Overture Services, Inc. v. Google Inc.
Declaration of Ravind S. Grewal in Support of 115 Google's Responsive Claim Construction Brief filed by Google Inc.. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1# 2 Exhibit 2# 3 Exhibit 3# 4 Exhibit 4# 5 Exhibit 5# 6 Exhibit 6# 7 Exhibit 7# 8 Exhibit 8# 9 Exhibit 9# 10 Exhibit 10# 11 Exhibit 11# 12 Exhibit 12# 13 Exhibit 13# 14 Exhibit 14# 15 Exhibit 15# 16 Exhibit 16# 17 Exhibit 17# 18 Exhibit 18# 19 Exhibit 19# 20 Exhibit 20# 21 Exhibit 21# 22 Exhibit 22# 23 Exhibit 23# 24 Exhibit 24# 25 Exhibit 25# 26 Exhibit 26# 27 Exhibit 27# 28 Exhibit 28# 29 Exhibit 29# 30 Exhibit 30)(Related document(s) 115 ) (Grewal, Ravind) (Filed on 1/30/2004)
Overture Services, Inc. v. Google Inc.
Doc. 116 Att. 7
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". . ~
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The New Oxford
Dictionary of English
CHIEF EDITOR, CURRENT ENGLlSH DICTIONARIES
CLARENDON PRESS' OXFORD 1998
U(- Case 3:02-cv-01991-JSW
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Oxford Un/ver",y Prcss. C"ar Clarwdon Oxford New lark
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Mexico City Mumbai
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on including this condition being irnpo"d
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O,,'gncd by Andrew Boag. Typographic problem ;olving, London Typeset in SWIft and Arial by Se/wood Sy;tems. Mid;omcr Norron , Barh
Prinrcd in Spai" acid- freepapcrby Maceu Cromo Arte; Crafica; S. l"radrid
liquorish Case 3:02-cv-01991-JSW
1 Document 116-8076
formal SlruCtUre analogous 10
a list. by whie
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1ily 2 the widely distributed plant, from which this product is obtaim . Genus GIyc:yrmIlO. family Legumrnosa" many spo"". are used '=ally ID ODI.,n toQuo""", tI1e ohoe' commercJal sour"" being tI1e cun"'aleO G. glob"'.
of data ean tJ. "orod or processed ic a definit IORIGIN: late I61h cent.: from French linr. of
2 (lists) hISIO"'"
oonl"'nu' . food poisoning or other di.."e caused by infection wlth I"tena: limriosis. - ORIGIN 1940s: modern Latin, named after Joseph
palisades enclosing an area for a
LiSter (1827-19121, English surgeon.
- ORIG'N Middle English: from Old French lieor."" from late Latin liquiritia. from Greek glukurrhiza, from gluku! ' sweet ' . rhiza ' root
listeriosis Ih stlafl auslS/ ~ noun Imass nounl disea..
uhe scene of a conteS! or eombat. IORIGIN: late
Middle English: from Old French lim, 3 a selvedge of a piece of fabric. 10RIGIN: Middle
caused by Infection wirh listeria.
liquorish /'Ilkmll ~
adjeclive 1 archaic form for liquor, LIQUOR' .'SH , by
listing ~ noun 1 a liSt catalogue, or o!mass nounl the drawing up ofa list. 0
LICKERISH, 2 fond of or indicating a fondness
IORIGIN: late 19th cent, from analogy with LIGKERISH, lira
English. from Old English liste ' border
c"rmanic origin: related to Dutch IiJSf and German
~ vorlllWllh obj. 11 make a liS! of: hav, liSted four reason.s I
- DERIVATIVES IIquorishneu noun,
u". of Securities of Ihe London Srock Exchange, for whIch eertaln requllements muSt be Satisfied. a piece of fabric. listless ~ adjedive lof a person or their manner,
2 a selvedgeof
or reg1Ster. 0 an entry for a company in the Official
an entry in a 1151
(pl. lire I'1i"o, '
I,OfOl, ' li.,ill1
basic monetary unit of Italy, notionally equal to
2 the basic monetary unit of Turkey, equal 10 100
sloften b. IIs'ed! include or enter in a list: 93 mrn Wert as missing. sino ooi. IIII.. allfo rj be on a liS! of 'tllllimd produCtS at la specified price I: rilt bollom.oJ,rh,.line
!aclOng energy or enthusiasm: bouts
kurus. - ORIGIN Italian, from Proven,al liura. from Latin
libro ' pound'
2 mn,ie enlist for military service.
- PHRASES enter the
for 552, 050.
listle..ly adverb, listlessne.s noun - ORIGIN Middle English: from obsolete liSt ' appetite. desire ' . 'LESS,
IIs1.5 issue or accept
- DERIVATIVES listablo adjective,
list' ~ vert Ino ool. llof a ship! lean overto
Liston /'IlSt(o)n/. Sonny (1932-701. American boxer; born Charles LiSton, In 1962 he became world
heavyweight champion but in 196~ 10". his title to Muhammad Ali (Ihen Cassius Oayl. list price ~ noun the priceof an article as shown in a liSt issued by the manufacturer or by the general
liriodendron 1. lhllla(ul' dEndron/ ~ noun a tree of a
small genus which includes the tulip tree.
