Draper v. Microsoft Corp. et al

Filing 3

ORDER and FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS signed by Magistrate Judge Allison Claire on 12/4/2017 GRANTING 2 Motion to Proceed IFP and RECOMMENDING that all claims against all defendants be dismissed with prejudice. Referred to District Judge Troy L. Nunley. Objections due within 21 days after being served with these findings and recommendations. (York, M)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 STEVEN L. DRAPER, 12 13 14 15 No. 2:17-cv-02526 TLN AC PS Plaintiff, v. ORDER AND FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS MICROSOFT CORP., et al., Defendants. 16 17 Plaintiff is proceeding in this action pro se. This matter was referred to the undersigned in 18 by E.D. Cal. R. 302(c)(21). Plaintiff has filed a request for leave to proceed in forma 19 pauperis (“IFP”) pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915, and has submitted the affidavit required by that 20 statute. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1). The motion to proceed IFP will therefore be granted. 21 22 I. SCREENING A determination that a plaintiff qualifies financially for in forma pauperis status does not 23 complete the inquiry required by the statute. The federal IFP statute requires federal courts to 24 dismiss a case if the action is legally “frivolous or malicious,” fails to state a claim upon which 25 relief may be granted, or seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 26 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2). Plaintiff must assist the court in determining whether or not the 27 complaint is frivolous, by drafting the complaint so that it complies with the Federal Rules of 28 Civil Procedure (“Fed. R. Civ. P.”). Under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, the complaint 1 1 must contain (1) a “short and plain statement” of the basis for federal jurisdiction (that is, the 2 reason the case is filed in this court, rather than in a state court), (2) a short and plain statement 3 showing that plaintiff is entitled to relief (that is, who harmed the plaintiff, and in what way), and 4 (3) a demand for the relief sought. Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a). Plaintiff’s claims must be set forth 5 simply, concisely and directly. Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(d)(1). 6 A claim is legally frivolous when it lacks an arguable basis either in law or in fact. 7 Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989). In reviewing a complaint under this standard, the 8 court will (1) accept as true all of the factual allegations contained in the complaint, unless they 9 are clearly baseless or fanciful, (2) construe those allegations in the light most favorable to the 10 plaintiff, and (3) resolve all doubts in the plaintiff’s favor. See Neitzke, 490 U.S. at 327; Von 11 Saher v. Norton Simon Museum of Art at Pasadena, 592 F.3d 954, 960 (9th Cir. 2010), cert. 12 denied, 564 U.S. 1037 (2011). 13 The court applies the same rules of construction in determining whether the complaint 14 states a claim on which relief can be granted. Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007) (court 15 must accept the allegations as true); Scheuer v. Rhodes, 416 U.S. 232, 236 (1974) (court must 16 construe the complaint in the light most favorable to the plaintiff). Pro se pleadings are held to a 17 less stringent standard than those drafted by lawyers. Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520 18 (1972). However, the court need not accept as true conclusory allegations, unreasonable 19 inferences, or unwarranted deductions of fact. Western Mining Council v. Watt, 643 F.2d 618, 20 624 (9th Cir. 1981). A formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action does not suffice 21 to state a claim. Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555-57 (2007); Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 22 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009). To state a claim on which relief may be granted, the plaintiff must 23 allege enough facts “to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Twombly, 550 U.S. at 24 570. “A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the 25 court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” 26 Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678. 27 28 A pro se litigant is entitled to notice of the deficiencies in the complaint and an opportunity to amend, unless the complaint’s deficiencies could not be cured by amendment. See 2 1 Noll v. Carlson, 809 F.2d 1446, 1448 (9th Cir. 1987). 2 II. THE COMPLAINT 3 The putative complaint is difficult to understand. Plaintiff alleges various illegal acts by 4 defendants, including the illegal use of copyrights and human trafficking. Many of the 5 allegations are illegible; most of the legible content of the document is incomprehensible. ECF 6 No. 1 at 3-4. The complaint contains no identifiable cause of action against any defendant. Id. 7 Plaintiff includes a document showing that another case that he filed in this court, in June of 8 2017, was dismissed with leave to amend. Id. at 7. The deadline for amendment in that case was 9 September 15, 2017. Id.1 10 III. ANALYSIS 11 The complaint does not contain facts supporting any cognizable legal claim against any 12 defendant. The court finds that the complaint consists entirely of fanciful and delusional 13 allegations with no basis on law and no plausible supporting facts. See ECF No. 1. 14 To the extent plaintiff intends the instant complaint as an amendment in another action, he 15 cannot amend by filing a separate case. Because it is not at all clear that this was intended,2 the 16 undersigned will not construe the instant complaint as an amended complaint in Case No. 2:17- 17 cv-1299 KJM AC, or order the instant complaint filed in that case. In any event, such amendment 18 would be untimely. If plaintiff wishes to take any action in relation to Case No. 2:17-cv-1299 19 KJM AC, he must file documents under that case number. 20 21 For all these reasons, it is apparent that amendment of the present matter would be futile. The undersigned will therefore recommend that the complaint be dismissed with prejudice. 22 V. CONCLUSION 23 24 In accordance with the above, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff’s application to proceed in forma pauperis (ECF No. 2), is GRANTED. 25 1 26 27 28 See Draper v. Google, 2:17-cv-1299 KJM AC. Although the two actions involved three of the same defendants (Google, Microsoft, and Facebook), the undersigned is unable to determine from review of the two complaints whether they arise from any common facts. Nothing in the instant complaint refers to the previous action or addresses any of the defects identified in the order granting leave to amend in that case. 3 2 1 2 3 Further, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that all claims against all defendants should be DISMISSED with prejudice. These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge 4 assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within twenty-one days 5 after being served with these findings and recommendations, plaintiff may file written objections 6 with the court. Such a document should be captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings 7 and Recommendations.” Plaintiff is advised that failure to file objections within the specified 8 time may waive the right to appeal the District Court’s order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 9 (9th Cir. 1991). 10 11 IT IS SO ORDERED. DATED: December 4, 2017 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4

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