Patino, et al. v. County of Merced, et al.
ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFFS MOTION TO SEAL PLAINTIFFS MOTION FOR APPROVAL OF SETTLEMENT OF MINORS CLAIMS WITHOUT PREJUDICE AND REQUIRING PARTIES TO EITHER FILE RENEWED MOTION TO SEAL OR FILE MOTION FOR MINORS SETTLEMENT ON PUBLIC DOCKET. IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that: Plaintiffs motion to seal the motion for approval of settlement of minors claims and declaration of Robert J. Schwarts (ECF No. 58), is DENIED without prejudice; and The parties shall file either file a renewed motion to seal the mo tion for minors settlement, or file the motion for minors settlement on the public docket with appropriate redactions under Local Rule 140, within seven (7) days of entry of this order. Signed by Magistrate Judge Stanley A. Boone on 9/11/2020. (Hernandez, M)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
ELENOR SKYE VILLANUEVA PATINO,
ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFFS’ MOTION
TO SEAL PLAINTIFFS’ MOTION FOR
APPROVAL OF SETTLEMENT OF
MINORS’ CLAIMS WITHOUT PREJUDICE
AND REQUIRING PARTIES TO EITHER
FILE RENEWED MOTION TO SEAL OR
FILE MOTION FOR MINORS’
SETTLEMENT ON PUBLIC DOCKET
Case No. 1:18-cv-01468-AWI-SAB
COUNTY OF MERCED, et al.,
(ECF No. 58)
SEVEN DAY DEADLINE
Plaintiffs Elenor Skye Villanueva Patino, a minor, by and through her Guardian ad Litem,
20 Julia Villanueva, and Lillyanna Amelia Patino, a minor, by and through her Guardian ad Litem,
21 Adrianna Lucas Andrade (collectively, “Plaintiffs”), filed this action on October 24, 2018. (ECF
22 No. 1.) On August 13, 2020, the parties attended a settlement conference before Magistrate
23 Judge Kendall J. Newman, at which the parties reached a settlement. (ECF No. 55.) On August
24 18, 2020, the parties filed a stipulation of dismissal of this action. (ECF No. 56.) On August 19,
25 2020, because the Plaintiffs in this action are minors, the Court ordered the parties to file a
26 motion for approval of the settlement that complies with Local Rule 202. (ECF No. 57.)
On September 9, 2020, Plaintiffs filed a motion to seal Plaintiffs’ motion for approval of
28 settlement of minors’ claims. (ECF No. 58.) Plaintiffs proffer that this request and proposed
1 order were served on all parties, and further, the parties conferred and there are no objections to
2 sealing the motion. (ECF No. 58 at 3.) Thus, the request to seal is unopposed.
By way of substantive grounds in support of the request to seal, Plaintiffs only state the
4 request is made to “protect the confidentiality of the settlement,” and cite one case wherein the
5 Ninth Circuit noted courts “have granted protective orders to protect confidential settlement
6 agreements,” Phillips ex rel. Estates of Byrd v. Gen. Motors Corp., 307 F.3d 1206, 1212 (9th Cir.
7 2002). (Mot. 3.) In Phillips, the Ninth Circuit considered whether the magistrate judge erred by
8 ordering a party to produce confidential settlement information during discovery. 307 F.3d at
9 1210. The Ninth Circuit held that the district court may have erred because it was not clear
10 whether court conducted a good cause analysis, noting courts indeed have granted protected
11 orders to protect confidential settlement agreements, and held that if the district court’s decision
12 was based on a failure to recognize that lower courts do have such authority, the decision would
13 be erroneous, and remanded the action for the court to conduct a good cause analysis as the
14 record was not clear whether the court had in fact done so. 307 F.3d at 1212. The case did not
15 involve the sealing of the settlement agreement pertaining to the actual action. As discussed
16 herein, the compelling reasons standard applies to sealing the documents in question, not the
17 good cause standard.
Pursuant to the Local Rule of the United States Court, Eastern District of California
19 (“L.R.”), documents may only be sealed by written order of the Court upon the showing required
20 by applicable law. L.R. 141(a). Courts have long recognized a “general right to inspect and
21 copy public records and documents, including judicial records and documents.” Kamakana v.
22 City & Cnty. of Honolulu, 447 F.3d 1172, 1178 (9th Cir. 2006) (quoting Nixon v. Warner
23 Commc’ns, Inc., 435 U.S. 589, 597 & n. 7 (1978)). Nevertheless, this access to judicial records
24 is not absolute. Kamakana, 447 F.3d at 1172. The court has recognized a category of documents
25 that is not subject to the right of public access because the documents have “traditionally been
26 kept secret for important policy reasons.” Times Mirror Co. v. United States, 873 F.2d 1210,
27 1219 (9th Cir. 1989).
There are two different standards for sealing documents. First, where the request to seal
1 addresses “private materials unearthed in discovery,” such as discovery or non-dispositive
2 motions, the moving party is required to show that good cause exists to seal the documents.
