Sharonoff v. Warden

Filing 36

FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS signed by Magistrate Judge Allison Claire on 9/2/14 RECOMMENDING that petitioners motions for a stay (ECF Nos. 19 , 22 ) be denied; Petitioners amended federal habeas petitions (ECF No. 21 , 24 ) be stricken from th e docket; Petitioner be directed to file, within 28 days of the filing date of any order adopting these findings and recommendations, either: 1) a notice that he elects to delete the unexhausted claims and proceed on the merits of his remaining exhausted claims in the original § 2254 petition; or, 2) a notice of voluntary dismissal of this case without prejudice. Referred to Judge Troy L. Nunley; Objections to F&R due within 21 days.(Dillon, M)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 8 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 9 10 KENNETH A. SHARANOFF, 11 12 13 No. 2:13-cv-00794-TLN-AC-P Petitioner, v. FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS WARDEN, 14 Respondent. 15 16 Petitioner is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis with a habeas corpus 17 petition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. On February 18, 2014, this court denied petitioner’s 18 “motion to quit claim” without prejudice to refiling either a motion for voluntary dismissal or a 19 motion for stay and abeyance. ECF No. 15. In response, petitioner filed a motion to stay, ECF 20 No. 19, which he renewed a month later, ECF No. 22, and supplemented a week thereafter, ECF 21 No. 23. Respondent filed an opposition to each motion for a stay. ECF Nos. 20, 25. Petitioner 22 has also filed two amended § 2254 petitions which are currently pending before the court. ECF 23 Nos. 21, 24. 24 On June 3, 2014, the undersigned issued Findings and Recommendations on these 25 pending motions to which petitioner filed objections. See ECF Nos. 26 (Findings and 26 Recommendations), 30 (Objections), 31 (Supplemental Objections). In light of the contentions 27 raised in petitioner’s objections, the court vacated the Findings and Recommendations on July 17, 28 2014 and ordered petitioner to file a copy of his the habeas petition that he filed in the California 1 1 Supreme Court. ECF No. 32. Petitioner complied with the court’s order on July 28, 2014. 2 Despite the changed procedural posture of this case, the undersigned recommends denying 3 petitioner’s motions for a stay and abeyance for the reasons outlined below. 4 I. 5 Factual and Procedural Background Following a jury trial in the El Dorado Superior Court, petitioner was convicted of Second 6 Degree Murder, Elder Abuse, two counts of Possession of a Firearm by a Convicted Felon, and 7 Possession of Ammunition by a Felon. The jury also found true the accompanying firearms 8 enhancements. On September 30, 2010, petitioner was sentenced to a total term of 80 years to 9 life under California’s Three Strikes Law. 10 Petitioner appealed his convictions to the California Court of Appeal raising two separate 11 claims for relief. He first argued that the trial court prejudicially erred in admitting uncharged 12 prior bad acts from 1986 and 1994. See Lodged Doc. No. 3 (Appellant’s Opening Brief). In his 13 second argument, petitioner asserted that the trial court prejudicially erred in failing to instruct on 14 imperfect self-defense as a theory of voluntary manslaughter. Id. On February 27, 2012, the 15 California Court of Appeal affirmed petitioner’s convictions in an unpublished opinion. See 16 Lodged Doc. No. 6. The California Supreme Court denied his petition for review on May 9, 17 2012. See Lodged Doc. No. 8. 18 Petitioner did not file any state habeas corpus petition challenging his convictions until 19 after he had filed the instant § 2254 petition in federal court. His first state habeas corpus petition 20 was filed in the El Dorado Superior Court on February 24, 2014 and denied on April 3, 2014. See 21 ECF No. 24-1 at 95-100. Petitioner filed a separate state habeas petition in the California 22 Supreme Court on May 6, 2014 which was denied on June 25, 2014. See ECF Nos. 33 at 2-11 23 (state habeas petition), 31 at 2 (postcard denial issued by the California Supreme Court). In light 24 of this recent denial by the California Supreme Court, petitioner appears to argue that he has 25 properly exhausted all of the claims raised in his pending § 2254 petition. 