Trujillo v. Hernandez et al

Filing 13

ORDER VACATING December 2, 2022 Hearing; FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS re 11 Motion for Default Judgment ; referred to Judge Ana de Alba,signed by Magistrate Judge Barbara A. McAuliffe on 11/18/2022. (14-Day Deadline)(Martin-Gill, S)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 JOSE TRUJILLO, 12 Plaintiff, 13 14 15 16 Case No. 1:22-cv-00643-ADA-BAM ORDER VACATING DECEMBER 2, 2022 HEARING v. ELVIA HERNANDEZ, individually and dba TAQUERIA GUADALAJARA; JOSE OSCAR HERNANDEZ, individually and dba TAQUERIA GUADALAJARA, FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR DEFAULT JUDGMENT (Doc. 11) FOURTEEN (14) DAY DEADLINE Defendants. 17 18 On September 28, 2022, Plaintiff Jose Trujillo (“Plaintiff”) filed the instant motion for 19 20 default judgment against Defendants Elvia Hernandez, individually and dba Taqueria 21 Guadalajara, and Jose Oscar Hernandez, individually and dba Taqueria Guadalajara (collectively 22 “Defendants”). (Doc. 11.) No opposition has been filed, and the time in which to do so has 23 passed. L.R. 230(c). The motion was referred to the undersigned pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 24 636(b)(1)(B) and Local Rule 302. The Court finds the matter suitable for decision without oral 25 argument pursuant to Local Rule 230(g), and the hearing set for December 2, 2022, is HEREBY 26 VACATED. 27 /// 28 1 1 Having considered the moving papers and the record in this action, and for the reasons 2 that follow, the Court RECOMMENDS that Plaintiff’s motion for default judgment be granted in 3 part. 4 I. FACTUAL BACKGROUND 5 On May 27, 2022, Plaintiff filed this action pursuant to the Americans with Disabilities 6 Act of 1990 (“ADA”), 42 U.S.C. § 12181 et seq., California’s Unruh Civil Rights Act, 7 California Civil Code § 51, and the California Health and Safety Code, alleging violations at 8 Taqueria Guadalajara, located at 700 West Inyo Avenue, Tulare, California 93274 (the 9 “Facility”), which is owned, operated and/or leased by Defendants. (Doc. 1, Compl. at ¶¶ 1-2, 10 11 7.) Plaintiff alleges that he is substantially limited in his ability to walk, uses a wheelchair or 12 cane for mobility, and is physically disabled under state and federal law. (Id. at ¶ 8.) Plaintiff 13 asserts that he lives less than fifteen miles from the Facility and visited the Facility on July 29, 14 2021, to have dinner. During his visit, Plaintiff encountered barriers that interfered with, if not 15 outright denied, his ability to use and enjoy the goods, services, privileges and accommodations 16 offered at the Facility. (Id. at ¶10.) Plaintiff’s complaint seeks statutory damages, attorneys’ 17 fees and costs, injunctive relief and declaratory relief. (Id. at pp. 8-9.) 18 Plaintiff served Defendant Elvia Hernandez personally with the summons and complaint 19 on June 17, 2022. (Doc. 4.) Plaintiff served Defendant Jose Oscar Hernandez with the 20 summons and complaint on June 17, 2022, by substituted service on Elvia Hernandez. (Doc. 5.) 21 The Clerk of the Court entered default against Defendants Elvia Hernandez and Jose Oscar 22 Hernandez on July 11, 2022. (Doc. 7.) 23 Plaintiff filed the instant motion against Defendants on September 28, 2022, seeking 24 default judgment in the total sum of $7,249.89 for statutory damages and attorneys’ fees and 25 costs, along with declaratory and injunctive relief. (Docs. 11 and 11-1.) Plaintiff served 26 Defendants with a copy of the motion by mail. (Doc. 11-7.) No timely opposition was filed. See 27 L.R. 230(c) (“Opposition, if any, to the grating of the motion shall be in writing and shall be 28 filed and served no later than fourteen (14) days after the motion was filed.”). 2 1 II. LEGAL STANDARD FOR DEFAULT JUDGMENT 2 Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55(b)(2), a plaintiff can apply to the court for 3 a default judgment against a defendant that has failed to plead or otherwise defend against the 4 action. Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(b)(2). “Upon default, the well-pleaded allegations of a complaint 5 relating to liability are taken as true.” Dundee Cement Co. v. Howard Pipe & Concrete Prods., 6 Inc., 722 F.2d 1319, 1323 (7th Cir. 1983); TeleVideo Sys., Inc. v. Heidenthal, 826 F.2d 915, 917- 7 18 (9th Cir. 1987). 