United States of America v. State of California et al

Filing 14

PROPOSED BREFING SCHEDULE by Xavier Becerra, Edmund Gerald Brown, Jr., State of California. (Sherman, Lee) Modified on 3/12/2018 (Reader, L).

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 XAVIER BECERRA Attorney General of California THOMAS PATTERSON Senior Assistant Attorney General MICHAEL NEWMAN SATOSHI YANAI Supervising Deputies Attorney General CHRISTINE CHUANG ANTHONY HAKL LEE I. SHERMAN Deputy Attorneys General State Bar No. 272271 300 S. Spring Street Los Angeles, CA 90013 Telephone: (213) 269-6404 Fax: (213) 897-7605 E-mail: Lee.Sherman@doj.ca.gov Attorneys for Defendants 10 11 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 12 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 13 14 15 THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Case No. 18-cv-490-JAM-KJN 16 Plaintiff, DEFENDANTS’ PROPOSED BRIEFING SCHEDULE 17 v. 18 19 20 21 THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA; EDMUND GERALD BROWN JR., Governor of California, in his Official Capacity, and XAVIER BECERRA, in his official capacity as Attorney General of the State of California, 22 Defendants. 23 24 25 26 27 28 1 Defendants’ Proposed Briefing Schedule (18-cv-490-JAM-KJN) 1 Because the parties were unable to reach an agreement on scheduling, Defendants 2 respectfully submit this Statement in response to the Court’s March 7, 2018 Minute Order, ECF 3 No. 7, requesting the parties stipulate to a briefing schedule. Plaintiff’s lawsuit seeks to define 4 the parameters of the federal government’s immigration powers as they relate to the State’s 5 constitutional power to enact and enforce laws concerning public safety. This precise issue is 6 currently the subject of the State of California’s litigation against the federal government in the 7 Northern District of California. Accordingly, Defendants intend to file a motion to transfer this 8 matter to the Northern District next week, so that it can be heard with the related case there. To 9 that end, Defendants propose a briefing schedule below for their motion to transfer, with a 10 hearing date of April 5 so that the Court can rule on the transfer issue quickly and in advance of 11 any hearing on the preliminary injunction motion. Courts often decide “threshold issues” such as 12 venue before reaching the merits. See, e.g., Hastings v. Triumph Prop. Mgmt. Corp., No. 15-cv- 13 312, 2015 WL 9008758, at *1 (S.D. Cal. Dec. 15, 2015); Cohen v. Versatile Studio, Inc. No. 13- 14 cv-4121, 2013 WL 12130019, at *3 (C.D. Cal. Nov. 15, 2013) (“[T]he Court finds that Defendant 15 has presented a strong case for transferring this action, and thus it is in the interest of judicial 16 economy, as contemplated by § 1404(a), to decide the issue of venue first.”). 17 With regard to the motion for preliminary injunction, which includes four declarations 18 comprising 78 pages of exhibits, Defendants anticipate needing to conduct targeted, expedited 19 discovery. Thus, Defendants propose that while the motion to transfer is pending, the parties be 20 directed to meet and confer regarding the targeted discovery that Defendants will need to oppose 21 the motion for preliminary injunction, including the scope of discovery and whether any 22 discovery disputes exist. If the motion to transfer is denied, the parties can then propose, and the 23 Court can approve, an appropriate briefing and hearing schedule for the motion for preliminary 24 injunction. 25 26 However, if the Court is inclined to set a briefing schedule, Defendants propose that they receive 60 days to respond to the motion for preliminary injunction, Plaintiff receives 30 days to 27 28 2 Defendants’ Proposed Briefing Schedule (18-cv-490-JAM-KJN) 1 file its reply, and a hearing date be scheduled shortly thereafter. While Plaintiff may argue that 2 time is of the essence, their delay in filing this action suggests otherwise.1 3 PROPOSED SCHEDULE ON MOTION TO TRANSFER 4 “For the convenience of parties and witnesses, in the interest of justice, a district court may 5 transfer any civil action to any district or division where it might have been brought[.]” 