(HC) Coats v. Barr

Filing 5

ORDER Directing Clerk of Court to Assign District Judge; FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS recommending that the Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus 1 be DISMISSED Without Prejudice for Failure to Exhaust Administrative Remedies signed by Magistrate Judge Jennifer L. Thurston on 2/18/2021. Referred to Unassigned DJ. Objections to F&R due within twenty-one (21) days. (Jessen, A)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 KODA ALSHAWN COATS, Petitioner, 12 v. 13 14 WILLIAM BARR, Respondent. 15 16 17 18 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Case No.: 1:21-cv-00182-JLT (HC) ORDER DIRECTING CLERK OF COURT TO ASSIGN DISTRICT JUDGE FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION TO DISMISS PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS [TWENTY-ONE DAY OBJECTION DEADLINE] On February 16, 2021, Petitioner filed the instant petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 19 28 U.S.C. § 2241. (Doc. 1.) Petitioner is in the custody of the Bureau of Prisons at the United States 20 Penitentiary in Atwater, California. Petitioner challenges the computation of his federal sentence by 21 the BOP and claims his release date is incorrect. The petition is unexhausted. Therefore, the Court will 22 recommend the petition be DISMISSED without prejudice. 23 DISCUSSION 24 25 I. Exhaustion Before filing a petition for writ of habeas corpus, a federal prisoner challenging any 26 circumstance of imprisonment must first exhaust all administrative remedies. Martinez v. Roberts, 804 27 F.2d 570, 571 (9th Cir. 1986); Chua Han Mow v. United States, 730 F.2d 1308, 1313 (9th Cir. 1984); 28 Ruviwat v. Smith, 701 F.2d 844, 845 (9th Cir. 1983). The requirement that federal prisoners exhaust 1 1 administrative remedies before filing a habeas corpus petition was judicially created; it is not a 2 statutory requirement. Brown v. Rison, 895 F.2d 533, 535 (9th Cir. 1990). Thus, “because exhaustion 3 is not required by statute, it is not jurisdictional.” Id. If Petitioner has not properly exhausted his 4 claims, the district court, in its discretion, may either “excuse the faulty exhaustion and reach the 5 merits or require the petitioner to exhaust his administrative remedies before proceeding in court.” 6 The first step in seeking administrative remedies is a request for informal resolution. 28 C.F.R. 7 § 542.13. When informal resolution procedures fail to achieve sufficient results, the BOP makes 8 available to inmates a formal three-level administrative remedy process: (1) a Request for 9 Administrative Remedy (“BP-9”) filed at the institution where the inmate is incarcerated; (2) a 10 Regional Administrative Remedy Appeal (“BP-10”) filed at the Regional Office for the geographic 11 region in which the inmate’s institution is located; and (3) a Central Office Administrative Remedy 12 Appeal (“BP-11”) filed with the Office of General Counsel. 28 C.F.R. § 542.10 et seq. 13 According to the petition and attached exhibits, Petitioner submitted a BP-9 “Request for 14 Administrative Remedy” on December 9, 2020, which was denied on December 23, 2020. (See Doc. 1 15 at 9.) It appears Petitioner has not sought further relief by filing a BP-10 “Regional Administrative 16 Remedy Appeal or a BP-11 “Central Office Administrative Remedy Appeal.” Therefore, the claims 17 have not been administratively exhausted. 18 Although the exhaustion requirement is subject to waiver in § 2241 cases “it is not lightly to be 19 disregarded.” Murillo v. Mathews, 588 F.2d 759, 762, n.8 (9th Cir. 1978) (citation omitted). A “key 20 consideration” in exercising such discretion is whether “relaxation of the requirement would 21 encourage the deliberate bypass of the administrative scheme[.]” Laing v. Ashcroft, 370 F.3d 994, 22 1000 (9th Cir. 2004) (internal quotation marks omitted). In this case, it is clear that Petitioner has 23 deliberately bypassed the administrative review process. Such action should not be condoned. The 24 Court finds the petition should be dismissed for lack of exhaustion. 25 26 27 RECOMMENDATION Accordingly, the Court RECOMMENDS that the petition for writ of habeas corpus be DISMISSED without prejudice for failure to exhaust administrative remedies. 28 2 1 This Findings and Recommendation is submitted to the United States District Court Judge 2 assigned to this case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636 (b)(1)(B) and Rule 304 of the 3 Local Rules of Practice for the United States District Court, Eastern District of California. Within 4 twenty-one days after being served with a copy, Petitioner may file written objections with the Court. 5 Such a document should be captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings and 6 Recommendation.” The Court will then review the Magistrate Judge’s ruling pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 7 636 (b)(1)(C). Petitioner is advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive 8 the right to appeal the Order of the District Court. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991). 9 10 11 12 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: February 18, 2021 /s/ Jennifer L. Thurston UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3

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