8 9 Factors which may be considered by courts in exercising discretion as to the entry of a default judgment include: (1) the possibility of prejudice to the plaintiff; (2) the merits of 10 plaintiff’s substantive claim; (3) the sufficiency of the complaint; (4) the sum of money at stake in 11 the action; (5) the possibility of a dispute concerning material facts; (6) whether the default was 12 due to excusable neglect; and (7) the strong policy underlying the Federal Rules of Civil 13 Procedure favoring decisions on the merits. Eitel v. McCool, 782 F.2d 1470, 1471-72 (9th Cir. 14 1986); PepsiCo, Inc. v. Cal. Sec. Cans, 238 F. Supp. 2d 1172, 1174 (C.D. Cal. 2002). 15 16 17 III. DISCUSSION A. Service of Process In deciding whether to grant or deny a default judgment, a court should assess the 18 adequacy of the service of process on the party against whom default is requested. See, e.g., 19 Trujillo v. Harsarb, Inc., No. 1:21-cv-00342-NONE-SAB, 2021 WL 3783388, at *4 (E.D. Cal. 20 Aug. 26, 2021) (“As a general rule, the Court considers the adequacy of service of process before 21 evaluating the merits of a motion for default judgment.”); Coach, Inc. v. Diva Shoes & 22 Accessories, No. 10-5151 SC, 2011 WL 1483436, at *2 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 19, 2011); Katzakian v. 23 Check Resolution Service, Inc., No. 1:10-cv-00716 AWI GSA, 2010 WL 5200912, at *2 (E.D. 24 Cal. Dec. 15, 2010). 25 Individual Defendants 26 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4 sets forth the requirements for serving an individual 27 28 within a judicial district of the United States. An individual may be served by: (1) following state law for serving a summons in an action brought in courts of 3 1 general jurisdiction in the state where the district court is located or where service is made; or 2 (2) doing any of the following: 3 4 (A) delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint to the individual personally; 5 (B) leaving a copy of each at the individual's dwelling or usual place of abode with someone of suitable age and discretion who resides there; or 6 7 (C) delivering a copy of each to an agent authorized by appointment or by law to receive service of process. 8 Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(e). According to the executed returns of service on file, Defendant Elvia 9 Hernandez was personally served with the summons and complaint. (Doc. 4.) Defendant Jose 10 Oscar Hernandez was served by leaving a copy of the summons and complaint at his dwelling or 11 usual place of abode, 238 Martin St., Tulare, California 93724, with co-occupant Elvia 12 Hernandez. (Doc. 5.) The summons and complaint were subsequently mailed to Defendant Jose 13 Oscar Hernandez at the same address. (Id. at 3.) 14 15 The Court finds that Plaintiff properly served Defendants Elvia Hernandez and Jose Oscar Hernandez pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(e). 16 B. The Eitel Factors Weigh in Favor of Default Judgment 17 1. Possibility of Prejudice to Plaintiff 18 The first factor considers whether a plaintiff would suffer prejudice if default judgment is 19 not entered. See PepsiCo, Inc., 238 F. Supp. 2d at 1177. Generally, where default has been 20 entered against a defendant, a plaintiff has no other means by which to recover against that 21 defendant. Id.; Moroccanoil, Inc. v. Allstate Beauty Prods., 847 F. Supp. 2d 1197, 1200-01 (C.D. 22 Cal. 2012). Here, the Court finds Plaintiff would be prejudiced if default judgment were not 23 granted. Default has been entered against Defendants and Plaintiff has no other means to recover 24 against them. This factor weighs in favor of default judgment. 25 26 2. Merits of Plaintiff’s Claims and Sufficiency of the Complaint The second and third Eitel factors, taken together, “require that [the] plaintiff[s] state a 27 claim on which [they] may recover.” PepsiCo, Inc., 238 F. Supp. 2d at 1175. Notably a 28 “defendant is not held to admit facts that are not well-pleaded or to admit conclusions of law.” 4 1 2 DIRECTV, Inc. v. Hoa Huynh, 503 F.3d 847, 854 (9th Cir. 2007). In the motion for default judgment, Plaintiff appears to have abandoned his California 3 Health and Safety Code claim. (See generally Doc. 11-1.) The Court therefore limits its 4 discussion to Plaintiff’s claims arising under the ADA and California’s Unruh Civil Rights Act 5 (“Unruh Act’”). 