Debeaubien v. State of California et al

Filing 17

STIPULATION and PROTECTIVE ORDER signed by Magistrate Judge Deborah Barnes on 9/8/2020. (Zignago, K.)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 XAVIER BECERRA, State Bar No. 118517 Attorney General of California CATHERINE WOODBRIDGE, State Bar No. 186186 Supervising Deputy Attorney General AMIE C. MCTAVISH, State Bar No. 242372 Deputy Attorney General 1300 I Street, Suite 125 P.O. Box 944255 Sacramento, CA 94244-2550 Telephone: (916) 210-7663 Fax: (916) 322-8288 E-mail: Attorneys for Defendants State of California; California Highway Patrol; CHP Lieutenant Todd Brown; CHP Sergeant Reggie Whitehead; CHP Chief Brent Newman 9 10 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 11 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 12 SACRAMENTO DIVISION 13 14 PHILIP DEBEAUBIEN, 15 16 No. 2:19-cv-01329-WBS-DB Plaintiff, STIPULATION FOR PROTECTIVE ORDER AND ORDER v. 17 18 19 20 21 STATE OF CALIFORNIA; CALIFORNIA HIGHWAY PATROL; CHP LIEUTENANT TODD BROWN; CHP SERGEANT REGGIE WHITEHEAD; CHP CHIEF BRENT NEWMAN; and DOES 1 through 25, inclusive, Defendants. 22 23 1. PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS 24 Disclosure and discovery activity in this action may involve production of confidential, 25 proprietary, or private information for which special protection from public disclosure and from 26 use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation may be warranted. Accordingly, the parties 27 hereby stipulate to and petition the court to enter the following Stipulated Protective Order. The 28 parties acknowledge that this Order does not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or 1 Stipulation for Protective Order and Order (Case No. 2:19-cv-01329-WBS-DB) 1 responses to discovery and that the protection it affords from public disclosure and use extends 2 only to the limited information or items that are entitled to confidential treatment under the 3 applicable legal principles. 4 The parties further acknowledge, as set forth in paragraph 9.3, below, that this Stipulated 5 Protective Order does not entitle them to file confidential information under seal; Eastern District 6 Local Rule 141 and applicable law sets forth the procedures that must be followed and the standards 7 that will be applied when a party seeks permission from the court to file material under seal. Further, 8 this Stipulation and Agreement shall not be used by either party as a basis to argue that any 9 document should be filed under seal, and the parties agree to work together to avoid such filings. 10 The following Stipulated Protective Order shall govern the use and disclosure of the 11 documents and materials listed herein, and any other documents that are designated “confidential” 12 by the producing party. 13 2. DEFINITIONS 14 “Confidential” information or items is defined as information (regardless of how it is 15 generated, stored or maintained) or tangible things that qualify for protection under Federal Rule 16 of Civil Procedure 26(c) and for which public disclosure is likely to result in particularized harm, 17 or is privileged under law, and/or violates privacy or official information interests recognized by 18 law, or is otherwise entitled to protection. 19 20 21 Other items may be included as Confidential for purposes of this order by agreement of the parties or by court order on noticed motion. This information may include, but is not limited to: a. Personnel file records of any peace officer excluding witness statements and tangible or 22 electronic data/information (such as MVARS, dispatch records, photographs, 23 surveillance camera recordings, test logs) specifically related to the incident in question 24 in this matter; 25 b. Videos depicting private matters; 26 c. Medical and/or mental health records; 27 d. Social security numbers and similar sensitive identifying information (unless otherwise 28 redacted by order or by agreement of all parties); and 2 Stipulation for Protective Order and Order (Case No. 2:19-cv-01329-WBS-DB) 1 e. Family photographs. 2 3. SCOPE 3 3.1 The protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order cover not only Confidential 4 material (as defined above), but also (1) any confidential information copied from Confidential 5 material; (2) all copies, excerpts, summaries, or compilations of Confidential material that reveal 6 the source of the Confidential material or that reveal specific information entitled to confidentiality 7 as a matter of law; and (3) any non-privileged communication which includes or references 8 Confidential material. However, the protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order do not 9 cover the following information: (a) any information that is in the public domain at the time of 10 disclosure to a Receiving Party or becomes part of the public domain after its disclosure to a 11 Receiving Party as a result of publication not involving a violation of this Order, including 12 becoming part of the public record through trial or otherwise; and (b) any information known to 13 the Receiving Party prior to the disclosure or obtained by the Receiving Party after the disclosure 14 from a source who obtained the information lawfully and under no obligation of confidentiality to 15 the Designating Party. This Stipulation does not govern or control any use of material designated 16 as “Confidential” at trial. 