Ngo v. Seibel

Filing 7

ORDER signed by Magistrate Judge Allison Claire on 9/1/2017 GRANTING 2 Motion to Proceed IFP and ORDERING petitioner to show cause why his petition should not be dismissed for lack of jurisdiction within 30 days of service of this order. (Henshaw, R)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 KY NGO, 12 13 14 15 No. 2:17-cv-1815 AC P Petitioner, v. ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE K. SEIBEL, Respondent. 16 17 Petitioner, a state prisoner proceeding pro se, has filed a petition for a writ of habeas 18 corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254, together with an application to proceed in forma pauperis. 19 Petitioner has consented to the jurisdiction of the undersigned magistrate judge for all purposes 20 pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c) and Local Rule 305(a). ECF No. 4. 21 Examination of the in forma pauperis application reveals that petitioner is unable to afford 22 the costs of suit. ECF No. 2. Accordingly, the application to proceed in forma pauperis will be 23 granted. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). 24 Petitioner challenges a rules violation report that he was issued that resulted in the loss of 25 ninety days of time credits. ECF No. 1 at 1; ECF No. 1-1 at 65-66, 73. However, it appears that 26 petitioner is serving an indeterminate sentence and there is no indication that he has been found 27 suitable for parole or has a parole date already set that will be affected by the credit forfeiture. 28 ECF No. 1-1 at 4. In order for the court to have habeas jurisdiction over his claim, success on the 1 1 petition must necessarily result in petitioner’s speedier release. Nettles v. Grounds, 830 F.3d 922, 2 934-35 (9th Cir. 2016) (en banc). 3 The Ninth Circuit held in Nettles that if success on the merits of a petitioner’s challenged 4 disciplinary proceeding will not necessarily impact the fact or duration of his confinement, the 5 claim does not fall within “the core of habeas corpus” and therefore may not be brought in 6 habeas. 830 F.3d at 934-35. Actions that lie at the core of habeas corpus are those in which an 7 inmate “is challenging the very fact or duration” of his imprisonment and “the relief sought is a 8 determination that he is entitled to immediate or speedier release from that imprisonment.” 9 Preiser v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 475, 500 (1973). The court found it did not have jurisdiction over 10 Nettles’ claim because it did not lie at the core of habeas corpus. Nettles, 830 F.3d at 934-35. It 11 reasoned that because he was indeterminately sentenced, expungement of the challenged 12 disciplinary conviction would not necessarily lead to a shorter sentence because even without the 13 disciplinary conviction the parole board could still deny parole on other grounds available to it. 14 Id. 15 Success on the merits of a challenged disciplinary conviction will necessarily impact the 16 fact or duration of an inmate’s claim if it will result in speedier or immediate release. Id. at 935. 17 Thus, petitioner’s claim may only be brought in habeas if expungement of his disciplinary 18 conviction will necessarily result in a speedier or immediate release. In order to show the court it 19 has jurisdiction over his claim, petitioner must explain how expungement of the challenged 20 disciplinary conviction will necessarily result in his immediate or speedier release. For example, 21 if petitioner has a set parole date, restoration of the ninety days of credit would result in a shorter 22 sentence. If petitioner has not already been found suitable for parole it is insufficient to state that 23 the ninety days of time credit will result in speedier release once he is finally approved for parole. 24 Similarly, it is also insufficient to state that expungement of the disciplinary conviction will lead 25 to speedier release because without that conviction on his record the parole board is more likely 26 to recommend him for parole. In order for the claim to lie at the core of habeas corpus there must 27 be an actual change in the length of petitioner’s sentence, not just the possibility that success on 28 the merits could impact the length of his sentence. 2 1 Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that: 2 1. Petitioner’s motion to proceed in forma pauperis (ECF No. 2) is granted. 3 2. Within thirty days of service of this order, petitioner shall show cause why his petition 4 should not be dismissed for lack of jurisdiction. Failure to comply with this order will result in 5 dismissal of the petition. 6 DATED: September 1, 2017 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3

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