Gavris v. Target Corporation

Filing 10

STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER signed by Magistrate Judge Craig M. Kellison on 11/13/2017. (Zignago, K.)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 8 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 9 10 Mariana Gavris, Case No. 17-CV-00603-MCE-CMK Plaintiff, STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER AND ORDER 11 v. 12 13 Target Corporation Defendant. 14 15 16 17 1. PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS Disclosure and discovery activity in this action are likely to involve production of 18 confidential, proprietary, or private information for which special protection from public disclosure 19 and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation may be warranted. Such 20 confidential, proprietary and private materials and information consist of, among other things, 21 confidential business or financial information, information regarding confidential business practices, 22 or other confidential, development, or commercial information (including information implicating 23 privacy rights of third parties), information otherwise generally unavailable to the public, or which 24 may be privileged or otherwise protected from disclosure under state or federal statutes, court rules, 25 case decisions, or common law. Accordingly, to expedite the flow of information, to facilitate the 26 prompt resolution of disputes over confidentiality of discovery materials, to adequately protect 27 information the parties are entitled to keep confidential, to ensure that the parties are permitted 28 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER, Case No. 17-cv-00603-MCE-CMK 1 reasonable necessary uses of such material in preparation for and in the conduct of trial, to address 2 their handling at the end of the litigation, and serve the ends of justice, there is good cause for a 3 protective order for such information. It is the intent of the parties that information will not be 4 designated as confidential for tactical reasons and that nothing be so designated without a good faith 5 belief that it has been maintained in a confidential, non-public manner, and there is good cause why 6 it should not be part of the public record of this case. 7 Based on the foregoing, the parties hereby stipulate to and petition the court to enter the 8 following Stipulated Protective Order. The parties acknowledge that this Order does not confer 9 blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to discovery and that the protection it affords 10 from public disclosure and use extends only to the limited information or items that are entitled to 11 confidential treatment under the applicable legal principles. The parties further acknowledge, as set 12 forth in Section 12.3, below, that this Stipulated Protective Order does not entitle them to file 13 confidential information under seal; L.R.s 141 and 141.1 sets forth the procedures that must be 14 followed and the standards that will be applied when a party seeks permission from the court to file 15 material under seal. 16 2. 17 18 19 DEFINITIONS 2.1 Challenging Party: a Party or Non-Party that challenges the designation of information or items under this Order. 2.2 “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items: information (regardless of how it is 20 generated, stored or maintained) or tangible things that qualify for protection under Federal Rule of 21 Civil Procedure 26(c). 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2.3 Counsel (without qualifier): Outside Counsel of Record and House Counsel (as well as their support staff). 2.4 Designating Party: a Party or Non-Party that designates information or items that it produces in disclosures or in responses to discovery as “CONFIDENTIAL.” 2.5 Disclosure or Discovery Material: all items or information, regardless of the medium or manner in which it is generated, stored, or maintained (including, among other things, testimony, 2 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER, Case No. 17-cv-00603-MCE-CMK 1 transcripts, and tangible things), that are produced or generated in disclosures or responses to 2 discovery in this matter. 2.6 3 Expert: a person with specialized knowledge or experience in a matter pertinent to 4 the litigation who has been retained by a Party or its counsel to serve as an expert witness or as a 5 consultant in this action. 2.7 6 7 Counsel does not include Outside Counsel of Record or any other outside counsel. 2.8 8 9 House Counsel: attorneys who are employees of a party to this action. House Non-Party: any natural person, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity not named as a Party to this action. 2.9 10 Outside Counsel of Record: attorneys who are not employees of a party to this action 11 but are retained to represent or advise a party to this action and have appeared in this action on 12 behalf of that party or are affiliated with a law firm which has appeared on behalf of that party. 