Truong, et al v. Sacramento County Sheriff's Department, et al

Filing 110

FINAL PRETRIAL ORDER signed by Chief Judge Morrison C. England, Jr., on 1/27/15. A trial is SET for 7/20/2015 at 09:00 AM in Courtroom 7 (MCE) before Chief Judge Morrison C. England, Jr.. The estimated length of trial is six (6)days. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment 1, # 2 Attachment 2). (Kastilahn, A)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 LIEU THI TRUONG, et al., 12 Plaintiffs, 13 14 v. FINAL PRETRIAL ORDER COUNTY OF SACRAMENTO, et al., 15 No. 2:10-cv-00506 MCE-AC Defendants. TRIAL DATE: July 20, 2015 TIME: 9:00 a.m. 16 Pursuant to Court Order, a Final Pretrial Conference was held on January 8, 17 18 2015. Frederick Geonetta and Lyndon Chee appeared as counsel for Plaintiffs. 19 Amanda McDermott and Peter Zilaff appeared as counsel for Defendants. After hearing, 20 the Court makes the following findings and orders: 21 I. JURISDICTION/VENUE Jurisdiction is predicated upon 28 U.S.C. sections 1331 and 1343 and 1367. 22 23 Jurisdiction and venue are not contested. 24 II. JURY Both parties timely demanded a jury trial pursuant to Rule 38(b) of the Federal 25 26 Rules of Civil Procedure. 27 /// 28 /// 1 1 III. 2 3 UNDISPUTED FACTUAL ISSUES 1. Jack Truong and his mother Lieu Truong lived in apartment 125 at the Sun Valley Apartments at 4719 50th Avenue in Sacramento. 4 2. On December 8, 2009, a 911 call was made to the Sheriff’s Department by 5 Jack Truong complaining about problems with his roommate, later determined to be his 6 mother, Lieu Truong. Jack was polite during the call and was not shouting or 7 threatening. 8 3. The call came in at approximately 8:57 a.m. 9 4. The call was listed as a Code 415, or argument between roommates. 10 5. Sgt. Jon Zwolinski was dispatched to the call approximately one and a half 11 hours after the 911 call was first made. 12 13 6. before Sgt. Zwolinski made contact. 14 15 7. Sgt. Zwolinski drove to the property and arrived at approximately 10:31 8. Sgt. Zwolinski knew before he arrived at the Sun Valley Apartments that a.m. 16 17 There were no follow-up 911 calls to the original report by Jack Truong the person who made the call had a prior P.C. §69 charge. 18 9. Sgt. Zwolinski went to the Sun Valley Apartments alone. 19 10. Sgt. Zwolinski walked the perimeter of Jack Truong’s apartment before 20 making contact with Jack Truong. 21 11. 22 argument. 23 12. Sgt. Zwolinski knocked on the apartment door and Jack Truong answered. 24 13. Jack Truong was wearing shorts and no shirt, but holding an orange shirt in 25 Sgt. Zwolinski did not hear any raised voices or signs of an active his hand. 26 14. 27 /// 28 Sgt. Zwolinski was dressed in Sheriff’s uniform. /// 2 1 15. After a conversation about the eviction process, Sgt. Zwolinski asked Jack 2 Truong whether his roommate was present and Jack Truong responded that she was in 3 the bedroom. 4 16. 5 and Jack Truong. 6 17. 7 Lieu Truong did not appear during the conversation between Sgt. Zwolinski Sgt. Zwolinski asked Jack Truong to exit the apartment so he could check on the roommate and Jack Truong complied. 8 18. Sgt. Zwolinski stepped inside the apartment. 9 19. When Sgt. Zwolinski stepped into the apartment, Jack Truong screamed at 10 Sgt. Zwolinski to get out of his house 11 20. Sgt. Zwolinski radioed for Code 3 cover to receive backup. 12 21. Sgt. Zwolinski pulled his service pistol and pointed the weapon at Jack 13 14 15 16 17 Truong. 22. While holding his service pistol in one hand, Sgt. Zwolinski used his pepper spray on Jack Truong. 23. Sgt. Zwolinski fired his weapon three times, striking Jack Truong with all three rounds. 18 24. Jack Truong died at the scene. 19 25. Sgt. Zwolinski was escorted by Sheriff’s deputies away from the scene. 20 26. Sgt. Zwolinski did not speak with Lieu Truong. 21 27. Sgt. Zwolinski did not touch Lieu Truong. 22 28. Sgt. Zwolinski did not point his service pistol at Lieu Truong. 23 29. Sgt. Zwolinski was a member of the Sacramento Sheriff’s Department and 24 acted in the course and scope of his duties as a law enforcement officer. 25 30. At all relevant times, Sgt. Zwolinski was acting under the color of law. 26 31. Lieu Truong is the natural mother of decedent, Jack Truong. 