28 U.S.C. 6 § 1404(a). Section 1404(a)’s purpose is “to prevent the waste of time, energy and money” and 7 “to protect litigants, witnesses and the public against unnecessary inconvenience and 8 expense[.]” Van Dusen v. Barrack, 376 U.S. 612, 616 (1964) (internal citations and quotations 9 omitted). 10 One day before Plaintiff filed this action, the Honorable William H. Orrick issued an order 11 on the State of California’s motion for preliminary injunction in a related case in the Northern 12 District of California regarding the federal government’s interpretation of 8 U.S.C. § 1373 13 (“Section 1373”). See, e.g., ECF No. 1, ¶ 65, ECF No. 2-1 at 25, 27-28. While Judge Orrick 14 denied the State’s motion, he did not characterize the State’s likelihood of success on its claims, 15 and ruled in large part because the record was not complete as to the federal government’s 16 interpretation of Section 1373. See California v. Sessions, No. 17-cv-4701, slip op. at 2, 26, 28 17 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 5, 2018). In the order, Judge Orrick recognized that, “[a]t some later date, this 18 case may help define the contours of the State’s broad constitutional police powers under the 19 Tenth Amendment and the federal government’s ‘broad, undoubted power over the subject of 20 immigration and the status of aliens.’” Id. at 1 (citing to Arizona v. United States, 567 U.S. 387, 21 394 (2012)). In fact, the California Values Act’s (“SB 54”) compliance with Section 1373, which 22 is the subject of Plaintiff’s third cause of action, is the same exact issue that has been already 23 briefed, and considered, in the Northern District of California case. Defendants’ motion to 24 transfer will be brought on the grounds that in light of the significant overlap in issues and parties 25 26 1 27 28 The state statutes that Plaintiff seeks to enjoin were all enacted at least five months ago. See Cal. Lab. Code §§ 90.2 and 1019.2 (both chaptered on Oct. 5, 2017); Cal. Gov’t Code §§ 7284.6, 7285.1 and 7285.2 (all chaptered on Oct. 5, 2017); Cal. Gov’t Code § 12532 (chaptered on June 27, 2017). 3 Defendants’ Proposed Briefing Schedule (18-cv-490-JAM-KJN) 1 between the two cases, transfer to the Northern District of California is appropriate in the interest 2 of justice and to promote judicial economy. 3 4 Defendants propose the following shortened schedule on the motion for transfer so that the Court can hear the motion in an expedited manner: 5  March 13, 2018 – Defendants file motion to transfer 6  March 20, 2018 – Plaintiff files response to motion to transfer 7  March 27, 2018 – Defendants file reply brief in support of motion to transfer 8  April 5, 2018 – Hearing on motion to transfer 9 Counsel for Defendants conferred with counsel for Plaintiff Erez Reuveni and Lauren Bingham 10 on March 9, 2018, and Defendants offered to discuss a briefing schedule that would result in an 11 April 5 hearing date. Plaintiff rejected this proposal. 12 DEFENDANTS ARE ASSESSING AND ANTICIPATING THE NEED FOR EXPEDITED DISCOVERY TO 13 OPPOSE THE MOTION FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION 14 Courts may order early discovery if a party shows “good cause.” Trulite Glass & 15 Aluminum Sols., LLC v. Smith, 2016 WL 8738432, at *1 (E.D. Cal. Aug. 10, 2016) (Mendez, J.) 16 (citing Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(d); First Time Videos, LLC v. Doe, 2012 WL 1355725, at *2 (E.D. Cal. 17 Apr. 18, 2012)). As this Court has noted, “courts frequently find good cause for expedited 18 discovery in . . . cases where a preliminary injunction is pending.” Id. (citing Apple Inc. v. 19 Samsung Elecs. Co., Ltd., 2011 WL 1938154, at *2 (N.D. Cal. May 18, 2011); see also Advisory 20 Committee Notes to the 1993 amendments to Rule 26(d) (discovery before the Rule 26(f) 21 conference “will be appropriate in some cases, such as those involving requests for a preliminary 22 injunction . . . .”). Courts also express this standard as a “reasonableness” inquiry. See, e.g., Am. 23 LegalNet, Inc. v. Davis, 673 F. Supp. 2d 1063, 1067 (C.D. Cal. 2009) (quoting Merrill Lynch, 24 Pierce, Fenner & Smith v. O’Connor, 194 F.R.D. 618, 624 (N.D. Ill. 2000)). 