2.10 13 14 consultants, retained experts, and Outside Counsel of Record (and their support staffs). 2.11 15 16 Party: any party to this action, including all of its officers, directors, employees, Producing Party: a Party or Non-Party that produces Disclosure or Discovery Material in this action. 2.12 17 Professional Vendors: persons or entities that provide litigation support services 18 (e.g., photocopying, videotaping, translating, preparing exhibits or demonstrations, and organizing, 19 storing, or retrieving data in any form or medium) and their employees and subcontractors. 2.13 20 21 Protected Material: any Disclosure or Discovery Material that is designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” 2.14 22 Receiving Party: a Party that receives Disclosure or Discovery Material from a 23 Producing Party. 24 3. 25 SCOPE The protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order cover not only Protected Material (as 26 defined above), but also (1) any information copied or extracted from Protected Material; (2) all 27 copies, excerpts, summaries, or compilations of Protected Material; and (3) any testimony, 28 3 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER, Case No. 17-cv-00603-MCE-CMK 1 conversations, or presentations by Parties or their Counsel that might reveal Protected Material. 2 However, the protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order do not cover the following 3 information: (a) any information that is in the public domain at the time of disclosure to a Receiving 4 Party or becomes part of the public domain after its disclosure to a Receiving Party as a result of 5 publication not involving a violation of this Order, including becoming part of the public record 6 through trial or otherwise; and (b) any information known to the Receiving Party prior to the 7 disclosure or obtained by the Receiving Party after the disclosure from a source who obtained the 8 information lawfully and under no obligation of confidentiality to the Designating Party. Any use of 9 Protected Material at trial shall be governed by a separate agreement or order. 10 4. DURATION Even after final disposition of this litigation, the confidentiality obligations imposed by this 11 12 Order shall remain in effect until a Designating Party agrees otherwise in writing or a court order 13 otherwise directs. Final disposition shall be deemed to be the later of (1) dismissal of all claims and 14 defenses in this action, with or without prejudice; and (2) final judgment herein after the completion 15 and exhaustion of all appeals, rehearings, remands, trials, or reviews of this action, including the 16 time limits for filing any motions or applications for extension of time pursuant to applicable law. 17 5. 18 DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL 5.1 Exercise of Restraint and Care in Designating Material for Protection. Each Party or 19 Non-Party that designates information or items for protection under this Order must take care to 20 limit any such designation to specific material that qualifies under the appropriate standards. The 21 Designating Party must designate for protection only those parts of material, documents, items, or 22 oral or written communications that qualify – so that other portions of the material, documents, 23 items, or communications for which protection is not warranted are not swept unjustifiably within 24 the ambit of this Order. 25 26 Mass, indiscriminate, or routinized designations are prohibited. Designations that are shown to be clearly unjustified or that have been made for an improper purpose (e.g., to unnecessarily 27 28 4 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER, Case No. 17-cv-00603-MCE-CMK 1 encumber or retard the case development process or to impose unnecessary expenses and burdens on 2 other parties) expose the Designating Party to sanctions. 3 If it comes to a Designating Party’s attention that information or items that it designated for 4 protection do not qualify for protection, that Designating Party must promptly notify all other Parties 5 that it is withdrawing the mistaken designation. 6 5.2 Manner and Timing of Designations. Except as otherwise provided in this Order 7 (see, e.g., second paragraph of section 5.2(a) below), or as otherwise stipulated or ordered, 8 Disclosure or Discovery Material that qualifies for protection under this Order must be clearly so 9 designated before the material is disclosed or produced. 10 11 Designation in conformity with this Order requires: (a) for information in documentary form (e.g., paper or electronic documents, but 12 excluding transcripts of depositions or other pretrial or trial proceedings), that the Producing Party 13 affix the legend “CONFIDENTIAL” to each page that contains protected material. If only a portion 14 or portions of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must clearly 15 identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the margins). 