6 a. ADA 7 “An ADA plaintiff suffers a legally cognizable injury under the ADA if he is 8 ‘discriminated against on the basis of disability in the full and equal enjoyment of the goods, 9 services, [or] facilities ... of any place of public accommodation.’” Chapman v. Pier 1 Imports 10 (U.S.) Inc., 631 F.3d 939, 952 (9th Cir. 2011) (quoting 42 U.S.C. § 12182(a)). As relevant here, 11 discrimination is defined as “a failure to remove architectural barriers . . . where such removal is 12 readily achievable.” 42 U.S.C. § 12182(b)(2)(A)(iv). 13 “To prevail on a Title III discrimination claim, the plaintiff must show that (1) [he] is 14 disabled within the meaning of the ADA; (2) the defendant is a private entity that owns, leases, or 15 operates a place of public accommodation; and (3) the plaintiff was denied public 16 accommodations by the defendant because of [his] disability.” Molski v. M.J. Cable, Inc., 481 17 F.3d 724, 730 (9th Cir. 2007) (citing 42 U.S.C. §§ 12182(a)-(b)). “To succeed on a ADA claim of 18 discrimination on account of one’s disability due to an architectural barrier, the plaintiff must 19 also prove that: (1) the existing facility at the defendant’s place of business presents an 20 architectural barrier prohibited under the ADA, and (2) the removal of the barrier is readily 21 achievable.” Parr v. L & L Drive-Inn Restaurant, 96 F. Supp. 2d 1065, 1085 (D. Hawai’i 2000) 22 (emphasis in original). 23 A private party is only entitled to injunctive relief under Title III of the ADA; however, 24 the ADA gives the court discretion to award attorney fees to the prevailing party. Molski, 481 25 F.3d at 730. 26 Plaintiff alleges that he is substantially limited in his ability to walk and uses a wheelchair 27 or cane for mobility and that he therefore is disabled as defined by applicable law. Plaintiff also 28 alleges that the Facility is a public accommodation and open to the public. (Compl. at ¶¶ 8-9.) 5 1 Plaintiff further alleges that Defendants own, operate and/or lease the Facility and the 2 architectural barriers identified are easily removed without much difficulty or expense. (Id. at ¶¶ 3 7, 21.) 4 Specifically, Plaintiff contends that he lives less than fifteen (15) miles from the Facility 5 and visited the Facility on July 29, 2021, to have dinner. (Id. at ¶ 10). On the date of his visit, he 6 could not locate any designated accessible parking in the Facility’s parking lot. The lot was full, 7 and he ended up having to park on the street, where it was difficult for him to unload due to 8 excessive ground slopes. It also was difficult for Plaintiff to maneuver his wheelchair along the 9 path of travel to the Facility’s service windows and dining area, because the surface of the route 10 was uneven and damaged, with large cracks, height changes, and gaps. (Id.) Additionally, none 11 of the dining tables were accessible. They were concrete picnic bench-style tables that had a high 12 surface and lacked clear space for a wheelchair. Plaintiff asserts that he could not sit comfortably 13 at the table. Plaintiff further asserts that the service window and transaction counter were too 14 high and narrow for Plaintiff to use the payment device without assistance. The pick-up window 15 and counter were even higher, making it difficult for Plaintiff to retrieve his food. The Facility’s 16 menu also was mounted high on the wall above the service windows, with small type, and 17 Plaintiff had difficulty seeing it from his wheelchair-seated position. (Id.) Plaintiff asserts that he 18 was denied full and equal enjoyment and use of the goods, services, facilities, privileges and 19 accommodations of the Facility. (Id. at ¶ 18.) 20 These allegations are taken as true due to Defendants’ default, and Plaintiff has met his 21 burden of stating a prima facie claim for discrimination under Title III. Plaintiff is thereby 22 entitled to injunctive relief for the violations of the ADA. 23 b. Unruh Act 24 Plaintiff also brings a state law claim for violation of the Unruh Act. A violation of the 25 ADA also violates the Unruh Act. Cal. Civ. Code § 51(f). The Unruh Act provides for statutory 26 damages of no less than $4,000 for each and every offense, as well as attorney’s fees. Cal. Civ. 27 Code § 52(a). A litigant need not prove any actual damages to recover statutory damages of 28 $4,000. Molski, 481 F.3d at 731. As Plaintiff’s allegations state a cause of action entitling him to 6 1 relief under the ADA, Plaintiff’s allegations also state a claim entitling him to relief under the 2 Unruh Act. 3 4 For the reasons set forth above, the Court finds that the second and third Eitel factors weigh in favor of default judgment. 