3 Pintos v. Pac. Creditors Ass’n, 605 F.3d 665, 678 (9th Cir. 2010).
Where documents are accompanying a motion for resolution of disputes on the merits
5 that “is at the heart of the interest in ensuring the ‘public’s understanding of the judicial process
6 and of significant public events . . . ‘compelling reasons’ must be shown to seal judicial records
7 attached to a dispositive motion.” Kamakana, 447 F.3d at 1179. The Ninth Circuit has recently
8 found that the focus is not on the dispositive nature of the motion, but whether the motion at
9 issue is more than tangentially related to the merits of the case. Ctr. for Auto Safety v. Chrysler
10 Grp., LLC, 809 F.3d 1092, 1101 (9th Cir.), cert. denied sub nom. FCA U.S. LLC v. Ctr. for Auto
11 Safety, 137 S. Ct. 38 (2016).
The undersigned agrees with those courts that find that a request to seal documents
13 attached to a petition for minor’s compromise must meet the compelling reasons standard. See
14 Estate of Levingston v. Cty. of Kern, No. 116CV00188DADJLT, 2017 WL 4700015, at *2 (E.D.
15 Cal. Oct. 19, 2017) (denying request to seal petition for approval of minor’s compromise because
16 proffered reasons of containing privileged and confidential information, and containing
17 addresses of the settling minors, were not compelling reasons, and such information could be
19 119CV01391NONEBAM, 2020 WL 4368364, at *2 (E.D. Cal. July 30, 2020) (denying joint
20 application to file minor’s compromise under seal because the nature of the action and existence
21 of settlement were already publicly known through the docket, and parties’ suggestion that
22 sealing of settlement was necessary because it may be used in the media or as leverage in other
23 litigation were not compelling reasons, and personal and sensitive information could be redacted
24 under Local Rule 140, rather than sealed in its entirety); M.F. v. United States, No. C1325 1790JLR, 2015 WL 630946, at *3 (W.D. Wash. Feb. 12, 2015) (applying compelling reasons
26 standard to request to seal documents attached to petition for minor’s compromise and denying
27 without prejudice for failing to clearly articulate such reasons); M.P. ex rel. Provins v. Lowe's
28 Companies, Inc., No. 2:11-CV-01985-GEB, 2012 WL 1574801, at *1 (E.D. Cal. May 3, 2012)
1 (applying compelling reasons standard to request to seal documents attached to petition for
2 minor’s compromise).
The party seeking to have the document sealed must present “articulable facts”
4 identifying the interests that favor secrecy and show that these specific interests overcome the
5 presumption of access because they outweigh the public’s interest in understanding the judicial
6 process. Kamakana, 447 F.3d at 1180. The Court starts from the strong presumption in favor of
7 access to public records and then considers whether the party seeking to have the record sealed
8 has demonstrated a compelling reason to have the record sealed. Id. at 1178-79. This requires
9 the Court to conscientiously balance the competing interests of the public in accessing the
10 records and the party who seeks to keep the records secret. Id. at 1179. The Court is required to
11 “articulate the factual basis for its ruling, without relying on hypothesis or conjecture.” Id.
12 (citations omitted). The fact that the parties have agreed to keep information confidential is not a
13 compelling reason to seal court records. Foltz v. State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Co.,
14 331 F.3d 1122, 1138 (9th Cir. 2003.)
Here, Plaintiffs seek to seal the motion for approval of settlement of minor’s claims and
16 declaration of Robert J. Schwarts, which have been electronically submitted to the undersigned
17 for review and consideration, and total eighty-nine (89) consecutively paginated pages. Again.
18 by way of substantive grounds in support of the request to seal, Plaintiffs only state the request is
19 made to “protect the confidentiality of the settlement.” (Mot. 3.) The Court finds no compelling
20 reasons to seal this information have been presented to the Court. See Estate of Levingston,
21 2017 WL 4700015, at *2; Ambriz, 2020 WL 4368364, at *2. The Court shall therefore deny the
22 motion without prejudice to refiling. Before renewing the request, the parties should consider
23 whether any privacy interests may be protected by the use of redactions allowed pursuant to
24 Local Rule 140. See Estate of Levingston, 2017 WL 4700015, at *2 (“Some of these items are
25 required to be redacted, at least in part, by Local Rule 140 . . . this information appears on only
26 one page of the submitted material, and does not warrant sealing the entirety of the document . . .
27 the plaintiffs should resubmit this material appropriately redacted in accordance with the Local
28 Rules.”); Ambriz, 2020 WL 4368364, at *3 (in denying the motion for absence of compelling
1 reasons, noting the “parties shall comply with Local Rule 140 regarding privacy concerns and
2 redaction,” when submitting the underlying documents, but also informing the parties that they
3 were “not precluded from filing, either individually or jointly, a renewed request to seal to
4 protect the minor’s privacy interests.”).
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
Plaintiffs’ motion to seal the motion for approval of settlement of minors’ claims
and declaration of Robert J. Schwarts (ECF No. 58), is DENIED without
The parties shall file either file a renewed motion to seal the motion for minors’
settlement, or file the motion for minors’ settlement on the public docket with
appropriate redactions under Local Rule 140, within seven (7) days of entry of
IT IS SO ORDERED.
September 11, 2020
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
The Court finds adjudication by a magistrate judge of this motion appropriate. See L.R. 302(c)(1) (“all
stipulations and motions relating to protective orders and sealing documents submitted or filed for hearing before
discovery cutoff.”); Ambriz, 2020 WL 4368364.
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