16 A Party or Non-Party that makes original documents or materials available for inspection need not 17 designate them for protection until after the inspecting Party has indicated which material it would 18 like copied and produced. During the inspection and before the designation, all of the material made 19 available for inspection shall be deemed “CONFIDENTIAL.” After the inspecting Party has 20 identified the documents it wants copied and produced, the Producing Party must determine which 21 documents, or portions thereof, qualify for protection under this Order. Then, before producing the 22 specified documents, the Producing Party must affix the “CONFIDENTIAL” legend to each page 23 that contains Protected Material. If only a portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for 24 protection, the Producing Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making 25 appropriate markings in the margins). 26 27 28 (b) for testimony given in deposition or in other pretrial or trial proceedings, that the Designating Party identify on the record, before the close of the deposition, hearing, or other 5 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER, Case No. 17-cv-00603-MCE-CMK 1 proceeding, all protected testimony. (c) for information produced in some form other than documentary and for any other 2 3 tangible items, that the Producing Party affix in a prominent place on the exterior of the container or 4 containers in which the information or item is stored the legend “CONFIDENTIAL.” If only a 5 portion or portions of the information or item warrant protection, the Producing Party, to the extent 6 practicable, shall identify the protected portion(s). 5.3 7 Inadvertent Failures to Designate. If timely corrected, an inadvertent failure to 8 designate qualified information or items does not, standing alone, waive the Designating Party’s 9 right to secure protection under this Order for such material. Upon timely correction of a 10 designation, the Receiving Party must make reasonable efforts to assure that the material is treated in 11 accordance with the provisions of this Order. 12 6. 13 CHALLENGING CONFIDENTIALITY DESIGNATIONS 6.1 Timing of Challenges. Any Party or Non-Party may challenge a designation of 14 confidentiality at any time. Unless a prompt challenge to a Designating Party’s confidentiality 15 designation is necessary to avoid foreseeable, substantial unfairness, unnecessary economic burdens, 16 or a significant disruption or delay of the litigation, a Party does not waive its right to challenge a 17 confidentiality designation by electing not to mount a challenge promptly after the original 18 designation is disclosed. 19 6.2 Meet and Confer. The Challenging Party shall initiate the dispute resolution process 20 by providing written notice of each designation it is challenging and describing the basis for each 21 challenge. To avoid ambiguity as to whether a challenge has been made, the written notice must 22 recite that the challenge to confidentiality is being made in accordance with this specific paragraph 23 of the Protective Order. The parties shall attempt to resolve each challenge in good faith and must 24 begin the process by conferring directly (in voice to voice dialogue; other forms of communication 25 are not sufficient) within 14 days of the date of service of notice. In conferring, the Challenging 26 Party must explain the basis for its belief that the confidentiality designation was not proper and 27 must give the Designating Party an opportunity to review the designated material, to reconsider the 28 6 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER, Case No. 17-cv-00603-MCE-CMK 1 circumstances, and, if no change in designation is offered, to explain the basis for the chosen 2 designation. A Challenging Party may proceed to the next stage of the challenge process only if it 3 has engaged in this meet and confer process first or establishes that the Designating Party is 4 unwilling to participate in the meet and confer process in a timely manner. 6.3 5 Judicial Intervention. If the Parties cannot resolve a challenge without court 6 intervention, the Designating Party shall file and serve a motion to retain confidentiality under Civil 7 L.R. 230 (and in compliance with L.R.s 141 and 141.1, if applicable) within 21 days of the initial 8 notice of challenge or within 14 days of the parties agreeing that the meet and confer process will not 9 resolve their dispute, whichever is later. Each such motion must be accompanied by a competent 10 declaration affirming that the movant has complied with the meet and confer requirements imposed 11 in the preceding paragraph. Failure by the Designating Party to make such a motion including the 12 required declaration within 21 days (or 14 days, if applicable) shall automatically waive the 13 confidentiality designation for each challenged designation. In addition, the Challenging Party may 14 file a motion challenging a confidentiality designation at any time if there is good cause for doing so, 15 including a challenge to the designation of a deposition transcript or any portions thereof. Any 16 motion brought pursuant to this provision must be accompanied by a competent declaration 17 affirming that the movant has complied with the meet and confer requirements imposed by the 18 preceding paragraph. 