Hayes v. Walker
FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS signed by Magistrate Judge John F. Moulds on 09/17/10 recommending that respondent's 07/01/10 motion to dismiss be granted. This action be dismissed as barred by the statute of limitations; and the district court decline to issue a certificate of appealability. MOTION to DISMISS 16 referred to Judge Frank C. Damrell. Objections due within 14 days.(Plummer, M)
(HC) Hayes v. Walker
1 2 3 4 5 6 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
7 LAWRENCE P. HAYES, 8 9 vs. Petitioner, No. 2:10-cv-0708-FCD-JFM (HC)
10 J. WALKER, 11 12 13 Respondent. / Petitioner is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis with an FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
14 application for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Petitioner is serving a 15 sentence of sixteen years in prison following his 2006 conviction on charges of sales of rock 16 cocaine. This matter is before the court on respondent's motion this action on the ground that it is 17 barred by the statute of limitations. 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 (C) the date on which the constitutional right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if the right has been newly 1
Section 2244(d)(1) of title 28 of the United States Code provides: A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to an application for a writ of habeas corpus by a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court. The limitation period shall run from the latest of (A) the date on which the judgment became final by the conclusion of direct review or the expiration of the time for seeking such review; (B) the date on which the impediment to filing an application created by State action in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the applicant was prevented from filing by such State action;
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recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review; or (D) the date on which the factual predicate of the claim or claims presented could have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1). Section 2244(d)(2) provides that "the time during which a properly filed
5 application for State post-conviction or other collateral review with respect to the pertinent 6 judgment or claim is pending shall not be counted toward" the limitations period. 28 U.S.C. § 7 2244(d)(2). 8 For purposes of the statute of limitations analysis, the relevant chronology of this 9 case is as follows: 10 1. On September 5, 2006, petitioner was convicted by a jury. He was sentenced to 11 sixteen years in state prison. 12 2. On January 17, 2008, petitioner's conviction was affirmed on direct appeal by 13 the California Court of Appeal for the First Appellate District. 14 3. On March 26, 2008, the California Supreme Court denied review. 15 4. On or about April 1, 2009, petitioner filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus in 16 the Solano County Superior Court. The petition was denied on July 24, 2009 as untimely and 17 because the claims either lacked merit or had or should have been raised on direct appeal. 18 5. On September 2, 2009, the California Court of Appeal for the First Appellate 19 District denied a petition for writ of habeas corpus filed by petitioner in that court. 20 6. On February 18, 2010, the California Supreme Court denied a petition for writ 21 of habeas corpus filed by petitioner in that court. 22 7. On March 24, 2010, the instant action was opened with the filing of a petition 23 for writ of habeas corpus delivered on March 18, 2010 by petitioner to prison officials for mailing 24 to this court. 25 ///// 26 2
The one year statute of limitations began to run on June 25, 2008, after the ninety
2 day period for seeking certiorari review by the United States Supreme Court expired. See Bowen 3 v. Roe, 188 F.3d 1157, 1159 (9th Cir. 1999). Petitioner's first state habeas corpus petition, filed 4 on or about April 1, 2009, was denied as untimely. See Ex. C to Respondent's Motion to 5 Dismiss, filed July 1, 2010, at 1. It was not, therefore, "properly filed" for purposes of the 6 statutory tolling provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 2244 and did not toll the limitation period. See Bonner 7 v. Carey, 425 F.3d 1145, 1149 (9th Cir. 2005).1 The limitation period expired on June 25, 2009, 8 before the state superior court petition was denied. Petitioner's next petition for writ of habeas 9 corpus was denied in the state court of appeal on September 2, 2009. Although the record does 10 not reflect the date on which petitioner filed that petition, the court infers that it was filed some 11 time after July 24, 2009, when the superior court denied the petition filed in that court, and after 12 the limitation period expired.2 13 In opposition to the motion to dismiss, petitioner asserts that he was "prevented"