. Genus Liriodenoron lamily
typically because of a leak or unbalanced cargo,
Compare with HEEL
~ noun an instance ofa ship leaning over in such a
- ORIGIN modern Latin, (rom Greek leinon ' lily drndron tree
liripipe /'IIIIPAlpl ~
. body of manufactUrers of the particular dass of
the back of a
noun a long tail hanging from hood. especially ic medieval or
- ORI GIN eorly 17th cent.: of unknown origin.
~ verb (no obj.) want: like: Iwilh el,useller them list' 'Ith,ie thin. whar they list ~noun lmass nounj desire: inclination: have littl, liS!
list processing ~ noun Imass nounl ComPl/""'! the
manipuIadon of data organized as Iim,
- ORIGIN early 17th cenL: (rom medieval Ladn liripipium ' tipper of a hood, cord' , of unknown
LISTSERV ~ noun Im,ss noun) lradema" an electronic
mailing list of people who wish to receive specified
information from the Internet, -!COUni noun)Ilistsorv) any similar applicadon,
ftlSl ~ nDun (pl. same or /I..os) shortfor FLEUR-DEfhsi
- ORIGIN Old English I)"tan (verb), of c"rmanic origin, from a base meaning ' pleasure
list box ~ noun ComPuli"'J a box on the screen that
list system ~ noun a sYStem of voting (used in
several European countries! in which Votes are CaSt
~ ODun l,w a lawsuit, See also LIS PENDENS,
' EndEnzf ~ noun LAw p
eon rains a list of options, only one of which can be
- ORIGIN mid 181h cent.: from Latin lis ' dispute
for a list of candidates rather than an individual. to
lis alibi pendens/lis .,hbAi
lawsuit pending elsewhere,
- ORIGIN Ladn.
list broklng ~ noun lmass noun) troding
allow a degree of proportional representation,
marketing or publicity by direct mail.
a building in the UK)
Liszt Ihsl/, Fronz 11811-861, Hungarian composer
and pianist, He WaS a key figure in the romantic
- DERIVATIVES list broke. noun,
Ihe capita) and chief port
listed ~ adjedi.e 1 (of
Portugal. on the Atlantic ccast at the mouth of the
River Tagus; pop. 677, 790 119911. Portuguese name
officially designated as being of historical
importance and having protection from
movement; many of his piano compositions combine lyricism with great technical complexity,
created a new musical
boa/. I'ltzba:nl a !Own in Northern Ireland, to the
or major alterotions.
Slock Exchange: listed "",riries.
listel I'hstall noun Architeduro a narrow ~
tWelve symphonic poems (1848-581
2 relating to or denoting companies whose shares
are quoted on the main market of the London
- OEOIVATIVES Lintian adjective & noun.
Belfast. on the border
lit past and past participle of LIGHT , LIGHT'.
Li T'ai Po 1.1i: 1, 1 pout \
Antrim and Down: pop. 40,390
variant of LI Po. .
.. spa town in the Ireland, in County Clare: pop, 607
form of SEHTE.
flat surface running betWeen mouldings, Also
strip with a
~ litany /,htla)nil noun Ipl. - ies) a series of petition! for use in church services or proeessions.usually
-ORIGIN late 16th centc from Italian
diminutive of listo ' strip, band'
listen ~ .erb lno obi. ) give one evidenrly h, was nor listening I sit and list;m to rhe
recited by the dergy and responded to in a
recurring formula by the people. o(th. W.any) such petitions and responses contained
lisle Il,lil (also lisle thread) ~ noun Imass nounl a fine, smooth cotton thread used especially for Stockings.
s attention to a sound:
over and over
in the Book of Common Prayer, 0 a redious reciral or
repetitive series: 0 IiUlny oj complaintS.
- ORIGIN mid 16th cent.: from Lisle. former spelling
of LILLE, the original place of manufacrnre.
slake notice of and act on what someone says:
respond ro advice or a request: 1 lold her
- ORIGIN Middle English: from Old French I"ani" via
Lisp ~ noun Imass
- ORtGIN 1950s:
ecdesiastical Latin from Greek lilaneia ' prayer',
from lill ' supplication
~ nouolp!. litas /'Ii:!as/ same) the basic monetary unit
noun) a high- level eomputer
again, bul sh, wouldn
progromming language devised for list processing.
from Iis(rlp(roemorj. lisp ~ nDUO a speech defectin which
, limn. 0 make an effore to hear
something: tJ. alert and ready to hear something:
Ih,y listD1ed for sound; from th, baby s room. olin
is pronounced like rh in chic. and z is pronounced like rh in rhis.