5 3. The Sum of Money at Stake in the Action 6 Under the fourth factor cited in Eitel, “the court must consider the amount of money at 7 stake in relation to the seriousness of Defendant’s conduct.” PepsiCo, Inc., 238 F. Supp. 2d at 8 1176; see also Philip Morris USA, Inc. v. Castworld Prods., Inc., 219 F.R.D. 494, 500 (C.D. Cal. 9 2003). 10 Here, Plaintiff seeks a single statutory minimum penalty assessment of $4,000.00 pursuant 11 to the Unruh Act, along with actual attorneys’ fees and costs incurred in the amount of $3,249.89. 12 (Doc. 11-1 at pp. 7-9.) The amount of money at stake, totaling $7,249.89, is relatively small and it 13 does not seem unreasonable in light of the allegations contained in the complaint. Accordingly, 14 this factor does not weigh against entry of default judgment. 15 16 4. The Possibility of a Dispute Concerning Material Facts Following the Clerk’s entry of default, the Court may assume the truth of well-pled facts 17 in the complaint and, thus, there is no likelihood that any genuine issue of material fact exists. 18 Further, Defendants’ failure to file an answer in this case and their failure to file a response to the 19 request for entry of default or a response to the instant motion supports the conclusion that the 20 possibility of a dispute as to material facts is minimal. See, e.g., Elektra Entm’t Grp. Inc. v. 21 Crawford, 226 F.R.D. 388, 393 (C.D. Cal. 2005) (“Because all allegations in a well-pleaded 22 complaint are taken as true after the court clerk enters default judgment, there is no likelihood that 23 any genuine issue of material fact exists.”). This factor therefore weighs in favor of default 24 judgment. 25 5. Whether the Default Was Due to Excusable Neglect 26 The sixth Eitel factor considers the possibility that Defendants’ default resulted from 27 excusable neglect. PepsiCo, Inc., 238 F. Supp. 2d at 1177. Courts have found that where a 28 defendant was “properly served with the complaint, the notice of entry of default, as well as the 7 1 paper in support of the [default judgment] motion,” there is no evidence of excusable neglect. 2 Shanghai Automation Instrument Co. v. Kuei, 194 F. Supp. 2d 995, 1005 (N.D. Cal. 2001). 3 Upon review of the record, the Court finds that the default was not the result of excusable 4 neglect. See PepsiCo, Inc., 238 F. Supp. 2d at 1177. Defendants were properly served with the 5 complaint, the request for entry of default, (see Doc. 6-2), and the motion for default judgment, 6 which included notification of the Clerk’s entry of default. Despite service with these documents, 7 Defendants have not appeared in this action. Thus, the record suggests that Defendants have 8 chosen not to participate in this action, and not that the default resulted from any excusable 9 neglect. Accordingly, this factor weighs in favor of the entry of a default judgment. 10 11 6. The Strong Policy Favoring Decisions on the Merits “Cases should be decided upon their merits whenever reasonably possible.” Eitel, 782 12 F.2d at 1472. However, district courts have concluded with regularity that this policy, standing 13 alone, is not dispositive, especially where a defendant fails to appear or defend itself in an action. 14 PepsiCo, Inc., 238 F. Supp. 2d at 1177; see also Craigslist, Inc. v. Naturemarket, Inc., 694 F. 15 Supp. 2d 1039, 1061 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 5, 2010). Although the Court is cognizant of the policy 16 favoring decisions on the merits, that policy is unavailable here because Defendants have not 17 appeared in this action. Accordingly, the Court finds that this factor does not weigh against entry 18 of default judgment. 19 20 21 C. Damages 1. Injunctive Relief Plaintiff seeks injunctive relief under the ADA for violations alleged in the complaint. In 22 particular, Plaintiff seeks an injunction requiring removal of all architectural barriers to Plaintiff’s 23 access to the facility. 