14 by his appellate attorney from filing a timely state habeas petition. Petitioner's Opposition to 15 Respondent's Motion to Dismiss, filed August 9, 2010, at 11. The mere ineffective assistance of 16 post-conviction counsel cannot be the basis for equitable tolling. See Miranda v. Castro, 292 F.3d 17 1063, 1067-1068 (9th Cir.2002) (holding appointed counsel's miscalculation of the AEDPA 18 limitations period was not grounds for equitable tolling because petitioner has no right to effective 19 assistance of counsel during the post-conviction phase). Only "where an attorney's misconduct is 20 sufficiently egregious" may it "constitute an `extraordinary circumstance' warranting equitable 21 tolling of AEDPA's statute of limitations." Spitsyn v. Moore, 345 F.3d 796, 800 (9th Cir.2003). 22 ///// 23 24 25 26 The fact that the superior court also rejected petitioner's claims on the merits and/or because they had or should have been raised on direct appeal does not make the petition properly filed. See Bonner, id. at 1149 and n.19 (citing Carey v. Saffold, 536 U.S.214, 225-26 (2002)). The petitions filed in the state court of appeal and the state supreme court did not revive the expired limitation period. See Jiminez v. Rice, 276 F.3d 478, 482 (9th Cir. 2001). 3
Petitioner's assertion that his appellate counsel prevented him from filing a timely
2 state habeas corpus petition is not supported by the letters from counsel tendered as exhibits to his 3 opposition. In particular, in a letter dated March 28, 2007, petitioner's counsel advised petitioner 4 that the state court of appeal would not accept a pro se petition from petitioner because he was 5 represented by counsel, but that the state superior court "may entertain such a writ." Ex. C to 6 Opposition. Counsel "strongly" suggested to petitioner that he "communicate with me about what 7 issues you intend to address before filing any such writ", id, but nothing in either that letter or a 8 subsequent letter dated July 12, 2007 "prevented" petitioner from filing a timely state habeas 9 corpus petition.3 Thus, petitioner has not demonstrated that he is entitled to equitable tolling of 10 the limitation period prior to the time he filed his state superior court petition. 11 For all of the foregoing reasons, this action is barred by the statute of limitations
12 and should be dismissed. Pursuant to Rule 11 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the 13 United States District Courts, "[t]he district court must issue or a deny a certificate of 14 appealability when it enters a final order adverse to the applicant." Rule 11, 28 U.S.C. foll. § 15 2254. A certificate of appealability may issue under 28 U.S.C. § 2253 "only if the applicant has 16 made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right." 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). The 17 court must either issue a certificate of appealability indicating which issues satisfy the required 18 showing or must state the reasons why such a certificate should not issue. Fed. R. App. P. 22(b). 19 Where, as here, the petition should be dismissed on procedural grounds, a
20 certificate of appealability "should issue if the prisoner can show: (1) `that jurists of reason would 21 find it debatable whether the district court was correct in its procedural ruling'; and (2) `that 22 jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the petition states a valid claim of the denial of a 23 ///// 24 25 26 Petitioner also contends that his attorney refused to file a habeas petition, but the evidence provided by petitioner demonstrates only that his attorney advised petitioner that he had raised on direct appeal all claims that he believed had "a reasonable chance of success." Ex. C to Opposition, letter dated July 12, 2007. 4
1 constitutional right.'" Morris v. Woodford, 229 F.3d 775, 780 (9th Cir. 2000) (quoting Slack v. 2 McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000)). 3 After careful review of the entire record herein, this court finds that petitioner has
4 not satisfied the first requirement for issuance of a certificate of appealability in this case. 5 Specifically, there is no showing that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether this action 6 is barred by the statute of limitations. Accordingly, the district court should not issue a certificate 7 of appealability. 8 9 10 11 12 In accordance with the above, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that 1. Respondent's July 1, 2010 motion to dismiss be granted; 2. This action be dismissed as barred by the statute of limitations; and 3. The district court decline to issue a certificate of appealability. These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District
13 Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within fourteen 14 days after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written 15 objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned 16 "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Any response to the 17 objections shall be filed and served within fourteen days after service of the objections. The 18 parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to 19 appeal the District Court's order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991). 20 DATED: September 17, 2010. 21 22 23 24 25 26 5
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