,,"pol1I""1 used to urge someone 10 pay attendon 10 what one is going to say: listrn, an id,a. J'vr had
~ nDUO lin sing.)
~ .erllino obj. 1 speak with a lisp. - DERIVATIVES lisper noun, lispingly adverb. - 0 RJG Old English wlispian (recorded in dwlyspianj,
an act of listening to something.
from wlisp (adjective) ' lisping , of imitarive origin: compare with DUtch Ii!pen and German lispeln,
- ORIGIN Old English hlysnan ' pay attention 10 , of Germanic origin, ~ listen in listen to a private conversation, especially
of Lithuania. equalro 100 centas. spelling of LYCHEE, litchi ~ ODUO variant lit crit ~ abbre.iatioolor literary criticism. of lite ~ adjective or relating to low- fat or low.sugar
versions of manufactured food or drink products.
secretly. 8 use a radio receiving set to listen to
broadcast or conversation,
lis pendens ftlS ' pwdEnzf ~ noun l'w a pending
legal action. oa formaJ notice of this.
listenable ~ adjeoti" easy pleasant to listen to. Ot listonability noun, listener ~ noun a person who listens, especially
especially to low.calorie light beer. oN. Amet. inlornullacking in subStance: fadle. ~nouo 1 Imass nounl light beer with reiatively few calories, 2 N. Arner. a courtesy light in motor vehicle, a
Lissajous figure /,h"'3u:1 ~ noun
someone who does so in an attentive manner.
0 a person listening to a radio station or programme,
listening post ~ nDun a station for
a number of characteriStic looped or curved figures
forming lite ~ suffix
traced out by a point undergoing tWo independent simple harmonic modons at right angles with frequencies in a simple ratio, - ORIGIN late 19th cent, : named after Jules A.
fossils: rhyolite I zeohre. - ORIGIN from French, from Greek lirho! ' Stone'.
liter ~ noun US spelling LITRE. of
oa point near an enemy's
movements by sound,
literacy ~ noun Imass nounl the ability
list' ~ noun1
1i55ome) ~ adjecti.e lof a person
their body) thin, supple, and graceful.
- DERIVATIVES 1i5somness noun.
surgeon, inventor of andseptic techniques in surgery. He realized the significance of Louis Pasteur s germ theory in connection with sepsis
and in 1865 he used
1st Baron (1827-19121, English
- ORIGIN late
1950s: 191h cent.: from
a deliberate respelling of LIGHT
names of rocks. minerals. and
to read and
LITERATE, on the
pattern of illiteracy.
literae hu!TIaniores I"or"
- ORIGIN late 18th cent.: contraction. from LITHE'
carbolic acid dressings on
patients who had undergone surgery.
lister ~ nDUO US a plough with a double
classics, philosophy. and ancient history at
~ plural noun 111"ted " sing. 1 rhe honours course in
a number of connected items or names printed consecutively. typically one
below the other-. consulr Ihe of drugs on pog' 326 I liSt
-ORIGIN late 19th cent.: from late 18th-cent.
prepare land for listeria IIi' suma/
University. - ORIGIN Latin, literally ' the more humane Studies'.
writing a shopping Ii!t
a crop ' Isee LlST , -ER
list literal ~ adjecli.e raking words in their usual or 1
. a set of irems considered as being in the same
"'tegory or having a particular order of priority:
~ noun 1m", nounl
most basic sense without metaphor or allego/ya type
dreadful in its literal sense, full oj dreod.
the com, lap of liSt oj issues rhal rhe public parries should b, tolking about. 0 Compuling a
bacterium which infects humans and other warm' blooded animals through contaminated food.
. Usleri. monoOylogenes: mo,;!, aerob,o Gram-negali... rods.
0 free from exaggeration or distortion: you shouldOI
la" Ihi.! a lil"al rrcordMnlS. oonformal ablolu" OJ of lused to emphasize that a strong exprelSion is
I ffewlg gellh helj yes Ikcalillegim man In nolppenlrredlssilll lop I vvoicelwweizzoolJshel3decisionl8thIOIolhisiry ring I x loch ItJchipldjjar
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limit for condition, place. or position: tl11 Iffon 10 reswre him to vehicles. . N Amer. an area which unauchonlCd la building, renovate offill l working. . repair or people are not allowed 10 enter. etc. so as 10 rerum it to ilS work of art, vehicle, 1 restriction ~ noun (often restrictions a limiting original condition: II" huil4ing har j,(,rn loVIngly especial1y a legal one: or condition . mlored. . give (something previously stolen, taken
08", an area in which there is a speed
resubmit ~ .erb Iwlln obl. 1 submit (something, such
as a plan, application. or resignation) again.
- DERIVATIVES resubmission noun.
result ~ noun a consequence. effeet. or outcome something: Ihl tDwer coUapsrd as a result oJ safrly
away, or lostl back to the original owner or reCIpient: will restorl land and proplrry tD Iho51 who Ihr gov,",mlnt loSt" rhrough eonfiscahon. - DERIVATIVES restorable adjective, restorer noun.
