Lyons, et al v. White, et al

Filing 109

ORDER, FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS signed by Magistrate Judge Gregory G. Hollows on 10/10/2017 DENYING petitioner's 107 motion for appointed counsel. IT IS RECOMMENDED petitioner's 106 Rule 60(b) motion be dismissed as barred by res judicata; and the Clerk should be ordered to not accept any further filings in this action by petitioner. Referred to Judge Garland E. Burrell, Jr.; Objections to F&R due within 21 days. (Yin, K)

Download PDF
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 WILLIE LYONS, 12 Petitioner, 13 14 No. 2:96-cv-00784-GEB-GGH v. ORDER AND FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS THEODORE WHITE, 15 Respondent. 16 17 INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY 18 Petitioner brings his fourth Fed. R. Civ. Pro. 60 (b) motion seeking to find some way to 19 invalidate his state conviction for a multitude of egregious sex offenses. Of course, the premise 20 of a Rule 60(b) motion is that some defect in the federal proceeding requires that the judgment in 21 the federal proceeding be reexamined. However, petitioner alleges no defect in the federal 22 proceeding per se, but blends his prosecutorial vindictiveness claim in state court proceedings 23 with his allegation that any respondent in his habeas action is necessarily participating in a fraud 24 on the court by merely appearing to defend the underlying conviction—a ground in Rule 60 best 25 encompassed, if valid, by subsection 3 of Rule 60(b). 26 //// 27 //// 28 1 1 All of petitioner’s Rule 60(b) motions are barely more than variations, if at all, on the 2 same theme. The latest Rule 60(b) motion is barred by the principles of res judicata.. 3 Procedural History1 4 The initial petition in this case was filed April 18, 1996, ECF No. 1. That petition was 5 dismissed for failure to exhaust state remedies, judgment was entered on November 27, 1996, 6 ECF No. 13, and petitioner appealed on December 20, 1996. On June 12, 1998 the Ninth Circuit 7 Court of Appeal, recognizing by that time that state court exhaustion had transpired, vacated the 8 judgment and remanded the matter to this district court, ECF No. 21. 9 On June 15, 1998 petitioner filed an amended habeas petition, ECF No. 22. On February 10 28, 2001 the district court again dismissed the case and judgment was entered. ECF Nos. 63, 65, 11 66. On May 31, 2002 the Ninth Circuit Court of appeals affirmed the judgment. ECF No. 71. 12 Petitioner’s first Motion for Relief from Judgment (filed October 23, 2006) was dismissed to the 13 extent that it was a successive petition, and denied to the extent it is a Rule 60(b) motion. ECF 14 Nos. 74, 77. Part of the motion involved the vindictive prosecution motion at issue in the latest 15 filing. 16 The second Rule 60(b) motion was filed on September 11, 2009. It too was denied. ECF 17 Nos. 80, 82. This court declined to issue a certificate of appealability on March 5, 2010, ECF No. 18 84, as did the Ninth Circuit on October 20, 2011. ECF No. 90. 19 20 The third Rule 60(b) motion was filed on September 15, 2015. ECF No. 91. It was again denied as a successive petition in the guise of a Rule 60(b) motion. ECF Nos. 98, 101. 21 The fourth Rule 60 (b) motion, the one at bar, was filed on June 19, 2017. ECF No. 106. 22 In this motion petitioner posits purportedly new information on a claim which has been argued in 23 one way or another since the initial petition—that of vindictive prosecution. However, this claim 24 has been adjudicated on several occasions and it is now time to say enough for this petition first 25 filed in 1996 involving a conviction adjudged in 1989. 26 27 28 1 This procedural history is truncated to avoid listing all 108 docket entries in this case and limiting it to the petitioner’s repeated efforts to overturn his conviction. 2 1 Discussion The undersigned is well aware that the doctrine of res judicata2 generally does not apply to 2 3 Rule 60 motions in that such a motion is regarded as simply a continuation of the case, not a new 4 action. Watts v. Pinckney, 752 F.2d 406, 410 (9th Cir. 1985). As is clear from the previous 5 Findings and Recommendations regarding the previous Rule 60 motions, the issue in habeas 6 corpus actions with respect to Rule 60 motions is usually whether they are simply successive 7 petitions in the guise of a Rule 60 motion. 8 9 However, the situation here does not involve a first Rule 60 motion; it involves seriatim motions which show no signs of abating. In such a case, res judicata is a viable doctrine. See 10 Brown v. Bureau of Reclamation, 2008 WL 4239006 *2 (D. Idaho 2008) and cases cited therein. 11 Accordingly, petitioner’s fourth Rule 60 motion is barred by res judicata. 12 Moreover, it is also time to enter an order to the Clerk prohibiting the filing of any further 13 Rule 60 motions in this case. If petitioner has any further claims to make concerning his 1989 14 conviction, he should petition the Ninth Circuit pursuant to 28 U.S.C. section 2244(a)(3)(A). 15 Conclusion 16 17 IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that petitioner’s motion for appointed counsel, ECF 107, is denied. 18 Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED: 19 1. Petitioner’s Rule 60 motion filed at ECF No. 106 should be dismissed as barred by res 20 judicata; 21 2. The Clerk should be ordered to not accept any further filings in this action by 22 petitioner. 23 These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge 24 assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within twenty-one days 25 after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written 26 objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned 27 28 2 Res judicata prevents a party from bringing a new action for claims which were, or could have been, raised in the initial action. Federated Dept. Stores v. Moitie, 452 U.S. 394, 398 (1981). 3 1 “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendations.” The petitioner is advised 2 that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District 3 Court’s order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991). 4 Dated: October 10, 2017 5 6 /s/ Gregory G. Hollows UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?