Peng v. McDowell Edwards

Filing 3

ORDER signed by District Judge Morrison C. England, Jr on 3/13/2017 REMANDING CASE to Sacramento County Superior Court. Copy of remand order sent to other court. DENYING 2 Motion to Proceed in Forma Pauperis. The Clerk of Court is directed to close this case and VACATE all dates. The Clerk of the Court is ordered not to open another case removing the following unlawful detainer action: No. 17UD00680. CASE CLOSED (Washington, S)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 QINGHUA PENG, 12 13 14 15 Case No.: 2:17-cv-0486-MCE-AC-PS Plaintiff, ORDER v. AMBER ROSE McDOWELLEDWARDS, DOES 1 TO 100, Defendants. 16 17 On March 6, 2017, Defendant AMBER ROSE McDOWELL-EDWARDS 18 (“Defendant”), proceeding in pro se, filed a Notice of Removal of this unlawful detainer 19 action filed by Plaintiff QINGHUA PENG (“Plaintiff”) from the Sacramento County 20 Superior Court.1 ECF No. 1. This Court has an independent duty to ascertain its 21 jurisdiction and may remand sua sponte for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. See 28 22 U.S.C. § 1447(c). “The burden of establishing federal jurisdiction is on the party seeking 23 removal, and the removal statute is strictly construed against removal jurisdiction.” 24 Emrich v. Touche Ross & Co., 846 F.2d 1190, 1195 (9th Cir. 1988) (internal citation 25 omitted). “Federal jurisdiction must be rejected if there is any doubt as to the right of 26 removal in the first instance.” Gaus v. Miles, Inc., 980 F.2d 564, 566 (9th Cir. 1992). 27 1 28 Despite Defendant’s pro se status, the undersigned revokes any actual or anticipated referral to a Magistrate Judge. See E.D. Cal. Local R. 302(c)(21). 1 1 As explained below, Defendant has failed to meet that burden. 2 The Notice of Removal is premised on the argument that this Court has federal 3 question jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1441. However, a review of the Complaint 4 reveals that Plaintiff does not allege any federal claims; instead, he alleges only unlawful 5 detainer under state law. ECF No. 1 at 3-5. 6 “The presence or absence of federal-question jurisdiction is governed by the ‘well- 7 pleaded complaint rule,’ which provides that federal jurisdiction exists only when a 8 federal question is presented on the fact of plaintiff’s properly pleaded complaint.” 9 Caterpillar, Inc. v. Williams, 482 U.S. 386, 392 (1987). This is the case where the 10 complaint “establishes either that [1] federal law creates the cause of action or that [2] 11 the plaintiff’s right to relief necessarily depends on resolution of a substantial question of 12 federal law.” Williston Basin Interstate Pipeline Co. v. An Exclusive Gas Storage 13 Leasehold & Easement, 524 F.3d 1090, 1100 (9th Cir. 2008) (quoting Franchise Tax Bd. 14 v. Constr. Laborers Vacation Trust, 463 U.S. 1, 27-28 (1983)). 15 Here, Plaintiff’s sole claim is for unlawful detainer under state law. At most, 16 Defendant argues that she has a defense under federal law. “A case may not be 17 removed to federal court on the basis of a federal defense . . . even if the defense is 18 anticipated in the plaintiff’s complaint, and even if both parties admit that the defense is 19 the only question truly at issue in the case.” ARCO Envtl. Remediation, LLC v. Dep’t. of 20 Health & Envtl. Quality of the State of Montana, 213 F.3d 1108, 1113 (9th Cir. 2000) 21 (citation and quotation marks omitted). Therefore, this Court lacks jurisdiction under 28 22 U.S.C. § 1441. 23 Accordingly: 24 1. The action is REMANDED to the Sacramento County Superior Court. 25 2. The Clerk of Court is directed to serve a certified copy of the order on the 26 Clerk of the Sacramento County Superior Court, and reference the state case 27 number (No. 17UD00680) in the proof of service. 28 /// 2 1 2 3. Defendant’s Motion to Proceed in Forma Pauperis (ECF No. 2) is DENIED as moot. 3 4. The Clerk of Court is directed to close this case and vacate all dates. 4 5. The Clerk of the Court is ordered not to open another case removing the 5 6 7 following unlawful detainer action: No. 17UD00680. IT IS SO ORDERED. DATED: March 13, 2017 8 9 10 11 _______________________________________ MORRISON C. ENGLAND, JR. UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3

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