- ORIGIN Middle English: from Old French
planning rrstrictions on comrnereial devrlopmrn'or eonlrol of someone or .lmlSS nounl the limitation something, or the State of being limitod or
power. oJ local gOI"'nmrnl - OERIVATIVES r..tri~tionism noun, restrictionist
resrriCted: Ihr rrSinction
.an item of infonnation obtained by experiment
some other scientific method; a quantity or formula
obtained by calculation. . loften result.sl a 6nal
score, mark. or placing in a sporting event examinarioc, . (often rnults) a satisfactory or favourable outcome of an undertaking or contest:
results) rhe outcome of a businesss trading over a of given period, expressed as a Statement profit or 10"Ss: 0" camponi" haVl reportrd marlcedly b""," mullS. ~ .e.. Ino obl. occur or follow as the consequence something: governmcnl unpopularity r....lnng from tl11 talk oJ grn,,"al Starr oJ th, rconomy II" idl resultingl
from Latin rrHaura" ' rebuild, rescore'.
restrain ~ ve.. Iwilh obi. ) prevent Isomeone or something) from doing something: keep under
.djeClive & noun.
- ORICIN laIC Middle English: from Old French, or
from from Latin rrstrictio(n-J,
rr51nngm ' bind
drrcrmlnalion and pmisrrnCt guaron", mullS. . (u,u.
control or wi,hin limilS: hr had 10 bl restrained from walking out oJ Ihr rnClllng I las 'dl. restraining! Cara hIS pur a "stroining hand on ann. .prevent oneself from displaying or giving way to la Strong urge or emotion: Am'" had 10 r",roin hu
restriction enzyme (also restriction
endonucle...e) ~ noun B,ocheml"ry
of cleaving DNA molecules at property specific sequenceof bases.
confine ' lsee RESTRICTI.
an enzyme produced chiefly by certain bacteria, that has the
or near a
dang"ouJ mminals. .(ofa seat beItl hold la person or part of their body) dOW11 and back whilein a vehicle
- DERIVATIVES restrainable adJect""', re.tralner noun.
impahlnll. a deprive Isomeonel of freedom of cuffs movement or personal liberty: Irg art uJld In rhr and US Jor resrroining and rransponlng ","mlly violrnl
election and rhr multing politICal unc,,"Ulinry.
restriction fragment ~ noun BIOchemIstry a of a DNA molecule rhat has been cleaved fragment by a restriction enzyme,
.Iresult Inl have
la'" la specifiod end or outcome!:
poly. restriction fragment length in the
- PHRASES without result in vain:Dlnny had inquired
July had rrsulrrd in slalrmate.
about getting work. without multo
morphism ~ noun
Gon""s a variation
-ORIGIN late Middle
s sense ' pring back',
English (as a verbl: from
- ORICIN Middle English: from Old French reslTl'ign. stem of remeind", from Latin restringrre, from ft. back' . 51ringere to tie, pull tight'.
restriction fragmentS-produced by a given restriction enzyme in a sample of DNA. Such
medieval Latin resultarr ' to result', earlier in the
from re- (expressing intensive
restrained ~ adje"i.e characterized by reserve or
moderation; unemotional or dispassionate: he had
variation is used in forensic investigations and to map hereditary disease. restrictive ~ adjective 1 imposing restrictions limitations on someone's acuviries or freedom; a
wrb oJ reSirieri\~ regulations.
forcel- saltarr (frequentative of salire ' to jump ). The
resultant. ~ adjecti.. laruib. )
noun dates from the early 17th cent. occurring or produced of something: as a result or consequence
"Strained mannel'1. -Iof eolour, clothes, deeoration, etc. ) understated and
2 Gram""e lof a relative clause or descriptive phrasel
serving to specify the particular
restructuring and Ihe rrsullanlsavings, toSt velocity, or other force, ~ noun technical a
or ornate. . kept under subtle; not excessively showy control; preventod from freedom of movemenl or restrained action: a paleh aJ land rurnld infO
quantity which is equiVdlent
ro the combined
inStances being mentioned,
rwo or more component vectors acting at
cent. tin the adjectival sense):
WIld,""". . (of a person) held down and back in a
vehicle seat by a seat belt.
- DERIVATIVES restrainedly adverb,
restrictively adverb, restrictiveness
the same point,
- ORIGIN mid 17th r"ultare (see
(!I!J33 What isthe diffelo""" between rnB books my which were 0f1 ,he table once Delonged /0 aurT! and /he books, wnich ....re on the fabio, once De/onged 10 In the firsl sentence the speaker uses the relalive BUnn
from Latin resultant- ' springing back' , from the verb
RESULTI. The noun sense dates from
restraint ~ noun 1 (often restraints) a measure or
the early 19th cent.
condition that keeps someone or something under
control or within limitS: drcisions are madr WI/hin Ihr
oJ rhe budgr'financial rrstraintS noun) the action of keeping someone or something under eontrol. -1m", noon! deprivation or
resume ~ .e.. lwith obi.)
day lara nonnal
~ adjo"i.. expressing,
clause 10 p;cIl out a subset cf books (the ones on the
table) and imply a contrast with some other see 01 booIu,
~ noun a resultative verb, conjunction, or clause.
begin to do or pursue
indicating, or relating to the ou(Come
In \he second sentence the size of the set of booIu
eferred \0 Is unanec1ed by the relative clause; the speaker merely oHers the additional information that they
of personal IitJ.rry or freedom of restriction "quirrd physieal moYement: hI remainrd aggr"'ive an~ ear
Isomething! again after a pause or interruption: a
service was murnrd.
