Turner v. California Departement of Corrections & Rehabilitation

Filing 27

ORDER signed by Magistrate Judge Deborah Barnes on 1/05/17 dismissing 25 Motion to Amend the Complaint as unnecessary. Plaintiff may file any amended complaint within 30 days of this order. Plaintiff's motion for an extension of time for discovery 25 is denied as premature. (Plummer, M)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 JOSEPH DUANE TURNER, 12 Plaintiff, 13 14 No. 2:15-cv-1584 DB v. ORDER B. JOHNSON, et al., 15 Defendants. 16 Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis with a civil rights 17 18 action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. On screening, the previously-assigned magistrate judge found 19 plaintiff stated cognizable claims under the First Amendment for retaliation against defendants 20 Brennon and Johnson. (ECF No. 21.) Before the court is plaintiff’s motion to amend the 21 complaint and for an extension of time to conduct discovery. (ECF No. 25.) Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15(a)(1), a plaintiff may amend his complaint 22 23 once “as a matter of course” before an answer is filed. No answer has been filed in this action. 24 Accordingly, plaintiff need not seek leave of court and may file an amended complaint. 25 Because plaintiff has provided the court with summons documents for defendants Brennon 26 and Johnson, but the Marshall’s Office has not yet been ordered to serve those defendants, the 27 court finds it necessary to set a deadline for the filing of any amended complaint. If plaintiff does 28 //// 1 1 not file an amended complaint in a timely manner, this case will proceed on the original 2 complaint. Plaintiff will be provided thirty days to file an amended complaint. 3 Plaintiff is advised that the allegations of that amended complaint must clearly identify how 4 each defendant's alleged misconduct resulted in a deprivation of plaintiff's constitutional rights. 5 See Ellis v. Cassidy, 625 F.2d 227 (9th Cir. 1980). In other words, plaintiff must allege in 6 specific terms how each named defendant is involved. There can be no liability under 42 U.S.C. 7 § 1983 unless there is some affirmative link or connection between a defendant's actions and the 8 claimed deprivation. Rizzo v. Goode, 423 U.S. 362, 369 (1976); May v. Enomoto, 633 F.2d 164, 9 167 (9th Cir. 1980); Johnson v. Duffy, 588 F.2d 740, 743 (9th Cir. 1978). Vague and conclusory 10 allegations of official participation in civil rights violations are not sufficient. Ivey v. Bd. Of 11 Regents of Univ. of Alaska, 673 F.2d 266, 268 (9th Cir. 1982). 12 In addition, plaintiff is informed that the court cannot refer to his previously-filed complaint 13 in order to make his amended complaint complete. Local Rule 220 requires that an amended 14 complaint be complete in itself without reference to any prior pleading. This is because, as a 15 general rule, an amended complaint supersedes the original complaint. See Lacey v. Maricopa 16 County, 693 F.3d 896, 907 n.1 (9th Cir. 2012) (en banc). Once plaintiff files an amended 17 complaint, the original pleading no longer serves any function in the case. Therefore, in an 18 amended complaint, as in an original complaint, each claim and the involvement of each 19 defendant must be sufficiently alleged. 20 With respect to plaintiff’s request for an extension of time to conduct discovery, it is 21 premature. Discovery does not begin until after defendants have appeared in this action by 22 answering the complaint. See Williams v. Dept. of Motor Veh., No. CIV-S-08-2348 LKK EFB 23 P, 2009 WL 3246990, at *2 (E.D. Cal. Oct. 7, 2009); Williams v. Ramirez, No. CIV S-06-2151 24 WBS DAD P, 2008 WL 2875361, at *1 (E.D. Cal. July 23, 2008). 25 Accordingly, and good cause appearing, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED as follows: 26 1. Plaintiff’s Motion to Amend the Complaint (ECF No. 25) is dismissed as unnecessary; 27 2. Plaintiff may file any amended complaint within thirty days of this order; and 28 //// 2 1 2 3 3. Plaintiff’s motion for an extension of time for discovery (ECF No. 25) is denied as premature. Dated: January 5, 2017 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 DLB:9 DLB1/prisoner-civil rights/turn1584.mta 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3

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