26 II. 27 Original § 2254 Petition In the federal habeas corpus petition filed on April 15, 2013, petitioner raised six separate 28 2 1 claims for relief.1 ECF No. 1 at 5. First petitioner asserts that the trial court prejudicially erred in 2 admitting prior bad act evidence from 1986 and 1994. Id. Secondly, petitioner alleges that he 3 received ineffective assistance of counsel without identifying any specific acts or omissions that 4 prejudiced him. Id. Next petitioner contends that the Three Strikes Law is a violation of the ex 5 post facto clause. Id. In his fourth claim for relief, petitioner alleges that the trial court imposed 6 an illegal enhancement for elder abuse because the victim was suspected of fraud against the 7 federal government. Id. Petitioner also contends that the police tampered with evidence. Id. 8 Because petitioner attached a copy of his opening brief on direct appeal in the California Court of 9 Appeal containing an additional challenge to the trial court’s failure to instruct the jury on 10 imperfect self-defense, the court will liberally construe this as petitioner’s sixth claim for relief. 11 ECF No. 1 at 16-63. 12 III. 13 Respondent’s Answer To add to the confusion that exists in this case, respondent answered the original petition 14 by addressing only the two exhausted claims for relief presented on direct appeal, but not the 15 remaining unexhausted claims. See ECF No. 11. As a result of the respondent’s failure to 16 identify all of the claims presented in the habeas petition, respondent did not address the mixed 17 nature of the petition itself. Id. 18 IV. 19 Motions for a Stay After being advised by this court of the two separate procedures for requesting a stay, 20 petitioner filed a motion for a stay pursuant to “Rhines v. Weber, 544 U.S. 269 (1995), or King v. 21 Ryan, 564 F.3d 1133, 1135 (9th Cir. 2009).” See ECF No. 19. Rather than choose one of these 22 1 23 24 25 26 27 28 Petitioner was afforded the benefit of the prison mailbox rule in determining the filing date of all state and federal petitions. See Houston v. Lack, 487 U.S. 166, 276 (1988). Moreover, his pro se pleading was liberally construed by this court even though his habeas petition is not a model of clarity. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520 (1972) (stating that pro se pleadings are to be liberally construed). The confusion that has been generated in this case is largely due to petitioner’s failure to separately identify each claim for relief and the supporting facts on a separate page of the petition. See ECF No. 1. Instead, petitioner chose to list all of his claims for relief under the section entitled “Ground One” of the federal habeas petition. ECF No. 1 at 5. Lumping all of the claims together without any description of the facts supporting each one has made it difficult to discern the actual meaning of each claim. The court has been forced to piece together petitioner’s theory of relief from various pleadings and exhibits. 3 1 procedures as he was instructed to do, petitioner merely parroted back the language in the court’s 2 original order. Compare ECF No. 15 (court order) with ECF No. 19 at 1 (motion for a stay). In 3 this vein, petitioner’s motion is not illuminating. However, petitioner did identify the exhausted 4 as well as non-exhausted claims he wishes to pursue by attaching portions of his opening brief on 5 direct appeal and his state habeas petition filed in the trial court with hand-written notations 6 indicating which claims he still needs to exhaust. See ECF No. 19 at 3, 13-35. In his motion, 7 petitioner made the general assertion that he had good cause for his failure to exhaust, his claims 8 “will be found to potentially have merit and significance in part if not in whole,” and he has not 9 been dilatory in pursuing relief. Id. at 2. 10 In petitioner’s second motion for a stay filed on April 14, 2014, he did specify that he was 11 seeking a stay pursuant to Rhines v. Weber. ECF No. 22 at 1. He contends that he is entitled to 12 a stay because he raised the new grounds in state court within one year of the appellate attorney’s 13 exhaustion of claims on direct appeal. Id. As good cause for his failure to exhaust, petitioner 14 asserts that he is a pro se litigant with limited access to the law library. ECF No. 22 at 3. He is 15 also mentally disabled due to his diagnosis of juvenile autism, adult-onset schizophrenia, and 16 depression. Id. at 3-4. He also alleges that appellate counsel was ineffective for failing to raise 17 the unexhausted claims on direct appeal. Id. at 3. 18 V. Opposition to Motions for a Stay 19 In his first opposition to the motion for a stay, respondent correctly noted that petitioner 20 had not indicated whether he was seeking a stay pursuant to Rhines or Kelly v. Small, 315 F.3d 21 1063 (9th Cir. 2003). ECF No. 20 at 2. Once petitioner corrected this defect, respondent asserted 22 in a second opposition that a stay is not warranted based on petitioner’s pro se status as a prisoner, 23 his limited access to a law library, or his mental disability. ECF No. 25 at 3-5. Respondent also 24 argued that the alleged ineffective assistance of appellate counsel did not prevent petitioner from 25 properly exhausting his claims in state court. Id. at 4-5. 