42 U.S.C. § 12188 provides that “injunctive relief shall include an order to 24 alter facilities to make such facilities readily accessible to and usable by individuals with 25 disabilities to the extent required” the ADA. 42 U.S.C. § 12188(a)(2). Pursuant to federal and 26 state law, Plaintiff is entitled to the removal of those architectural barriers which he encountered 27 on his visit to the facility that violated the ADA. Therefore, an injunction should issue requiring 28 Defendants to provide accessible parking, an accessible route of travel from the accessible 8 1 parking stall(s) to the Facility service window, an accessible dining table, an accessible portion of 2 the service window and transaction counter, and a menu visible from a wheelchair-seated position 3 and/or a printed menu that can be handed to customers. 4 2. Statutory Damages 5 Plaintiff seeks statutory damages in the amount of $4,000.00 as authorized by California 6 law. The Unruh Act provides for minimum statutory damages of $4,000 for each violation. Cal. 7 Civ. Code § 52(a); Grove v. De La Cruz, 407 F. Supp. 2d 1126, 1133 (C.D. Cal. 2005). Since a 8 violation of the ADA establishes a violation of the Unruh Act, Plaintiff is entitled to statutory 9 damages of $4,000.00. 3. Attorneys’ Fees and Costs 10 11 Plaintiff also seeks an award of attorneys’ fees and costs. Both the ADA and Unruh Act 12 authorize the award of attorney's fees and costs for an action. See 42 U.S.C. § 12205; Cal. Civ. 13 Code § 52(a). Attorney fee awards are calculated using the lodestar method, which multiplies the 14 numbers of hours reasonably spent on the matter with a reasonable hourly rate. Vogel v. Harbor 15 Plaza Ctr., LLC, 893 F.3d 1152, 1160 (9th Cir. 2018). The district court has the discretion to 16 make adjustments to the number of hours claimed or to the lodestar, but is required to provide a 17 clear but concise reason for the fee award. Gates v. Deukmejian, 987 F.2d 1392, 1398 (9th Cir. 18 1992). 19 Here, Plaintiff's counsel seeks an award of $2,456.00 in attorneys’ fees, plus $793.89 in 20 litigation costs. (Docs. 11-1 at 9; Doc.11-3, Exs. A-C, F to Declaration of Tanya E. Moore 21 (“Moore Decl.”.) Specifically, Plaintiff requests: (1) $1,950.00 for 6.5 hours of work expended 22 by attorney Tanya E. Moore at an hourly rate of $300; (2) $184.00 for 1.6 hours of work 23 expended by paralegal Whitney Law at an hourly rate of $115.00; and (3) $322.00 for 2.8 hours 24 of work expended by paralegal Isaac Medrano at an hourly rate of $115.00. (Doc. 11-1 at 9.) 25 Hourly Rates 26 As indicated, Plaintiff requests an hourly rate of $300.00 for work by attorney Tanya 27 Moore and $115.00 for work by paralegals Whitney Law and Isaac Medrano. (Doc. 11-1 at 9.) 28 Courts in this district have found these rates reasonable for the services of attorney Moore and for 9 1 the services of her paralegals. See Trujillo v. Singh, Case No. 1:16-cv-01640 LJO-EPG, 2017 2 WL 1831941, at *3 (E.D. Cal. May 8, 2017); accord e.g., Trujillo v. GH Food Mart, Inc., No. 3 1:20-cv-00368-AWI-SKO, 2020 WL 4697139, at *7 (E.D. Cal. Aug. 13, 2020); Trujillo v. La 4 Valley Foods, Inc., No. 1:16-cv-01402-AWI-BAM, 2017 WL 2992453, at *5 (E.D. Cal. Jul. 14, 5 2017); Trujillo v. Lakhani, No. 1:17-cv-00056-LJO-SAB, 2017 WL 1831942, at *7 (E.D. Cal. 6 May 8, 2017). The Court therefore finds the requested hourly rates to be reasonable for Ms. 7 Moore and her paralegals. 8 Attorney Time Expended by Ms. Moore 9 Plaintiff seeks recovery for 6.5 hours of work performed by Ms. Moore at $300.00 per 10 hour. (Doc. 11-1 at 9.) When considering the billing entries and time records submitted by 11 Plaintiff's counsel, the Court finds that the 6.5 hours billed by Ms. Moore is reasonable. (Doc. 12 11-3, Ex. A to Moore Decl.) The Court will recommend awarding Plaintiff $1,950.00 for 6.5 13 hours of work by Ms. Moore to litigate this case. 14 Paralegal Time Expended by Whitney Law and Isaac Medrano 15 Plaintiff seeks compensation for 1.6 hours expended by paralegal Whitney Law at 16 $115.00 per hour, and 2.8 hours expended by paralegal Isaac Medrano at $115.00 per hour. (Doc. 17 11-1 at 9.) When considering the billing entries and time records submitted by Plaintiff's counsel, 18 the Court finds that the 1.6 hours billed by Whitney Law is reasonable. (Doc. 11-3, Ex. A to 19 Moore Decl.) However, a review of the billing records of Isaac Medrano reveals that certain 20 tasks he provided in this action were clerical in nature. In billing for legal services, “purely 21 clerical or secretarial tasks should not be billed at a paralegal rate, regardless of who performs 22 them.” Missouri v. Jenkins by Agyei, 491 U.S. 274, 288 n.10 (1989). Specifically, Mr. Medrano 23 billed .30 