19 The burden of persuasion in any such challenge proceeding shall be on the Designating 20 Party. Frivolous challenges, and those made for an improper purpose (e.g., to harass or impose 21 unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) may expose the Challenging Party to sanctions. 22 Unless the Designating Party has waived the confidentiality designation by failing to file a motion to 23 retain confidentiality as described above, all parties shall continue to afford the material in question 24 the level of protection to which it is entitled under the Producing Party’s designation until the court 25 rules on the challenge. 26 // 27 // 28 7 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER, Case No. 17-cv-00603-MCE-CMK 1 2 7. ACCESS TO AND USE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL 7.1 Basic Principles. A Receiving Party may use Protected Material that is disclosed or 3 produced by another Party or by a Non-Party in connection with this case only for prosecuting, 4 defending, or attempting to settle this litigation. Such Protected Material may be disclosed only to 5 the categories of persons and under the conditions described in this Order. When the litigation has 6 been terminated, a Receiving Party must comply with the provisions of section 13 below (FINAL 7 DISPOSITION). 8 9 10 Protected Material must be stored and maintained by a Receiving Party at a location and in a secure manner that ensures that access is limited to the persons authorized under this Order. 7.2 Disclosure of “CONFIDENTIAL” Information or Items. Unless otherwise ordered by 11 the court or permitted in writing by the Designating Party, a Receiving Party may disclose any 12 information or item designated “CONFIDENTIAL” only to: 13 (a) the Receiving Party’s Outside Counsel of Record in this action, as well as employees 14 of said Outside Counsel of Record to whom it is reasonably necessary to disclose the information for 15 this litigation and who have signed the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” that is 16 attached hereto as Exhibit A; 17 (b) the officers, directors, and employees (including House Counsel) of the Receiving 18 Party to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation and who have signed the 19 “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A); 20 (c) Experts (as defined in this Order) of the Receiving Party to whom disclosure is 21 reasonably necessary for this litigation and who have signed the “Acknowledgment and Agreement 22 to Be Bound” (Exhibit A); 23 (d) the court and its personnel; 24 (e) court reporters and their staff, professional jury or trial consultants, mock jurors, and 25 Professional Vendors to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation and who have 26 signed the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A); 27 28 (f) during their depositions, witnesses in the action to whom disclosure is reasonably 8 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER, Case No. 17-cv-00603-MCE-CMK 1 necessary and who have signed the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound” (Exhibit A), 2 unless otherwise agreed by the Designating Party or ordered by the court. Pages of transcribed 3 deposition testimony or exhibits to depositions that reveal Protected Material must be separately 4 bound by the court reporter and may not be disclosed to anyone except as permitted under this 5 Stipulated Protective Order. (g) the author or recipient of a document containing the information or a custodian or 6 7 other person who otherwise possessed or knew the information. 8 8. PROTECTED MATERIAL SUBPOENAED OR ORDERED PRODUCED IN OTHER LITIGATION 9 10 If a Party is served with a subpoena or a court order issued in other litigation that compels 11 disclosure of any information or items designated in this action as “CONFIDENTIAL,” that Party 12 must: (a) promptly notify in writing the Designating Party. Such notification shall include a 13 14 copy of the subpoena or court order; (b) promptly notify in writing the party who caused the subpoena or order to issue in the 15 16 other litigation that some or all of the material covered by the subpoena or order is subject to this 17 Protective Order. Such notification shall include a copy of this Stipulated Protective Order; and (c) cooperate with respect to all reasonable procedures sought to be pursued by the 18 19 Designating Party whose Protected Material may be affected. If the Designating Party timely seeks a protective order, the Party served with the subpoena 20 21 or court order shall not produce any information designated in this action as “CONFIDENTIAL” 22 before a determination by the court from which the subpoena or order issued, unless the Party has 23 obtained the Designating Party’s permission. The Designating Party shall bear the burden and 24 expense of seeking protection in that court of its confidential material – and nothing in these 25 provisions should be construed as authorizing or encouraging a Receiving Party in this action to 26 disobey a lawful directive from another court. 