26 VI. 27 28 Governing Legal Principles Habeas petitioners are required to exhaust state remedies before seeking relief in federal court. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b). The exhaustion doctrine ensures that state courts will have a 4 1 meaningful opportunity to consider allegations of constitutional violation without interference 2 from the federal judiciary. Rose v. Lundy, 455 U.S. 509, 515 (1982). Exhaustion requires fair 3 presentation of the substance of a federal claim to the state courts. Picard v. Connor, 404 U.S. 4 270, 276, 278 (1971). In order to exhaust state remedies, a federal claim must be presented to the 5 State’s highest court which is the California Supreme Court. Castille v. Peoples, 489 U.S. 346 6 (1989). 7 Federal district courts may not adjudicate petitions for habeas corpus which contain both 8 exhausted and unexhausted claims. Rose, 455 U.S. at 518–19. However, that does not mean that 9 a mixed petition must be dismissed. After the enactment of the AEDPA and its creation of a one 10 year statute of limitations for filing federal habeas petitions in 1996, the Supreme Court 11 recognized the procedural trap that is created by the total exhaustion rule. “As a result of the 12 interplay between AEDPA's 1–year statute of limitations and Lundy's dismissal requirement, 13 petitioners who come to federal court with ‘mixed’ petitions run the risk of forever losing their 14 opportunity for any federal review of their unexhausted claims.” Rhines, 544 U.S. at 275. 15 Therefore, pursuant to Rhines, 544 U.S. at 277-78, a federal petition containing both exhausted 16 and unexhausted claims may be stayed only if (1) petitioner demonstrates good cause for the 17 failure to have first exhausted the claims in state court, (2) the claim or claims at issue potentially 18 have merit, and (3) petitioner has not been dilatory in pursuing the litigation. 19 Although the Rhines “good cause” standard does not require a showing of extraordinary 20 circumstances, Jackson v. Roe, 425 F.3d 654, 661–62 (9th Cir. 2005), the Ninth Circuit has 21 rejected a “broad interpretation of ‘good cause.’” Wooten v. Kirkland, 540 F.3d 1019, 1024 (9th 22 Cir. 2008), cert. denied, 556 U.S. 1285 (2009). The Supreme Court in Rhines emphasized that 23 district courts should stay mixed petitions only in “limited circumstances.” Rhines, 544 U.S. at 24 277. Accordingly, good cause is not shown where the petitioner created the condition that led to 25 the failure to exhaust. See Wooten, 540 F.3d at 1024. 26 VII. 27 28 Analysis of Motion for Stay First and foremost, in order to provide guidance to petitioner, the court will identify the exhausted claims as well as the unexhausted claims in the original habeas petition. The only 5 1 exhausted claims in petitioner’s federal petition are his challenge to the trial court’s admission of 2 prior bad act evidence from 1986 and 1994 and the challenge to the trial court’s failure to instruct 3 on imperfect self-defense. A review of petitioner’s state habeas petition filed in the California 4 Supreme Court demonstrates that he has still not properly exhausted four claims raised in the 5 original § 2254 petition. See ECF No. 33 at 2-11. While petitioner did allege various instances 6 of ineffective assistance of counsel in his state habeas petition filed in the California Supreme 7 Court, none of those claims are presented in the original § 2254 petition. The only ineffective 8 assistance of counsel claim presented in the § 2254 petition is based on a one page attachment of 9 the trial transcript indicating that counsel failed to object to the prosecutor’s leading question. 10 See ECF No. 1 at 87. That specific ineffective assistance of counsel claim has never been 11 presented to the California Supreme Court. Therefore, it remains unexhausted along with the 12 additional three claims presented in the § 2254 petition alleging an ex post facto violation, an 13 illegal sentencing enhancement, and evidence tampering. 14 Based on the court’s review of the state habeas petition filed in the California Supreme 15 Court, it appears that the only claims raised therein were based on prosecutorial misconduct for 16 colluding or covering up a witness’s perjury, judicial bias or prejudice, and additional allegations 17 of ineffective assistance of counsel by attorneys Richard Meyer, Lori London, and Athena 18 Shudde. ECF No. 33. None of those claims are pending before this court. Petitioner’s 19 exhaustion of claims separate and apart from those raised in the pending § 2254 petition do not 20 render his motions for a stay and abeyance moot. Therefore, petitioner still must meet the 21 standard articulated in Rhines for a stay of his pending § 2254 petition in order to return to state 22 court to exhaust the four claims described above. 