Xavier v. Roche et al

Filing 41

ORDER signed by Magistrate Judge Carolyn K. Delaney on 11/8/2012 ORDERING plaintiff to SHOW GOOD CAUSE within 30 days why his claims against defendants French and Holland should not be dismissed for failure to execute service. (Yin, K)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 GARY R. XAVIER, 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Plaintiff, No. 2:09-cv-0783 LKK CKD P vs. M. FRENCH, et al., Defendants. ORDER / Plaintiff is a prisoner who is proceeding with counsel and in forma pauperis. Plaintiff seeks relief pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. On July 9, 2012, the court ordered the United States Marshal to serve the 19 complaint filed September 1, 2011 on defendants Holland and French. (Dkt. No. 36.) Neither 20 defendant has been served to date. (See Dkt. Nos. 39, 40.) Rule 4(m) of the Federal Rules of 21 Civil Procedure requires a plaintiff to serve a defendant within 120 days after it files the 22 complaint. A court must dismiss a case without prejudice if plaintiff has not complied with Rule 23 4(m) unless the plaintiff shows good cause for failure to serve a defendant. Id. If good cause 24 appears, the court must extend the time for service for an appropriate period. Id. Whether good 25 cause exists is determined on a case-by-case basis. In re Sheehan, 253 F.3d 507, 512 (9th Cir. 26 2001). A plaintiff may show good cause where he attempted to serve a defendant but not yet 1 1 completed it, was confused about the requirements for service of process, or was prevented from 2 serving defendants because of events outside his control. See Wei v. Hawaii, 763 F.2d 370, 372 3 (9th Cir. 1985). 4 Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff is to show good cause 5 within thirty days why his claims against defendants French and Holland should not be dismissed 6 for failure to execute service. Plaintiff’s response should include new information that might 7 allow the Marshals Service to locate these defendants or how such information might reasonably 8 be obtained. 9 Dated: November 8, 2012 10 _____________________________________ CAROLYN K. DELANEY UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 11 12 13 14 15 16 /kly xavi0783.ord 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 2

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