(HC)Rosales v. Thompson et al

Filing 8

FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS signed by Magistrate Judge Dennis M. Cota on 7/29/2022 RECOMMENDING that 6 Motion to Dismiss be granted. Referred to District Judge Troy L. Nunley. Objections due within 14 days after being served with these findings and recommendations. (Huang, H)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 FRANCISCO ROSALES, 12 Petitioner, FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 13 14 No. 2:21-CV-2194-TLN-DMC-P v. PAUL THOMPSON, et al., 15 Respondents. 16 Petitioner, a federal prisoner proceeding pro se, brings this petition for a writ of 17 18 habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Pending before the Court is Respondents’ motion to 19 dismiss. See ECF No. 6. Petitioner is a federal prisoner incarcerated at the Federal Correctional Institution – 20 21 Herlong. See ECF No. 1, pg. 1. Petitioner claims that he is entitled to relief under the First Step 22 Act (FSA) of 2018 in the form of additional credits and, as a result, expedited release. See id. at 23 6-7. Respondents argue that the petition must be dismissed because Petitioner is statutorily 24 ineligible for relief under the FSA even if his claim was ripe for review and properly exhausted. 25 For the reasons discussed below, the Court agrees. 26 /// 27 /// 28 /// 1 1 Respondents offer the following background relating to Petitioner’s conviction: 2 7 On June 9, 2010, Petitioner was charged in a Second Superseding Indictment in the Western District of Texas (WDTX) with conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of methamphetamine (count one). WDTX 10-CR-00115, ECF 19 (filed herewith as Exhibit 1). On September 1, 2010, Petitioner pled guilty to count one as charged in the Superseding Indictment. Id., ECF 197, 198. On December 9, 2010, Petitioner was sentenced to serve 288 months in prison. Id., ECF 279, 293. On April 14, 2015, an amended judgment was filed reducing Petitioner’s prison term from 288 months to 240 months pursuant to USSC Amendment 782. Id., ECF 420. ECF No. 6, pg. 2. 8 A review of the court’s docket sheet from Petitioner’s underlying criminal case, 3 4 5 6 9 attached to Respondents’ motion as Exhibit 1, reflects that Petitioner was charged with conspiracy to 10 distribute 50 grams of methamphetamine, in violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1), 841(b)(1)(A), and 11 846. See ECF No. 6-1. The docket sheet also shows that Petitioner was charged as part of a 12 conspiracy involving nine participants, including Petitioner. See id. Under the FSA, prisoners 13 who have been convicted of violating Section 401(a) of the Controlled Substances Act, 21 U.S.C. 14 § 841, et seq., are ineligible for relief where, as here, the prisoner was an organizer and leader of a 15 criminal enterprise involving five or more participants. See 18 U.S.C. § 3632(d)(4)(D). Because 16 Petitioner was convicted of a crime which is explicitly exempt from relief under the FSA, 17 Petitioner cannot state a claim for relief in this case. 18 19 Based on the foregoing, the undersigned recommends that Respondents’ motion to dismiss, ECF No. 6, be granted. 20 These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District 21 Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within 14 days 22 after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written objections 23 with the Court. Responses to objections shall be filed within 14 days after service of objections. 24 Failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal. See Martinez v. 25 Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991). 26 Dated: July 29, 2022 ____________________________________ DENNIS M. COTA UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 27 28 2

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