Harrell v. Superior Court of California County of Solano
FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS signed by Magistrate Judge Craig M. Kellison on 10/17/2016 RECOMMENDING respondent's 19 motion to dismiss be granted. Referred to Judge Garland E. Burrell, Jr.; Objections to F&R due within 14 days. (Yin, K)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
JOSHUA N. HARRELL,
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Petitioner, a state prisoner proceeding pro se, brings this petition for a writ of
habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Pending before the court is respondent’s motion to
dismiss (Doc. 19).
Petitioner was convicted on May 12, 2015, of second degree burglary, possession
of a check with intent to defraud, and receipt of stolen property. According to respondent, the
instant petition is premature because petitioner has not completed the process of exhausting state
court remedies. Specifically, petitioner’s direct appeal is still pending before the California
Court of Appeal in case no. A145661.1
Under 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b), the exhaustion of available state remedies is required
before claims can be granted by the federal court in a habeas corpus case. See Rose v. Lundy,
455 U.S. 509 (1982); see also Kelly v. Small, 315 F.3d 1063, 1066 (9th Cir. 2003); Hunt v.
The court may take judicial notice pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 201 of
matters of public record. See U.S. v. 14.02 Acres of Land, 530 F.3d 883, 894 (9th Cir. 2008).
Pliler, 336 F.3d 839 (9th Cir. 2003). Claims may be denied on the merits notwithstanding lack of
exhaustion. See 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(2). “A petitioner may satisfy the exhaustion requirement
in two ways: (1) by providing the highest state court with an opportunity to rule on the merits of
the claim . . .; or (2) by showing that at the time the petitioner filed the habeas petition in federal
court no state remedies are available to the petitioner and the petitioner has not deliberately
by-passed the state remedies.” Batchelor v. Cupp , 693 F.2d 859, 862 (9th Cir. 1982) (citations
omitted). The exhaustion doctrine is based on a policy of federal and state comity, designed to
give state courts the initial opportunity to correct alleged constitutional deprivations. See Picard
v. Connor, 404 U.S. 270, 275 (1971); see also Rose, 455 U.S. at 518.
Here, petitioner’s direct appeal is still pending. Thus, petitioner has not yet
presented his claims to the highest state court and the instant federal petition is unexhausted and
should be dismissed without prejudice.
Based on the foregoing, the undersigned recommends that respondent’s motion to
dismiss (Doc. 19) be granted.
These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District
Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within 14 days
after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written
objections with the court. Responses to objections shall be filed within 14 days after service of
objections. Failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal.
See Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).
DATED: October 17, 2016
CRAIG M. KELLISON
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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