17 3.2 Material designated as Confidential in this proceeding may be used by the parties and 18 their counsel only in this litigation and may not be used in separate proceedings or actions at this 19 time or in the future without first obtaining an appropriate court order. 20 3.3 Confidential material may not be disclosed, copied, distributed, shown, described, or 21 read to any person or entity (including, but not limited to, media representatives) by plaintiff or her 22 counsel, representatives or agents, other than (a) the parties to this litigation; (b) the parties’ 23 attorneys, paralegals, and legal office staff in this litigation; (c) the parties’ expert consultants in 24 this litigation for purposes of expert consultation and trial testimony preparation; (d) court reporters 25 and their staff, professional jury or trial consultants, mock jurors, and Professional Vendors to 26 whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation, (e) witnesses during depositions in this 27 action, and (f) the Court in this action, for purposes of this litigation, including any finders of fact. 28 /// 3 Stipulation for Protective Order and Order (Case No. 2:19-cv-01329-WBS-DB) 1 3.4 Expert consultants must sign the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to be Bound” 2 (Exhibit A) an executed copy of which will be provided to the opposing counsel within seven (7) 3 days after formal disclosure of such consultants as expert witnesses in this litigation. 4 3.5 Any individual who is shown Confidential material must sign the “Acknowledgment 5 and Agreement to be Bound” (Exhibit A), an executed copy of which must be kept on file by the 6 disclosing attorney’s office, in the event a request by opposing counsel is made, in response to 7 which a copy must be provided to opposing counsel within (7) days of such a request, including as 8 to those individuals identified in paragraph 3.3 (d). This paragraph excludes materials shown to 9 consultants on a confidential basis, however; as to consultants or experts that are not formally 10 disclosed, the signatories to this protective order are agreeing, by signing below, to abide by this 11 provision, which expressly requires that any individual who is shown Confidential material must 12 sign the “Acknowledgment and Agreement to be Bound” (Exhibit A). 13 4. 14 Final disposition shall be deemed to be the later of (1) dismissal of all claims and defenses in 15 this action, with prejudice; and (2) final judgment herein after the completion and exhaustion of all 16 appeals, rehearing, remands, trials, or reviews of this action, including the time limits for filing any 17 motions or applications for extension of time pursuant to applicable law. Even after final disposition 18 of this litigation, the confidentiality obligations imposed by this Order shall remain in effect until 19 a Designating Party agrees otherwise in writing or a court order otherwise directs. DURATION 20 5. DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL 21 5.1 Exercise of Restraint and Care in Designating Material for Protection. Each Party who 22 designates information or items for protection under this Order must take care to limit any such 23 designation to specific material that qualifies under the appropriate standards including Rule 26 of 24 the Federal Rule of Civil Procedure and Eastern District Local Rule 141.1. The Designating Party 25 must designate for protection only those parts of material, documents, items, or written 26 communications that qualify – so that other portions of the material, documents, items, or 27 communications for which protection is not warranted are not swept unjustifiably within the ambit 28 of this Order. 4 Stipulation for Protective Order and Order (Case No. 2:19-cv-01329-WBS-DB) 1 Mass, indiscriminate, or routinized designations of material as Confidential are prohibited. 2 Designations that are shown to be clearly unjustified or that have been made for an improper 3 purpose (e.g., to unnecessarily encumber or frustratethe case development process or to impose 4 unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) expose the Designating Party to sanctions. 5 If it comes to a Designating Party’s attention that information or items that it designated for 6 protection do not qualify for protection, that Designating Party must promptly notify all other 7 Parties that it is withdrawing the mistaken designation. 8 9 10 5.2 Manner and Timing of Designations. Except as otherwise provided in this Order, or as otherwise stipulated or ordered, Disclosure or Discovery Material that qualifies for protection under this Order must be clearly so designated before the material is disclosed or produced. 11 Designation in conformity with this Order requires: 12 a. For information in documentary form (e.g., paper or electronic documents, but excluding 13 transcripts of depositions or other pretrial or trial proceedings), that the Producing Party 14 affix the legend “CONFIDENTIAL” to each page that contains protected material. If only 15 a portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing Party 16 also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings 17 in the margins). If only a portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for 18 protection, the Producing Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., 19 by making appropriate markings in the margins). If a watermark or background screen is 20 used to indicate the designation that the material is confidential that watermark or screen 21 shall not interfere with the document’s legibility. 