on June 1, 2022, to review the order setting scheduling conference, calendaring the 24 scheduling conference date, setting the deadline for Rule 26 meet and confer, and setting the 25 deadline to file a joint scheduling report. (Doc. 11-3, Ex. A to Moore Decl.) The Court finds that 26 this billable entry generally describes clerical tasks and should not be reimbursed at a paralegal 27 rate. The Court will deduct .30 hours from Isaac Medrano’s time. 28 /// 10 1 Based on the above, the Court will recommend an award of 4.1 hours of paralegal time 2 comprised of 1.6 hours for Whitney Law ($115.00 hourly rate) and 2.5 (2.8 - .30) hours for Isaac 3 Medrano ($115.00 hourly rate) for a total of $471.50. 4 Litigation Expenses and Costs 5 Plaintiff requests recovery of litigation expenses and costs of $793.89. (Doc. 11-1 at 9; 6 Doc. 11-3, Exs. B, C and F to Moore Decl.) Under the ADA, a district court, in its discretion, can 7 allow the prevailing party other than the United States to recover a reasonable attorney's fee, 8 including litigation expenses and costs. 42 U.S.C. § 12205. The costs here include the court filing 9 fee, costs of service, and fee for a pre-filing site inspection of the facility, which are compensable. 10 See Trujillo v. La Valley Foods, Inc., 2017 WL 2992453, at *7 (finding costs for court filing fee, 11 costs of service, and fee for a pre-filing site inspection of the facility compensable). Accordingly, 12 the Court will recommend that Plaintiff be awarded the sum of $793.89 for litigation expenses 13 and costs. 14 V. 15 Based on the foregoing, the Court HEREBY RECOMMENDS as follows: 16 1. Plaintiff's motion for default judgment be GRANTED IN PART; 17 2. Defendants be found and declared to be in violation of Title III of the Americans 18 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION with Disabilities Act and the California Unruh Civil Rights Act; 19 3. Defendants be ordered to make the following modifications to the facility known 20 as Taqueria Guadalajara, located at 700 West Inyo Avenue in Tulare, California 93274, such that 21 each item is brought into compliance with the accessibility requirements of the Americans with 22 Disabilities Act and California Code of Regulations, Title 24, as follows: 23 24 25 26 a) Provide the required number of properly configured and identified accessible parking stall(s); b) Provide a properly configured accessible route of travel from the designated accessible parking to the Facility service window; 27 c) Provide a properly configured accessible dining table; 28 d) Provide a properly configured accessible portion of the service window and transaction 11 1 counter; 2 3 e) Provide a menu visible from a wheelchair-seated position and/or printed menu that can be handed to customers; 4 5 4. $7,215.39, consisting of: 6 7 a. Plaintiff be awarded statutory damages under the Unruh Act in the amount of $4,000.00; 8 9 Judgment be entered in Plaintiff's favor and against Defendants in the amount of b. Plaintiff be awarded attorney’s fees and costs in the amount of $3,215.39 (attorney’s fees in the amount of $1,950.00 (6.5 hours at $300 per hour), paralegal fees in the 10 amount of $471.50. (4.1 hours at $115.00 per hour), and costs of suit in the amount of $793.89); 11 and 12 13 14 5. Plaintiff is HEREBY ORDERED to mail a copy of these findings and recommendations to each defendant at that defendant’s last known address. These Findings and Recommendations will be submitted to the United States District 15 Judge assigned to the case, as required by 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within fourteen (14) days after 16 being served with these findings and recommendations, the parties may file written objections 17 with the Court. The document should be captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings 18 and Recommendations.” The parties are advised that the failure to file objections within the 19 specified time may result in the waiver of the “right to challenge the magistrate’s factual 20 findings” on appeal. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, 772 F.3d 834, 839 (9th Cir. 2014) (citing Baxter v. 21 Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)). IT IS SO ORDERED. 22 23 24 Dated: /s/ Barbara November 18, 2022 A. McAuliffe _ UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 25 26 27 28 12

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