(PS) Williams v. McDonald's Corporation

Filing 14

ORDER signed by Magistrate Judge Deborah Barnes on 4/24/21 CONTINUING the hearing on defendant's 10 motion to dismiss to 8/6/2021 at 10:00 AM in Courtroom 27 (DB) before Magistrate Judge Deborah Barnes. Plaintiff's 13 motion for an extension of time is GRANTED and on or before 6/4/2021, plaintiff may file an amended complaint. (Kastilahn, A)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 KIRK D. WILLIAMS, 12 Plaintiff, 13 14 No. 2:20-cv-1214 TLN DB PS v. ORDER MCDONALD’S CORPORATION, 15 Defendant. 16 Plaintiff Kirk Williams is proceeding in this action pro se. This matter was referred to the 17 18 undersigned in accordance with Local Rule 302(c)(21) and 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). On April 6, 19 2021, defendant noticed a motion to dismiss for hearing before the undersigned on May 7, 2021. 20 (ECF No. 12.) On April 15, 2021, plaintiff filed a motion for an extension of time to file an 21 opposition to defendant’s motion to dismiss and to prepare a motion for leave to file an amended 22 complaint. (ECF No. 13.) Plaintiff is advised that Rule 15(a)(1) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides 23 24 that “[a] party may amend its pleading once as a matter of course within: (A) 21 days after 25 serving it, or (B) if the pleading is one to which a responsive pleading is required, 21 days after 26 service of a responsive pleading or 21 days after service of a motion under Rule 12(b), (e), or (f), 27 whichever is earlier.” 28 //// 1 1 Moreover “Rule 15(a) is very liberal and leave to amend shall be freely given when justice 2 so requires.” AmerisourceBergen Corp. v. Dialysist West, Inc., 465 F.3d 946, 951 (9th Cir. 2006) 3 (quotation omitted); see also Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a) (“The court should freely give leave when 4 justice so requires.”). Courts “need not grant leave to amend where the amendment: (1) 5 prejudices the opposing party; (2) is sought in bad faith; (3) produces an undue delay in the 6 litigation; or (4) is futile.” Id. The “court’s discretion to deny leave to amend is particularly 7 broad where the court has already given the plaintiff an opportunity to amend his complaint.” 8 Fidelity Financial Corp. v. Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco, 792 F.2d 1432, 1438 (9th 9 Cir. 1986). 10 Here, plaintiff’s request was filed less than 21 days after defendant filed the motion to 11 dismiss. The court has not previously granted plaintiff leave to amend. Nor can the undersigned 12 find that granting plaintiff leave to amend would prejudice the opposing parties, is sought in bad 13 faith; would produce an undue delay, or would be futile. Therefore, and in light of plaintiff’s pro 14 se status, the undersigned will construe plaintiff’s filing as a request for leave to amend and grant 15 that request. 16 Plaintiff is cautioned, however, that if plaintiff elect to file an amended complaint “the 17 tenet that a court must accept as true all of the allegations contained in a complaint is inapplicable 18 to legal conclusions. Threadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere 19 conclusory statements, do not suffice.” Ashcroft, 556 U.S. at 678. “While legal conclusions can 20 provide the complaint’s framework, they must be supported by factual allegations.” Id. at 679. 21 Those facts must be sufficient to push the claims “across the line from conceivable to 22 plausible[.]” Id. at 680 (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 557). 23 Plaintiff is also reminded that the court cannot refer to a prior pleading in order to make an 24 amended complaint complete. Local Rule 220 requires that any amended complaint be complete 25 in itself without reference to prior pleadings. The amended complaint will supersede the original 26 complaint. See Loux v. Rhay, 375 F.2d 55, 57 (9th Cir. 1967). Thus, in an amended complaint, 27 just as if it were the initial complaint filed in the case, each defendant must be listed in the caption 28 and identified in the body of the complaint, and each claim and the involvement of each 2 1 defendant must be sufficiently alleged. Any amended complaint which plaintiff may elect to file 2 must also include concise but complete factual allegations describing the conduct and events 3 which underlie plaintiff’s claims. 4 CONCLUSION 5 Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that: 6 1. The May 7, 2021 hearing of defendant’s motion to dismiss (ECF No. 10) is continued 7 to August 6, 2021. 8 2. Plaintiff’s April 15, 2021 motion for an extension of time (ECF No. 13) is granted; and 9 3. On or before June 4, 2021, plaintiff may file an amended complaint. 10 Dated: April 24, 2021 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 DLB:6 DB/orders/orders.pro se/williams1214.lta.ord 27 28 3

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