22 b. For information produced in some form other than documentary and for any other 23 tangible items, that the Producing Party affix in a prominent place on the exterior of the 24 container or containers in which the information or item is stored the legend 25 “CONFIDENTIAL.” If only a portion or portions of the information or item warrant 26 protection, the Producing Party, to the extent practicable, shall identify the protected 27 portion(s). 28 /// 5 Stipulation for Protective Order and Order (Case No. 2:19-cv-01329-WBS-DB) 1 c. If any material designated as “Confidential” pursuant to this Protective Order is used or 2 disclosed during the course of a deposition, that portion of the deposition record 3 reflecting such material shall be stamped with the appropriate designation and access 4 shall be limited under the terms of this Protective Order. The court reporter will be 5 directed to bind those portions of the transcript that contain discussion of the contents of 6 the Confidential documents separately. The cover of any portion of a deposition 7 transcript that contains testimony or documentary evidence that has been designated 8 Confidential, including exhibits designated as “Confidential,” will be marked: 9 CONFIDENTIAL/SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE ORDER. 10 5.3 Inadvertent Failures to Designate. If timely corrected, an inadvertent failure to 11 designate qualified information or items does not, standing alone, waive the Designating Party’s 12 right to secure protection under this Order for such material. Upon timely correction of a 13 designation, the Receiving Party must make reasonable efforts to assure that the material is treated 14 in accordance with the provisions of this Order. 15 6. CHALLENGING CONFIDENTIALITY DESIGNATIONS 16 6.1 Timing of Challenges. Any Party may challenge a designation of confidentiality at any 17 time. Unless a prompt challenge to a Designating Party’s confidentiality designation is necessary 18 to avoid foreseeable, substantial unfairness, unnecessary economic burdens, or a significant 19 disruption or delay of the litigation, a Party does not waive its right to challenge a confidentiality 20 designation by electing not to mount a challenge promptly after the original designation is 21 disclosed. 22 6.2 Meet and Confer. The Challenging Party shall initiate the dispute resolution process by 23 providing written notice of each designation it is challenging and describing the basis for each 24 challenge. To avoid ambiguity as to whether a challenge has been made, the written notice must 25 recite that the challenge to confidentiality is being made in accordance with this specific paragraph 26 of the Protective Order. The parties shall attempt to resolve each challenge in good faith and must 27 begin the process by conferring directly (in voice to voice dialogue; other forms of communication 28 are not sufficient) within 14 days of the date of service of notice. In conferring, the Challenging 6 Stipulation for Protective Order and Order (Case No. 2:19-cv-01329-WBS-DB) 1 Party must explain the basis for its belief that the confidentiality designation was not proper and 2 must give the Designating Party an opportunity to review the designated material, to reconsider the 3 circumstances, and, if no change in designation is offered, to explain the basis for the chosen 4 designation. If Agreement is not reached, the producing or designating party maintains the burden 5 of establishing that the material in question is warranted for protection under applicable standards 6 and this Agreement does not change those standards or the challenging party’s arguments under 7 those standards. 8 6.3 Judicial Intervention. If disagreements remain regarding a designation, the parties shall 9 file a Joint Discovery Dispute Statement under Eastern District Local Rule 230 and 251 (and in 10 compliance with Eastern District Local Rules 141 and 141.1, if applicable). The party challenging 11 a confidentiality designation may file a Joint Discovery Dispute Statement challenging a 12 confidentiality designation at any time if there is good cause for doing so, including the fact that 13 the Designating Party is not cooperating in this process. Parties are expected to plan for and 14 cooperate in preparing the joint statement so that each side has adequate time to address the 15 arguments. In the rare instance that a joint statement is not possible, each side may submit a 16 statement not to exceed four pages, which shall include an explanation of why a joint statement 17 was not possible. The court will review the submission(s) and determine whether formal briefing 18 or proceedings are necessary. 19 20 Until the court rules on the challenge, all parties shall continue to treat the material in question as “CONFIDENTIAL.” 21 7. 