(PC) Mackey v. Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service Appeals Office et al

Filing 28

INFORMATIONAL ORDER - Notice and Warning of Requirements for Opposing Defendant's Summary Judgment Motion signed by Magistrate Judge Barbara A. McAuliffe on 9/3/2021. 21-day deadline. (Jessen, A)

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Case 1:20-cv-00624-DAD-BAM Document 28 Filed 09/07/21 Page 1 of 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 DAVID E. MACKEY, 12 13 14 Plaintiff, v. Case No. 1:20-cv-00624-DAD-BAM INFORMATIONAL ORDER – NOTICE AND WARNING OF REQUIREMNTS FOR OPPOSING DEFENDANT’S SUMMARY JUDGMENT MOTION UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, (Doc. 22) 15 Defendant. TWENTY-ONE (21) DAY DEADLINE 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Plaintiff David E. Mackey (“Plaintiff”) is a civil detainee proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in this tax refund action against Defendant United States pursuant to 26 U.S.C. § 7422. I. Rand Notice On June 14, 2021, Defendant filed a motion for summary judgment on the ground that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact that Plaintiff did not have an overpayment of tax during the 2017 tax year and is not owed a refund. (Doc. 22.) In the motion, Plaintiff was provided with notice pursuant to Local Rule 230(l) that any opposition to the granting of the motion must be in writing and served not more than twenty-one (21) days after the date of service of the motion. (Id. at 2.) As directed by the Court, Defendant re-served Plaintiff with the motion for summary judgment by mail on July 27, 2021, and July 30, 2021. (Docs. 24, 25.) Plaintiff did not file a timely opposition to the motion for summary judgment. 1 Case 1:20-cv-00624-DAD-BAM Document 28 Filed 09/07/21 Page 2 of 4 1 Upon review, however, there is no indication that the motion was accompanied by a Rand 2 warning. Consequently, pursuant to Woods v. Carey, 684 F.3d 934 (9th Cir. 2012), Rand v. 3 Rowland, 154 F.3d 952, 957 (9th Cir. 1988), and Klingele v. Eikenberry, 849 F.2d 409, 411–12 4 (9th Cir. 1988), and in an abundance of caution, the Court hereby notifies Plaintiff of the 5 following rights and requirements for opposing the motion: 6 7 1. to Local Rule 230(l). 8 9 Unless otherwise ordered, all motions for summary judgment are briefed pursuant 2. Plaintiff is required to file an opposition or a statement of non-opposition to Defendant’s motion for summary judgment. Local Rule 230(l). If Plaintiff fails to file an 10 opposition or a statement of non-opposition to the motion, this action may be dismissed, with 11 prejudice, for failure to prosecute. The opposition or statement of non-opposition must be filed 12 not more than 21 days after the date of service of the motion. Id. 13 3. A motion for summary judgment is a request for judgment on some or all of 14 Plaintiff’s claims in favor of Defendant without trial. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(a). Defendant’s motion 15 sets forth the facts which it contends are not reasonably subject to dispute and that entitle it to 16 judgment as a matter of law. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c). This is called the Statement of Undisputed 17 Facts. Local Rule 260(a). 18 4. Plaintiff has the right to oppose a motion for summary judgment. To oppose the 19 motion, Plaintiff must show proof of his claims. Plaintiff may agree with the facts set forth in 20 Defendant’s motion but argue that Defendant is not entitled to judgment as a matter of law. 21 5. In the alternative, if Plaintiff does not agree with the facts set forth in Defendant’s 22 motion, he may show that Defendant’s facts are disputed in one or more of the following ways: 23 (1) Plaintiff may rely upon statements made under the penalty of perjury in the complaint or the 24 opposition if (a) the complaint or opposition shows that Plaintiff has personal knowledge of the 25 matters stated and (b) Plaintiff calls to the Court’s attention those parts of the complaint or 26 opposition upon which Plaintiff relies; (2) Plaintiff may serve and file declarations setting forth 27 the facts which Plaintiff believes prove his claims;1 (3) Plaintiff may rely upon written records but 28 1 A declaration is a written statement setting forth facts (1) which are admissible in evidence, (2) which are based on 2 Case 1:20-cv-00624-DAD-BAM Document 28 Filed 09/07/21 Page 3 of 4 1 Plaintiff must prove that the records are what he claims they are;2 or (4) Plaintiff may rely upon 2 all or any part of the transcript of one or more depositions, answers to interrogatories, or 3 admissions obtained in this proceeding. Should Plaintiff fail to contradict Defendant’s motion 4 with declarations or other evidence, Defendant’s evidence will be taken as truth, and final 5 judgment may be entered without a full trial. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(e). 6 6. In opposing Defendant’s motion for summary judgment, Local Rule 260(b) 7 requires Plaintiff to reproduce Defendant’s itemized facts in the Statement of Undisputed Facts 8 and admit those facts which are undisputed and deny those which are disputed. If Plaintiff 9 disputes (denies) a fact, Plaintiff must cite to the evidence used to support that denial (e.g., 10 pleading, declaration, deposition, interrogatory answer, admission, or other document). Local 11 Rule 260(b). 12 7. If discovery has not yet been opened or if discovery is still open and Plaintiff is 13 not yet able to present facts to justify the opposition to the motion, the Court will consider a 14 request to postpone consideration of Defendant’s motion. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(d). Any request to 15 postpone consideration of Defendant’s motion for summary judgment must include the following: 16 (1) a declaration setting forth the specific facts Plaintiff hopes to elicit from further discovery, (2) 17 a showing that the facts exist, and (3) a showing that the facts are essential to opposing the motion 18 for summary judgment. Blough v. Holland Realty, Inc., 574 F.3d 1084, 1091 n.5 (9th Cir. 2009); 19 Tatum v. City & Cty. of San Francisco, 441 F.3d 1090, 1100–01 (9th Cir. 2006); California v. 20 Campbell, 138 F.3d 772, 779 (9th Cir. 1998). The request to postpone the motion for summary 21 judgment must identify what information is sought and how it would preclude summary 22 judgment. Blough, 574 F.3d at 1091 n.5; Tatum, 441 F.3d at 1100–01; Margolis v. Ryan, 140 23 F.3d 850, 853 (9th Cir. 1998); Local Rule 260(b). 24 8. Unsigned declarations will be stricken, and declarations not signed under penalty 25 26 27 28 the personal knowledge of the person giving the statement, and (3) to which the person giving the statement is competent to testify. 28 U.S.C. § 1746; Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c)(4). A declaration must be dated and signed under penalty of perjury as follows: “I declare (or certify, verify or state) under penalty of perjury that the foregoing is true and correct. Executed on (date). (Signature).” 28 U.S.C. § 1746. 2 Sworn or certified copies of all papers referred to in the declaration must be included and served on the opposing party. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(e). 3 Case 1:20-cv-00624-DAD-BAM Document 28 Filed 09/07/21 Page 4 of 4 1 of perjury have no evidentiary value. 2 9. The failure of any party to comply with this order, the Federal Rules of Civil 3 Procedure, or the Local Rules of the Eastern District of California may result in the imposition of 4 sanctions including but not limited to dismissal of the action or entry of default. 5 II. Deadline to File Opposition 6 In light of Plaintiff’s pro se status and Defendant’s failure to file a Rand notice with the 7 motion for summary judgment, the Court finds it appropriate to extend the deadline for Plaintiff 8 to file his opposition to Defendant’s motion for summary judgment. 9 III. Conclusion and Order 10 Based on the foregoing, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED as follows: 11 1. Within twenty-one (21) days from the date of service of this order, Plaintiff shall file an 12 opposition to Defendant’s motion for summary judgment, in compliance with Federal 13 Rule of Civil Procedure 56 and Local Rule 260; 14 2. Any request for an extension of time of this deadline must be filed on or before it expires, 15 16 17 and must be supported by good cause; and 3. Plaintiff is warned that if he fails to comply with the Court’s order, the Court will recommend that this action be dismissed, with prejudice, for failure to prosecute. 18 19 20 21 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: /s/ Barbara September 3, 2021 A. McAuliffe _ UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4

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