23 As an initial matter, the undersigned will assume without deciding that petitioner has good 24 cause for his failure to exhaust and has not intentionally delayed presenting his claims to the state 25 court. See Rhines, 544 U.S. at 277 (“even if a petitioner had good cause for that failure [to 26 exhaust], the district court would abuse its discretion if it were to grant him a stay when his 27 unexhausted claims are plainly meritless.”). However, the undersigned recommends denying a 28 stay because the unexhausted claims lack merit. 6 1 First, petitioner alleges that he received ineffective assistance of counsel. In support of 2 this claim for relief, petitioner attaches a one page excerpt of the trial transcript with hand-written 3 notations indicating that his attorney should have objected to the prosecutor’s questioning of a 4 witness as leading. ECF No. 1 at 87. This isolated example from a lengthy jury trial falls far 5 short of establishing either deficient performance or prejudice under Strickland v. Washington, 6 466 U.S. 668 (1984). Therefore, a stay to exhaust this claim is unwarranted. 7 Petitioner’s second claim that the use of his prior “counts and enhancements” under the 8 Three Strikes Law violated the ex post facto clause also lacks merits. The application of a 9 recidivist sentencing enhancement for a prior conviction does not violate the ex post facto clause 10 when the statute is in effect before the triggering offense was committed. See United States v. 11 Sorenson, 914 F.2d 173, 174 (9th Cir. 1990). Although petitioner never identifies what “counts 12 and enhancements” he is referring to, the court has reviewed the underlying strikes which were 13 found true by the trial court and concluded that there is no ex post facto violation. See I. C.T. at 14 217 (criminal information alleging that petitioner had suffered two prior strikes); III C.T. 785 15 (minute entry regarding trial court’s determination that strike priors are true). Accordingly, a stay 16 is not warranted in order to exhaust this claim for relief. 17 Petitioner presents absolutely no facts supporting his third claim for relief that the elder 18 abuse conviction was illegally imposed because the victim had committed fraud. The only 19 personal characteristic of the victim that is an element of California Penal Code § 368(b)(1) is the 20 age of the victim. Even assuming that the victim had a prior criminal record, it would not be 21 relevant in determining whether petitioner had committed elder abuse. Because there is no 22 factual or legal basis supporting this claim for relief, it does not justify a stay in this case. 23 The last unexhausted claim for relief based on evidence tampering is connected with the 24 police department’s cutting of the fence and the Manzanita bushes surrounding the homeless 25 encampment where this crime occurred, in order to reach the victim. It is not entirely clear what 26 federal constitutional guarantee petitioner alleges was violated as a result. The jury heard 27 evidence of how police gained entrance into the homeless encampment. See II R.T. 239-42. 28 Therefore, there is no demonstrable prosecutorial misconduct or Brady violation for withholding 7 1 this information, even assuming it has some material value. To the extent that petitioner is 2 somehow contending that the testimony of the barriers surrounding the homeless encampment 3 constitutes false evidence, this issue boils down to a challenge to the jury’s credibility 4 determinations which are entitled to near total deference on habeas review. See Schlup v. Delo, 5 513 U.S. 298, 330 (1995). Considering the jury was permitted to view the crime scene, they 6 could use their own observations to assess the credibility of the police witnesses who testified 7 about the removal of the barriers to the homeless encampment. In light of these flaws in 8 petitioner’s reasoning, as well as the lack of any constitutional basis for this claim, the court finds 9 no basis for a stay of federal habeas proceedings. 10 For all the reasons explained above, petitioner's motions for a stay and abeyance pursuant 11 to Rhines should be denied. See Clark v. Ricketts, 958 F.2d 851 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 506 U.S. 12 838 (1992) (stating that a federal court need not send a petitioner back to state court to exhaust a 13 patently frivolous claim). 14 VIII. 15 Amended Federal Habeas Petitions While the motions for a stay were pending, and long after original petition was deemed 16 submitted,2 petitioner filed two separate amended federal habeas petitions. See ECF No. 21, 24. 