(HC) Mousa v. Immigration & Customs Enforcement, et al.

Filing 25

FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS to Deny Petitioner's 23 Motion to Dismiss Ice Detainer signed by Magistrate Judge Erica P. Grosjean on 10/09/2019. Referred to Judge O'Neill; Objections to F&R due by 11/12/2019. (Flores, E)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 8 9 MOHAMED SALADDIN MOUSA, Petitioner, 10 11 12 Case No. 1:19-cv-01164-LJO-EPG-HC FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION TO DENY PETITIONER’S MOTION TO DISMISS ICE DETAINER v. IMMIGRATION & CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT, et al., (ECF No. 23) 13 Respondents. 14 15 Petitioner Mohamed Saladdin Mousa is proceeding pro se in a habeas corpus action that 16 challenges an immigration detainer. On October 7, 2019, the undersigned issued findings and 17 recommendation to dismiss the petition for writ of habeas corpus and to deny Petitioner’s 18 previous motions to dismiss the immigration detainer. (ECF No. 22). 19 Now before the Court is Petitioner’s third motion to dismiss his immigration detainer. 20 (ECF No. 23). As set forth in the October 7th findings and recommendation, because Petitioner 21 is not currently in Department of Homeland Security or Immigration and Customs Enforcement 22 custody and is not challenging the underlying California state conviction for which he is 23 currently incarcerated, this Court lacks jurisdiction to adjudicate a habeas claim challenging the 24 immigration detainer. See Garcia v. Taylor, 40 F.3d 299, 303 (9th Cir. 1994) (holding that a bare 25 detainer letter alone does not sufficiently place an alien in INS custody to make habeas corpus 26 available”), superseded by statute on other grounds as stated in Campos v. Immigration and 27 Naturalization Serv., 62 F.3d 311, 314 (9th Cir. 1995); Zolicoffer v. U.S. Dep’t of Justice, 315 28 F.3d 538, 540 (5th Cir. 2003) (“Most of the circuit courts that have considered the question have 1 1 held that [an immigration] detainer does not place a prisoner in ‘custody’ for purposes of habeas 2 proceedings.”). 3 In addition, to the extent Petitioner attempts to preemptively litigate any defense to future 4 removal proceedings, this Court lacks jurisdiction to address his claims. See 8 U.S.C. 5 § 1252(b)(9) (“Judicial review of all questions of law or fact . . . arising from any action taken or 6 proceeding brought to remove an alien from the United States . . . shall be available only in 7 judicial review of a final order of removal . . . .”); 8 U.S.C. § 1252(a)(5) (“[A] petition for review 8 filed with an appropriate court of appeals . . . shall be the sole and exclusive means for judicial 9 review of an order of removal . . . .”). 10 As this Court does not have jurisdiction to adjudicate the habeas petition, the undersigned 11 HEREBY RECOMMENDS that Petitioner’s third motion to dismiss the immigration detainer 12 (ECF No. 23) be DENIED. 13 This Findings and Recommendation is submitted to the assigned United States District 14 Court Judge, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636 (b)(1)(B) and Rule 304 of the Local 15 Rules of Practice for the United States District Court, Eastern District of California. Within 16 THIRTY (30) days after service of the Findings and Recommendation, Petitioner may file 17 written objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be 18 captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendation.” The assigned 19 United States District Court Judge will then review the Magistrate Judge’s ruling pursuant to 28 20 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C). The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified 21 time may waive the right to appeal the District Court’s order. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, 772 F.3d 22 834, 839 (9th Cir. 2014) (citing Baxter v. Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)). 23 24 25 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: October 9, 2019 /s/ UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 26 27 28 2

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