Brown v. Madden

Filing 7

ORDER by Judge Nandor J. Vadas denying 3 Motion to Stay; granting 4 Motion for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis. (Attachments: # 1 Certificate/Proof of Service)(njvlc1, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 6/15/2017)

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1 2 3 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 6 EUREKA DIVISON 7 8 JERRY BROWN, Case No. 17-cv-2691-NJV (PR) Petitioner, 9 ORDER DENYING MOTION TO STAY WITHOUT PREJUDICE v. 10 11 WARDEN RAYMOND MADDEN, Dkt. Nos. 3, 4 United States District Court Northern District of California Respondent. 12 13 Petitioner, a state prisoner, filed a pro se writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 14 2254. Petitioner was convicted in this district, so venue is proper here. See 28 U.S.C. § 2241(d). 15 Petitioner has also applied for leave to proceed in forma pauperis and consented to the jurisdiction 16 of a Magistrate Judge. 17 BACKGROUND 18 Petitioner was found guilty of various sexual related offenses. Petition at 2. He was 19 sentenced to 44 years in state prison. Petition at 1. He states that his conviction was affirmed on 20 direct appeal and he is currently proceeding with a state habeas petition. DISCUSSION 21 22 Standard of Review 23 This court may entertain a petition for writ of habeas corpus "in behalf of a person in 24 custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court only on the ground that he is in custody in 25 violation of the Constitution or laws or treaties of the United States." 28 U.S.C. § 2254(a); Rose v. 26 Hodges, 423 U.S. 19, 21 (1975). Habeas corpus petitions must meet heightened pleading 27 requirements. McFarland v. Scott, 512 U.S. 849, 856 (1994). An application for a federal writ of 28 habeas corpus filed by a prisoner who is in state custody pursuant to a judgment of a state court 1 must “specify all the grounds for relief available to the petitioner . . . [and] state the facts 2 supporting each ground.” Rule 2(c) of the Rules Governing § 2254 Cases, 28 U.S.C. foll. § 2254. 3 “‘[N]otice’ pleading is not sufficient, for the petition is expected to state facts that point to a ‘real 4 possibility of constitutional error.’” Rule 4 Advisory Committee Notes (quoting Aubut v. Maine, 5 431 F.2d 688, 689 (1st Cir. 1970)). 6 Legal Claims 7 As grounds for federal habeas relief, petitioner asserts that: (1) the trial court committed misconduct in questioning several witnesses; (2) there were improper jury instruction; (3) his 9 sentence violates the Eighth Amendment; (4) counsel was ineffective for failing to address the 10 improper jury instruction; and (5) counsel was ineffective for not objecting to the trial court’s 11 United States District Court Northern District of California 8 misconduct while questioning several witnesses. It is not clear what claims have been exhausted 12 and what claims are currently pending in the state court habeas petition. While petitioner has filed 13 a motion for a stay, he has not addressed why a stay should be granted. In Rhines v. Weber, 544 U.S. 269 (2005) the United States Supreme Court found that a 14 15 stay and abeyance of a mixed federal petition should be available only in the limited circumstance 16 that good cause is shown for a failure to have first exhausted the claims in state court, that the 17 claim or claims at issue potentially have merit and that there has been no indication that petitioner 18 has been intentionally dilatory in pursuing the litigation. Rhines, supra, at 277-78. If petitioner 19 wishes to stay this action, he shall file a motion addressing the Rhines factors. In the alternative, petitioner may file a motion for a stay pursuant to the three-step 20 21 procedure outlined in Kelly v. Small, 315 F.3d 1063 (9th Cir. 2003) and King v. Ryan, 564 F.3d 22 1133 (9th Cir. 2009). 1 A petitioner seeking to avail himself of the Kelly three-step procedure is 23 not required to show good cause, as under Rhines, but rather must show that the amendment of 24 any newly exhausted claims back into the petition satisfies both Mayle v. Felix, 545 U.S. 644, 655 25 26 27 28 1 “Pursuant to the Kelly procedure, (1) a petitioner amends his petition to delete any unexhausted claims; (2) the court stays and holds in abeyance the amended, fully exhausted petition, allowing the petitioner the opportunity to proceed to state court to exhaust the deleted claims; and (3) the petitioner later amends his petition and re-attaches the newly-exhausted claims to the original petition.” King v. Ryan, 564 F.3d at 1134 (citing Kelly, 315 F.3d at 1070-71). 2 1 (2005), by sharing a “common core of operative facts” and Duncan v. Walker, 533 U.S. 167 2 (2001), by complying with the statute of limitations. King, 564 F.3d at 1141-43 (finding district 3 court’s dismissal of unexhausted claims was improper because petitioner was not required to show 4 good cause to avail himself of the Kelly three-part procedure but affirming the dismissal as 5 harmless because the unexhausted claims did not relate back to the claims in the original petition 6 that were fully exhausted at the time of filing). However, no statute of limitations protection is 7 imparted by such a stay, nor are exhausted claims adjudicated during the pendency of such a stay. 2 The motion for a stay is denied without prejudice. Petitioner may file an amended motion 8 9 addressing the standards set forth above. CONCLUSION 11 United States District Court Northern District of California 10 1. Petitioner’s motion to proceed in forma pauperis (Docket No. 4) is GRANTED. 12 2. The motion for a stay (Docket No. 3) is DENIED without prejudice to filing an 13 amended motion in accordance with the standards set forth above. The amended motion must be 14 filed within twenty-eight (28) days of the date this order is filed and must include the caption and 15 civil case number used in this order and the words AMENDED MOTION on the first page. 16 3. Petitioner must keep the court informed of any change of address and must comply with 17 the court's orders in a timely fashion. Failure to do so may result in the dismissal of this action for 18 failure to prosecute pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b). See Martinez v. Johnson, 19 104 F.3d 769, 772 (5th Cir. 1997) (Rule 41(b) applicable in habeas cases). IT IS SO ORDERED. 20 21 Dated: June 15, 2017 ________________________ NANDOR J. VADAS United States Magistrate Judge 22 23 24 25 2 26 27 28 Petitioner is cautioned that the habeas corpus statute imposes a one-year statute of limitations for filing non-capital habeas corpus petitions in federal court. In most cases, the one year period will start to run on the date on which the state court judgment became final by the conclusion of direct review or the expiration of time for seeking direct review, although the statute of limitations is tolled while a properly filed application for state post-conviction or other collateral review is pending. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d). 3

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