27 32. Phuong Truong, Det Truong, Ton Truong and Bieu Truong are siblings of 28 decedent, Jack Truong. 3 1 2 33. At all relevant times, Sacramento County had in force policies and procedures regarding the use of force. 3 34. At all relevant times, Sacramento County had in place POST certified 4 training programs to train its deputies regarding POST approved methods for arrest 5 control and defensive tactics, including the use of force. 6 IV. DISPUTED FACTUAL ISSUES 7 The remaining claims for trial are: 8 1. 9 in the shooting death of Jack Truong. 10 11 Whether Sgt. Zwolinski was negligent, and whether his negligence resulted 2. Whether or not Sgt. Zwolinski used unreasonable force in violation of Jack Truong’s Fourth Amendment rights. 12 3. 13 mental illness. 14 4. 15 Whether Sgt. Zwolinski was adequately trained in dealing with persons with Whether or not the County’s policies regarding use of force are constitutionally deficient. 16 5. Whether or not Plaintiff is entitled to compensatory damages. 17 6. Whether or not Plaintiff is entitled to an award of punitive damages against 18 Sgt. Zwolinski. 19 7. Whether or not Sgt. Zwolinski is entitled to discretionary immunity. 20 8. Whether or not Sgt. Zwolinski is entitled to qualified immunity. 21 Plaintiff’s Disputed Factual Issues 22 9. 23 apartment violated the residents’ Fourth Amendment rights. 24 25 Whether Sgt. Zwolinski’s initial, unconsented to entrance into the 10. Whether Sgt. Zwolinski’s conduct intentionally or recklessly provoked a confrontation with Jack Truong which made force, including deadly force, necessary. 26 11. 27 by himself. 28 Whether it was reasonable for Sgt. Zwolinski to go to the Truong apartment /// 4 1 2 12. Whether Sgt. Zwolinski was negligent with respect to his tactical conduct and decisions. 3 13. Whether or not Jack Truong violated the penal code or any other offense. 4 14. Whether by violating Jack Truong’s Fourth Amendment rights, and by his 5 conduct in handling the call, Sgt. Zwolinski unnecessarily provoked the confrontation 6 with Jack Truong. 7 15. Whether or not Jack Truong took Sgt. Zwolinski’s baton. 8 16. Whether or not Jack Truong struck and/or threatened to strike Sgt. 9 Zwolinski with his hands and/or with a baton. 10 17. Whether or not Sgt. Zwolinski acted in self-defense. 11 18. Whether or not Sgt. Zwolinski was justified in using lethal force. 12 All issues of fact remaining in dispute are subject to proof at the time of trial. 13 V. WITNESSES 14 Plaintiffs anticipate calling the witnesses listed on Attachment “A”. 15 Defendants anticipate calling the witnesses listed on Attachment “B”. 16 Each party may call a witness designated by the other. 17 A. 18 No other witnesses will be permitted to testify unless: (1) The party offering the witness demonstrates that the witness is for 19 the purpose of rebutting evidence which could not be reasonably anticipated at the Final 20 Pretrial Conference, or 21 22 23 (2) The witness was discovered after the Final Pretrial Conference and the proffering party makes the showing required in “B” below. B. Upon the post-pretrial discovery of witnesses, the attorney shall promptly 24 inform the Court and opposing parties of the existence of the unlisted witnesses so that 25 the Court may consider at trial whether the witnesses shall be permitted to testify. The 26 evidence will not be permitted unless: 27 28 (1) The witnesses could not reasonably have been discovered prior to pretrial; 5 1 2 (2) The Court and opposing counsel were promptly notified upon discovery of the witnesses; 3 (3) If time permitted, counsel proffered the witnesses for deposition; 4 (4) If time did not permit, a reasonable summary of the witnesses’ 5 testimony was provided by opposing counsel. 6 VI. 7 8 At present, Plaintiffs contemplate by way of exhibits those listed on Attachment “C”. 9 10 EXHIBITS - SCHEDULES AND SUMMARIES At present, Defendants contemplate by way of exhibits those listed on Attachment “D”. 11 Plaintiffs' exhibits shall be listed numerically. Defendants' exhibits shall be 12 listed alphabetically. The parties shall use the standard exhibit stickers provided by 13 the Court Clerk’s Office: pink for Plaintiffs and blue for Defendants. After three letters, 14 note the number of letters in parenthesis (i.e., “AAAA(4)” to reduce confusion during the 15 trial. All multi-page exhibits shall be stapled or otherwise fastened together and each 16 page within the exhibit shall be numbered. All photographs shall be marked individually. 