(PC) Muhammad v. Linennger et al

Filing 78

FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS signed by Magistrate Judge Dennis M. Cota on 5/7/2024 RECOMMENDING that this action be dismissed, without prejudice, for lack of prosecution and failure to comply with court rules and orders. Referred to Judge Dale A. Drozd. Objections due within 14 days after being served with these Findings and Recommendations. (Kyono, V)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 ANSAR EL MUHAMMAD, 12 No. 2:20-CV-0070-DAD-DMC-P Plaintiff, 13 v. 14 MARTIN, et al., FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 15 Defendants. 16 17 18 19 Plaintiff, a prisoner proceeding pro se, brings this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. On January 12, 2024, the Court directed Plaintiff to submit a status report within 20 60 days. Plaintiff was warned that failure to submit the required status report may result in 21 dismissal of this action for lack of prosecution and failure to comply with court rules and orders. 22 See Local Rule 110. To date, Plaintiff has not complied. 23 The Court must weigh five factors before imposing the harsh sanction of dismissal. 24 See Bautista v. Los Angeles County, 216 F.3d 837, 841 (9th Cir. 2000); Malone v. U.S. Postal 25 Service, 833 F.2d 128, 130 (9th Cir. 1987). Those factors are: (1) the public's interest in 26 expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court's need to manage its own docket; (3) the risk of 27 prejudice to opposing parties; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits; 28 and (5) the availability of less drastic sanctions. See id.; see also Ghazali v. Moran, 46 F.3d 52, 1 1 53 (9th Cir. 1995) (per curiam). A warning that the action may be dismissed as an appropriate 2 sanction is considered a less drastic alternative sufficient to satisfy the last factor. See Malone, 3 833 F.2d at 132-33 & n.1. The sanction of dismissal for lack of prosecution is appropriate where 4 there has been unreasonable delay. See Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1423 (9th Cir. 5 1986). 6 7 8 9 Having considered these factors, and in light of Plaintiff’s failure to file a status report as directed, the Court finds that dismissal of this action is appropriate. Based on the foregoing, the undersigned recommends that this action be dismissed, without prejudice, for lack of prosecution and failure to comply with court rules and orders. 10 These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District 11 Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within 14 days 12 after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written 13 objections with the court. Responses to objections shall be filed within 14 days after service of 14 objections. Failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal. See 15 Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991). 16 17 Dated: May 7, 2024 ____________________________________ DENNIS M. COTA UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2

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