Koch v. Bahaduer
FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS signed by Magistrate Judge Craig M. Kellison on 7/6/2017 RECOMMENDING that this action be dismissed, without prejudice, for lack of prosecution and failure to comply with court rules and orders. Referred to Judge Morrison C. England, Jr. Objections due within 14 days after being served with these findings and recommendations. (Henshaw, R)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
MARK FRANCIS KOCH,
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION
BAHADUER, et al.
Plaintiff, a former prisoner proceeding pro se, brings this civil rights action
pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. On May 15, 2017, the court directed plaintiff to file an amended
complaint within 30 days. Plaintiff was warned that failure to file an amended complaint may
result in dismissal of this action for lack of prosecution and failure to comply with court rules
and orders. See Local Rule 110. To date, plaintiff has not complied.1
The court must weigh five factors before imposing the harsh sanction of
dismissal. See Bautista v. Los Angeles County, 216 F.3d 837, 841 (9th Cir. 2000); Malone v.
U.S. Postal Service, 833 F.2d 128, 130 (9th Cir. 1987). Those factors are: (1) the public's
Although it appears from the file that the order was returned, the parties were
properly served. It is the responsibility of the parties to keep the court apprised of their address
of record at all times. Pursuant to Local Rule 182(f), service of documents at the record address
of the party is fully effective.
interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court's need to manage its own docket; (3)
the risk of prejudice to opposing parties; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on
their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic sanctions. See id.; see also Ghazali v. Moran,
46 F.3d 52, 53 (9th Cir. 1995) (per curiam). A warning that the action may be dismissed as an
appropriate sanction is considered a less drastic alternative sufficient to satisfy the last factor.
See Malone, 833 F.2d at 132-33 & n.1. The sanction of dismissal for lack of prosecution is
appropriate where there has been unreasonable delay. See Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421,
1423 (9th Cir. 1986). Dismissal has also been held to be an appropriate sanction for failure to
comply with an order to file an amended complaint. See Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258,
1260-61 (9th Cir. 1992).
Having considered these factors, and in light of plaintiff’s failure to file an
amended complaint as directed, the court finds that dismissal of this action is appropriate.
Based on the foregoing, the undersigned recommends that this action be
dismissed, without prejudice, for lack of prosecution and failure to comply with court rules and
These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District
Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within 14 days
after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written
objections with the court. Responses to objections shall be filed within 14 days after service of
objections. Failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal.
See Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).
DATED: July 6, 2017
CRAIG M. KELLISON
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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