17 The case caption of the first amended petition reflects that petitioner may have intended to file 18 this “petition for writ of mandate pursuant to Case No. PC 20140101” in the California Supreme 19 Court. ECF No. 21 at 1. In this amended application, petitioner complains that the El Dorado 20 County Court has not fulfilled its duty within the time limit for responding to his habeas corpus 21 petition. Id. This amended petition contains no specific claims for relief and is comprised of 22 mainly exhibits. “It is the petitioner’s belief that upon seeing the attached facts and evidence the 23 entitlement to relief is so obvious that no purpose could reasonably be served by further 24 consideration of [the] issue” and that relief should be immediately granted. Id. at 2. By way of 25 relief, petitioner seeks compensatory damages for the property that he lost upon his arrest, 26 27 28 2 Respondent’s answer was filed on June 7, 2013. ECF No. 11. Petitioner had thirty days thereafter to file a reply. See ECF No. 7 at 2. No reply or traverse was filed. Accordingly, the pleadings were closed and he case deemed submitted as of July 7, 2013. 8 1 punitive damages totaling $5.6 million dollars, dismissal of all criminal charges, and an order 2 compelling the trial court to expunge his convictions. Id. at 3-5. 3 In the second amended habeas application, petitioner does in fact challenge his 2010 4 criminal convictions. ECF No. 24. Petitioner alleges six claims for relief in his second amended 5 petition constructively filed on March 3, 2014. Id. He first alleges that he was wrongfully 6 convicted by false testimony and/or false evidence because Paul Oakes, the only eyewitness, 7 “testified false[ly]and [police] officers removed barb wire.” Id. at 5. Secondly, his conviction 8 was secured through the use of prosecutorial misconduct “but not limited to being prosecuted in 9 [an] arbitrary and/or discriminatory manner.” Id. at 7. Next, petitioner alleges that the trial judge 10 engaged in misconduct “not limited to judicial prejudice and/or directly knowingly allowing the 11 prosecutor to commit illegal acts by bringing false evidence, misrepresenting facts, and 12 misquoting and confusing the jury.” Id. at 8. Petitioner alleges that his attorneys Richard Meyer, 13 Lori London, and appellate counsel Athena Shudde were ineffective for unspecified reasons. Id. 14 at 10. Petitioner also asserts that the federal court is the sole authority to compel the state court to 15 change its rules that require a defendant to request a pinpoint jury instruction on imperfect self- 16 defense. Id. at 12. Lastly, petitioner asserts that there is a conflict of interest in his sentence 17 because his release date is contrary to the trial court’s sentence of life with a chance of parole 18 while still alive. Id. 19 IX. 20 Standards Governing Leave to Amend Under 28 U.S.C. § 2242, an application for a writ of habeas corpus “may be amended or 21 supplemented as provided in the rules of procedure applicable to civil actions.” See also Rule 12 22 of the Rules Governing § 2254 Cases (recognizing general applicability in habeas of rules of civil 23 procedure). Petitioner's motion is governed by Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a)(2), which permits an 24 amended pleading “only with the opposing party's written consent or the court's leave.”3 In 25 considering whether to grant leave to amend, under Rule 15(a)(2), the court “should freely give 26 3 27 28 Fed.R.Civ.P.15 (a)(1) provides that “[a] party may amend its pleading once as a matter of course within: (A) 21 days after serving it, or (B) if the pleading is one to which a responsive pleading is required, 21 days after service of a responsive pleading or 21 days after service of a motion under Rule 12(b), (e), or (f), whichever is earlier.” 9 1 leave when justice so requires.” See, e.g., Outdoor Systems, Inc. v. City of Mesa, 997 F.2d 604, 2 614 (9th Cir. 1993) (the Ninth Circuit reviews a denial of leave to amend “for abuse of discretion 3 and in light of the strong public policy permitting amendment.”). Factors to be considered 4 include “bad faith, undue delay, prejudice to the opposing party, futility of the amendment, and 5 whether the party has previously amended his pleadings.” Bonin v. Calderon, 59 F.3d 815, 845 6 (9th Cir. 1995). 7 X. 8 9 Analysis of Amended Federal Habeas Petitions Here, petitioner failed to obtain consent from respondent prior to filing either of the amended petitions in the present action. ECF Nos. 21, 24. Therefore leave of court is required 10 since petitioner's proposed amendments fall outside the timeframe provided for amendment as of 11 right pursuant to Rule 15 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Here, petitioner waited to file 12 the amended habeas corpus petitions until ten months after respondent had filed an answer. This 13 delay militates in favor of denying petitioner leave to amend. 