"Straint. - a device which limitS or prevenlS freedom
happen to tJ. on the lable.
This distinction is between restrictive and nonreletive clauses. in writing, a noo-reslridive restrictive relative clause is set 01\ within commas, wtU1e in speeeh , the diHerence is expressed by a dinerence in intonation.
I""ss nounJ unemotional, dispassionate, or moderate behaviour. self-control: hI u'Krd !hr
prores!ol'1 ro "rreise restraint. .underSTatemenr, especially of
a pause or interruption: hostilihrs hlU! ceased and
normallifr hlU! resumed, . lno obi-) bq:in speaking again
tJ.gin ro tJ. done, pursued, or used again after
after a pause or interruption: hI sipped al drr glass oJ
from Old French
Ignorance of the distindion can lead to unintentionally .
relative comic eneels: for e..mpie, strictly speaking, the clause in if you ara in need of ass;slanca, please ask any rnamDer of sraff who will De pHlBsad 10 help implies
con!r3st with another set of stan whO will 001 tJ. pleased to help. A comma is needed before who.
wirh strings and piano. all rrSirain! vanishld.
on rhe Irctem and rhtn rrsumed I I""" .'rCCl spted1! can promi" anything.' Jor Joe, ' rhr Major mumal of: . take, pick up, or put on again; retUrn to the use
- ORICIN late Middle English:
hold back' (see RESTRAIN).
rilL judge resumed his real
of ~ noun N. Arner . variant speIling
",trein", feminine past participle
REsuME tin sense 2).
- DERIVATIVES resumable
noun, - ORIGIN late Middle
reo back' . surnm
restraint of trade ~ noun Imass no",,) Liw action
that interferes with free competition in a market.
restrict ~ .e.. Iwilh obi,)
-Icou", nounl a elause in a eon tract that reStricts a person s right to carry on their trade or profession,
restrictive covenant ~
the value and enjoyment of
English; from Old French
noun Law a covenant
rrsum" or Laun resum"" from
imposing a reStriction on the use of land so thar
adjoining land will be
put a limit on; keep under
~ noun. a summary: I gavt 1
havr ro be closrd 01 peak hmrs control: some roads may oJ ro mtrict the number visitors. .deprive (someone or something) of fr..,dom group' oJ can restria movemenr or aerion: cities residmlial Slrerl. prorrSlcrJ from gathtTing on
restrictive practice ~ noun Brit an arrangement
by a group ofworke~ to limit output or restrict the
new workers in order to protect their own interests, .an arrangement in industry or rrade thar restrict or controls competition betWeen firms. restrungllwilh verb (pi" and pa" p,n'Clple restring ~
entry of strings to la musical obi. instrument or sports racket).
quick n!sumi oJrvcncs, 2 N. Arnec. a curriculum vitae, - ORIG!N early 19th cent.: French
resumed' , past participle (used as a
or having la
partieular thing) or Slaying in (a particular plaeel: 1 shall restriCt mY5llf 10 0 singlr "ampll. . (restrict something to) limit something,
especially aD activity, to (a particular place, time, or firSt caregory of people): thl Zoological Gardmr wm al rrstricrtd 10 mlmbm and rhcir gurs". . withhold (infonnationl from general circulation or disclosure: Ihl Amrriea ns CI;Id 10 rrsrrict n.-.vs oJ tl1rir ar fi'"
involvemenl in Virlnam.
. (re5td~t someone to) limit someone to only doing
resumptive ~ adje"i.. Gl1mmar indicating
resumption of a topic having previous reference.
) 1 fit new or different
resupinate /r1su:prne", . sju:-f ~ adjecti,e Boli"y lof
a leaf, flower. fruiting body, etc.lupside
- DERIVATIVES resupination noun.
