Callegari v. Lee et al

Filing 11

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE WHY IFP STATUS SHOULD NOT BE VACATED AND CASE DISMISSED PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C. SECTION 1915(g); DENYING 3 MOTION FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION. Signed by Judge Maxine M. Chesney on December 30, 2008. (mmcsec, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 12/30/2008)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 United United States District Court For the Northern District of California 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA ) ) ) Plaintiff, ) ) v. ) ) CHARLES D. LEE, M.D., et al., ) ) Defendants. ____________________________________ ) CARL LEE CALLEGARI, No. C 08-2420 MMC (PR) ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE WHY IFP STATUS SHOULD NOT BE VACATED AND CASE DISMISSED PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C. 1915(g); DENYING MOTION FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION (Docket No. 3) On May 12, 2008, plaintiff, a California prisoner proceeding pro se, filed the abovetitled civil rights complaint pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 1983, and the action was assigned to the Honorable Claudia Wilken. On July 3, 2008, Judge Wilken granted plaintiff's application to proceed in forma pauperis ("IFP") under 28 U.S.C. 1915. On October 14, 2008, in accordance with the Northern District's Assignment Plan, the action was reassigned to the undersigned, as all four of plaintiff's prior actions in this court have been so assigned. The Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995 ("PLRA"), enacted April 26, 1996, provides that a prisoner may not bring a civil action or appeal a civil judgment under 28 U.S.C. 1915 "if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the ground that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 injury." 28 U.S.C. 1915(g). The effect of 1915(g) is that a prisoner cannot proceed with his action IFP under 1915, but he still may pursue his claims if he pays the full filing fee at the outset of the action. See Adepegba v. Hammons, 103 F.3d 383, 388 (5th Cir. 1996) (holding prisoner barred from proceeding IFP under 1915(g) may proceed under fee provisions of 28 U.S.C. 1911-14 applicable to all other litigants). For purposes of determining whether dismissal of a prisoner's prior case meets the requirements of 1915(g), the phrase "fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted" parallels the language of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) and carries the same interpretation; the word "frivolous" refers to a case that is "of little weight or importance: having no basis in law or fact"; and the word "malicious" refers to a case "filed with the intention or desire to harm another." Andrews v. King, 398 F.3d 1113, 1121 (9th Cir. 2005) (quotations and citations omitted). Before leave to proceed IFP may be denied under 1915(g), the prisoner must be given notice of the potential applicability of 1915(g), by either the district court or the defendants. Id. Further, as the prisoner bears the ultimate burden of persuasion that 1915(g) does not bar IFP status for him, the court must notify the prisoner of the earlier dismissals it considers to support a 1915(g) dismissal and allow the prisoner an opportunity to be heard on the matter before dismissing the action. Id. at 1120. As noted, plaintiff has been granted leave to proceed IFP herein. It appears, however, that plaintiff might not be entitled to such status. Specifically, a review of the dismissal orders in the prior actions filed by plaintiff in this court reveals that he has filed as a prisoner more than three actions that subsequently were dismissed on the grounds they were frivolous, malicious, or failed to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. The Court has evaluated these actions based on the dismissal orders filed therein. See id. (holding where docket records are not sufficient to determine whether prior dismissals fall under 1915(g), actual court files must be consulted). In particular, plaintiff is now given notice that the Court is of the belief that the following dismissals may be counted as dismissals for purposes of 1915(g): Callegari v. Lustman, et al., No. C 00-1615 MMC (PR) (N.D. Cal. June 9, 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2000) (dismissing action with prejudice for failure to state a claim); Callegari v. Chesterman, et al., No. C 02-3624 MMC (PR) (N.D. Cal. Nov. 4, 2002) (same); Callegari v. D. Sellers, et al., No. C 06-1970 MMC (PR) (N.D. Cal. June 2, 2006) (same). Additionally, the Court is of the belief that the following dismissals of three actions filed by plaintiff in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California likewise may be counted as dismissals for purposes of 1915(g): Callegari v. Director of Dep't of Corrections, et al., No. CIV S 060399 DFL DAD P (E.D. Cal. Sept. 5, 2007) (adopting findings and recommendations of magistrate judge and dismissing all claims as legally frivolous); Callegari v. Doctor Adya, et al., No. CIV S 06-0443 MCE DAD P (E.D. Cal. Jan. 9, 2007) (same); Callegari v. County of San Joaquin, No. CIV S 08-0214 JAM KJM P (E.D. Cal. Oct. 6, 2008) (same). In light of the above-noted dismissals, and because plaintiff has not alleged he is under imminent danger of serious physical injury, plaintiff is hereby ORDERED TO SHOW CAUSE, within thirty days of the date this order is filed, why the order granting plaintiff leave to proceed IFP should not be vacated and this action should not be dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1915(g). Alternatively, rather than showing cause why this action should not be dismissed, plaintiff may avoid dismissal by paying, within thirty days of the date this order is filed, the full $350.00 filing fee. Plaintiff's failure to comply with this order will result in the dismissal of this action without prejudice to plaintiff's refiling the complaint in a new case in which plaintiff pays the filing fee. In light of the above, plaintiff's motion for a preliminary injunction is hereby DENIED as premature. This order terminates Docket No. 3. IT IS SO ORDERED. DATED: December 30, 2008 _________________________ MAXINE M. CHESNEY United States District Judge 3

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