(PC) Bradford v. Ceballos et al

Filing 10

ORDER DENYING 7 Motion for Reconsideration, signed by District Judge Dale A. Drozd on 04/26/2021. Filing Fee due within twenty-one days. (Maldonado, C)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 RAYMOND ALFORD BRADFORD, 12 Plaintiff, 13 14 No. 1:20-cv-01821-DAD-SAB v. ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION J. CEBALLOS, et al., (Doc. No. 7) 15 Defendant. 16 17 Plaintiff Raymond Alford Bradford is a state prisoner proceeding pro se in this civil rights 18 action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The matter was referred to a United States Magistrate Judge 19 pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Local Rule 302. 20 On January 6, 2021, the assigned magistrate judge issued findings and recommendations, 21 recommending that plaintiff’s application to proceed in forma pauperis be denied and that he be 22 required to pay the $400 filing fee in full to proceed with this action because: (1) he is subject to 23 the three strikes bar under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g); and (2) the allegations of plaintiff’s complaint do 24 not satisfy the “imminent danger of serious physical injury” exception to § 1915(g). (Doc. No. 4 25 at 2–4.) On February 1, 2021, the undersigned adopted those findings and recommendations in 26 full and directed plaintiff to pay the required filing fee in order to proceed with this action. (Doc. 27 No. 6.) On February 10, 2021, plaintiff filed a motion for reconsideration of the undersigned’s 28 ///// 1 1 February 1, 2020 order adopting the magistrate judge’s findings and recommendations. (Doc. 2 No. 7.) 3 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b) governs the reconsideration of final orders of the 4 district court. Rule 60(b) permits a district court to relieve a party from a final order or judgment 5 on grounds of: “(1) mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect; (2) newly discovered 6 evidence . . .; (3) fraud . . . of an adverse party; (4) the judgment is void; (5) the judgment has 7 been satisfied . . . or (6) any other reason justifying relief from the operation of the judgment.” 8 Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b). A motion under Rule 60(b) must be made within a reasonable time, in any 9 event “not more than one year after the judgment, order, or proceeding was entered or taken.” Id. 10 Reconsideration of a prior order is an extraordinary remedy “to be used sparingly in the 11 interests of finality and conservation of judicial resources.” Kona Enters., Inc. v. Estate of 12 Bishop, 229 F.3d 877, 890 (9th Cir. 2000) (citation omitted); see also Harvest v. Castro, 531 F.3d 13 737, 749 (9th Cir. 2008) (addressing reconsideration under Rule 60(b)). In seeking 14 reconsideration under Rule 60, the moving party “must demonstrate both injury and 15 circumstances beyond his control.” Harvest, 531 F.3d at 749 (internal quotation marks and 16 citation omitted). 17 “A motion for reconsideration should not be granted, absent highly unusual 18 circumstances, unless the district court is presented with newly discovered evidence, committed 19 clear error, or if there is an intervening change in the controlling law,” and it “may not be used to 20 raise arguments or present evidence for the first time when they could reasonably have been 21 raised earlier in the litigation.” Marlyn Nutraceuticals, Inc. v. Mucos Pharma GmbH & Co., 571 22 F.3d 873, 880 (9th Cir. 2009) (internal quotations marks and citations omitted) (emphasis in 23 original). Further, Local Rule 230(j) requires, in relevant part, that a movant show “what new or 24 different facts or circumstances are claimed to exist which did not exist or were not shown” 25 previously, “what other grounds exist for the motion,” and “why the facts or circumstances were 26 not shown” at the time the substance of the order which is objected to was considered. 27 28 In his motion for reconsideration, plaintiff argues that he should be granted in forma pauperis status because he is “under imminent danger daily.” (Doc. No. 7 at 4.) The gravamen 2 1 of plaintiff’s argument appears to be that he is in danger because the prison officials at Salinas 2 Valley State Prison (“SVSP”) are allegedly conspiring to harm him and organize attacks on him 3 regularly. (Id.) In its original order denying plaintiff in forma pauperis status, the court held that 4 plaintiff’s alleged imminent danger did not relate to the causes of action alleged in his complaint 5 filed in initiating this case. (Doc. No. 6 at 2.) In his causes of action plaintiff alleges that 6 defendants interfered with his “right to obtain judicial review of the legality of his incarceration” 7 and that defendant Munoz “denied plaintiff’s witnesses and written statement” in violation of his 8 due process rights. (Doc. No. 1.) Plaintiff has presented no new evidence in his pending motion 9 that would alter the court’s prior conclusion that the imminent danger he now claims has no 10 connection to the causes of action presented by his complaint filed to initiate this case. Moreover, 11 plaintiff has now been moved to a new health care facility according to his recently filed notice of 12 change of address. (See Doc. No. 9.) Thus, any alleged danger to plaintiff at SVSP appears to no 13 longer impact plaintiff. 14 Accordingly, 15 1. Plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration (Doc. No. 7.) is denied; 16 2. Within twenty-one (21) days following service of this order, plaintiff shall pay the 17 18 required $400.00 filing fee in full to proceed with this action; 3. 19 20 dismissal of this action; and 4. 21 22 23 24 Plaintiff’s failure to pay the filing fee within the specified time will result in the This matter is referred back to the assigned magistrate judge for proceedings consistent with this order. IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: April 26, 2021 UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 25 26 27 28 3

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