- 0 RI C I
- ORIGIN mid
16th cent, : from Latin rr.l1riCl'
, from the verb
2 thread (objects such as beads) on a new string, restroom ~ noun 1 Brit. a room, especially in a public building, for people (0 relax or recover in, 2 chiefly N. Amel. a toilet in a public building. restructure ~ .erb (wllh obi.) organize differently: a
the Ec. plan to Slrenglhln and rr.l1ructurr
late 18th cent. : from Latin rcsupinalus ' bent
back' , past participle of resupinarr , based on supinw
lying on the back'
resupply ~ ".. (- ies, , led) Iwilh obi.j provide with'
.Ino obi. ,nvi,aged a period to regroup and rrsupply. ~ noun an act or resupplying something or being
fresh supply: hr planned ro usr 216 Squadron to rrsupply his JOret, ) rake on or acquire a fresh supply: phase rwo
confined, bound fast
.f,nance eonvert (the debt of a business in difficulty)
into another kind of debt, typically one that is
restricted ~ adjective 1,II"b. ) limited in extent, number, scope, or action; W,stern scientists had only rrslncted access 10 rhr sitr. .(of a document or informationj for limited
restudy ~ .e.. (-ies, -ied) (wilh
Isomething) again, ~ noun an instanceof restyle ~ ve..
repayable at a later time.
) obi. stUdy
circulation and not to be revealed
for to the public
studying something again.
resurface ~ .erb 1 Iwilh obi.) put a new coating on
or reform (a surface such as a road, a floor, or ice).
2 lno obi. )
reasons of national security. . 8iolO9Y (of a virus)
unable to reproduee at its normal rate in certain
hosts. . Blocnem'Slry(of DNA) subject to degradation by
a remiCtion enzyme.
- OERIVATIVES noun.
new shape or layout: Nick rrSl)'lrd Rrbrcca s hair. 2 give a new designation to: Iwilh obi and complemenlj has BR' s Nrrwork SouthEaSt division reStyled rho branch
!he Lovejoy Line.
Iw,rn obl. 11
rearrange or remake in a
come back up to the surface: he rrsur:faccd
beside thr boat. . arise or become evident again: serious conc,",S ahout
restri~tedly adverb, restri~t..dness
~ noun an inStance of reshaping or
restricted area ~ noun an area in which aCtivity
.a new shape or arrangement.
murJaCld. . lof a animals e..n!ually Ihe wllfarr oJ hI person) eome out of hiding or obscurity: murfoced undrr a Jols, identity in AuSlrelia. increase or revival sour
is restricted in a number of ways, in particular:
resurgence ~ noun (In sing.) an
a call 0: arm I E bed I E: hair I . ago I a; her II sit I i cosy I i: see I oholl J: saw I A run I u put I u; 100 I AI my I au how 101 day
I.u no II. near I JI boy I Ud poor I AI. lire I au.
successful in driving them away. but
called PEOPLES OF THE SEA.
rhe late 13th centUry BC. Tht Egypuans Wtlt som..
Page 6 of 6
roa! faT all seoson;.
Searle Is.:I!, Ronald (Willi-m Fordhaml (b. I9201.
warm seas which has wing- like pectoral fins that
for every kjnd of weather: a
including the Philistines. ""led in Palestine. Also
English artiSt and cartoonist, famous for crearing the schoolgirls of St Trinian
. adaptable ro any circumsrance: 0 singer for all "a sons season . greetings used as an "pression
of goodwill at Chrisrmas or the Ne'" Year.
- ORIGIN Middlt English: from Old French ICIOn
sea robin ~ noun a gurnard (fishl. especially one of
are brighlly coloured.
. Family T"9Iodae. SOYer" genera .nd many soo"",
sea perch ~ noun
of any of a numtJ.r marine 5shes have a long- based dorsal fin and
which are popular as sporting fish. in partICular:
. a r,sn of tro. snap,",' t.m'y IL",",n"'..
se....' 9"""") .,
sea room ~ noun Imm noun) clear space at sea for a
ship to lurn or manoeuvre in.
from Latin ,alio(n.J ' sowing . later ' lime or sowing'. from rhe root of serere ' to sow seasonable ~ adjectiv, 1 usual for or appropriate
to a particular
the yea r: !colonable
sea pink ~ noun
anmhtl term for THRIFT (in sense
an aircraf1 with nOalS or
Sears Tower Imz!
has 110 noors.
in Chicago. the
- D ERJ\' A T I\' ES seasonabllity noun. season.ble. ness noun , seasonably adverb.
talleSt building in the world when il was
seaplane ~ noun
completed in 1973. It is H3 m (1.454 ftl high and
2 jicha" coming at the right time or meeting the needs of the occasion: opportune.
instead of wheels. designed to land on. and take off
sea-run ~ ,djecti.. N
a migratory fish,
seaport ~ noun a IOwn or CIt)' wilh a
after especially a lroutl h-ving returned to the sea
evaporation of seawater.
seasonal ~ ,djec!i.. of. relatlng to,
characteristic of a particular season or the year: a
selection of seasonal fresh fruit. 0 nuCtuating or restricted according to rho ,,",on orr componl" ",hose mar.CI' 0'" time of year: there seasonal I seasonal raInfall. - DERIVATIVES seasonality noun. seasonally adverb.
sea potato ~ noun
a yellowish.brown European
sea salt ~ noun Imm nounl salt produced by the
seascape... noun. view of an expanse of sea. .a piCture of such a view.
