Davis v. Wheeler et al

Filing 57

FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS signed by Magistrate Judge Dennis M. Cota on 2/12/2021 RECOMMENDING plaintiff's 43 motion for injunctive relief be denied as moot. Referred to Judge Troy L. Nunley; Objections to F&R due within 14 days. (Yin, K)

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Case 2:16-cv-02917-TLN-DMC Document 57 Filed 02/16/21 Page 1 of 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 ANTHONY DAVIS, 12 13 14 No. 2:16-CV-2917-TLN-DMC-P Plaintiff, v. FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Z. WHEELER, et al., 15 Defendants. 16 17 Plaintiff, a prisoner proceeding pro se, brings this civil rights action pursuant to 18 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Pending before the Court is Plaintiff’s motion, ECF No. 43, for preliminary 19 injunctive relief. 20 The legal principles applicable to requests for injunctive relief, such as a 21 temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction, are well established. To prevail, the 22 moving party must show that irreparable injury is likely in the absence of an injunction. See 23 Stormans, Inc. v. Selecky, 586 F.3d 1109, 1127 (9th Cir. 2009) (citing Winter v. Natural Res. 24 Def. Council, Inc., 129 S.Ct. 365 (2008)). To the extent prior Ninth Circuit cases suggest a lesser 25 standard by focusing solely on the possibility of irreparable harm, such cases are “no longer 26 controlling, or even viable.” Am. Trucking Ass’ns, Inc. v. City of Los Angeles, 559 F.3d 1046, 27 1052 (9th Cir. 2009). Under Winter, the proper test requires a party to demonstrate: (1) he is 28 likely to succeed on the merits; (2) he is likely to suffer irreparable harm in the absence of an 1 Case 2:16-cv-02917-TLN-DMC Document 57 Filed 02/16/21 Page 2 of 3 1 injunction; (3) the balance of hardships tips in his favor; and (4) an injunction is in the public 2 interest. See Stormans, 586 F.3d at 1127 (citing Winter, 129 S.Ct. at 374). The court cannot, 3 however, issue an order against individuals who are not parties to the action. See Zenith Radio 4 Corp. v. Hazeltine Research, Inc., 395 U.S. 100, 112 (1969). Moreover, if an inmate is seeking 5 injunctive relief with respect to conditions of confinement, the prisoner’s transfer to another 6 prison renders the request for injunctive relief moot, unless there is some evidence of an 7 expectation of being transferred back. See Prieser v. Newkirk, 422 U.S. 395, 402-03 (1975); 8 Johnson v. Moore, 948 F.3d 517, 519 (9th Cir. 1991) (per curiam). Plaintiff seeks an order requiring Defendants Wheeler and Romney to “stay far 9 10 away” from him. ECF No. 43, pg. 1. In his motion for injunctive relief, Plaintiff alleges that 11 Defendants are “harassing, ploting [sic], & trying to retaliate by using ‘his,’ Z. Wheeler ‘power’ 12 of authority to manipulating [sic] & influencen [sic] other employee(s)/correctional officer(s) at 13 California State Prison – Sacramento. . . .” Id. Plaintiff states that he “[m]ay” suffer irreparable 14 harm from retaliation. Id. at 2. Plaintiff states that, on August 9, 2020, Defendant Wheeler 15 recognized Plaintiff in his cell during a mental health wellness check of inmates in Plaintiff’s 16 housing unit. See id. at 4. According to Plaintiff, Defendant Wheeler gawked and stared at him 17 “with an intimidation [sic] look upon his face/posture.” Id. (underlining in original). Plaintiff 18 adds that Defendant Wheeler kept glancing up at Plaintiff’s cell “with quick back & fourth [sic] 19 motion(s) as if to plan, plot or sceem [sic] of (retaliation, harass, or physically) ‘assault again,’ 20 sense [sic] Plaintiff has this case pending against Defendant Z. Wheeler et al.” Id. at 4-5. According to Plaintiff’s first amended complaint, Defendants were at the time of 21 22 the events alleged correctional officers at California State Prison – Sacramento. See ECF No. 19, 23 pg. 2. Since the filing of the first amended complaint, Plaintiff has been transferred to the 24 California Healthcare Facility. See ECF No. 54 (Notice of Change of Address). Plaintiff has not 25 made any showing that he expects to be transferred back to California State Prison – Sacramento. 26 Nor is there any evidence that Defendants still work at that particular institution. For these 27 reasons, the Court finds that Plaintiff’s motion for injunctive relief should be denied as moot. 28 /// 2 Case 2:16-cv-02917-TLN-DMC Document 57 Filed 02/16/21 Page 3 of 3 1 2 Based on the foregoing, the undersigned recommends that Plaintiff’s motion for injunctive relief, ECF No. 43, be denied as moot. 3 These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District 4 Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within 14 days 5 after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written objections 6 with the Court. Responses to objections shall be filed within 14 days after service of objections. 7 Failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal. See Martinez v. 8 Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991). 9 10 Dated: February 12, 2021 ____________________________________ DENNIS M. COTA UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3

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