Lyman v. Scribner

Filing 32

ORDER DENYING CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY. Signed by Judge Jeffrey S. White on 4/20/09. (jjo, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 4/20/2009)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ROBERT LYMAN, Petitioner, v. LARRY SCRIBNER, Warden, Respondent. / ORDER DENYING CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY No. C 08-02478 JSW IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 On April 3, 2009, Petitioner Larry Scribner ("Petitioner") filed a notice of appeal without filing a motion for certificate of appealability. The Court shall construe the notice of appeal as a request for a certificate of appealability. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 2255, "[a]n appeal may be taken to the court of appeals from the order entered on the motion [to vacate] as from a final judgment on application from a writ of habeas corpus." A petitioner may not appeal a final order in a federal habeas corpus proceeding without first obtaining a certificate of appealability ("COA"). See 28 U.S.C. 2253(c). A judge shall grant a COA "only if the applicant has made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right." 28 U.S.C. 2253(c)(2); Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 483 (2000). The certificate must indicate which issues satisfy this standard. See id.; 28 U.S.C. 2253(c)(3). "Where a district court has rejected the constitutional claims on the merits, the showing required to satisfy [section] 2253(c) is straightforward: the petitioner must demonstrate that reasonable jurists would find the district court's assessment of the constitutional claims debatable or wrong." Id. at 484. This requires an overview of the claims in the petition and a 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 general assessment of their merits. It does not require full consideration of the factual or legal bases adduced in support of the claims. Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 336 (2003). Nor does it require a showing that the appeal will succeed. Id.; accord Lambright v. Stewart, 220 F.3d 1022, 1025 (9th Cir. 2000) (issuance of COA is not precluded merely because petitioner cannot meet standard for actually obtaining habeas relief). The question is the debatability of the underlying claim, not the resolution of that debate. Miller-El, 537 U.S. at 342. Except for substituting the word "constitutional" for the word "federal," section 2253(c)(2) codified the standard announced by the United States Supreme Court in Barefoot v. Estelle, 463 U.S. 880, 892-93 (1983). Slack, 529 U.S. at 483. In Barefoot, the Supreme Court explained that "a substantial showing of the denial of [a] federal right" means that a petitioner "must demonstrate that the issues are debatable among jurists of reason; that a court could resolve the issues [in a different manner], or that the questions are adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further." Id. (citations and internal quotations omitted; emphasis in original). The COA must indicate which issues satisfy the section 2253(c)(3) standard, and the Court of Appeals is limited to considering only those claims. Hivala v. Wood, 195 F.3d 1098, 1103 (9th Cir. 1999). United States District Court 11 For the Northern District of California 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Petitioner has not shown "that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the petition states a valid claim of the denial of a constitutional right[.]" Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. at 484-85. Accordingly, the request for a certificate of appealability is DENIED. The Clerk of Court shall forward this order, along with the case file, to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. Petitioner may also seek a certificate of appealability from that court. See United States v. Asrar, 116 F.3d 1268, 1270 (9th Cir. 1997). IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: April 20, 2009 JEFFREY S. WHITE UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 2

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