. Ectunocarflivm cevtJalum . Class Ecnooo"'u.
sea power ~ noun 1""55 noonl a country s
Strength, especially as a weapon o( War,
Sea Scout... noun (especially in the UKI a member
of the maritime branch of rht Scout Association.
seasonal affective disorder ~ noun
seasoning ~ noun
SEAO ~ abbrevialion lor (in the UKI SlOck Exehange
Automated Quotations (the computer system
depression associated with late aurumn and winter
and thought to be caused by a lack of light.
which dealers "ade shares
on and seek or provide
sea serpent... noun
a legendary serpent- like
1 salt, herbs. or spiees
price quotations on the London Stock Exchange!.
sea shanty... noun see SHANTY
added to food to enhance the Oavour.
a sudden disturbance.of the sea eaused by a submarine eruption or earthquake.
seashell ... noun the shell
a marine mollusc.
seashore ~ noun (usu. the seashore) an area
sandy, Stony, or rocky land bordering and level with the sea,
ollW ,he land betWeen high, and low-water marks.
2 the process of adjusting the moisture content of wood to make it more suitable for use as timtJ.r.
season ticket... noun
sea spider... noun
sear... ..111'"ith 001. 1 bum or scorch rhe surfact (something) with a sudden, intense hear: the wat" a sharp pang our lips Iligur~II" gar sohor thatil "artd hcr. "artd of di5Pppointm'nr
a ticket for a period of of travel or a series events which costs less than
.Ino 001. Mlh ,"..""al 01 di,,~,on) (of pain) tJ. experienced as pain "arrd a sudden , burning sensation: 0 au;hing
through his ch"'- . br.....n (food J quickly at a high temperature so that it will retain its juices in chicl:", subsequent cooking: I" Odj. ..",,"c make Ii"",. . Ircna~ cause
seasick... adjective sutTering from
nausea caused by the motion of.
- DERIVATIVES seasickness noun.
ship at sea.
seaside ~ noun
purchasing several separare tickets. a spider- ike marine arachnid l which has a narrow segmented body with a minure abdomen and long legs. . ClaSS P~,,",cs.a.
.oaredl "a"d 10 withtl. .
heart, or feelings!
noun a marine tunieate which has a a sea slater... noun a common shore- dwelling seag-squirt... with orifices through which water b like body
(usu. the seaside) a place by the or sea, especially a beaeh area holiday resort.
sea squill... noun see SOUIlt. (sense I).
no"" intO and out of a central pharynx.
. Class A.scidiac:ea. subphylum Urocn"'data.
crustacean which is related to the woodlouse,
L'9ia oceameA . "'dO' Isopoda.
... adjective (also sere) poehcl1,rer;ory(especially
- ORIGIN Old English sial.
sea slug ~ noun a shell. less marine mollusc
. Order. Nudibranch"' , Class Gastropoda.
(adjeCtive), siarian (verbl, of
is typically brightly coloured, with external gills
and a riumtJ.r of appendages on the upper surf-ceo
1 a marine mollusc.
sea stack... noun see STAGK (sense 2).
carefully and "arched among che rocks, bul there wa; thoroughly: able 10 search cuI rhe mO5t norhing I Daniel is then rhe Hugh wil/ be searching for advantageous mortgage
sea star ~ noun a starfish. sea state ~ noun the degree
average wave height,
of turbulence at sea.
search... velll lno 0~. 1 I", 10 find something by sea snail... noun
generally measured on a scale of 0 to 9 aecording to
seat... noun 1 a thing made or used for
one with a spiral shell,
. Subclass Prosoora"""ia . Class Gastropoda.
2 another term for SNAllFISH.
such as a chair or Slool.
of . rht roughly horizontal port a chair. on whieh
.1"" obi. examine (a place, vehicle,oe 1
sea snake... noun a venomous m..rine snake with
lop 10 bon om I the guards she searched the house from ""apons. . I" adj. s..rchlngl searrhed him for
thoroughly in order 10 find something or someone:
a flallened tail, whieh lives in the warm coastal waters of the Indian and Pacific oeeans and does
not eome on to landS,",DoS. incJud"'II'he follow- bellIed
s weight rests directly. . a sitting place for a
scrutinizing thoroughly, especially
disconcerting way: you ho", ro as, )'Jurselvrs some searching queslions. or something: ~ noun an act of searching someone for ehe police carried out 0 thorough search of the premistS I he plam to go ro rhe Himala vos in search of a yeli.
. Svbrami'y HydrOphiinae. lami'y Eiapodae: se....' genera and .ea snake (Pe'-mis troe ooIy species Iou"" in !he open ocean
passenger in a vehicle or (or a memtJ.r of an theaerr Wlrh obout I.JOO audienee: ""hove a fairly !moll scats. . ch.lly 8"1. a place in an elected parli-menl couneil: he 1051 his scar in the 1997 eleCtion. .8rn. a ht parliamentary eonStitUency: safe labour seoc a
season... noun each
of the four divisions of the year (spring, summer, autumn, and winterl marked by particular weather parrerns and daylight hours,
North. EaSt . a site or Iocauon of something specified: ""rlioment House was rhe seat of rhe Scars Porliomcnt until
for COUNTRY SEAY. 0 a the Union .irh England. . shorr
o(usu. searches I low an investigation of public records
resulting (rom the earth' s changing position with regord to Ihe sun.
part of a machine that supports or guides another
2 a person s bunocks.