17 The list of exhibits shall not include excerpts of depositions which may be used to 18 impeach witnesses. 19 Each party may use an exhibit designated by the other. In the event that Plaintiffs 20 and Defendants offer the same exhibit during trial, that exhibit shall be referred to by the 21 designation the exhibit is first identified. The Court cautions the parties to pay attention 22 to this detail so that all concerned, including the jury, will not be confused by one exhibit 23 being identified with both a number and a letter. 24 A. 25 No other exhibits will be permitted to be introduced unless: (1) The party proffering the exhibit demonstrates that the exhibit is for 26 the purpose of rebutting evidence which could not be reasonably anticipated at the 27 Pretrial Scheduling Conference, or 28 /// 6 1 2 (2) The exhibit was discovered after the Pretrial Scheduling Conference and the proffering party makes the showing required in paragraph “B”, below. 3 B. Upon the post-pretrial discovery of exhibits, the attorneys shall promptly 4 inform the Court and opposing counsel of the existence of such exhibits so that the 5 Court may consider at trial their admissibility. The exhibits will not be received unless 6 the proffering party demonstrates: 7 (1) The exhibits could not reasonably have been discovered prior to 9 (2) The Court and counsel were promptly informed of their existence; 10 (3) Counsel forwarded a copy of the exhibit(s) (if physically possible) to 8 pretrial; 11 opposing counsel. If the exhibit(s) may not be copied, the proffering counsel must show 12 that he has made the exhibit(s) reasonably available for inspection by opposing counsel. 13 C. As to each exhibit, each party is ordered to exchange a copy identical to 14 the Court’s copy, or other reproduction of the exhibit(s) in a three-ring binder(s) by 15 July 6, 2015. The attorney or representative for each party is directed to present the 16 original and two (2) copies of the exhibit(s) and exhibit list to the Court Clerk’s Office, no 17 later than 3:00 p.m., July 6, 2015, or at such earlier time as may be ordered by the 18 Court. NO EXCEPTIONS. 19 D. The Court shall be presented with a copy of the exhibit(s) in a 3-ring 20 binder(s) with a side tab identifying each exhibit by number or letter. Each binder 21 shall be no larger than three inches in width and have an identification label on the 22 front and side panel. 23 VII. 24 DISCOVERY DOCUMENTS A. Filing Depositions. It is the duty of counsel to ensure that any deposition 25 which is to be used at trial has been lodged with the Clerk of the Court. In addition, two 26 unmarked copies of the transcripts must be delivered to the Court Clerk’s Office. 27 Counsel are cautioned that a failure to discharge this duty may result in the Court 28 /// 7 1 precluding use of the deposition or imposition of such other sanctions as the Court 2 deems appropriate. 3 B. Use of Depositions. The parties are ordered to file with the Court and 4 exchange between themselves by July 6, 2015 a statement designating portions of 5 depositions intended to be offered or read into evidence (except for portions to be used 6 only for impeachment or rebuttal). 7 C. Interrogatories. The parties are ordered to file with the Court and 8 exchange between themselves by July 6, 2015 the portions of Answers to 9 Interrogatories which the respective parties intend to offer or read into evidence at the 10 trial (except portions to be used only for impeachment or rebuttal). 11 VIII. 12 FURTHER DISCOVERY OR MOTIONS Pursuant to the Court’s Pretrial Scheduling Order, all discovery and law and 13 motion was to have been conducted so as to be completed as of the date of the Final 14 Pretrial Conference. That Order is confirmed. The parties are free to engage in informal 15 agreements regarding discovery and law and motion matters. However, any such 16 agreements will not be enforceable in this Court. 