “imminent 11 danger of serious physical injury at the time of filing.” Andrews, 493 F.3d at 1055 12 (internal quotation marks omitted). 13 II. PLAINTIFF’S CLAIMS 14 Plaintiff is incarcerated at California State Prison, Corcoran (“CSPC”), where the 15 acts giving rise to his complaint occurred. He names the following Defendants: (1) 16 Sandra Alfaro, Associate Director of the California Department of Corrections and 17 Rehabilitation (“CDCR”); and (2) Sexton, Warden of CSPC, (3) L. Hense, Chief Deputy 18 Warden of CSPC, (4) Weaver, Associate Warden of CSPC, (5) J. Gallagher, Facility 19 Captain, (6) M. Oliveria, Correctional Counselor II, (7) C. Villarrial, Correctional 20 Counselor II, (8) R. Dollarhide, Correctional Counselor I, (9) S. Alvarado, Correctional 21 Sergeant, (10) J. Burns, Correctional Sergeant, (11) Campbell, Correctional Sergeant, 22 (12) Morelock, Correctional Sergeant, (13) S. Longoria, Correctional Officer, (14) T. 23 Noland, Correctional Officer. 24 Plaintiff’s claims may be summarized essentially as follows: 25 Plaintiff suffers from a psychiatric disorder, Self-Injurious Behavior (“SIB”), where 26 he cuts himself with sharp objects to relieve anxiety and other mental distress. Plaintiff 27 alleges that Defendants have engaged in an ongoing practice of not following mental 28 health treatment plans and of deliberately placing Plaintiff in stressful situations causing 2 1 Plaintiff to engage in self-harm. 2 Plaintiff’s complaint enumerates specific examples: 3 After Plaintiff informed Defendants he had a propensity to cut, he was told he 4 would not be issued weekly razors. Plaintiff continues to receive razors as part of his 5 weekly supplies and he uses them to harm himself. 6 Defendants ridicule and humiliate Plaintiff about his mental health issues and 7 encourage him to hurt himself. They allowed prison gangs to harass and ridicule Plaintiff 8 and other mental health prisoners. 9 10 On two occasions Defendants denied Plaintiff access to medication prescribed to deter his self-harm behavior. 11 12 Defendants have twice failed to implement prison psychiatric staff recommendations that Plaintiff be provided a job. 13 On one occasion, Defendants did not provide Plaintiff with medical treatment for 14 his self-injuries. 15 III. 16 17 IMMINENT DANGER EXCEPTION APPLICABLE Plaintiff plausibly alleges imminent danger of serious physical injury due to ongoing practices that cause him serious physical injury. 18 A prisoner seeking to invoke the imminent danger exception in § 1915(g) must 19 make a plausible allegation that the prisoner faced ‘imminent danger of serious physical 20 injury’ at the time of filing. Andrews, 493 F.3d 1053-55. Allegations that are overly 21 speculative or fanciful may be rejected. Andrews, 493 F.3d at 1057 n.11. The Ninth 22 Circuit interprets “imminent danger” to mean “ongoing danger,” meaning the prisoner 23 must allege that prison officials have continued with a practice that has injured him or 24 others similarly situated in the past. Andrews at 1056-57. The alleged imminent danger 25 must be real and proximate. Ciarpaglini v. Saini, 352 F.3d 328, 330 (7th Cir. 2003). 26 The Ninth Circuit has found that allegations of ongoing patterns of placing inmates 27 with histories of self-harm and mental illness in situations that may cause self-harm in 28 contravention of recommendations from medical staff to be sufficient to plausibly indicate 3 1 imminent danger of serious physical injury. See e.g., Walker v. Scott, 472 F. App'x 514 2 (9th Cir. 2012) (finding that repeated placement of a prisoner with a history of mental 3 illness in double-cell housing without first completing recommended treatment for coping 4 in that environment sufficient to allege imminent physical danger); Irby v. Gilbert, No. 16- 5 35373, 2016 U.S. App. LEXIS 23591, at *2 (9th Cir. Nov. 14, 2016) (finding a plausible 6 allegation of imminent danger when a prisoner alleged he was denied appropriate 7 psychiatric medication for his depression, that he was suffering anxiety attacks, 8 paranoia, and suicidal thoughts, and that he had previously attempted suicide.) 9 Here, Plaintiff makes specific allegations that Defendants engaged in an ongoing 10 practice of inhibiting Plaintiff’s ability to follow the medical treatment plan for his SIB and 11 engaged in an ongoing pattern of ridicule and harassment in an attempt to encourage 12 Plaintiff to engage in self-harm. These allegations are sufficient to indicate Defendants 13 have engaged in an ongoing pattern of practice that puts the Plaintiff at imminent risk of 14 serious physical injury. 15 IV. CONCLUSION AND ORDER 16 Accordingly, it is HEREBY ORDERED that 17 1. 18 19 Plaintiff's motion to proceed in forma pauperis, filed October 16, 2017, is GRANTED. 2. The Director of the California Department of Corrections or his designee 20 shall collect payments from plaintiff’s prison trust account in an amount 21 equal to twenty per cent (20%) of the preceding month’s income credited to 22 the prisoner’s trust account and shall forward those payments to the Clerk 23 of the Court each time the amount in the account exceeds $10.00, in 24 accordance with 28 U.S.C. ' 1915(b)(2), until a total of $350.00 has been 25 collected and forwarded to the Clerk of the Court. The payments shall 26 be clearly identified by the name and number assigned to this action. 27 28 3. The Clerk of the Court is directed to serve a copy of this order and a copy of plaintiff’s in forma pauperis application on the Director of the California 4 1 Department of Corrections, via the court's electronic case filing system 2 (CM/ECF). 3 4. The Clerk of the Court is directed to serve a copy of this order on the 4 Financial Department, U.S. District Court, Eastern District of California, 5 Sacramento Division. 6 5. Within sixty (60) days of the date of service of this order, plaintiff shall 7 submit a certified copy of his prison trust account statement for the six- 8 month period immediately preceding the filing of the complaint, if plaintiff 9 has not already done so. 10 11 12 13 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: October 18, 2017 /s/ 14 Michael J. Seng UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 5

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.


Why Is My Information Online?