- PHRASES surch me! Inlormol I do nor
to find if a propel1)' is subjeCt to any Ii_bili"es or encumbrances.
- DERIVATIVES searchable adjeclive, searcher noun
searchingly adverb. cermier - ORIGIN Middle English: from Old French (verb), from late Latin circarc go round' , from Latin circus
ea period of rhe year charaCterizedby a pat1icular or elimatic feature marked by a particular aCtivity, event. or festivity: rhe Tainy season I Ih, season far gaehmng pine needles. . a fixed time in theyear when
0 the part of a garment that eovers the bunocks. . a
manner of sitting on a horR a horse of a n)'Jne I've ever ",n.
gol rhe "~rsr sra' on
s fruil rhal is sea.son I new season in
a particular spot1ing activity is pursued: rhe Engfish cTir'" scason is almoSt upan us. . the rime o( year when a particular fruit, vegetable, or other food is plentiful and in good condilion: rhe pies arc made with
Iamb. . a period
~ velll 1",lh obi. 1
somewhere: Owen seared his guest; in the draugh,y baronial hall.
shr 'Is..t oneselfor be se.ted) sit down:
(someone! to sit
search coil ~ noun Phys"s a nat coil o( insulated
wire eonnected to a galvanometer. used for the Strength of
when a female mammal is ready ro mare: this sys1em
of communirotion works very ",,1/, especial/y ",hen afemole year I! in sca.son. . (the .eason) a time of
a magnetic field from the current
indueed in the coil when it is quickly lurned over or withdrawn. search engine... noun Compullng a program for the
retrieval of data. files, or
documents from a
traditionally adopred by Ihe English upper classes ror a series of fashionable soeial events. . """IC a proper or suitable time: to CVC'1'hing rhm I! a seo,on. 0 ""..t an indefinite unspecified period of lime: a or while: rhis mO51 beauliful soul; ",ho ",alked willi me for
season in lhis world.
10 be seot,d J I" laj. seatedl a dummy in a sco/Cd position. o(of a place sueh as a theatre or restaurant! of peoplel: , lorg' have sears for la specified number lenl rhor seats 100 10 ISO !"ople. 0 I""" Obi 100 ,d"",iol 01 upper boulders "". ,., simply sca'ed In pl"'l fir in position: thr interstices belo.'
s seat sir down. typically in a
- PHRASES take one
seat assigned to one. . start to take part in the
business of an assembly after being elected.
- OERIVATlvES seaUess ad,eclive,
database or netWork, especially the Internet. searchlight ~ noun a powerful outdoor electric
~..III I,,"h obi. !
light with a concentrated beam that can be tUrned
in the required direction
1 add salt, herbs, pepper. or other ond with spices to (food): seoson rh, soup to laSte salt pepper II" adl seasonedl seasoned flour oadd a quality feature to (somethingl, cspeeially sa or
- ORIGIN Middle English (as a noun): from Old Norse verb dares s,,'i. from the Germanic base of S'T. from Ihe late 16th cent.
s"at belt ~ noun a belt used 10 secure someone in
or the sear of a motor vehicle
search party ~ noun a group of people organized
10 look for
as to make" more lively or exciting: hi! (on"'Tsation is
.1lh rxclomallon poinl! "0'0"": libcrolly JonC!
authorizing a police omcer or other official
enter and search premises. exllemely hol or intense:
someone or something that is lost. warrant ~ noun a lebal document
.seater ~ combining loom denoting
aircraft. a vehiele, sofa, or
2 make (wood I
building "' Ith
a specified number
seatS: a SIX'
searing ~ adjecti"
scaring heal of
suitable for use as limber by adjuSting ilS moisture contenl to that of the enVlronment in which ir will be used: I" Idl. , seasonedl il was mode from seasoned untrtated oak.
seating ~ noun ImlSS oounl the sealS with
building or room is provided:
rh, ",'ouranr has a Tleal)'
thr \Un I a scenng pain. . ,,"erely critical: a scanng IndiClmenl of rhr go"mmrnr
'1" "I se.sonedJ accustomed
- 'H"AS ES lor
10 parrieular condition!: experionced: she I! 0 seasoned lro,.lIcr.
all s.asons suitable in or appropriate
SEATO ~ obb..,ial;on lor South. East ,,"
near I ot boy I uo poor I "
'call 0: arm I (bed I c: hair I 0 ago I 0: her I t Iii I i cosy I i: ~ee I tJ 11011): law I h run I u pull u: 100 I hi my Iou how I tI day I ou no I"
" fire I au' lour
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