22 If a Receiving Party learns that, by inadvertence or otherwise, it has disclosed Protected 23 Material to any person or in any circumstance not authorized under this Stipulated Protective Order, 24 the Receiving Party must immediately (a) notify in writing the Designating Party of the 25 unauthorized disclosures, (b) use its best efforts to retrieve all unauthorized copies of the Protected 26 Material, (c) inform the person or persons to whom unauthorized disclosures were made of all the 27 terms of this Order, and (d) request such person or persons to execute the “Acknowledgment and 28 Agreement to Be Bound” that is attached hereto as Exhibit A. 7 UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL Stipulation for Protective Order and Order (Case No. 2:19-cv-01329-WBS-DB) 1 2 8. INADVERTENT PRODUCTION OF PRIVILEGED OR OTHERWISE PROTECTED MATERIAL 3 When a Producing Party gives notice to Receiving Parties that certain inadvertently produced 4 material is subject to a claim of privilege or other protection, the obligations of the Receiving Parties 5 are those set forth in Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(b)(5)(B). This provision is not intended to 6 modify whatever procedure may be established in an e-discovery order that provides for production 7 without prior privilege review. 8 9. MISCELLANEOUS 9 9.1 Right to Further Relief. Nothing in this Order abridges the right of any person to seek 10 11 its modification by the court in the future. 9.2 Right to Assert Other Objections. By stipulating to the entry of this Protective Order 12 no Party waives any right it otherwise would have to object to disclosing or producing any 13 information or item on any ground not addressed in this Stipulated Protective Order. Similarly, no 14 Party waives any right to object on any ground to use in evidence of any of the material covered by 15 this Protective Order. 16 9.3 Filing Confidential material. If Plaintiff or Defendants intend to use Confidential 17 Material in a Court filing, at least seven (7) days’ notice shall be given to all parties identifying the 18 Confidential Material that the party intends to utilize. In the event that a party believes that the 19 Confidential Material intending to be used should be filed under seal, then it shall be the burden of 20 the party desiring that the material be filed under seal to make that request to the Court. Plaintiff 21 and Defendants shall comply with the requirements of Eastern District Local Rule 141 and any 22 applicable law. The Parties agree a request to file under seal or remove the designation of 23 Confidential Information may be heard on shortened time and/or by telephone conference. 24 10. 25 Within 90 days after the final disposition of this action (as defined in paragraph 4 above) , 26 upon written notification served by Producing or Designating Party, each Receiving Party must 27 return all Confidential material to the Producing Party or destroy such material unless such material 28 has otherwise been made public. As used in this subdivision, “all Confidential material” includes 8 RETURN OF CONFIDENTIAL MATERIAL Stipulation for Protective Order and Order (Case No. 2:19-cv-01329-WBS-DB) 1 all copies, abstracts, compilations, summaries, and any other format reproducing or capturing any 2 of the Confidential material. Whether the Confidential material is returned or destroyed, the 3 Receiving Party must submit a written certification to the Producing Party (and, if not the same 4 person or entity, to the Designating Party) by the 90 day deadline that (1) identifies (by category, 5 where appropriate) all the Confidential material that was returned or destroyed and (2) affirms that 6 the Receiving Party has not retained any copies, abstracts, compilations, summaries or any other 7 format reproducing or capturing any of the Confidential material. 8 11. 9 Any party believing that this order is being violated may move for a court order of 10 enforcement. The motion shall be subject to all local rules governing motions concerning discovery 11 disputes, including but not limited to meet and confer requirements. Said motion may be brought 12 at any time up to final entry of judgment in this matter. REMEDIES 13 12. 14 In accordance with the provisions of Local Rule 141.1, the parties state as follows: 15 (1) The information eligible for a protective order in this case is: 16 a. Employment records that would otherwise be privileged; 17 b. Law enforcement tactical and evaluative information; and 18 c. Confidential information concerning the privacy of third parties to this lawsuit. 19 (2) A particularized need exists as to these categories as follows: 20 a. These records contain confidential and personal information; 21 b. These records contain information that may constitute official information and could 22 risk the safety and security of law enforcement officers if publicly disseminated; and 23 24 LOCAL RULE 141.1 STATEMENT c. These records contain information of third parties to this lawsuit that are confidential and personal in nature. 25 (3) A court order is needed to ensure the privacy and confidentiality of this information is 26 enforceable after the litigation has ended. 27 /// 28 /// 9 Stipulation for Protective Order and Order (Case No. 2:19-cv-01329-WBS-DB) 1 IT IS SO STIPULATED, THROUGH COUNSEL OF RECORD. 