17 IX. 18 AGREED STATEMENTS - JOINT STATEMENT OF CASE It is mandatory the parties shall file a short, jointly-prepared statement concerning 19 the nature of this case that will be read to the jury at the commencement of trial (NO 20 EXCEPTIONS). The joint statement of the case shall include in plain concise language 21 the claims of Plaintiffs and claims of other parties, if any, and the corresponding 22 Defendants to the claims. The purpose of the joint statement of the case is to inform the 23 jury at the outset, what the case is about. The statement must be filed with the Court by 24 July 6, 2015. 25 X. 26 27 28 PROPOSED JURY INSTRUCTIONS, VOIR DIRE, VERDICT FORM A. Jury instructions Counsel are directed to meet and confer and to attempt to agree upon a joint set of jury instructions. Counsel shall use the Ninth Circuit Model Jury Instructions 8 1 and any revisions. Alternate instruction or authority may only be used if a Ninth Circuit 2 Model Jury Instruction is unavailable. Attached for counsel's review are the opening and 3 closing instructions for your use. The joint set of instructions must be filed by July 6, 4 2015 and shall be identified as the "Jury Instructions Without Objection." 5 All instructions shall be, to the extent possible, concise, understandable, and free 6 from argument. See Local Rule 163(c). Parties shall also note that any modifications of 7 instructions from statutory authority, case law or from any form of pattern instructions 8 must specifically state the modification by underlining additions and bracketing deletions. 9 B. 10 Verdict Form The parties must file a joint verdict form(s) concurrently with proposed jury 11 instructions by July 6, 2015. If necessary, a special verdict or interrogatories shall be 12 included for all factual disputes submitted to the jury that must be resolved before 13 questions of law can be decided, and for any other issue on which specific responses 14 are desired. See Local Rule 163(e). 15 C. Voir Dire 16 The parties shall submit proposed voir dire questions to the Court. The Court 17 reserves the right to conduct all examination of prospective jurors. Notwithstanding this 18 reservation, the Court will permit each side up to ten (10) minutes to conduct voir dire, if 19 desired. The voir dire questions shall be filed with the Court by July 6, 2015 . 20 D. Submission of Documents to the Court 21 At the time of filing their respective proposed jury instructions, verdict form(s), and 22 voir dire questions, counsel shall also electronically mail to the Court in digital format and 23 compatible with Microsoft Word, the proposed jury instructions and verdict form(s). 24 These documents should be sent to 25 /// 26 /// 27 /// 28 /// 9 1 XI. 2 AUDIO/VISUAL EQUIPMENT The parties are required to file electronically a joint request to the Courtroom 3 Deputy Clerk, Stephanie Deutsch, by June 29, 2015 if they wish to reserve and arrange 4 for orientation with all parties on the Court's mobile audio/visual equipment for 5 presentation of evidence. There will be one date and time for such orientation. 6 XII. 7 DATE AND LENGTH OF TRIAL A trial is scheduled for July 20, 2015 . The estimated length of trial is six (6) 8 days. The trial will consist of eight (8) jurors. Counsel are to email Stephanie Deutsch, 9 Courtroom Deputy Clerk, at, or call at (916) 930-4207, 10 by July 6, 2015 to ascertain the status of the trial date. 11 The Court will permit each side up to one (1) hour for closing arguments. 12 Plaintiffs will be permitted to reserve time for rebuttal purposes but will be required to 13 monitor any time so reserved. 14 XIII. OBJECTIONS TO PRETRIAL ORDER 15 Each party is granted five (5) court days from the date of this Final Pretrial Order 16 to object to any part of the order or to request augmentation to it. A Final Pretrial Order 17 will be modified only upon a showing of manifest injustice. If no objection or 18 modifications are made, this Order will become final without further order of the Court 19 and shall control the subsequent course of the action, pursuant to Rule 16(e) of the 20 Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. 21 22 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: January 27, 2015 23 24 25 26 27 28 10

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