25 Here, should Defendants move for targeted, expedited discovery, as anticipated, Defendants 26 will easily meet this more “liberal” good cause/reasonableness standard. See 6 Moore’s Federal 27 Practice § 26.121[2] (3d ed.) Plaintiff relies on several declarations in support of their motion for 28 preliminary injunction, and these contain allegations on which Defendants will likely require 4 Defendants’ Proposed Briefing Schedule (18-cv-490-JAM-KJN) 1 discovery to effectively respond to the motion. For example, in an attempt to show irreparable 2 harm caused by the laws at issue, ICE Deputy Director Thomas Homan cites to events that 3 allegedly took place before the effective date of those laws. See, e.g., ECF No. 2-1 at 33 & Ex. A 4 ¶¶ 38 (discussing arrest that took place in September 2017); 44a-e, 45a-d (discussing alleged 5 refusals by entities that are not parties to this lawsuit to “honor” detainer requests from Plaintiff 6 dating back to 2015); 74 (discussing alleged failures of “cooperation” by entities that are not 7 parties to this lawsuit in 2017); 91 (alleging increases in number of assaults on ICE officers and 8 contractors by individuals who are not parties to this lawsuit from 2015-2017). Defendants 9 require discovery to discern how these events, which allegedly took place before the complained- 10 of statutes were even in effect, could possibly be germane to the question of whether the Court 11 should issue a preliminary injunction. 12 Moreover, additional time may be needed to resolve any discovery disputes. Thus, on the 13 March 9, 2018 telephone call with counsel for Plaintiff, counsel for Defendants suggested 14 meeting and conferring while the forthcoming motion to transfer is pending about the scope of 15 discovery, whether any discovery disputes may exist, and whether either of those issues should 16 inform the timing of the preliminary injunction proceedings. Plaintiff was not willing to discuss 17 issues regarding discovery during that telephone conference. 18 PROPOSED SCHEDULE FOR THE MOTION FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION 19 Defendants do not believe Plaintiff’s proposed schedule adequately allows time for the 20 motion to transfer to be briefed and for discovery necessary to oppose the motion for preliminary 21 injunction, particularly because of the complexity of the issues involved in this case. Although 22 Defendants believe, for the reasons discussed above, that setting a schedule for the motion for 23 preliminary injunction is premature, if the Court is inclined to set a schedule for the motion for 24 preliminary injunction at this time, Defendants propose the below as a reasonable schedule, 25 subject to change in the case of any discovery dispute: 26  April 30, 2018 –deadline for any amicus filings in support of Plaintiff 27  May 7, 2018 – deadline for Defendants’ opposition to the motion for preliminary injunction 28  May 30, 2018 – deadline for any amicus filings in support of Defendants 5 Defendants’ Proposed Briefing Schedule (18-cv-490-JAM-KJN) 1 2 3  June 6, 2018 – deadline for Plaintiff’s reply in support of the motion for preliminary injunction  June 20 or 27, 2018, or another date convenient to the Court – oral argument 4 The laws Plaintiff seeks to challenge at this late date were enacted, at minimum, more than 5 five months ago. Therefore, Plaintiff will hardly be prejudiced if the Court rejects the attempt to 6 rush to any hearing on the preliminary injunction motion. 7 CONCLUSION 8 Defendants request that a schedule for the motion for preliminary injunction be deferred 9 until after a decision is made on Defendants’ forthcoming motion to transfer and the parties are 10 able to meet and confer about discovery. In the alternative, Defendants requests that the Court 11 adopt the schedule proposed above. 12 13 Dated: March 9, 2018 Respectfully submitted, XAVIER BECERRA Attorney General of California THOMAS PATTERSON Senior Assistant Attorney General MICHAEL NEWMAN SATOSHI YANAI Supervising Deputies Attorneys General CHRISTINE CHUANG ANTHONY HAKL Deputy Attorneys General 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 /s/Lee I. Sherman LEE I. SHERMAN Deputy Attorney General Attorneys for Defendants 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 6 Defendants’ Proposed Briefing Schedule (18-cv-490-JAM-KJN)

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