(PC)Smith v. CDCR-CCWF Medical Staff

Filing 8

ORDER to SHOW CAUSE why action should not be dismissed for failure to exhaust administrative remedies signed by Magistrate Judge Helena M. Barch-Kuchta on 8/2/2022. Show Cause Response due within 14-Days. (Lundstrom, T)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 TASIA SMITH, 12 13 14 15 Case No. 1:22-cv-00809-HBK (PC) Plaintiff, v. ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE WHY ACTION SHOULD NOT BE DISMISSED FOR FAILURE TO EXHAUST ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES CDCR-CCWF MEDICAL STAFF, FOURTEEN-DAY DEADLINE Defendant. 16 17 Tasia Smith is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil rights 18 action. (Doc. Nos. 1, 2). Plaintiff acknowledges on the face of her Complaint that she has not 19 exhausted her administrative remedies. (Doc. No. 1 at 2). Indeed, Plaintiff admits she is “still 20 waiting to here [sic] back from Chief of Appeals.” (Doc. No. 1 at 2) 21 Under the Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995, “[n]o action shall be brought with 22 respect to prison conditions under [42 U.S.C. § 1983], or any other Federal law, by a prisoner 23 confined in any jail, prison, or other correctional facility until such administrative remedies as are 24 available are exhausted.” 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). Exhaustion is a condition precedent to filing a 25 civil rights claim. Woodford v. Ngo, 548 U.S. 81, 93 (2006); see also McKinney v. Carey, 311 26 F.3d 1198, 1200 (9th Cir. 2002) (“Congress could have written a statute making exhaustion a 27 precondition to judgment, but it did not. The actual statute makes exhaustion a precondition to 28 suit.” (citations omitted)). The exhaustion requirement “applies to all inmate suits about prison 1 life.” Porter v. Nussle, 534 U.S. 516, 532 (2002). Further, the nature of the relief sought by the 2 prisoner or the relief offered by the prison’s administrative process is of no consequence. Booth 3 v. Churner, 532 U.S. 731, 741 (2001). And, because the PLRA’s text and intent requires 4 “proper” exhaustion, a prisoner does not satisfy the PLRA’s administrative grievance process if 5 he files an untimely or procedurally defective grievance or appeal. Woodford, 548 U.S. at 93. A 6 prisoner need not plead or prove exhaustion. Instead, it is an affirmative defense that must be 7 proved by defendant. Jones v. Bock, 549 U.S. 199, 211 (2007). A prison’s internal grievance 8 process, not the PLRA, determines whether the grievance satisfies the PLRA exhaustion 9 requirement. Id. at 218. However, courts may dismiss a claim if failure to exhaust is clear on the 10 face of the complaint. See Albino v. Baca, 747 F.3d 1162, 1166 (9th Cir. 2014). 11 Based on the face of the Complaint, Plaintiff did not exhaust her administrative remedies 12 prior to filing this case. Accordingly, within fourteen days of the date of service of this Order, 13 Plaintiff shall show cause in writing why this action should not be dismissed for failure to exhaust 14 her administrative remedies. Plaintiff is warned that if she commenced this action before 15 exhausting her administrative remedies, a dismissal on this basis counts as a strike under 1915(g). 16 El-Shaddai v. Zamora, 833 F.3d 1036, 1043–44 (9th Cir. 2016).1 Alternatively, Plaintiff may file 17 a notice of voluntarily dismissal under Fed. R. Civ. P. 41 to avoid a strike and may refile a 18 complaint after she has fully exhausted the administrative remedies. Failure to respond to this 19 Order will result in the recommendation that this action be dismissed. 20 Accordingly, it is ORDERED: 21 1. Within fourteen (14) days of service of this order, Plaintiff shall show cause why 22 this action should not be dismissed for her failure to exhaust her administrative remedies before 23 filing suit or may file a notice of voluntarily dismissal under Fed. R. Civ. P. 41 to avoid a strike. 24 25 26 27 28 11 Under § 1915(g), prisoners who have brought unsuccessful suits may be barred from bringing a civil action and paying the fee on a payment plan once they have had on prior occasions three or more cases dismissed as frivolous, malicious, or for failure to state a claim. Lomax v. Ortiz-Marquez, 140 S. Ct. 1721, 1723 (2020); see also Andrews v. Cervantes, 493 F.2d 1047, 1052 (9th Cir. 2007). Regardless of whether the dismissal was with or without prejudice, a dismissal for failure to state a claim counts as a strike under § 1915(g). Lomax, 140 S. Ct. at 1727. 2 2. Plaintiff’s failure to timely to respond to this order will result in the recommendation 1 2 that this action be dismissed for failure to comply with a court order or prosecute this action. 3 4 Dated: August 2, 2022 HELENA M. BARCH-KUCHTA UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3

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