Ortega et al v. City of Oakland et al

Filing 153

Court's Proposed Special Verdict Form. Signed by Judge Joseph C. Spero on December 3, 2008. (jcslc2, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 12/3/2008)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 v. CITY OF OAKLAND et al., Defendants. ____________________________________/ MIGUEL ORTEGA, et al., Plaintiffs, No. C-07-2659 JCS UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 COURT'S PROPOSED SPECIAL VERDICT FORM Dated: December 3, 2008 ___________________________ JOSEPH C. SPERO United States Magistrate Judge 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 JURY VERDICT We, the jury, unanimously find as follows: I. A. Liability First 42 U.S.C. 1983 Claim Freedom of Expression 1. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar deprived plaintiff Ortega of his right to freedom of expression by detaining/arresting him? ___ Yes ___ No If you answer yes, go to question 2. If you answer no, go to question 3. 2. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar's violation of plaintiff Ortega's right to freedom of expression by detaining/arresting him was a substantial factor in causing plaintiff's harm? ___ Yes ___ No Go to question 3. B. Second 42 U.S.C. 1983 Claim False Arrest 3. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar detained/arrested plaintiff Benjamin Ortega without probable case? ___ Yes ___ No If you answer yes, go to question 4. If you answer no, go to question 5. 4. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that the arrest/detention was a substantial factor in causing plaintiff's harm? ___ Yes ___ No Go to question 5. C. Third 42 U.S.C. 1983 Claim Excessive Force 5. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar used excessive force when he detained/arrested plaintiff Ortega? ___ Yes ___ No If you answer yes, then go to question 6. If you answer no, go to question 7. United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar's use of excessive force in detaining/arresting plaintiff Ortega was a substantial factor in causing plaintiff's harm? ___ Yes ___ No Go to question 7. D. Assault 7. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar assaulted plaintiff Ortega? ___ Yes ___ No If you answer yes, go to question 8. If you answer no, go to question 9. 8. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar's conduct was a substantial factor in causing plaintiff Ortega's harm? ___ Yes ___ No Go to question 9. E. Battery By a Peace Officer 9. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar committed battery upon plaintiff Ortega? ___ Yes ___ No If you answer yes, go to question 10. If you answer no, go to question 11. 10. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar's conduct was a substantial factor in causing plaintiff Ortega's harm? ___ Yes ___ No Go to question 11. F. Violation of Bane Act Cal. Civ. Code 52.1 11. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar interfered with plaintiff Ortega's civil rights by threatening to commit or committing violent acts against plaintiff Ortega? ___ Yes ___ No 3 United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 If you answer yes, go to question 12. If you answer no, go to question 13. 12. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar's conduct was a substantial factor in causing plaintiff Ortega's harm? ___ Yes ___ No Go to question 13. G. Violation of Ralph Act Cal. Civ. Code 51.7 13. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar threatened to commit or committed violent acts against plaintiff Ortega because of his national origin? ___ Yes ___ No If you answer yes, go to question 14. If you answer no, go to question 15. 14. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar's conduct was a substantial factor in causing plaintiff Ortega's harm? ___ Yes ___ No Go to question 15. H. Negligence 15. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar was negligent? ___ Yes ___ No If you answer yes, go to question 16. If you answer no, go to question 17. 16. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar's negligence was a substantial factor in causing plaintiff Ortega's harm? ___ Yes ___ No Go to question 17. I. Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress 17. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that plaintiff Ortega wilfully committed conduct that caused plaintiff to suffer severe emotional distress? ___ Yes ___ No 4 United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 If you answer yes, go to question 18. If you answer no, go to question 19. 18. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar's conduct was a substantial factor in causing plaintiff Ortega's harm? ___ Yes ___ No Go to question 19. II. DAMAGES 19. If you answered "yes" to questions 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, or 18, what is the total amount of compensatory damages, if any, that should be awarded to plaintiff Ortega? $ ____________ Proceed to question 20. 20. Do you find by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant Alcantar's conduct was either malicious or committed in reckless disregard of plaintiff Ortega's rights? ___ Yes ___ No If yes, proceed to question 21. 21. Do you award plaintiff Ortega punitive damages? United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 ___ Yes ___ No If yes, proceed to question 22. 22. What is the amount of punitive damages against defendant Alcantar? $ _____________ 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 SIGN AND DATE THE SPECIAL VERDICT FORM Signed:___________________________________________________________ Foreperson of the Jury: _________________________________________________ Dated:__________________ After this Verdict Form has been signed and dated, please submit a Jury Note to the Court Security Officer notifying the Court that the Jury has reached a verdict. Please return the Verdict Form to the Courtroom Deputy. United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 6

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