27 // 28 9 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER, Case No. 17-cv-00603-MCE-CMK 1 9. A NON-PARTY’S PROTECTED MATERIAL SOUGHT TO BE PRODUCED IN THIS LITIGATION 2 (a) The terms of this Order are applicable to information produced by a Non-Party in this 3 4 action and designated as “CONFIDENTIAL.” Such information produced by Non-Parties in 5 connection with this litigation is protected by the remedies and relief provided by this Order. 6 Nothing in these provisions should be construed as prohibiting a Non-Party from seeking additional 7 protections. 8 (b) In the event that a Party is required, by a valid discovery request, to produce a Non- 9 Party’s confidential information in its possession, and the Party is subject to an agreement with the 10 Non-Party not to produce the Non-Party’s confidential information, then the Party shall: (1) promptly notify in writing the Requesting Party and the Non-Party that some or 11 12 all of the information requested is subject to a confidentiality agreement with a Non-Party; (2) promptly provide the Non-Party with a copy of the Stipulated Protective Order in 13 14 this litigation, the relevant discovery request(s), and a reasonably specific description of the 15 information requested; and 16 (3) make the information requested available for inspection by the Non-Party. 17 (c) If the Non-Party fails to object or seek a protective order from this court within 14 18 days of receiving the notice and accompanying information, the Receiving Party may produce the 19 Non-Party’s confidential information responsive to the discovery request. If the Non-Party timely 20 seeks a protective order, the Receiving Party shall not produce any information in its possession or 21 control that is subject to the confidentiality agreement with the Non-Party before a determination by 22 the court. Absent a court order to the contrary, the Non-Party shall bear the burden and expense of 23 seeking protection in this court of its Protected Material. 24 10. 25 UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL If a Receiving Party learns that, by inadvertence or otherwise, it has disclosed Protected 26 Material to any person or in any circumstance not authorized under this Stipulated Protective Order, 27 the Receiving Party must immediately (a) notify in writing the Designating Party of the unauthorized 28 10 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER, Case No. 17-cv-00603-MCE-CMK 1 disclosures, (b) use its best efforts to retrieve all unauthorized copies of the Protected Material, (c) 2 inform the person or persons to whom unauthorized disclosures were made of all the terms of this 3 Order, and (d) request such person or persons to execute the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to 4 Be Bound” that is attached hereto as Exhibit A. 5 11. INADVERTENT PRODUCTION OF PRIVILEGED OR OTHERWISE PROTECTED 6 MATERIAL 7 When a Producing Party gives notice to Receiving Parties that certain inadvertently produced 8 material is subject to a claim of privilege or other protection, the obligations of the Receiving Parties 9 are those set forth in Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(b)(5)(B). This provision is not intended to 10 modify whatever procedure may be established in an e-discovery order that provides for production 11 without prior privilege review. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 502(d) and (e), insofar as the 12 parties reach an agreement on the effect of disclosure of a communication or information covered by 13 the attorney-client privilege or work product protection, the parties may incorporate their agreement 14 in the stipulated protective order submitted to the court. 15 12. 16 17 18 MISCELLANEOUS 12.1 Right to Further Relief. Nothing in this Order abridges the right of any person to seek its modification by the court in the future. 12.2 Right to Assert Other Objections. By stipulating to the entry of this Protective Order 19 no Party waives any right it otherwise would have to object to disclosing or producing any 20 information or item on any ground not addressed in this Stipulated Protective Order. Similarly, no 21 Party waives any right to object on any ground to use in evidence of any of the material covered by 22 this Protective Order. 