14 Furthermore, permitting petitioner to file an amended petition in this case would be a 15 futile act because the only amended petition containing any claims for relief is untimely.4 The 16 one year statute of limitations expired in this case on August 7, 2013 rendering the second 17 amended federal habeas petition untimely filed by more than six months. Moreover, these claims 18 do not relate back to the original federal habeas corpus petition so as to render them timely filed. 19 See Mayle v. Felix, 545 U.S. 644 (2005). Petitioner’s reference to one isolated example of 20 ineffectiveness in the original petition is not sufficient to allow him to relate-back additional 21 claims against trial counsel, much less entirely new claims against his preliminary hearing or 22 appellate counsel. See Schneider v. McDaniel, 674 F.3d 1144, 1151 (9th Cir. 2012) (affirming 23 district court’s decision that a petitioner’s original assertion of ineffective assistance of appellate 24 counsel does not support the relation back of “any and every claim of ineffective assistance of 25 appellate counsel that petitioner thereafter may decide to raise.”). Based on the undue delay as 26 27 28 4 If the court were inclined to grant petitioner leave to amend, it would render petitioner’s motions for a stay moot in light of the recent exhaustion of his prosecutorial misconduct, judicial bias, and additional ineffective assistance of counsel claims. 10 1 well as the futility of filing an untimely amended petition, the undersigned recommends denying 2 petitioner leave to amend and striking both amended habeas corpus petitions from the docket. 3 XI. Conclusion 4 Because he does not qualify for a stay of his mixed petition under Rhines, petitioner has 5 two remaining choices: First, he may choose to delete the unexhausted claims from his original 6 petition and proceed on his exhausted claims only. Second, he may choose to accept dismissal 7 without prejudice of the entire petition pending further exhaustion. Petitioner is cautioned that if 8 he elects this procedure, any subsequently-filed post-exhaustion petition would likely be subject 9 to dismissal in its entirety as time-barred. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1). The fact that a petition is 10 dismissed “without prejudice” means that there is no bar to re-filing, but that does not protect 11 petitioner from dismissal on statute of limitations grounds. Because the limitations period is not 12 tolled for the time the instant federal petition has been pending, Duncan v. Walker, 533 U.S. 167 13 (2001), any future petition may well be time-barred. See Rhines, 544 U.S. at 275 (recognizing 14 that dismissal of mixed petition can cause claims to be untimely by the time they are exhausted 15 and re-submitted to the federal court. See Porter v. Ollison, 620 F.3d 952, 958 (9th Cir.2010) 16 (reviewing timeliness principles). By electing dismissal without prejudice, petitioner risks 17 forfeiting review on the merits of his exhausted claims as well as his unexhausted claims. 18 Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED THAT: 19 1. Petitioner’s motions for a stay (ECF Nos. 19, 22) be denied; 20 2. Petitioner’s amended federal habeas petitions (ECF No. 21, 24) be stricken from the 21 docket; 22 3. Petitioner be directed to file, within 28 days of the filing date of any order adopting 23 these findings and recommendations, either: 1) a notice that he elects to delete the unexhausted 24 claims and proceed on the merits of his remaining exhausted claims in the original 25 § 2254 petition; or, 2) a notice of voluntary dismissal of this case without prejudice; and, 26 4. In the event that petitioner fails to elect either option identified above within the time 27 provided, the claims identified herein as unexhausted will be stricken and those portions of the 28 petition disregarded for all purposes. The case will then be deemed submitted on the basis of the 11 1 2 petition as amended by operation of this order. These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge 3 assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within twenty-one days 4 after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written 5 objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned 6 “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendations. Any response to the 7 objections shall be served and filed within fourteen days after service of the objections. The 8 parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to 9 appeal the District Court’s order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991). 10 DATED: September 2, 2014 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 12

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