(PC) Kenyon D. Brown v. CDCR Director et al

Filing 17

ORDER to SHOW CAUSE Why Action Should Not be Dismissed for Failure to Exhaust Administrative Remedies, signed by Magistrate Judge Sheila K. Oberto on 11/19/2021. Show Cause Response Due Within Twenty-One Days. (Maldonado, C)

Download PDF
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 KENYON D. BROWN, 12 13 14 15 Plaintiff, v. CDCR DIRECTOR, et al., Defendants. Case No. 1:21-cv-01186-NONE-SKO (PC) ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE WHY ACTION SHOULD NOT BE DISMISSED FOR FAILURE TO EXHAUST ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES 21-DAY DEADLINE 16 17 Plaintiff Kenyon Brown is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis. In his 18 first amended complaint, Plaintiff alleges prison officials have violated the Eighth Amendment by 19 remaining on a prison-wide modified program, even though “the coronavirus is not on 20 [Plaintiff’s] yard.” (Doc. 13.) Plaintiff attaches to his complaint a response to an administrative 21 grievance he submitted concerning his claims, which indicates that prison officials denied the 22 grievance at the first level of review on October 26, 2021. (Id. at 4-5.) It appears that Plaintiff has 23 not appealed the decision to the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) 24 Office of Appeals, which the denial letter instructs him to do. (Id. at 5.) If he did appeal the 25 decision, it is apparent that he has not yet received a decision from the Office of Appeals. 26 The Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA) provides that “[n]o action shall be brought with 27 respect to prison conditions under . . . any other Federal law . . . by a prisoner confined in any jail, 28 prison, or other correctional facility until such administrative remedies as are available are 1 exhausted.” 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). Exhaustion of administrative remedies is mandatory and 2 “unexhausted claims cannot be brought in court.” Jones v. Bock, 549 U.S. 199, 211 (citation 3 omitted). The exhaustion requirement applies to all inmate suits relating to prison life, Porter v. 4 Nussle, 534 U.S. 516, 532 (2002), regardless of the relief sought by the prisoner or offered by the 5 administrative process, Booth v. Churner, 532 U.S. 731, 741 (2001). Inmates are required to “complete the administrative review process in accordance with 6 7 the applicable procedural rules, including deadlines, as a precondition to bringing suit in federal 8 court.” Woodford v. Ngo, 548 U.S. 81, 88, 93 (2006). In California, state-inmate grievances 9 regarding non-healthcare matters are subject to two levels of review. See Cal. Code Regs. tit. 15, 10 § 3481(a). In general, prisoners must receive a disposition from the CDCR Office of Appeals 11 before administrative remedies are deemed exhausted. See id. §§ 3483(m)(1), 3486(m); but see id. 12 § 3483(m)(2). 13 Generally, failure to exhaust is an affirmative defense that the defendant must plead and 14 prove. Jones, 549 U.S. at 204, 216. However, courts may dismiss a claim if failure to exhaust is 15 clear on the face of the complaint. See Albino v. Baca, 747 F.3d 1162, 1166 (9th Cir. 2014). 16 Here, it is clear on the face of his complaint that Plaintiff failed to exhaust administrative 17 remedies prior to filing suit. Accordingly, the Court ORDERS Plaintiff, within 21 days of the 18 date of service of this order, to show cause in writing why this action should not be dismissed for 19 his failure to exhaust. Alternatively, Plaintiff may file a notice of voluntary dismissal. Failure to 20 comply with this order will result in a recommendation that this action be dismissed. 21 22 23 24 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: /s/ Sheila K. Oberto November 19, 2021 . UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 25 26 27 28 2

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?