2 3 LAW OFFICES OF STEWART KATZ Dated: March 17, 2020 /s/ Stewart Kartz STEWART KATZ Attorney for Plaintiff PHILIP DEBEAUBIEN 4 5 6 7 XAVIER BECERRA Attorney General of California CATHERINE WOODBRIDGE Supervising Deputy Attorney General Dated: March 17, 2020 8 9 /s/ Amie McTavish AMIE C. MCTAVISH Deputy Attorney General Attorneys for Defendants State of California; California Highway Patrol; CHP Lieutenant Todd Brown; CHP Sergeant Reggie Whitehead; CHP Chief Brent Newman 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 ORDER 18 Pursuant to the parties’ stipulation, IT IS SO ORDERED. 19 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED THAT: 20 1. Requests to seal documents shall be made by motion before the same judge who will 21 decide the matter related to that request to seal. 22 2. The designation of documents (including transcripts of testimony) as confidential 23 pursuant to this order does not automatically entitle the parties to file such a document with the 24 court under seal. Parties are advised that any request to seal documents in this district is governed 25 by Local Rule 141. In brief, Local Rule 141 provides that documents may only be sealed by a 26 written order of the court after a specific request to seal has been made. L.R. 141(a). However, a 27 mere request to seal is not enough under the local rules. In particular, Local Rule 141(b) requires 28 10 Stipulation for Protective Order and Order (Case No. 2:19-cv-01329-WBS-DB) 1 that “[t]he ‘Request to Seal Documents’ shall set forth the statutory or other authority for sealing, 2 the requested duration, the identity, by name or category, of persons to be permitted access to the 3 document, and all relevant information.” L.R. 141(b). 4 3. A request to seal material must normally meet the high threshold of showing that 5 “compelling reasons” support secrecy; however, where the material is, at most, “tangentially 6 related” to the merits of a case, the request to seal may be granted on a showing of “good cause.” 7 Ctr. for Auto Safety v. Chrysler Grp., LLC, 809 F.3d 1092, 1096-1102 (9th Cir. 2016); Kamakana 8 v. City and County of Honolulu, 447 F.3d 1172, 1178-80 (9th Cir. 2006). 9 4. Nothing in this order shall limit the testimony of parties or non-parties, or the use of 10 certain documents, at any court hearing or trial – such determinations will only be made by the 11 court at the hearing or trial, or upon an appropriate motion. 12 5. With respect to motions regarding any disputes concerning this protective order which 13 the parties cannot informally resolve, the parties shall follow the procedures outlined in Local Rule 14 251. Absent a showing of good cause, the court will not hear discovery disputes on an ex parte 15 basis or on shortened time. 16 6. The parties may not modify the terms of this Protective Order without the court’s 17 approval. If the parties agree to a potential modification, they shall submit a stipulation and 18 proposed order for the court’s consideration. 19 20 21 7. Pursuant to Local Rule 141.1(f), the court will not retain jurisdiction over enforcement of the terms of this Protective Order after the action is terminated. 8. Any provision in the parties’ stipulation that is in conflict with anything in this order is 22 hereby DISAPPROVED. 23 DATED: September 8, 2020 24 /s/ DEBORAH BARNES UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 25 26 27 28 11 Stipulation for Protective Order and Order (Case No. 2:19-cv-01329-WBS-DB) 1 2 EXHIBIT A ACKNOWLEDGMENT AND AGREEMENT TO BE BOUND 3 I, _____________________________ [print or type full name], of _________________ 4 [print or type full address], declare under penalty of perjury that I have read in its entirety and 5 understand the Stipulated Protective Order that was issued by the United States District Court for 6 the Eastern District of California on [date] __________________________ in the case of PHILIP 7 DEBEAUBIEN, Plaintiff, v. STATE OF CALIFORNIA; CALIFORNIA HIGHWAY PATROL; CHP 8 LIEUTENANT TODD BROWN; CHP SERGEANT REGGIE WHITEHEAD; CHP CHIEF BRENT 9 NEWMAN; and DOES 1 through 25, inclusive 2:19-cv-01329-WBS-DB, I agree to comply with 10 and to be bound by all the terms of this Stipulated Protective Order and I understand and 11 acknowledge that failure to so comply could expose me to sanctions and punishment in the nature 12 of contempt. I solemnly promise that I will not disclose in any manner any information or item that 13 is subject to this Stipulated Protective Order to any person or entity except in strict compliance with 14 the provisions of this Order. 15 I further agree to submit to the jurisdiction of the United States District Court for the Eastern 16 District of California for the purpose of enforcing the terms of this Stipulated Protective Order, 17 even if such enforcement proceedings occur after termination of this action. 18 I hereby appoint ___________________________________ [print or type full name] of 19 _______________________________________ [print or type full address and telephone number] 20 as my California agent for service of process in connection with this action or any proceedings 21 related to enforcement of this Stipulated Protective Order. 22 23 Date: ______________________________________ 24 City and State where sworn and signed: _________________________________ 25 Printed name: _______________________________ 26 27 Signature: __________________________________ 28 12 Stipulation for Protective Order and Order (Case No. 2:19-cv-01329-WBS-DB)

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