23 12.3 Filing Protected Material. Without written permission from the Designating Party or a 24 court order secured after appropriate notice to all interested persons, a Party may not file in the 25 public record in this action any Protected Material. A Party that seeks to file under seal any Protected 26 Material must comply with L.R.s 141 and 141.1. Protected Material may only be filed under seal 27 pursuant to a court order authorizing the sealing of the specific Protected Material at issue. If a 28 11 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER, Case No. 17-cv-00603-MCE-CMK 1 Receiving Party's request to file Protected Material under seal pursuant to Civil Local L.R.s 141 and 2 141.1 is denied by the court, then the Receiving Party may file the information in the public record 3 unless otherwise instructed by the court. 4 13. 5 FINAL DISPOSITION Within 60 days after the final disposition of this action, as defined in paragraph 4, each 6 Receiving Party must return all Protected Material to the Producing Party or destroy such material. 7 As used in this subdivision, “all Protected Material” includes all copies, abstracts, compilations, 8 summaries, and any other format reproducing or capturing any of the Protected Material. Whether 9 the Protected Material is returned or destroyed, the Receiving Party must submit a written 10 certification to the Producing Party (and, if not the same person or entity, to the Designating Party) 11 by the 60 day deadline that (1) identifies (by category, where appropriate) all the Protected Material 12 that was returned or destroyed and (2) affirms that the Receiving Party has not retained any copies, 13 abstracts, compilations, summaries or any other format reproducing or capturing any of the Protected 14 Material. Notwithstanding this provision, Counsel are entitled to retain an archival copy of all 15 pleadings, motion papers, trial, deposition, and hearing transcripts, legal memoranda, 16 correspondence, deposition and trial exhibits, expert reports, attorney work product, and consultant 17 and expert work product, even if such materials contain Protected Material. Any such archival copies 18 that contain or constitute Protected Material remain subject to this Protective Order as set forth in 19 Section 4 (DURATION). 20 21 IT IS SO STIPULATED, THROUGH COUNSEL OF RECORD. 22 23 DATED: November 6, 2017 /s/ T. James Fisher [as authorized on 11/6/17] T. James Fisher Attorney for Plaintiff Mariana Gavris DATED: November 6, 2017 /s/ John P. Kelley as authorized on 10/6/17] John P. Kelley Attorney for Plaintiff Mariana Gavris 24 25 26 27 28 12 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER, Case No. 17-cv-00603-MCE-CMK 1 DATED: November 6, 2017 2 3 /s/ Philip J. Smith__________________ L. Julius M. Turman Philip J. Smith Attorneys for Defendant Target Corporation 4 5 PURSUANT TO STIPULATION, IT IS SO ORDERED. 6 7 Dated: November 13, 2017 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 13 STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER, Case No. 17-cv-00603-MCE-CMK EXHIBIT A 1 ACKNOWLEDGMENT AND AGREEMENT TO BE BOUND 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 I, _____________________________ [print or type full name], of _________________ [print or type full address], declare under penalty of perjury that I have read in its entirety and understand the Stipulated Protective Order that was issued by the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California on _________[date] in the case of Mariana Gavris v. Target Corporation, and DOES 1 through 10, inclusive, Case No. 17-cv-00603-MCE-CMK. I agree to comply with and to be bound by all the terms of this Stipulated Protective Order and I understand and acknowledge that failure to so comply could expose me to sanctions and punishment in the nature of contempt. I solemnly promise that I will not disclose in any manner any information or item that is subject to this Stipulated Protective Order to any person or entity except in strict compliance with the provisions of this Order. I further agree to submit to the jurisdiction of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California for the purpose of enforcing the terms of this Stipulated Protective Order, even if such enforcement proceedings occur after termination of this action. 16 17 18 19 20 I hereby appoint __________________________ [print or type full name] of _______________________________________ [print or type full address and telephone number] as my California agent for service of process in connection with this action or any proceedings related to enforcement of this Stipulated Protective Order. 21 22 23 Date: ______________________________________ City and State where sworn and signed: _________________________________ 24 25 Printed name: _______________________________ 26 27 Signature: __________________________________ 28 EXHIBIT A - STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER, Case No. 17-cv-00603-MCE-CMK

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